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Registros recuperados: 293
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Das gilt neu im Biolandbau 2019 Organic Eprints
Schmutz, Res; Dittrich, Priska; Scheurer, Beatrice; Siegrist, Jasmin; Huber, Susanne; Holenstein, Bettina; Flückiger, Daniel; Schmidli, Andreas; Brunner, Alexander; Staub, Marco.
Die Publikation enthält die Änderungen mit Erläuterungen der Anforderungen ab 1. Januar 2019 für Schweizer Biobetriebe. Hinweis: Die vierseitige Kurzversion (ohne Erläuterungen) befindet sich in gedruckter Form in der Heftmitte von Bioaktuell 10|2018.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34469/1/Das-gilt-neu-im-Biolandbau-2019.pdf
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Udfordring eller mulighed for økologien Organic Eprints
El-Nagger, A.; Ounmaa, A.; Muukka, E.; Zaleckas, E.; Abraityté, G.; Jansons, I.; Rasmussen, J.; Ahnström, J.; Pirhofer-Walzl, K.; O'Doherty Jensen, K.; Jørgensen, K.F.; Sarunaite, L.; Bleidere, M.; Knudsen, M.T.; Pugliese, M.; Nielsen, M.H.M.; Muguerza, N.B.; Bakewell-Stone, P.; Hansen, P.K.; Abed-Ali Al-Kufaishi, S.A.; Kobayashi, S.; Rydberg, T.; Klubova, V.; Liorancas, V.; Høgh-Jensen, H..
During one intensive week in October 2005, the authors were gathered to discuss the impact that globalisation has on the Organic Food Systems and the opportunities that globalisation opens up for developing these systems. The meeting took place as a Ph.D. course under the auspices of the Research School of Organic Farming and Food Systems (SOAR; www.soar.dk). All participants research within Organic Agriculture and Food Production in one way or another.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/10492/1/10492.pdf
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Analyse der Schwachstellen in der Kontrolle nach EU-Verordnung 2092/91 und Erarbeitung von Vorschlägen zur Weiterentwicklung der Zertifizierungs- und Kontrollsysteme im Bereich des Ökologischen Landbaus Organic Eprints
Gesellschaft für Ressourcenschutz, mbH.
Im Rahmen des Vorhabens wurde eine systematische Schwachstellenanalyse für das Kontrollsystem und –verfahren nach der „Verordnung (EWG) Nr. 2092/91 über den Ökologischen Landbau und die entsprechende Kennzeichnung landwirtschaftlicher Erzeugnisse und Lebensmittel“ (EG-Öko-VO) durchgeführt. Ausgehend von dieser Analyse wurden Vorschläge für ein proaktives Risikomanagement abgeleitet. Hierbei wurden die in den Gründen der EG-Öko-VO verankerten Zielsetzungen des Verbraucherschutzes, des lauteren Wettbewerbs, der Markttransparenz und der Förderung des Ökologischen Landbaus zu Grunde gelegt. Die rechtlichen Regelungen der EG-Öko-VO bauen auf die allgemein geltenden Vorschriften des Lebens- und Futtermittelrechtes auf. Die besondere Qualität von Produkten...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Regulation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2495/1/2495%2D02OE215%2Dble%2Dgfrs%2D2003%2Dschwachst%2Dkontr%2Dschlussber.pdf
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Public Support for the Development of Organic Farming in Europe Organic Eprints
Lampkin, Dr Nicolas.
The growth of organic farming in the European Union and the reasons for supporting organic farming are examined in the context of policy support for organic farming under EC Reg. 2078/92 (the agri-environment programme) and the structural measures (including the development by some countries of integrated action plans combining these measures). The potential for the future expansion of organic farming and the pre-conditions necessary for this to happen are considered in the context of the Agenda 2000 commodity measures and the Rural Development Regulation.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://orgprints.org/10847/1/Public_support_for_organics_in_Europe.pdf
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Organic Farming Certification – the Costs of Reducing Transaction Costs Organic Eprints
Zorn, Alexander.
