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Attitudes towards organic foods among consumers from the Mediterranean Arabic countries living in Italy. Organic Eprints
Ahmed, Abdel Munem.
This study investigates food habits in general and attitudes towards organic food products of consumers from the Mediterranean Arabic Countries (MACs) living in Italy. Organic food markets are still emerging in the consumers’ countries of origin. The questionnaire-based interview was administered to 211 consumers during Spring 2005. The results show that knowledge about organics is weak. Level of education has a strong influence on knowledge of organic food products. Workshops, universities and schools are the most effective sources for the real knowledge about organic agriculture. Consumption of organic foods slightly increased after immigration in Italy. Health and environmental concern are the main reasons to buy organics. High price and low...
Tipo: Thesis Palavras-chave: Food systems; Markets and trade; Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/7010/1/Abdelmunem05.pdf
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Ökolandbau in Nordostdeutschland Organic Eprints
Bachinger, Johann.
Besonders in Ostdeutschland ist der ökologische Landbau in den letzten Jahren stark im Aufschwung. Viele der ehemaligen Großbetriebe verzichten auf leichtlösliche Mineraldünger und synthetische Pflanzenschutzmittel und stellen ohne Berührungsängste auf den Ökolandbau um, wenn am Ende die Flächenbeihilfen den Ertragsverlust ausgleichen. Durch die Bewirtschaftung großer Ackerflächen sind sie an Schlagkraft und Effektivität den meist kleinbäuerlichen Höfen in den alten Bundesländern überlegen, womit sie aber nur bedingt die ungünstigen Boden- und Klimabedingungen sowie die schwierigen Vermarktungsmöglichkeiten wettmachen können. Im folgenden Beitrag wird den Ursachen für diese Entwicklung nachgegangen, es werden aber auch die damit verbundenen Probleme und...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/970/1/T1_02_1343.pdf
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Self identified research needs of New York organic farmers Organic Eprints
Baker, Brian P.; Smith, Douglas B..
A survey of organic farmers in New York State identified problems in need of university research. Weed management was the most frequently mentioned problem by far, identified as significant by two-thirds of the organic farmers. Only a few other problems were listed as significant, including insufficient time for farm work, lack of markets, low prices, and lack of appropriate tools. These were cited by more than a third of the farmers. Drought, insect management, and a lack of a dependable supply of labor were cited by about one-third of the respondents. The survey also examined organic farmers' information sources. They do not use conventional sources of agricultural information, such as the extension service and conventional agricultural media, as much as...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Research methodology and philosophy; Knowledge management.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://orgprints.org/22949/1/22949.pdf
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The World of Organic Agriculture: Statistics and Emerging Trends 2006: Data Collection on Organic Farming World-Wide Organic Eprints
Baraibar, Bàrbara.
According to the survey, currently more than 31 million hectares of farmland are under organic management worldwide, a gain of around five million hectares in a single year. A major increase of organic land has taken place in China, where nearly three million hectares of pastoral land were recently certified. In terms of organic land, excluding wild collection, Australia leads pack with 12.1 million hectares, followed by China (3.5 million hectares) and Argentina (2.8 million hectares). Most of the world’s organic land is in Australia / Oceania (39%), followed by Europe (21 %), Latin America (20%), Asia (13%), North America (4 %) and Africa (3 %). Regarding the share of organic farmland in comparison with the total agricultural area, Austria, Switzerland...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Country reports; Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://orgprints.org/7253/1/baraibar%2D2006%2Ddata%2Dcollection.pdf
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Strategi for økt matproduksjon i Gjemnes kommune Organic Eprints
Bergslid, Ildri (Rose) Kristine.
Visjon:Bruke kommunens jordbruksressurser for å nå målet om økt matproduksjon basert på norske ressurser Hovedmål:1 % årlig økning i jordbruksbasert matproduksjon i Gjemnes kommune Strategi:Tilstrekkelig antall bønder i alle bygder for å opprettholde god arealproduktivitet, drift av jordbruksarealene og økt matproduksjon
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Farm economics; Farming Systems; Social aspects; Buildings and machinery.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30207/1/N%C3%A6ringsstrategi%20for%20%C3%B8kt%20matproduksjon%20i%20Rauma%20kommune.pdf
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Strategi for økt matproduksjon i Rauma kommune Organic Eprints
Bergslid, Ildri (Rose) Kristine.
