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11カ月齢の乳用育成午における腹腔内の巨大な膿瘍形成を伴った臍帯炎の1症例 OAK
真方, 文絵; 渡辺, 謙一; 下田, 崇; 古林, 与志安; 松井, 高峯; 石井, 三都夫; 猪熊, 壽.
11カ月齢のホルスタイン種乳牛が重度の発育不良を呈し、臍の腫脹が見られた。臨床症状および血液検査所 見より臍帯炎を疑った。超音波検査および穿刺により、臍の腫脹部と膀胱の腹側においてそれぞれ直径10cmお よび5Cmの膿瘍の存在を確認した。病理解剖により臍部、臍静脈、臍動脈および尿膜管相当部に膿瘍が認めら れ、中でも臍静脈相当部の膿瘍は50X40X15cmと巨大であった。育成期に発育不良を伴う症例では、慢性化し た臍帯炎も考慮する必要が考えられた。
Ano: 2011 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/2934
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A case of intra-abdominal mass associated with the urachal remnant in a Holstein bullock OAK
望月, 奈那子; 滄木, 孝弘; 伊藤, めぐみ; 藤田, 理公; 堀内, 雅之; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽; 芝野, 健一.
9カ月齢のホルスタイン去勢牛が食欲廃絶,乏尿および疝痛様症状を呈し,尿中からリン酸アンモニウムマグネシウムの結石が検出されたことから尿石症と診断された.対症療法を行ったところ,症状の増悪はないが食欲や全身状態の顕著な改善が得られないまま経過した.1カ月後,発熱,脱水症状,乏尿および腹囲膨満が認められ,尿路閉塞に伴う膀胱破裂が疑われたが,血清中クレアチニンおよび尿素窒素濃度の上昇など,膀胱破裂に特徴的な血液生化学的所見は認められなかった.確定診断に至らないまま予後不良と判断され,安楽殺された.病理解剖の結果,膀胱尖が小さく開口し,その先に腹腔の右側を占拠する巨大な腫瘤が認められた. 膀胱尖部の炎症性反応が乏しいことなどから,腫瘤のうち,膀胱と連絡する部分は遺残した尿膜管と診断された.また,腫瘤と周辺組織との癒着が広範囲にわたっていることから,尿膜管が何らかの原因により破綻し,尿が腹腔内に漏出したものの,大網に被覆された結果,腹膜炎が限局性にとどまり,巨大な嚢胞を形成するに至ったと推察された. 尿石症による尿路閉塞や膀胱破裂が疑われる症例において特徴的な血液生化学的所見が得られない場合は,月齢が進んだ個体であっても,尿膜管憩室やそれに起因する限局性の腹膜炎を類症鑑別に加える必要があると考えられた.
Palavras-chave: 腹腔内腫瘤; 尿膜管遺残; 尿膜管憩室; 限局性腹膜炎; 尿石症; Intra-abdominal mass; Urachal remnant; Urachal diverticulum; Localized peritonitis; Urolithiasis.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4522
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A Clinical Case of Maxillary Sinus Abscess in a Holstein Cow OAK
髙橋, 英二; 山田, 一孝; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽; TAKAHASHI, Eiji; YAMADA, Kazutaka; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; INOKUMA, Hisashi.
7歳6カ月齢のホルスタイン種乳牛が顕著ないびき音を呈し,さらに左側頬骨部の一部で波動感を有する腫瘤が触知された.頭部X線検査により上顎洞内への液体貯留と上顎第3後臼歯の歯槽骨の融解が認められ,歯性上顎洞炎に継発する大型膿瘍であることが推察された.病理解剖により病変は上顎洞内膿瘍であることが明らかとなった.牛における頭部X線検査が上顎洞内膿瘍の診断及び病態の把握に有用であった.
Palavras-chave: ホルスタイン; 上顎洞内膿瘍; 歯性上顎洞炎.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4257
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Bovine Rena Cell Carcinoma with Marked Connective-tissue Proliferation OAK
立石, 識子; 古林, 与志安; 黒沢, 重人; 大林, 哲; 古岡, 秀文; 松井, 高峯; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; FURUOKA, Hidefumi.