Since 1991, the European Union regulates the organic food market. By implementing the organic regulation and the corresponding inspection and certification system, organic markets were fostered, but the financial costs and bureaucratic drift of this system are controversial. Up to now, there exist only very rough estimates of the overall burden of organic producers, mostly considering only the cash costs and neglecting opportunity costs of the certified entities, which are likely to be of considerable magnitude. As a first step in approximating the amount of these costs, this paper uses the concept of Transaction Costs in order to identify and structure the relevant cost types. The quantification of this concept needs data which will soon become available.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/17173/1/Zorn_OeGA%2DTagungsband2008_OrganicFarmingCertification.pdf
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Sustainable organic plant breeding: Final report - a vision, choices, consequences and steps Organic Eprints
Lammerts van Bueren, E.T.; Hulscher, M.; Jongerden, J.; Ruivenkamp, G.T.P.; Haring, M.; van Mansvelt, J.D.; den Nijs, A.M.P..
In general, the characteristics of organic varieties - and by extension of organic plant breeding - differ from that of conventional breeding systems and conventional varieties. Realising an organic plant breeding system and subsequently steering it to meet changing demands is no less than a mammoth task. The many actions to be undertaken can be divided into short-term commercial and scientific activities, and longer or long-term commercial and scientific activities. Action must be taken in the short-term to ensure adequate quantities of organically propagated plants and seed. This is vital in consideration of Regulation 2092/91/EC which states that, as of 1 January 2000, all propagating material used in organic production must be of organic origin....
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Breeding; Genetics and propagation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://orgprints.org/1419/1/g24.pdf
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Durchführung des Kontrollverfahrens nach EG-Öko-Verordnung bei Eventveranstaltungen in der Öko-Gastronomie Organic Eprints
Neuendorff, Jochen; Roehl, Rainer.
Auf Grundlage des Projekts „Entwicklung eines Standardkontrollprogramms mit Leitfaden nach VO (EWG) Nr. 2092/91 in Einrichtungen der Ausser-Haus-Verpflegung (AHV“) (03OE016) wurde ein angepasstes Standardkontrollprogramm für Events entwickelt. „Events“ sind von Unternehmen oder Privatpersonen inszenierte Ereignisse (Veranstaltungen), um definierte Zielgruppen im Sinne eigener Marketing- bzw. Kommunikationsziele zu aktivieren. Gastronomieevents, bei denen Öko-Lebensmittel eingesetzt werden, haben in Deutschland deutlich zugenommen. Sie reichen von der Durchführung von Öko-Aktionstagen oder -wochen bis hin zu Kulturfestivals. Das Projekt gliedert sich in Designphase, Testphase, Anpassung sowie einem Abstimmungsseminar mit Öko-Kontrollstellen und...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Regulation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2007
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Database to compare standards Organic Eprints
Huber, Beate; Hansen, Jens G.; Schmid, Otto; Ziegler, Katia.
Within the EU project "Organic Revision", a public web-based database has been developed to support the analysis of differences between the EU Regulation on organic agriculture and relevant European organic production standards, as well as some international standards. The database, although not yet fully finalised, has just been published.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Regulation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/13360/1/huber%2Detal%2D2006%2DTOS_68_december.pdf
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Die Entwicklung der Nachfrage nach Bioprodukten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Nitrofen-Geschehens und der Einführung des staatlichen Biosiegels Organic Eprints
Bruhn, Maike ;.
Die vorliegende Studie gliedert sich in zwei Teile. Der erste Teil beschäftigt sich mit den Auswirkungen des Nitrofen-Geschehens auf die Verbrauchereinstellungen und auf das Nachfrageverhalten am Markt für Bioprodukte. Der zweite Teil der Studie beinhaltet eine Bewertung des staatlichen Biosiegels ein Jahr nach dessen Einführung. Zur Erfassung dieser beiden Teilaspekte wurde im August/September 2002 eine Verbraucherbefragung (n=303) durchgeführt. Die aktuelle Studie präsentiert die Ergebnisse der 6. Erhebungswelle im Rahmen eines Langzeitforschungsprojektes zur Analyse des Nachfrageverhaltens am Markt für Bioprodukte. Die Datengrundlage des Forschungsvorhabens sind mündliche standardisierte Konsumentenbefragungen in den Jahren 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2001...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Markets and trade Surveys and statistics Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/1637/1/bruhn%2D2003%2Darbeitsbericht21%2Dnitrofen%2Dbionachfrage.pdf
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Emergy Evaluations of Denmark and Danish Agriculture Assessing the Limits of Agricultural Systems to Power Society Organic Eprints
Haden, Andrew C..
