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三島柴胡臺農1號之育式 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
劉新裕; 徐原田; 胡敏夫; 邱善美; S.Y. Liu; Y.T. Shyu; M.F. Hu; S.M. Chiu.
[[abstract]]三島柴胡臺農1號之親本源自日本之三島柴胡,為常異交作物,自交純化不易。本所自民國57年引入三島柴胡種子後,即利用混合選種法,淘汰生產力顯著低落及品質較劣植株,並選拔生長勢旺盛及高saponin含量之植株,混合其飽滿種子,共經七年選種而成。並依序進行品種觀察試驗、品種比較試驗、產量調查及三次區域試驗,綜合上述試驗結果可知,新品種具有產量穩定、品質優越及適應力大之優點。在乾根平均公頃產量方面,新品種高出三島柴胡約27.7%,在saponin含量方面,新品種為三島柴胡之1.12倍高,此外新品種之適應能力大增,已能在較高溫之平地栽培,且植株間之變異程度已經減小。因此獲得審查通過,命名為三島柴胡臺農1號。 三島柴胡臺農1號之植株生育強健,一年生株高可達80cm,莖直立質堅,葉互生,植株下半部葉形較大,葉長約15cm,寬約1.5cm,花為複繖形花序,果實為分裂果,種子長橢圓形,千粒重1.23─1.68g。由歷年各地區試驗根產量之綜合比較可知,栽培於中高海拔山坡地一年生根產量都在l , 000 kg/ha以上,平地一年生產量約為690 kg/ha,一年半生為1,168 kg/ha,根中saponin平均含量為2.75%,變域為1.05─7.43%。 Bupleurum falcatum L. cv. TARI No. 1 was developed through mass selection from three sources of Bupleurum falcatum L. imported from Japan in 1968. Stable yielding potential, high quality, and wide adaptability of the new...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1989
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不同品系仙草清除超氧陰離子自由基能力及其加工之研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
羅淑卿; 胡敏夫; 洪千雅; 顏國欽; Shu-Chin Lo; Min-Fu Hu; Chien-Ya Hung; Gow-Chin Yen.
[[abstract]]針對本所栽種之八個仙草品系,篩選出其清除超氧陰離子能力最高者,並開發仙草多元化利用之加工方法。其中以T-1品系(農試1號)之清除超氧陰離子能力為最好,達91.5%。以其進行仙草粉、仙草茶之研製,則以100℃、3分鐘殺菁條件所製得的仙草粉品質最佳,色澤上較為翠綠,清除超氧陰離子能力也較高,達66.6%。仙草曬乾本身具臭菁味及澀味,經烘焙後可製成無澀、香氣濃厚之仙草茶,其中以120℃、4小時烘焙成品較為消費者所喜愛。清除超氧陰離子能力不隨烘焙溫度及時間的增加而降低,而酸鹼度會隨烘焙溫度及時間之增加而降低,但色澤則相反。以仙草粉作為食品添加物,製成冰品、糕點、麵食,仙草茶熱飲、冷飲或製成果凍均能為人們所喜愛。
Palavras-chave: 仙草 超氧陰離子 抗氧化能力 Hsian-tsao (Mesona procumbens Hemsi.); Superoxide; Antioxidant activity [[classification]]4.
Ano: 2003
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不同採收期與貯藏法對柴胡種子發芽之影響 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 黃漢津; 劉新裕; M.F. Ru; H.C. Huang; S.Y. Liu.
[[abstract]]柴胡種子於開花後55.62.69及76天分別採收,經充分陰乾後貯藏於冰箱(0-5℃)、乾燥器、定溫箱(36℃)及室溫下,並按貯藏後第3、6、9及12個月等4期,測定其發芽率及發芽速度。發現(1)新鮮種子之發芽率及發芽速度,以開花後69天採收者比其他採收期表現優異,其發芽率高達71%,發芽率達50%所需日數為21天。(2)乾燥種子之發芽率及發芽速度,則因貯藏法及貯藏時間不同而表現互異,一般以採用定溫箱貯藏法者較佳,其種子之平均發芽率達71%,平均發芽率達50%所需日數為14天,依次為採用乾燥器及冰箱貯藏法,而室溫貯藏者最差。(3)採用冰箱、乾燥器及室溫等貯藏法之乾燥種子,最高發芽率表現皆於貯藏後第6個月,而定溫箱貯藏者於第9個月。(4)不同貯藏法下之乾燥種子最佳採收期之研究結果顯示,則於開花後69天採收者,其種子發芽率較高,發芽速度亦較快。 The seeds of Chia-hu (B. falcatum L.) were harvested at weekly intervals from 55 to 76 days after flowering (DAF), They were dried and sealed in plastic bags with calcium chloride, and then stored (1) in a refrigertor at 0-5°C, (2) in a desiccator under room temperature, (3) in a incubator at 36°C, (4) on the bench of this laboratory under room temperature. Germination rate...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1987
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不同氮磷鉀肥施用量與種植密度對仙草產及品質之影響 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 張愛華; 呂椿棠; 劉新裕; Min-Fu Hu;Ai-Hwa Chang;Chun-Tang Lu;Sin-Yie Liu.
