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Molecular Evaluation of exons 8 and 22 of the SHANK3 gene in Autism Spectrum Disorders Nature Precedings
A L. Bossolani-Martins; F C. Rodrigues-Lisoni; M L. Nogueira; A Barbosa-Gonçalves; E H. Tajara; A C. Fett-Conte.
Autism spectrum disorders are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders with a complex and heterogeneous etiology. Studies have shown that genetic factors play an important role in the aetiology of these diseases. Recently, de novo mutations, frameshifts and deletions have been described in the SHANK3 gene, also known as ProSAP2 gene, which encodes a synaptic scaffolding protein. All the participants of this study had normal karyotypes and underwent screening for Fragile-X syndrome. Subsequently, they were analyzed by direct sequencing of different points of exons 8 and 22 of the SHANK3 gene. None of the study participants presented with changes in these regions. These findings may be due to the fact that mutations, deletions and duplications of the SHANK3...
Tipo: Manuscript Palavras-chave: Genetics & Genomics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4200/version/1
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Aplicabilidade de indicdores de sustenbabilidade nos agroecossistemas Sci. Agrar.Paran. / SAP
A. Lang; Unioeste; A. C. Gonçalves Jr.; unioeste; H. Nacke; N. F. de Aquino; Unioeste; C. E. Weirich; Unioeste.
O termo sustentabilidade vem sendo abordado por diferentes setores dos agroecossistemas, porém, para que esta prática possa ser devidamente mensurada é necessário uso de metodologias e planejamentos. Os indicadores de sustentabilidade devem ser precisos e objetivos, sendo interrelacionados com os setores sociais, econômicos e ambientais, respeitando devidos valores éticos. Os indicadores de sustentabilidade são aplicáveis apenas se a interação entre os sistemas for mútua, de modo que se possam atingir as metas estabelecidas. Os governantes debatem sobre as formas de desenvolvimento sustentável, sem rever, muitas vezes, a...
Tipo: Artigo Avaliado por Pares Palavras-chave: Indicadores de sustentabilidade; Ambiente e capitalismo.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://e-revista.unioeste.br/index.php/scientiaagraria/article/view/3830
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Influence of coolant temperature on the performance of a four stroke spark ignition engine employing a dual circuit cooling system CIGR Journal
A. Rehman; Department of Mechanical Engineering, M. A. National Institute of Technology Bhopal; R. M. Sarviya; Department of Mechanical Engineering, M. A. National Institute of Technology Bhopal; Savita Dixit; Department of Applied Chemistry, M. A. National Institute of Technology Bhopal; Rajesh Kumar Pandey; Department of Mechanical Engineering, M. A. National Institute of Technology Bhopal.
Diesel engines have attracted attention because of their higher thermal efficiency and lower carbon dioxide emissions than gasoline engines.  On the other hand, oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) in the exhaust from diesel engines are difficult to be reduced simultaneously because a decrease in one is likely to result in an increase in the other.  In this paper, an attempt has been made to compare the effect of the heat lost to the coolant in the cylinder block, and in the cylinder head with a conventional cooling circuit with corresponding effects in an engine with a dual cooling circuit.  A dual cooling circuit employs separate cooling circuits for the cylinder block, and for the cylinder head.  A...
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/1122
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Influência do hipoclorito de sódio como fungicida na absorção de cálcio e silício pela soja Sci. Agrar.Paran. / SAP
A. Resende; Universidade de Brasília; P. I.M. de Souza; Embrapa; J. R. de Souza; Universidade de Brasília; L. E.B. Blum; Universidade de Brasília.
O objetivo da pesquisa foi verificar a ação do hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl) no combate ao oídio na soja, quando aplicado só ou associado ao uso de fungicida, e a possível influência na absorção de cálcio e silício pela soja. Foram realizadas oito aplicações de NaOCl em parcelas que receberam apenas o sanitizante, com concentrações de 0,2%, 0,4% e 0,6%, parcelas que receberam essas mesmas concentrações e duas aplicações de fungicida e uma parcela controle. Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas significativas no...
Tipo: Artigo Avaliado por Pares Palavras-chave: Glycine max; Hipoclorito de sódio; Erysiphe diffusa; Controle; Minerais.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://e-revista.unioeste.br/index.php/scientiaagraria/article/view/3829
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Water resources potentials of Hadejia River Sub-catchment of Komadugu Yobe River Basin in Nigeria CIGR Journal
A. Sobowale; Univesity of Agriculture, Abeokuta; J. K. Adewumi; University of Agriculture, Abeokuta; C. A. Okuofu; Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; J. A. Otun; Ahmadu Bello Uniersity, Zaria.