直腸検査により, 左腎相当部に巨大腫瘤が触知された4歳齢, 雌のホルスタイン牛を病理学的に検索した. 肉眼的に左腎は硬く, 褪色し, 分葉構造を保ちつつ顕著に腫大していた. 左腎割面では腎実質の大部分は白色硬組織により置換されていた. また, 左腎門リンパ節から左内腸骨リンパ節にかけて直径1-10cmの白色硬組織からなる腫瘤が密在していた. 組織所見では左腎に著しい結合組織増生を伴う上皮性腫瘍細胞の不整管状増殖がび漫性に認められ, 実質を置換していた. 同様の腫瘍組織は他の白色硬組織でも観察された. これらの腫瘍細胞は抗ウロモジュリン抗体に陽性を示した. 超微形態学的に腫瘍細胞には微絨毛とデスモゾームが認められた. 以上の所見から本症例を顕著な結合組織の増生を伴う腎細胞癌と診断した.
Palavras-chave: ; 腎細胞癌; ウロモジュリン.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4171
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Brain Abscess in a Japanese Black Calf : Utility of Computed Tomography (CT) OAK
EL-KHODERY, Sabry; YAMADA, Kazutaka; AOKI, Daisuke; KAMIO, Kyouhei; KISHIMOTO, Miori; SHIMIZU, Junichiro; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; ISHII, Mitsuo; INOKUMA, Hisashi; YAMAUCHI, Sen-ichi; MATSUI, Takane; 山田, 一孝; 古林, 与志安; 石井, 三都夫; 猪熊, 壽.
Computed tomography (CT) was used for diagnosis of brain abscess in a 6-month-old, Japanese black calf presented with neurological dysfunction, compulsive circling and vision disturbance. CT images showed asymmetric lateral ventricles, and presence of intra-cranial multiple low absorption lesions surrounded by capsule suggestive of abscess in the right cerebral hemisphere. Postmortem examination revealed marked swelling of right cerebral hemisphere and olfactory bulb. Multilocular large abscess containing creamy pus was found to occupy most area of periventricular and lateral ventricle. Fusobacterium necrophrum was isolated from the abscess contents as the causative agent. These results demonstrate that CT is useful tool for tentative diagnosis of bovine...
Palavras-chave: Bovine; Brain abscess; CT.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3926
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Calf Form Bovine Leukosis with Lameness in a Holstein Heifer OAK
TAWFEEQ, Mohammad Monir; MIURA, Saori; NAKANISHI, Yuuki; SUGIMOTO, Kazuya; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; FURUOKA, Hidefumi; INOKUMA, Hisashi; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽.
A 12-month-old Holstein heifer with anorexia, lameness, and enlargement of peripheral lymph nodes was suspected of having bovine leukosis. Although lymphocytosis was not observed, cytology of fine needle aspirate from a superficial cervical node, and increased serum lactate dehydrogenase and thymidine kinase activities, strongly suggested lymphosarcoma. Increased numbers of mononuclear cells as well as mitotic cells were observed in synovial fluid collected from swollen joints. Pathological examination confirmed B-cell calf form bovine leukosis and joint swelling related to neoplastic cell infiltration. Both interleukin-2 receptor and thymidine kinase 1 genes were highly expressed in cells from superficial cervical lymph node aspirate.
Palavras-chave: Calf form bovine leukosis; Gene expression; Joint infiltration.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4097
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Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration in a Japanese Black Bull OAK
田川, 道人; 千葉, 史織; 岡松, 弘之; 小嶋, 由夏; 松本, 高太郎; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽; MATSUMOTO, Kotaro; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; INOKUMA, Hisashi.
黒毛和種牛が出生翌日より横臥,後弓反張を呈した.脳挫傷を疑い,抗生物質,ビタミンB1製剤,消炎鎮痛剤により加療され,いったんは改善したが同様の症状が間欠的に認められた.歩様異常は継続して認められたが,一般状態は良好で8カ月齢まで飼養された.しかし,その後開脚姿勢,測定過大を伴う歩様異常,威嚇瞬き反応の低下が進行した.病理組織学的検索により小脳にプルキンエ細胞の顕著な変性と脱落及び顆粒細胞の減数を認め,小脳皮質変性症と診断された.
Palavras-chave: ; 小脳皮質変性症; 黒毛和種.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4101
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Chronic interstitial nephritis with edema in a Holstein heifer OAK
髙橋, 英二; 竹内, 俊彦; 丸山, 亮介; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; INOKUMA, Hisashi.
1歳4カ月齢のホルスタイン種育成牛が発育不良を主訴に受診した.当該牛は体高110cmで,著しい削痩を呈していた.臨床検査により,非再生性貧血,高窒素血症,高クレアチニン血症,高リン血症,低カルシウム血症,低比重尿および蛋白尿が認められ,慢性腎不全が疑われた.輸液により治療を試みたが,第15病日には下顎と胸垂の浮腫が発現し,第16病日に死亡した.病理学的検索の結果,糸球体病変を伴う慢性間質性腎炎と診断されたが,原因は不明であった.