[[abstract]]以氮素100、140 (ck) 及180kg/ha三級,磷砰40 (ck) 及80kg/ha二級,氧化鉀70 (ck) 及140kg/ha二級等參試組合,施用化肥種類為硫酸銨,過磷酸鈣及氯化鉀。第一年選水稻後作地栽培,試驗設計採用RCBD設計,4重複,3行區,行株距為1.4m0.9m(7, 940 株/公頃):第二年選旱作地(前作馬鈴薯),株距採砍0.9m 及0.6m(11,900株/公頃)二種密度,肥料種類及用量等級同前年,試驗採裂區設計,試驗地點擇嘉義縣水上鄉生產區。第一年試驗結果發現,每公頃平均乾株產量以N1P1K1 區(100:40:70kg/ha)最高達10,230kg,次依序為N2P2K1區10,180kg 及N3P2K2區9,886kg;每公頃平均葉產量則以N2P1K1區最高達3,084kg,次依序為N2P1K2區2,846kg及N2P2K1區2,717kg ,而N1P1K1區亦達2,618kg,但上述數據經變方分析結果,並未達5%顯著差異水準。氮、磷及鉀肥間對產量之主效應分析,亦未達5%顯著差異水準。葉凝膠強度分析,發現N1P2K2區(100:80:140kg/ha)之葉凝膠強度較高118.2g/cm2,而N1P1K1區僅29.4g/cm2,由此結果可瞭解,在乾株產量及葉凝膠強度兩項性狀均表現較佳之肥料組合為N100:P2O580:K2O...
Palavras-chave: 仙草 肥料 凝膠強度 Hsian-tsao (Mesona procumbens Hemsl.); Fertilizer; Gel formation strength [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1998
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不同環境對山葵生長與產量之影響 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 邱善美; 劉新裕; M.F. Hu; S.M. Chiu; S. Y. Liu.
[[abstract]]為了探討山葵之適應性與新地區栽培對墨入病(Phoma wasabia YOKOGI )蔓延之遏阻程度,乃選定本省中部海拔1200M 高冷地信義與溪頭兩地方,分別採用人工架設黑色塑膠網與不同自然環境試作發現:1.信義試區:所種植山葵之生育,以架設75~80%遮蔭網較佳,種植後90 天之平均株高為16.9cm,平均葉數為17.8 葉。經測定其實際遮蔭率恰為70%,適合山葵之生長,惟其後因栽培環境溫度偏高、濕度偏低,並發生白誘病,而於成熟前乾枯死亡,因之信義地區可能較不適合種植山葵。2. 溪頭試區:發現種植於空曠地山葵之生育較衫樹下良好,平均公頃根莖量為17,125kg,葉柄量為26,75Dkg ,鬚根量為5,625kg。平均公頃估計收入可達3,596,250 元,比杉樹下種植區多收1,396,250 元。於溪頭試區就氣溫因子加以調查,發現溪頭試作區栽培環境可媲美阿里山產區,也比日本伊豆產區優異,且產量高於日本伊豆地區。墨入病罹病率調查結果,空曠地區者達100%,根莖平均罹病長度為5.2cm,杉樹下試區罹病率為80%,根莖平均罹病長度4.2cm,經研判其因可能為種苗帶菌所引起。 In order to find out some new places suitable for the growth of wasabia and to minimize the severe damage caused by phoma blight disease, experiments were conducted at Hsinyi and Hsitou areas, both are 1200m above sea level and in Nantou county. For lack of...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1986
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仙草不同生長期之主成份含量分析 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 林禮輝; M.F. Hu; L.F. Lin.