A. Sobowale1, J. K. Adewumi1, J. A. Otun2, D. B. Adie2(1. Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Nigeria;2. Department of Water Resources Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria) Abstract: A water audit of the Hadejia river sub-catchment of Komadugu Yobe River basin of Nigeria (KYB) has been carried out.  The available water in this sub-catchment was compared with existing and potential water demands; results show that about 2,619 million cubic meters (MCM) of surface water is available annually upstream of Wudil (HS 1), 658 MCM is available between Wudil and Hadejia (HS 2), while 905 MCM is available between Hadejia and Gashua (HS 3).  Analysis of direct ground water recharge...
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.cigrjournal.org/index.php/Ejounral/article/view/1065
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Results of the North Dakota Land Valuation Model for the 2010 Agricultural Real Estate Assessment AgEcon
Aakre, Dwight G.; Haugen, Ronald H..
This report summarizes the 2010 results of the North Dakota Land Valuation Model. The model is used annually to estimate average land values by county, based on the value of production from cropland and non-cropland. The county land values developed from this procedure form the basis for the 2010 valuation of agricultural land for real estate tax assessment. The average all agricultural land value from this analysis is multiplied by the total acres of agricultural land on the county abstract to determine each county’s total agricultural land value for taxation purposes. The State Board of Equalization compares this value with the total value assessed to agricultural property in each county. Each county is required by state statute to assess a total value...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Land valuation; Real estate assessment; Agricultural land; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98133
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Challenges for risk management related to emerging animal diseases Organic Eprints
Aaltonen, Taina.
The uncertainties related to climate change and its effects on the spreading of animal diseases causes the most difficulties for the risk management. Preparedness and contingency planning for serious animal diseases in EU has mainly focused on conventional animal diseases, like foot- and-mouth-disease, classical swine fever and avian influenza.
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/17280/1/Aaltonen.doc
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Vurdering av metoder for økologisk produksjon av storfekjøtt. Fordeler og ulemper ved ulike produksjonssystemer for økologisk storfekjøtt. Organic Eprints
Aanensen, Lise; Henriksen, Britt I. F..
På oppdrag fra Relelverksutvalget for økologisk produksjon (RVU) har Bioforsk utført en vurdering av fordeler og ulemper knyttet til luftekravet for okser i økologisk produksjon, samt en utredning av mulige løsninger for lufting av okser. I tillegg er det utført en vudering av alternative metoder for produksjon av økologisk storfekjøtt, for eksempel produksjon av kastrat-, kvige- og kalvekjøtt. Økologisk produksjon av storfekjøtt er vurdert med bakgrunn i kravet om lufting av okser. Regelverket for økologisk produksjon(EU-reg. 2091/92) sier at "(...) okser skal ha tilgang til beiter eller luftegårder. Okser over ett år gamle kan holdes i et husdyrrom med fri adgang til en luftegård hele året, i stedet for å gå på beite i sommerperioden." Nytt regelverk som...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Production systems; Beef cattle; Health and welfare.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://orgprints.org/19464/1/BIOFORSK_RAPPORT_5_(178)_2010_m_signatur.pdf
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A Fresh Look at Energy, Materials, and Labor in Agriculture Nature Precedings
Aaron W. Baum; Tadeusz Patzek; Martin Bender; Steve Renich; Wes Jackson.
An understanding of agriculture's energy, material, and labor requirements is essential for achieving economic and ecological sustainability, and for assessing the effectiveness of relevant policy decisions (biofuel subsidies, regulations, labeling, etc.). Previous studies of energy, materials, and labor use in farming have been based on either unverified voluntary reporting or test plots, rather than on the high-resolution measurements of mass and energy flows. Here we present a recursive analysis of 1.25 million data points describing in unprecedented detail the resource transactions on a 60 ha farm functioning for over 6 years. This analysis highlights the importance of accounting for all types of materials, as well as capital equipment,...
Tipo: Manuscript Palavras-chave: Ecology; Earth & Environment.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://precedings.nature.com/documents/4291/version/1
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Derechos y deberes del ciudadano Buscador Latinoamericano
Abad de Mably; Bonnot de Mably, Gabriel.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: ESTADO.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.flacso.org.ec/biblio/shared/biblio_view.php?bibid=128200&tab=opac&oai:flacso.org.ec:128200
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Comunicación, cultura y política (Reseñas) Buscador Latinoamericano
Abad, Gustavo.