As the process of industrialization has run its course over the twentieth century, the relative importance of agriculture as an economic activity and a means of cultural sustenance for nations has declined dramatically. In this thesis, a historical ecological-economic perspective offers insights into both the causes and effects of Danish agriculture's decline in economic importance relative to the economy of Denmark as a whole. Emergy evaluations were made of the national economy and agricultural subsystem of Denmark for the years 1936, 1970 and 1999. Emergy is defined as all the available energy that was used in the work of making a product and expressed in units of one type of energy (Odum, 1996). In total, six separate emergy analyses were performed. By...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Denmark Indicators and other value-laden measures Research methodology and philosophy Farming Systems Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2837/1/ekolantbruk37.pdf
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Influence of policy support on the development of organic farming in the European Union Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Lampkin, Nic; Foster, Carolyn.
The paper explores the influence of policy support on the development of the organic sector. Policies include the agri-environment (EU Regulation 2078/92), the EU regulation 2092/91 defining organic crop-production in statutory terms and policies to support market and regional development and the information provision of organic farming. Policy makers have been interested in organic farming for its environmental and health benefits and the potential to contribute to the goals of regional development programmes. The evaluation suggests that the variation in support policies alone can not explain the different rates of conversion to organic farming in the EU.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy "Organics" in general Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://orgprints.org/11023/1/cardiff.pdf
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Organic Agriculture: Glocalisation Options for the South? Organic Eprints
Egelyng, Henrik.
This chapter explores organic agriculture from a perspective of globalisation, but with a focus on glocalisation, i.e. options for nations to cope with or benefit from globalisation.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Regulation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://orgprints.org/15399/1/15399.pdf
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Setting and reviewing standards for organic farming Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne.
One of the cornerstones of organic farming is the fact that it is governed by clear standards which are legally protected in many parts of the world, but there is concern that the current certification system does not fully safeguard the objectives and principles of the movement and encourage further improvements in sustainability. The chapter provides a brief history of organic standard development, and introduces the values and principles of organic farming that have guided this process. The chapter discusses advantages and disadvantages of the different types of rules currently used to achieve common objectives, such as prohibitions or obligations to use specified inputs and practices. The chapter explores whether trends in sustainability assessment...
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Crop husbandry Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34238/1/Ch_13_Global%20Organic%20Standards_preprint.pdf
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Metoder til påvisning af uønsket plantemateriale i afgrøder og frøpartier Organic Eprints
Simonsen, Vibeke; Kjellsson, Gösta.
Formålet med det foreliggende kapitel er at fremkomme med generelle oplysninger om, hvorledes uønskede planter eller gener kan påvises i en afgrøde eller i et frøparti. Da frø fra tidligere dyrkningssæsoner eller fra utilsigtet forurening i udsæd kan forekomme på en mark, er det specielt for GM afgrøder af betydning at påvise disse i en konventionel eller økologisk afgrøde. Frø fra GM-sorter bærer en eller flere genetiske markører, som kan genkendes ved hjælp af forskellige analysemetoder. Anvendeligheden af de forskellige analysemetoder såsom DNA-hybridisering, RFLP, PCR, RADP, ISSR, Microsatelliter samt immunologiske og isoenzymmetoder beskrives i detaljer for afgrødeplanterne almindelig rajgræs, italiensk rajgræs, rug, raps, hvidkløver og rødkløver.
Tipo: Report chapter Palavras-chave: Food security; Food quality and human health Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://orgprints.org/4606/1/4606.pdf
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Geplante Neufassung der EU-Öko-Verordnung in der Kritik Organic Eprints
Eichert, Christian; Zorn, Alexander; Dabbert, Stephan.
Die Einbindung des Öko-Sektors in die Entstehung des Entwurfs einer neuen EU-Öko-Verordnung war unzureichend. Der Zielplan wurde geändert – nicht zuletzt aufgrund von Protesten aus dem Bio-Sektor. Nun ist es besser möglich, Kritik und Verbesserungsvorschläge einzubringen.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Regulation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/9055/1/Eichert_et_al._SOEL-Artikel_EU-%C3%96ko-VO_original.pdf
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How do ethical values of organic agriculture relate to standards and current pratice? Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne.