[[abstract]]以4個仙草品種為材料,於移值後120、150、180及190天分別收穫,以探討生育期長短對仙草莖葉主成份含量變化之影響。試驗結果發現仙草莖葉之粗蛋白質含量隨著生長日數增進而降低,但脂肪含量與纖維含量則隨著生長日數增進而增加。可溶性無氮物(Nitrogen free extract)和乾物質(Dry matter)含量於180天生長期較高。因此,以可溶性無氮物及乾物質含量作為仙草採收指標,則其最適採收期,應當於移植後180天為佳,不需待至植株花蕾形成期。 Four varieties of hsian-tsao (Mesona procumbens Hemsl), i. e., small leaf runner type, small leaf bunch type, big leaf bunch type, and big leaf runner type, were harvested on the 120th, 150th, 180th and 190th day after transplanting. Gross composition of stems and leaves were analyzed and compared at these different growth stages. The results showed that crude protein content in the stems and leaves of hsian-tsao varieties all decreased during the developing stages. However, the crude fat and crude fiber content...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1986
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仙草優良品系區域適應性試驗 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 姜金龍; 龔財立; 呂秀英; 劉新裕; Min-Fu Hu;Jin-Long Jiang;Tsai-Li Koun;Hsiu-Ying Lu;Sin-Yie Liu.
[[abstract]]以本所新選育的78-S-1及78-T-1及桃園區改良場選育之TYY3及TYY4等四個山草品系,於臺灣北、中及南部五個區域進行二年試驗,探討各區域不同年度間氣候因子對乾株、乾葉產量及葉凝膠品質表現與仙草生長的影響,並分析此等品系之適應性及三項主要農藝性狀之穩定性。試驗結果發現雨量因子影響仙草生育比氣溫與日照時數因子大;乾株及乾葉產量表現,78-S-1及78-T-1二品系,於中南部地區表現較佳,而TYY3及TYY4品系則於北部地區表現較優。葉凝膠品質比較各區均以TYY3品系最高,次為78-T-1品系,而TYY4品系最低。綜合合併兩年五地區之變方分析結果,發現乾株、乾葉產量及葉凝膠品質等三項性狀之環境主效應均呈極顯著,品系間之乾葉產量及葉凝膠品質性狀亦呈極顯著效應,同時,三項性狀之環境與品系交感效應均呈極顯著效應。由環境指標估值結果,發現嘉義縣水上鄉之環境最適,苗栗縣銅鑼區最差。穩定性分析結果,乾株產量以TYY3品的表現最穩定,但高產潛力比78-T-1品系小,而78-S-1品系雖乾株產量最高,惟表現最不穩定;乾葉產量表現亦以TYY3品系現較穩定,78-S-1品系雖屬穩定,但表現最差;葉凝膠品質表現,則以78-T-1品系最穩定,而TYY3品系雖最高,但表現最不穩定。
Palavras-chave: 仙草 環境指標估值 穩定性分析 Hsian-tsao; Estimated value of environmental index; Stability analysis [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1998
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仙草品種(系)間多醣體成分之組成與含量分析 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 羅淑卿; 劉新裕; Min-Fu Hu; Shu-chin Lo; Srn-Yie Liu.
[[abstract]]以仙草七個品種(系)為材料,分別測試其凝膠強度、多醣體含量及組成分等發現,農試1號、83-S-6及83-S-7三品種(系)之凝膠強度較高,其因乃多醣體組成分中之Fraction A 百分率較低,與Fraction B 百分率較高所使然。此三品種(系)之凝膠強度分別依次達633.2g/cm2, 495.4 g/cm2與420 g/cm2,對其他品種(系)呈現5 %顯著差異水準。相反的,78-S-1, 83-M-1與83-AC-12三品系,因其多醣體組成分中Fraction A 百分率較高,而Fraction B 百分率較低,使凝膠強度表現較低。由此,凡是Fraction A 百分率較低,與Fraction B 百分率較高的品種(系),建議作為仙草凍的材料,而Fraction A 百分率較高與Fraction B 百分率較低的品種(系)作為仙草茶飲料之材料較佳。
Palavras-chave: 仙草 凝膠強度 多醣體 Hsin-tsao (Mesona procumbens Hemsl.); Polysaccharid; Fractions; Gel-fomation strength [[classification]]6.