Reseña de la publicación: Comunicación, cultura y política de María Belén Albornoz y Mauro Cerbino (compiladores). Dos conceptos claves, enunciados en la presentación, definen la textura y la profundidad de esta obra: memoria y balance. Dos conceptos que condensan, mejor que otros, la dinámica acumulativa de la construcción del conocimiento, que consiste en usar un juicio consolidado como punto de apoyo para avanzar un escalón más en el nivel de complejidad. Nos acercan también al reto de constituir la comunicación en un espacio interdisciplinario desde el cual es posible explicar la realidad con suficiente autoridad. Este libro se compone de varias ponencias desarrolladas en el Congreso Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Ciencias Sociales, en...
Tipo: Artículo Palavras-chave: RESEÑA ACADÉMICA; TECNOLOGÍAS DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y COMUNICACIÓN; CULTURA; POLÍTICA; MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES; ACADEMIC REVIEW; INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND COMMUNICATIONS; CULTURE; POLICY; AMÉRICA LATINA.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10469/4026
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Comunicación, cultura y política (Reseñas) Buscador Latinoamericano
Abad, Gustavo.
Reseña de la publicación: Comunicación, cultura y política de María Belén Albornoz y Mauro Cerbino (compiladores). Dos conceptos claves, enunciados en la presentación, definen la textura y la profundidad de esta obra: memoria y balance. Dos conceptos que condensan, mejor que otros, la dinámica acumulativa de la construcción del conocimiento, que consiste en usar un juicio consolidado como punto de apoyo para avanzar un escalón más en el nivel de complejidad. Nos acercan también al reto de constituir la comunicación en un espacio interdisciplinario desde el cual es posible explicar la realidad con suficiente autoridad. Este libro se compone de varias ponencias desarrolladas en el Congreso Latinoamericano y Caribeño de Ciencias Sociales, en...
Tipo: Artículo Palavras-chave: RESEÑA ACADÉMICA; TECNOLOGÍAS DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y COMUNICACIÓN; CULTURA; POLÍTICA; MOVIMIENTOS SOCIALES; ACADEMIC REVIEW; INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND COMMUNICATIONS; CULTURE; POLICY; AMÉRICA LATINA.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10469/4026
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Fed Cattle Forward Contract Volume and Basis Relationship AgEcon
Abahana, Zelalem; Diersen, Matthew A.; Li, Jing; Klein, Nicole L..
The poster covers analysis and models of forward contracting during the contracting period. A conceptual model is presented to explain how contracting patterns relate to industry factors and negotiation power of buyers and sellers. Time series techniques are used to model basis, weekly volume, and total volume. Forecasting models are also presented.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cattle; Forward contract; Basis; Negotiation; Placements; Agribusiness; Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61150
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A Quantitative Assessment of the Morphological Characteristics of BeWo Cells as an in vitro Model of Human Trophoblast Cells International Journal of Morphology
Abaidoo,C.S; Warren,M. A; Andrews,P. W; Boateng,K. A.
In order to study the detailed morphology of trophoblast cells during human implantation, BeWo cells were cultured as spheroids in suspension culture. These cultures were then processed for light and electron microscopical examination. The present study showed that the BeWo spheroids consist of two cell types which are cytotrophoblast-like and syncytiotrophoblast-like. The cells with larger nuclear diameter made up only about 1% of the cell population and appear to be those of syncytiotrophoblast. Therefore the predominant cell type of the BeWo spheroids appeared to be relatively undifferentiated and cytotrophoblast-like. About 10% of the BeWo cells in the present study were mitotic, indicating a highly proliferative population. Total cell number increased...
Tipo: Journal article Palavras-chave: BeWo; Trophoblast; Morphometry; Spheroids.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-95022010000400011
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Utilisation d’espèces halieutiques exploitées comme indicateurs de la contamination chimique en zone littorale ArchiMer
Abarnou, Alain.
The concept of biological indicator relies upon the assumption that the contamination measured in biological tissues reflects that of the aquatic environment. This study aims to update the knowledge on contamination levels of various chemical contaminants in a few exploited fish species from various areas along the French coastline. The objective of the work is to evaluate the possibility of differentiating the various coastal zones according to the contamination levels measured in fish living there. Several groups of contaminants were followed: PCBs (marker PCBs and dioxin-like PCBs), dioxins (PCCDs and PCDFs), PBDEs, PFCs and total mercury). These contaminants were mainly measured in four fish species: the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), the mackerel...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Espèces indicatrices; Poisson; Environnement marin; POP; PCB; Dioxines; PBDE; PFC; Biological indicators; Fishes; Marine environment; POPs; PCBs; Dioxins; PBDEs; PFCs.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00014/12475/9315.pdf
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Fundamentos para la clasificación del trigo argentino por calidad: efectos del cultivar, la localidad, el año y sus interacciones Agriscientia (Córdoba)
Abbate,P.E.; Gutheim,F.; Polidoro,O.; Milisich,H.J.; Cuniberti,M..