Palavras-chave: 慢性間質性腎炎; 浮腫; ホルスタイン育成牛.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4366
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Clinical Case of a Brainstem Tumor in a Holstein Cow OAK
三浦, 沙織; 千葉, 史織; 高橋, 裕之; 福田, 茂夫; 藤井, 貴志; 新井, 鐘蔵; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽; MIURA, Saori; CHIBA, Shiori; TAKAHASHI, Hiroyuki; FUKUDA, Shigeo; FUJII, Takashi; ARAI, Shozo; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; INOKUMA, Hisashi.
38カ月齢のホルスタイン種乳牛において,体全体が左側に傾くという神経症状が進行性に認められた.経過,左側対光反射と左側音響耳介反応の減弱,及び聴性脳幹誘発電位測定検査における左刺激時Ⅲ波-Ⅴ波の遅延所見より,延髄から橋における片側性圧迫性病変を疑った.病理解剖の結果,橋左側に帯黄色脆弱化病巣を認め,病理組織学的検索により,病変は腫瘍であり,迷入組織に由来する可能性があるものの,原発組織は確定できなかった.
Palavras-chave: 聴性脳幹誘発電位; 脳幹; 腫瘍; ホルスタイン.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4010
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Comparison of Enterotoxicity between Autumn Crocus (Colchicum autumnale L.) and Colchicine in the Guinea Pig and Mouse : Enterotoxicity in the Guinea Pig Differs from That in the Mouse OAK
YAMADA, Manabu; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; FURUOKA, Hidefumi; MATSUI, Takane; 古林, 与志安; 古岡, 秀文.
Autumn crocus poisoning of cattle is characterized by severe diarrhea caused by alkaloid colchicine. Previously, we examined pathologically this poisoning in cattle and reported that enterotoxic lesions were closely associated with apoptosis. To examine enterotoxicity of autumn crocus more precisely, a reproductive study was performed using guinea pigs and mice, and pathological findings associated with autumn crocus poisoning were compared with those of colchicine. Each group of guinea pigs given the bulb of autumn crocus or colchicine exhibited severe diarrhea. Histopathological findings in intoxicated guinea pigs were entirely consistent with those in the autumn crocus-poisoned cattle. In contrast, each group of mice administered with the bulb or...
Palavras-chave: Apoptosis; Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale L.); Colchicine; Guinea pig; Mouse.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4170
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Congestive heart failure caused by an arteriovenous fistula between the brachiocephalic trunk and the vena cava cranialis in a Holstein cow OAK
嘉陽, 静香; 二宮, 理紗; 古関, 博; 堀内, 雅之; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽; Horiuchi, Noriyuki; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; INOKUMA, Hisashi.
2歳6カ月齢のホルスタイン種成乳牛が水様性下痢を主訴に受診した.第8病日には,胸垂の冷性浮腫および頸静脈怒張が発現し,収縮期駆出性雑音が聴取された.血液検査,心電図検査および心臓超音波検査を実施したが,生前にうっ血性心不全の原因は特定できなかった.病理解剖により,腕頭動脈と前大静脈の短絡が確認された.また,前縦隔において前大静脈に大型の静脈瘤(直径10cm)が形成されていた.本症例は,先天性動静脈瘻の結果,静脈瘤形成とうっ血性心不全を呈した成牛の稀な症例と思われた.
Palavras-chave: 先天性動静脈瘻; うっ血性心不全; 駆出性雑; 静脈瘤.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4146
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Cryopreservation of Canine Ovaries by Vitrification OAK
ISHIJIMA, Takako; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; LEE, Dong-Soo; UETA, Yoshiko Yanagimoto; MATSUI, Motozumi; LEE, Jung-Youn; SUWA, Yoshinori; MIYAHARA, Kazuro; SUZUKI, Hiroshi; 松井, 基純; 宮原, 和郎; 鈴木, 宏志; 古林, 与志安.
The cryopreservation of ovarian tissues is a technology with significant potential for the preservation of the genetic resource materials of working dogs, including guide dogs for the blind. However, no attempt has been reported on cryopreservation of the canine ovary. Thus, we evaluated a vitrification method for cryopreservation of canine ovaries and determined the potential functionality of vitrified-warmed canine ovaries by means of transplantation into non-obese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD-SCID) mice. All ovarian tissues cryopreserved by vitrification were morphologically normal in terms of histology. Cryopreserved ovaries were transplanted into the ovarian bursa of the NOD-SCID mice, and the xenografts were recovered from 23 of 23...