Ano: 2002
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仙草品種與植期對產量及主成份含量之影響 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 林禮輝; M.F. Hu; L.F. Lin.
[[abstract]]以4 個仙草品種,分3 月16 日及4 月16 日二期移植,探討不同移植期對該等品種之農藝性狀,產量及主要化學成份含量之影響,結果顯示在二移植期公頃平均乾草量,小葉匍匐種(A)為4,529kg,小葉直立種(B)為5,043kg ,大葉直立種(C)為4,735kg 及大葉匍匐種(D)為6,915kg。但就移植期別加以探討,發現A 、C 和D 三品種第一移植期較第二移植期高產,尤以D 品種在第一期移植公頃乾草量6,932kg 為最高。另就仙草主要化學成份分析結果,發現品種間之可溶性無氮物(NFE)含量差異不大。至於影響仙草凍凝膠強度,可能因品種間之葉量百分率高低有關之假說,經就化學成份分析顯示並未被證實。 Four varieties (A-small leaf runner type; B-small leaf bunch type; C-big leaf bunch type; D-big leaf runner type) of hsian-tsao (Mesona procumbens Hemsi) were transplanted on March 16 (S1) and April 16 (S2) 1984 to evaluate the effect of variety and transplanting date on the agronomic characters, dry grass weight and gross composition. Based on the average of 2 transplanting dates, variety A, B, C and D produced 4529, 5043, 4735 and 6915 kg/ha...
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1985
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仙草品系間農藝性狀與化學組成分之比較 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 劉慧瑛; 朱戩良; 劉新裕; Min-Fu Hu;Huey-Ing Liu;Chien-Liang Chu;Sin-Yie Liu.
[[abstract]]比較農試所收集九品系仙草的農藝性狀,發現有四品系屬半直立型,五品系為匍匐型。農藝性狀與產量關係探討發現,葉緣具齒狀,葉形大且長者較高產。礦物元素含量分析,以鉀含量較高,次為鈣、磷及鎂,且此等元素均以葉含量比莖高,其鐵含量較高者均為葉色較深綠之A、D及H品系。葉的粗蛋白質、粗脂肪及灰分之分析,仍然發現葉含量均比莖高,但粗纖維含量則較低。無氮抽出物分析結果,以A、B、C及I品系之莖葉間含量差異較微。碳水化合物組成中之游離糖及多醣體含量分析,大部份品系之莖含量均比葉高,但A及B品系之莖與葉含量較接近,因此仙草選種指標除重視葉率外,應一併考慮莖之無氮抽出物含量。單位栽培面積乾草、葉片產量調查與凝膠強度分析,於品系比較試驗結果, A品系兩年平均乾草產量達12,683kg/ha,葉片產量3,328kg/ha最高,次為C品系分別為9,822kg/ha及3,203kg/ha。凝膠強度A品系為86.69/cm2,C品系為66. 19/cm2較高。
Palavras-chave: 仙草 農藝性狀 化學組成分 Hsian-tsao strains; Agronomic characteristics; Chemical composition [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1997
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仙草新品種農試1號之育成 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 劉新裕; 羅淑卿; 盧煌勝; Min-Fu Hu;Sin-Yie Liu;Shu-Chin Lo;Hung-Shung Lu.
[[abstract]]仙草 (Mesona procumbens Hems1.)農試1號,原品系代號75-T-1,於1 989 年自苗栗縣銅鑼地區之混合族群中選出,歷經品系觀察試驗、品系比較試驗、區域試驗、肥料試驗、各種栽培技術改進試驗與品質分析等,確定其各項農藝特性及品質優異,經審查通過而命名。本品種植株屬匍匐型,莖淺紫紅色、絨毛短疏,葉大呈橢圓形,葉脈紋深、葉面光滑,葉長5.2cm、葉寬2.7cm,葉色鮮綠、葉緣淺齒狀,節問短,僅見葉不見莖,營養生長期約為180天左右。農試1號於區域試驗之表現,每公頃平均產量最高達10,000 kg,葉產量達3,000 kg左右,葉凝膠強度高,於剛收穫時測定1° Brix達30.2 g/cm2,多醣膠體含量17.7%,清除超氧陰離子效果可達91.5%,適合於中南部及新竹地區栽培。
Palavras-chave: 仙草 營養系選拔 凝膠強度 多醣膠體含量 清除超氧陰離子效果 Hsian-tsao (Mesona procumbens Hemsi.); Clonal selection method; Gel formation strength; Poly-saccharide polymer content; Scavenging effect on superoxide anions [[classification]]6.