Økt matproduksjon basert på norske ressurser. En kjent målsetting i landbrukspolitikken, men hvor realistisk er målet? Med det som bakgrunn tok Rauma Bondelag våren 2014 initiativ til å utarbeide en næringsstrategi for økt matproduksjon i Rauma. Ved å ta målet (1 % årlig økning i matproduksjonen neste 20 år) ned på kommunenivå er det lettere å se flaskehalser og muligheter.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Farm economics; Farming Systems; Social aspects; Buildings and machinery.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30204/1/Tema_%20Bergslid_%202%20_2015Strategi%20for%20%C3%B8kt%20matproduksjon%20i%20Rauma%20kommune.pdf
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More inter- and transdisciplinary research needed in agroecology Organic Eprints
Biber-Freudenberger, Lisa; Denich, Manfred; Whitney, Cory W..
Agroecology embraces a collection of different disciplinary fields, ranging from agriculture and ecology to political theory. A stronger recognition of agroecology in agricultural research, which often has a strong production focus, could help to achieve sustainable development if more holistic and transdisciplinary research approaches are adopted.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Indicators and other value-laden measures; Systems research and participatory research; Social aspects; Research communication and quality.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/34098/1/Biber-Freudenberger%20et%20al%202018.pdf
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Strukturdaten zum ökologischen Landbau: welche Daten stehen zur Verfügung? Organic Eprints
Bichler, Barbara; Hamm, Ulrich; Nieberg, Hiltrud; Rippin, Markus.
Researchers in the field of organic farming often need reliable data about the structure of organic farming. Several databases in Germany provide data concerning this issue. However, most of them have weaknesses regarding methodology, reliability or accessibility. The aim of this study is to give an overview of the most important databases.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://orgprints.org/3600/1/3600.pdf
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Die räumliche Verteilung des ökologischen Landbaus in Deutschland und ihre Bestimmungsgründe Organic Eprints
Bichler, Barbara; Häring, Anna Maria.
Der ökologische Landbau in Deutschland ist räumlich sehr unterschiedlich verteilt. Ziel dieser Studie ist sowohl die Analyse der Bestimmungsgründe der räumlichen Verteilung anhand von statistischen Daten als auch die Visualisierung des Ökolandbaus auf Kreisebene. Die Wirkung verschiedener Bestimmungsfaktoren auf die räumliche Verteilung des ökologischen Landbaus wird anhand uni- und multivariater Analysemethoden getestet. Die zu Grunde liegenden landwirtschaftlichen Daten für die Berechnungen stammen aus der Agrarstrukturerhebung von 1999. Die Agglomerationseffekte sind für die räumliche Verteilung des ökologischen Landbaus in Deutschland von großer Bedeutung. Weiterhin haben die realen Ausgaben der Bundesländer für eine Flächenförderung des ökologisch...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Policy environments and social economy; Surveys and statistics; Germany.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/5046/1/5046%2D02OE469%2Duni%2Dhohenheim%2D2003%2Draeuml%2Dverteilg.pdf
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How to construct a robust measure of social capital: Two contributions Organic Eprints
Bjørnskov, C.; Svendsen, G.T..
How to construct a robust measure of social capital? This paper offers two contributions. The first is an attempt to establish a broad social capital measure based on four indicators, the Freedom House Index, an index of perceived corruption from Transparency International, and scores on civic participation and generalized trust. This measure is then applied by comparing the level of social capital in 25 countries from Western and Eastern Europe. Our nine-cluster analysis shows that Switzerland has the highest score, followed by the Netherlands and Scandinavia. At the other end of the continuum we find post-communist countries and southern Italy. The findings for this specific sample suggest that institutions matter for social capital and the relationship...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Research methodology and philosophy; Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://orgprints.org/14319/1/How_to_construct_a_robust_measure_of_social_capital_Two_contributions.pdf
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Warum kaufen Verbraucher Bioprodukte (nicht)? Organic Eprints
Bruhn, Maike.
Bereits sieben Monate nach der BSE-Krise 2000/2001 waren die Verbraucher weitgehend wieder zu ihren alten Verzehrsgewohnheiten zurückgekehrt. Ergebnisse langjähriger Konsumentenbefragungen deuten darauf hin, dass es – obwohl das positive Image der Bioprodukte seit vielen Jahren stetig zunimmt – zusätzlicher Anreize von der Angebotsseite bedarf, um „in zehn Jahren 20 Prozent Bioumsatz“ zu erreichen.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Markets and trade; Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://orgprints.org/1846/1/bruhn-2002-bio-nachfrage.pdf
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Die langfristige Entwicklung der Verbrauchereinstellungen zu Bioprodukten Organic Eprints
Bruhn, Maike; von Alvensleben, Reimar.