Regularmente se analiza la producción triguera argentina para conocer su calidad industrial, pero no se comparan formalmente los efectos del cultivar, localidad, año y sus interacciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar la magnitud de los efectos de esos factores. Durante tres campañas se realizaron experimentos, en cuatro localidades con ocho cultivares. Se evaluaron peso medio del grano, peso hectolítrico, rendimiento de harina, gluten húmedo, gluten seco, gluten index, concentración de proteína, variables alveográficas, absorción de agua y volumen de pan. Se calculó un índice para definir grupos de calidad. Para comparar el efecto de cada factor, se calculó su coeficiente de variación. Para la mayoría de las variables, los factores...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Trigo; Calidad; Efecto cultivar; Efecto localidad; Efecto año; Interacción cultivar x ambiente.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1668-298X2010000100001
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CAN DOMESTICATION OF WILDLIFE LEAD TO CONSERVATION? THE ECONOMICS OF TIGER FARMING IN CHINA AgEcon
Abbott, Brant; van Kooten, G. Cornelis.
Tigers are a threatened species that might soon disappear in the wild. Not only are tigers threatened by deteriorating and declining habitat, but poachers continue to kill tigers for traditional medicine, decoration pieces and so on. Although international trade in tiger products has been banned since 1987 and domestic trade within China since 1993, tigers continue to be poached and Chinese entrepreneurs have established tiger farms in anticipation of their demise. While China desires to permit sale of tiger products from captive-bred tigers, this is opposed on the grounds that it likely encourages illegal killing. Instead, wildlife conservationists lobby for more spending on anti-poaching and trade-ban enforcement. In this study, a mathematical...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Endangered species and extinction; Wildlife farming; Economics of natural; Mathematical bioeconomics; Environmental Economics and Policy; Q27; C61; Q57.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61071
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Determinación de componentes de la varianza y heredabilidad en cebadilla criolla (Bromus catharticus Vahl.) Agriscientia (Córdoba)
Abbott,L.; Pistorale,S..
Trece genotipos de Bromus catharticus Vahl. (cebadilla criolla) se evaluaron, durante 3 años, utilizando un diseño experimental completamente aleatorizado con seis repeticiones para estimar parámetros estadísticos y genéticos. Por planta individual se analizaron los siguientes caracteres: número de macollos, número de panojas, número de espiguillas por espiga, número de semillas llenas, número de semillas totales, peso de 1000 semillas, largo de la panoja, ancho de hoja bandera y largo de hoja bandera. Las pruebas multivariadas mostraron diferencias significativas para todos los caracteres en estudio. La varianza genética fue superior a la ambiental en los tres años para todos los caracteres. La heredabilidad en sentido amplio varió de 0,48 a 0,90. La...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Bromus catharticus; Componentes de la varianza; Heredabilidad; Mejoramiento genético; Variabilidad genética.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1668-298X2010000200007
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YeastMed: An XML-Based System for Biological Data Integration of Yeast Nature Precedings
Abdelaali Briache; Kamar Marrakchi; Amine Kerzazi; Ismael Navas-Delgado; José F. Aldana Montes; Badr Din Rossi Hassani; Khalid Lairini.
A key goal of bioinformatics is to create database systems and software platforms capable of storing and analysing large sets of biological data. Hundreds of biological databases are now available and provide access to huge amount of biological data. SGD, Yeastract, CYGD-MIPS, BioGrid and PhosphoGrid are five of the most visited databases by the yeast community. These sources provide complementary data on biological entities. Biologists are brought systematically to query these data sources in order to analyse the results of their experiments. Because of the heterogeneity of these sources, querying them separately and then manually combining the returned result is a complex and laborious task. To provide transparent and simultaneous access to these...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Bioinformatics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://precedings.nature.com/documents/5396/version/1
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Performance of Different Tomato Genotypes in the Arid Tropics of Sudan during the Summer Season. II. Generative Development JARTS
Abdelmageed, Adil H.A.; Gruda, Nazim.
Eleven tomato genotypes of diverse origin were grown in Shambat, University of Khartoum, Sudan, in a randomized block design with three replications for two successive seasons (2002/2003, 2003/2004). The same genotypes were firstly evaluated under glasshouse conditions at the Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany during 2002. Highly significant differences were encountered among the different genotypes for most of the generative characters, such as number of days to flowering, number of flowers per plant, number of fruits per plant, fruit fresh weight per plant and fruit set percentage. Based on results obtained from this study, the genotype ‘Summerset’ proved to be high yielding under high temperature conditions in comparison to other genotypes.
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article Palavras-chave: Plant production tomato; Genotypes; Heat tolerance; High temperature; Vegetative growth.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.jarts.info/index.php/jarts/article/view/29
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