Ano: 2000
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以輻射光譜層析技術檢(偵)測仙草植冠反射光譜 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
楊純明; 胡敏夫; 葛齊家.
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1997
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保健藥用植物紫錐花之引種與觀察 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
高瑞隆; 賴瑞聲; 林義恭; 胡敏夫; 王昭月; 劉新裕.
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]3.
Ano: 2002
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優良農業操作之肥培管理對苧麻根產量及有效成分含量之影響 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 陳琦玲; 李豔琪; 謝廷芳; 朱戩良; 余志儒; Min-Fu Hu; Chiling Chen; Yahn-Chir Lee; Ting-Fang Hsieh; Chien-Liang Chu; Jih-Zu Yu.
[[abstract]]The purpose of this study was to establish a model of good agricultural practices suitable for cultivation of Boehmeria nivesa in the field. The effects of different types of organic and chemical fertilizers on the root yield and active ingredients of this medicinal herb crop were evaluated. The concentrations of heavy metals and mineral elements in the tested organic and chemical fertilizers, and irrigation water were measured before planting. The control measures other than synthetic pesticides were used to manage the diseases and insect pests during plant growth stage. The treatments consisted of (A) chicken manure at 7,500 kg ha-1; (B) chicken manure with Tricoderma sp. at 7,500 kg ha-1; (C) chemical fertilizer at the rate of N:P2O5:K2O =...
Palavras-chave: 苧麻 總三萜類 多酚類 土壤添加物 木黴菌 優良農業操作 Boehmeria nivesa; Triterpenes; Phenolic compounds; Soil amendment (AR3-2S); Trichoderma sp. good agricultural practices [[classification]]6.
Ano: 2006
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台灣原生細本山葡萄的選種與栽培 (I) 細本山葡萄的外表型變異 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
林義恭; 劉新裕; 賴瑞聲; 胡敏夫; 高瑞隆; 徐原田; Yi-Kung Lin; Sin-Yi Liu; Ruey-Sheng Lai; Min-Fu Hu; Jui-Lung Kao; Yuan-Ten Shyu.
[[abstract]]為了解細本山葡萄的選種反應,於1999年與2000年在台中進行試驗,以10個細本山葡萄及2個細葉山葡萄的品系作為材料。調查其根部性狀等農藝特性,以比較其外表型變異。田間設計採RCBD 3重複,2種不同土壤水分含量,調查11個性狀及計算其9個性狀之相關。大多數的性狀包括根產量和主根直徑均顯示具有遺傳型和外表型的變異,湛水處理顯著地降低了根產量和其他影響根產量的性狀,然而,山葡萄根的 β-sitosterol 成分含量卻無顯著改變。遺傳型和外表型相關的結果為:根產量和主根直徑、主莖直徑、株高、分枝重等呈顯著之正相關,正常灌水條件下,根產量和 β-sitosterol 成分含量、主莖直徑呈顯著之正相關,但以上的相關係數在湛水情況下降低且不顯著,在湛水的情況下,分枝數目與重量與根產量具顯著正相關。
Palavras-chave: 細本山葡萄 細葉山葡萄 外表型變異 相關 選種 栽培 Vitis thunbergii var. taiwaniana; Vitis adstricta Hance; Phenotypic variation; Correlation; Selection; Cultivation [[classification]]6.
Ano: 2002
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山葵栽培 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫.
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1991
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山葵臺農1號之育成 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 邱善美; 羅朝村; 劉新裕; 杜金池; M.F. Hu;S.M. Chiu;C.T. Lo;S.Y. Liu;C.C. Tu.