Palavras-chave: Canine; Ovary transfer; Transplantation; Vitrification; Xenograft.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3023
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Detection of the nonsense mutation of OPA3 gene in Holstein Friesian cattle with dilated cardiomyopathy in Japan OAK
HORIUCHI, Noriyuki; KUMAGAI, Daishiro; MATSUMOTO, Kotaro; INOKUMA, Hisashi; FURUOKA, Hidefumi; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; 松本, 高太郎; 猪熊, 壽; 古岡, 秀文; 古林, 与志安.
Bovine dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder causing congestive heart failure and subsequent death. Recently, a nonsense mutation c.343C>T in the bovine optic atrophy 3 (OPA3) gene had been reported to cause the DCM in Holstein cattle in Switzerland. However, the mutation has not been confirmed in bovine DCM outside Switzerland. Nine Holstein Friesian cows that were macroscopically and histologically diagnosed with or suspected of DCM and 12 control cows kept in Japan were tested for the mutation. The mutation surrounding OPA3 DNA fragment was amplified by PCR and subjected to direct sequences. The homogeneous c.343C>T mutation was proved to occur in all the affected cows and not in the control cows. The present...
Palavras-chave: Cattle; Dilated cardiomyopathy; Nonsense mutation; OPA3 gene.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4208
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Evaluation of Gene Expression in Peripheral Blood Cells as a Potential Biomarker for Enzootic Bovine Leukosis OAK
TAWFEEQ, Mohammad Monir; HORIUCHI, Noriyuki; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; FURUOKA, Hidefumi; INOKUMA, Hisashi; 堀内, 雅之; 古林, 与志安; 古岡, 秀文; 猪熊, 壽.
Expression of six selective genes in peripheral blood cells was evaluated as diagnostic biomarkers for enzootic bovine leukosis (EBL) by using 10 EBL and 15 clinically healthy cattle. The clinically healthy cattle generally showed lower gene expression levels. Although wide variations of gene expression were found in some clinical cases of EBL, 4 and 5 among 10 EBL cattle showed higher expression of interleukin 2 receptor gene (IL2R) and Wilms’ tumor gene (WT1), respectively. Expression of IL2R in peripheral blood cells in EBL cattle was statistically increased; however, the lower sensitivity and higher variation in the gene expressions among clinical cases of EBL would be problems as diagnostic biomarkers.
Palavras-chave: Biomarkers; Enzootic bovine leukosis; Gene expression; QRT-PCR.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3868
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Evaluation of S100B in cerebrospinal fluid as a potential biomarker for neurological diseases in calves OAK
KOJIMA, Yuka; CHIBA, Shiori; HORIUCHI, Noriyuki; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; INOKUMA, Hisashi; 堀内, 雅之; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽.
S100B in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF-S100B) was measured in calves with 20 neurologic and 21 non-neurologic diseases to clarify its utility as a biomarker for neurologic diseases. The median CSF-S100B value in the neurologic disease group (43.0 ng/ml) was significantly higher than that in the non-neurologic disease group (10.2 ng/ml). As CSF-S100B levels in calves with neurologic diseases widely differed, the utility of CSF-S100B as a diagnostic marker for neurologic diseases in cattle remains inconclusive.
Palavras-chave: Calf; Cerebrospinal fluid; S100B.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4142
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Glomus tumor of the liver in a cow OAK
HORIUCHI, Noriyuki; KOMAGATA, Makoto; SHITAMURA, Keiichi; CHIBA, Shiori; MATSUMOTO, Kotaro; INOKUMA, Hisashi; MATSUI, Takane; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; 堀内, 雅之; 松本, 高太郎; 猪熊, 壽; 古林, 与志安.
An 11-year-old Holstein-Friesian cow exhibited anorexia and jaundice. A large mass was found in the liver during necropsy. Macroscopically, the mass was composed of dark red multilobular tissue and a centrally located abscess, which was connected to the hepatic duct. Histologically, the mass consisted of proliferation of small neoplastic cells and was demarcated from the hepatic parenchyma by a thick region of granulation tissue. The neoplastic cells were predominantly arranged in solid sheets, but they also formed blood-filled cancellous structures, and proliferating foci were seen around blood vessels. Periodic acid-Schiff reaction demonstrated that a fine basement membrane-like structure surrounded the neoplastic cells. Immunohistochemically, the...
Palavras-chave: Cholangitic abscess; Cow; Glomus tumor.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4172
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Humeral chondrosarcoma in a Hokkaido brown bear (Ursus arctos yesoensis). OAK
MURAKAMI, Tomoaki; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; CHIBA, Shiori; KURAUCHI, Yuki; SAKAMOTO, Hideyuki; SASAKI, Motoki; MATSUI, Takane; 古林, 与志安; 佐々木, 基樹.