Aus diesen Ergebnissen läßt sich schließen, daß die Marktausweitung der vergangenen Jahre weniger auf Impulsen von der Nachfrageseite beruhte, sondern hauptsächlich bedingt war durch Aktivitäten der Anbieter, vor allem durch (1) sinkende Preise (als Folge von Angebotsausweitungen, die u.a. auf Fördermaßnahmen zurückzuführen waren), (2) die Ausweitung der Distribution und (3) durch die Ausweitung der Sortimente sowie die Verbesserung der Produktqualitäten. Die zukünftige Entwicklung des Bio-Marktes wird in erster Linie durch die Intensität und Qualität dieser Marketing-Aktivitäten bestimmt sein. Die Auswertungen sind zum Berichtszeitpunkt (31.5.2000) noch nicht abgeschlossen.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Markets and trade; Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://orgprints.org/1649/1/bruhn%2D2000%2Dentwicklung%2Dbionachfrage.pdf
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Verbrauchereinstellungen zu Ökoprodukten – Ergebnisse einer neuen Langfriststudie Organic Eprints
Bruhn, Maike; von Alvensleben, Reimar.
Zusammenfassend soll hervorgehoben werden, daß das Nachfragewachstum in den 90er Jahren nicht von besonders einstellungsmotivierten Verbrauchern getragen wurde, sondern in erster Linie durch Aktivitäten der Anbieter. Zu nennen sind in diesem Zusammenhang: sinkende Preise, Ausweitung der Distribution sowie Ausweitung der Sortimente. Es läßt sich aus dieser Entwicklung schließen, daß auch das zukünftige Nachfragewachstum stark von den Impulsen der Anbieter sowie von der Qualität und der Intensität der Marketingaktivitäten abhängen wird. Neben dem Gesundheitsbewußtsein müssen weitere Trends in der Nahrungsmittelnachfrage aufgegriffen werden, um so möglichst viele Verbrauchersegmente anzusprechen.
Tipo: Book chapter Palavras-chave: Markets and trade; Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://orgprints.org/1642/1/bruhn%2D2001%2Dverbrauchereinstellungen%2Doekoprodukte.pdf
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Empirical research of attitudes towards organic food among Croatian consumers Organic Eprints
Brčić-Stipčević, Vesna; Petljak, Kristina; Guszak, Irena.
Organic agriculture is a holistic production system, which sustains the natural soil activity, ecosystem and people. This new system is an answer by organic producers to unsustainability of capital intensive agriculture, characterized by mass production, specialization, product standardization and high labour productivity that results in a weaker relation of agriculture to natural conditions and many negative consequences, especially in ecological, social and economic spheres. Development of organic production enabled development of the organic food market. Another incentive for organic food market development is consumers’ increased interest in nutrition, health and environment protection. The first segment of this paper will present an overview of...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Markets and trade; Consumer issues; Country reports.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://orgprints.org/22456/13/22456.pdf
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Entrepreneurial Culture And Capability of Organic Farmers’ Organizations in the Philippines Organic Eprints
Buena, Maria Rowena; Whitney, Cory W..
The entrepreneurial culture of farmers’ organizations of Magsasaka at Siyentipiko Para sa Pag- unlad ng Agrikultura (MASIPAG) in the Philippines is a contribution to Organic 3.0. The mechanisms necessary to reinforce an entrepreneurial culture for the Organic farmers’ organizations of MASIPAG are described. Different PGS groups have similar entrepreneurial capabilities yet dissimilar competitive success and organizational cultural dimensions. Much work is needed to develop the entrepreneurial capabilities, we recommend that farmers actively participate in marketing activities within their localities, improve production, and take advantage of expanding markets; farmers’ organizations leaders should encourage members to increase production and entice...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Systems research and participatory research; Social aspects; Asia.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32376/1/Buena%20%26%20Whitney%202017%20810.pdf
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Shared protocols and data template in agronomic trials Organic Eprints
Cammarano, Davide; Martre, Pierre; Drexler, Dora; Draye, Xavier; Sessitsch, Angela; Pecchioni, Nicola; Cooper, Julia; Willer, Helga; Voicu, Adriana; Hinsinger, Philippe.