The concern that in a growing market organic farming will be more intensive and industrialised has led to renewed interest in organic principles. This paper examines what organic values are covered by standards. It uses the ethical value basis of organic agriculture as described in the four IFOAM Principles of Organic Farming of Health, Ecology, Fairness and Care which encompass the values of sustainability, naturalness and of systems approach. It further explores whether these values are reflected in current organic farming practice and what challenges arise from them in relation to the future development of organic farming.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Markets and trade Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/11048/1/Padel_values_of_organic_agriculture_Eursafe_2007.pdf
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Institutionelle Rahmenbedingungen der Ausdehnung des ökologischen Landbaus - Erfahrungen aus drei europäischen Ländern Organic Eprints
Padel, Susanne; Michelsen, Johannes.
Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über die Entwicklungstendenzen des Ökolandbaus in europäischen Ländern im Verhältnis zu den institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen. Anhand von drei Ländern wird die Beziehung zwischen Organisationen des ökologischen und des konventionellen Landbaus in den Bereichen Berufsstand, Agrarpolitik und Vermarktung exemplarisch dargestellt. Der Vergleich zeigt, dass ein offener Dialog mit gegenseitigem Respekt und vielfältige Initiativen in allen Bereichen für eine kontinuierliche Entwicklung des ökologischen Landbaus förderlich zu sein scheinen.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy Markets and trade Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/11016/1/11016.pdf
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Erfolgsfaktoren zur Vermarktung von Bioprodukten im Fachhandel Organic Eprints
Problemstellung Der Biofachhandel (Bioläden, Reformhäuser, Drogeriemärkte mit Biosortimenten) hat seit Mitte der 1990er Jahre mit dem Einstieg vieler konventioneller Einkaufsstätten in die Vermarktung von Bioprodukten als Absatzort prozentual an Bedeutung verloren. Dieser Prozess läuft in der Schweiz ähnlich wie in vielen europäischen Ländern ab. In dem Bewusstsein des heute stärkeren Wettbewerbs findet bei vielen Ladeninhabern eine Neuorientierung hin zu mehr Kundenorientierung statt. Geschäfte des Biofachhandels können vom allgemeinen Bioboom profitieren, wenn sie die wichtigsten Wünsche der Biokäufer beachten. Es ist aber auch zu beobachten, dass sich manche Ladeninhaber tatenlos ihrem Schicksal ergeben und ihre Umsätze stagnieren oder sogar...
Tipo: Project description Palavras-chave: Markets and trade Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2019
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Comparison between two accreditation criteria: A report on the differences between the IFOAM Accreditation Criteria and ISO 65 (EN 45011) Organic Eprints
Huber, Beate.
The paper describes the results of a comparison between two accreditation criteria: the IFOAM Accreditation Criteria and ISO 65 (EN 45011. The comparison does not provide an assessment of each norm, and the format of the comparison makes it difficult to make a quick overview on the major differences. In addition, a summary and an assessment of the variations of both norms are missing. On the other hand, the comparison enables the reader to make their own assessment and as such will be a valuable tool in the discussion and negotiations about recognition of IFOAM Accreditation.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Regulation Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/2809/1/huber%2D2003%2Daccreditation.pdf
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Imposing organic standards or rekindling local values? Encouraging local ownership of the organic concept for raisin exports from Kandahar, Afghanistan Organic Eprints
Wright, Dr Julia.
The global principles of organic agriculture were designed to represent the overarching values of organic groups around the world. Similarly, basic organic standards were intended to provide a common language for cross-cultural agreement on the production of organic products. In practice, however, the widespread promotion of organic export trade has created a situation whereby organic agriculture continues to be perceived by many in the development sector as a western, industrialised concept and one which is not compatible with the realities of many of the exporter, less-industrialised countries. This paper argues that to reverse this trend and perception, attention must be paid to encourage debate and tease out local and national concepts of organic...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Values; Standards and certification.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://orgprints.org/11536/2/JWright_IFOAM_2008_Organic_Raisins_from_Afghanistan.pdf
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