Humeral chondrosarcoma was found in an 18-year-old male Hokkaido brown bear (Ursus arctos yesoensis). Necropsy revealed a large firm mass under the left superficial pectoral muscle at the axillary region. The mass involved the left shoulder joint and peripheral muscles, and connected to the head of the humerus with osteolysis. Histopathologically, the mass was composed of irregularly shaped myxomatous to cartilaginous tumor lobules. The tumor cell showed moderate nuclear atypia with a relatively high mitotic index, especially in the edges of the myxomatous lobules. The tumor cells were positively immunostained with vimentin and S-100 protein. Based on these findings, the tumors were diagnosed as chondrosarcoma. Metastases were found in the left axillary...
Palavras-chave: Brown bear; Chondrosarcoma; Humerus; Metastasis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4122
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MDCT Images of the Head of a Horse with Malignant Melanoma OAK
SASAKI, Naoki; MINAMI, Takuto; YAMADA, Kazutaka; SATOH, Motoyoshi; INOKUMA, Hisashi; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; FURUOKA, Hidefumi; YAMADA, Haruo; 佐々木, 直樹; 山田, 一孝; 猪熊, 壽; 古林, 与志安; 古岡, 秀文.
A 17-year-old, gray Thoroughbred gelding was presented with recurrent epistaxis following exercise for over one year. Multidetector-row computed tomographic (MDCT) examination of the head performed under general anesthesia indicated the presence of malignant melanoma. MDCT examination revealed the exact location and size of masses in the right guttural pouch first identified by endoscopy and in the left guttural pouch unidentified by endoscopy. MDCT examination revealed the presence of a blood clot that filled the right maxillary sinus. The horse was euthanized due to poor prognosis as a riding horse and the owner's decision, and MDCT findings were confirmed by postmortem examination. MDCT is suggested as a useful technique for diagnosis of head problems...
Palavras-chave: Equine; Malignant melanoma; MDCT.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/3104
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Optic pathway degeneration in Japanese black cattle OAK
CHIBA, Shiori; FUNATO, Shingo; HORIUCHI, Noriyuki; MATSUMOTO, Kotaro; INOKUMA, Hisashi; FURUOKA, Hidefumi; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; 堀内, 雅之; 松本, 高太郎; 猪熊, 壽; 古岡, 秀文; 古林, 与志安.
Degeneration of the optic pathway has been reported in various animal species including cattle. We experienced a case of bilateral optic tract degeneration characterized by severe gliosis in a Japanese black cattle without any obvious visual defects. To evaluate the significance, pathological nature and pathogenesis of the lesions, we examined the optic pathway in 60 cattle (41 Japanese black, 13 Holstein and 6 crossbreed) with or without ocular abnormalities. None of these animals had optic canal stenosis. Degenerative changes with severe gliosis in the optic pathway, which includes the optic nerve, optic chiasm and optic tract, were only observed in 8 Japanese black cattle with or without ocular abnormalities. Furthermore, strong immunoreactivity of...
Palavras-chave: Axonal degeneration; Gliosis; Japanese black cattle; Optic pathway degeneration.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4123
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Overexpression of Interleukin 2 Receptor, Thymidine Kinase and Immunoglobulin-Associated Alpha-1 Messenger RNA in a Clinical Case of Enzootic Bovine Leukosis OAK
TAWFEEQ, Mohammad Monir; TAGAWA, Michihito; ITOH, Yuuki; SUGIMOTO, Kazuya; KOBAYASHI, Yoshiyasu; INOKUMA, Hisashi; 古林, 与志安; 猪熊, 壽.
A 49-month-old Holstein cow with anorexia, tachypnea, enlarged peripheral lymph nodes, and difficulty standing up was suspected of bovine leukosis. Hematological examination revealed lymphocytosis with the presence of neoplastic cells. Increased total lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, isozymes of LDH-2 and LDH-3 activities and thymidine kinase activity were observed. Cytological findings of fine needle aspiration of subiliac lymph nodes indicated lymphosarcoma. Histopathology and antibody analysis confirmed the diagnosis of enzootic bovine leukosis, a B-cell bovine lymphoma caused by bovine leukemia virus. Gene expressions known as biomarkers of hematopoietic neoplasia in human were also examined in the present case. Increased messenger RNA expression...
Palavras-chave: Biomarker; Bovine leukosis; Gene expression.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/4096
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