Due to the overlap of many disciplines and the availability of novel technologies, modern agriculture has become a wide, interdisciplinary endeavor, especially in Precision Agriculture. The adoption of a standard format for reporting field experiments can help researchers to focus on the data rather than on re-formatting and understanding the structure of the data. This paper describes how a European consortium plans to: i) create a “handbook” of protocols for reporting definitions, methodologies and parameters measured/calculated; and ii) how a data-template for field data was created and will be linked to the “handbook”. The overall goal of the EU-funded project Solutions for Solutions for improving Agroecosystem and Crop Efficiency for water and...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Indicators and other value-laden measures.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/23156/1/cammarone-etal-2018-protocols.pdf
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ORGANIC FARMERS IN EUROPE: MOTIVATIONS AND PROBLEMS FOR USING CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE PRACTICES. "TILMAN-ORG Session" Organic Eprints
Casagrande, Marion; Peigne, Joséphine; David, Christophe; Sans, Francesc Xavier; Blanco-Moreno, José Manuel; Cooper, Julia; Gascoyne, Kate; Antichi, Daniele; Bàrberi, Paolo; Bigongiali, Federica; Surböck, Andreas; Kranzler, Andreas; Beeckman, Annelies; Willekens, Koen; Luik, Anne; Peetsmann, Elen; Grosse, Meike; Heß, Jürgen; Clerc, Maurice; Dierauer, Hansueli; Mäder, Paul.
As conservation agriculture and organic farming are currently considered as environmentally friendly options for producing food, this study explores the motivations and problems of organic European farmers that apply at least two of the following techniques: (i) no-tillage, (ii) reduced tillage and/or (iii) green manures conservation practices. We carried out a survey about motivations and problems of 159 farmers located in 10 European countries with a questionnaire with closed-ended questions. Data were analysis with a principal component analysis followed by clustering to identify groups of farmers that share the same type of motivations and problems. The most important motivations are related to soil preservation concerns and problems are mainly linked...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Social aspects; Soil tillage; Weed management.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/23939/1/23939_revised%20version_MM.pdf
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ORGANIC IN THE LOCAL VS GLOBAL ANTINOMY Organic Eprints
Colombo, Luca; Grando, Stefano; Brunori, Gianluca.
Increasing attention is paid by European citizens to food chain characteristics, power relations and impacts. Distance travelled by food, its genuinity and capacity to convey cultural and landscape identity, fairness in the value chain and information robustness on quality specifications tend to assume a growing relevance in both public perception and business organisation. A triennial multidisciplinary and multicriteria study, funded under the EU 7th Framework Research Programme, aims to assess the performance of local and global food chains against economic, environmental, social, health and ethical dimensions. This paper examines how organic foods and method of production fits into the local/global discourse, as the subject emerges from an Italian...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics; Italy.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://orgprints.org/24038/1/24038%20Organic%20in%20the%20local%20Vs%20global%20antinomy%20Colombo%20Grando%20Brunori_MM.pdf
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Nitrate leaching and N2-fixation in grasslands of different composition, age and management Organic Eprints
Eriksen, J.; Vinther, F.P..
Introduction Cut grassland systems usually have high N efficiency and consequently low nitrate leaching, whereas the introduction of grazing animals increases the loss potential dramatically (Jarvis, 2000). It has been demonstrated that nitrate leaching from unfertilised grass-clover swards is lower than from mineral-N fertilised swards grazed by cattle. The possible explanation for this is that the N2 fixation by pasture legumes is regulated by a natural feedback mechanism driven by soil inorganic N levels. The feedback mechanism acts as a limit to N inputs from legumes and consequently regulates the potential for N losses (Ledgard, 2001). In this paper we report 5 years (1997-2002) of nitrate leaching from four cropping sequences with different...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Surveys and statistics.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://orgprints.org/1409/1/Eriksen.doc
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Parktische kostprijs biologische melk 2010 Organic Eprints
Evers, Aart; de Haan, Michel; Water, Kees; Jager, Jakob.
In dit rapport is een praktische kostprijs biologische zuivel voor 2010 berekend op basis van de rekenmethodiek die in 2008 is ontwikkeld. Deze methodiek is gebaseerd op een breed draagvlak, praktische cijfers en levert een praktische kostprijs voor biologische koemelkproductie.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Dairy cattle; Surveys and statistics; Markets and trade; Netherlands.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/19106/1/Parktische_kostprijs_biologische_melk_2010.pdf
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