[[abstract]]山葵(Wasabia japonica Matsum)臺農1號於民國72年從阿里山產區50萬株族群中選出後,歷經品種觀察試驗、品種比較試驗、區域試驗、綜合栽培技術改良試驗、抗病程度調查與品質分析等,確定其各項農藝特性及品質均比本地種優異,經審查通過而命名。 本品種全株鮮綠多汁,株形高大分蘗多,生長速度快且葉柄稍具甜味,又具較抗白銹病、黑心病及耐高溫等特性,適應性廣且高產,為一良好之加工及鮮食兼用品種,區域試驗每公頃平均葉柄產量達57,000公斤;根莖產量達21,000公斤,適合於海拔1,200─2,300m之山地栽培。
Palavras-chave: 山葵 配醣體 露菌病 白锈病 黑心病 根瘤病 非介量分析符號檢定法 Wasabi; Signigrin; Peronospora alliariae wasabiae; Albugo wasabiae; Phoma wasabiae; Practial Nonparametic Statistics Test [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1991
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山藜豆植物性狀與適應性之研究 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
胡敏夫; 邱善美; M.F. Hu; S.M. Chiu.
[[abstract]]從印度ICRISAT 引進山藜豆(Chick pea)11 品系,第一年行缽栽觀察,第二年行田間栽培觀察,分別探討其植物性狀及其在本省適應性。經二年觀察結果,發現本類作物適合本省冬季期間栽培,且所參試品系中,以K1(白花種No. 4973)產量較高,平均公頃產量為1,019 kg。至於植物性狀之觀察,經調查詳述於本文中。 Eleven varieties of chick pea (Cier arietinum L. ) introduced from ICRISAT, India, were grown in pots as well as in the experimental field in TARI, Taichung, Taiwan, during the years of 1979-1980. The botanical characteristics and their adaptability were investgated. We found that most varieties of chick pea grew vigorously in winter time. Among the entires tested, variety K1 (Kabuli type No. 4973) yielded 1019 kg/ha, which was the highest among the varieties tested.
Palavras-chave: [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1982
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山藥台農二號之生產促進 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
劉新裕; 張同吳; 王昭月; 徐原田; 胡敏夫; Sin-Yie Liu;Torng-Wu Chang;Jau-Yueh Wang;Yuen-Tien Shyu;Min-Fu Hu.
[[abstract]]山藥臺農2號於1996年命名,隨即於1997年推廣至14鄉鎮地區,推廣頗為迅速之因,與其兼具高產、質優等特性之表現甚為穩定有關。雖然臺農2號之產量甚高且穩定,由1989至1992年在七地區之平均公頃產量達26.9 t/ha,但不同種植方式、栽培介質、施肥種類、種植期、生長期及行株距等因素,對其生產表現都有或多或少之影響。其中不同施肥種類、種植方式與栽培介質三因素之影響頗大,利用如甘藷般之種植方式栽培,配合化學肥料及少量牛糞肥,臺農2號之平均公頃產量可達32.7 t/ha;利用50 cm長度之半圓形塑膠穴管栽培臺農2號,管內介質為牛糞肥:砂:田土=1:1:1時,其平均公頃產量為27.6 t/ha;若於半圓形塑膠穴管內,先換填蔗渣:牛糞肥=2:1之特定介質,再栽培臺農2號,則其平均公頃產量可達41.3 t/ha;若於半圓形塑膠穴管內,除了先填滿蔗渣:牛糞肥=2:1之介質外,穴管外之栽培田區另混施10 t/ha之牛糞肥,之後再栽培臺農2號,則其平均公頃產量高達63.2 t/ha。在促成豐產之外,臺農2號塊莖利用涼溫 (17±1.5℃) 網袋貯藏方式,可以貯藏26週,此將有效解決臺農2號之貯藏問題,延長塊莖之利用期限,並增加塊莖利用之可行性。
Palavras-chave: 山藥 生產 貯藏 Yam (Dioscorea alata L.); Production; Storage [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1997
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山藥新品種臺農2號之育成 Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute
劉新裕; 王昭月; 徐原田; 胡敏夫; 楊宏仁; 何琦琛; Sin-Yie Liu;Jan-Yueh Wang;Yuan-Tyan Shyu;Min-Fu Hu;Hong-Ren Yang;Chyi-Chen Ho.
[[abstract]]利用營養系之選拔方法,發現源自南投之山藥地方品系70W04之農藝性狀及產量表現,比本省現有山藥臺農1號及其他大多數山藥品系為佳,且品質優良,其他特性亦符合本省山藥之育種目標,值得選定為優良的育種材料。經進行深入品種(系)觀察試驗、比較試驗及區域試驗,確定新品系具備高產及質優特性,爰提請登記命名,俾利推廣農民種植及消費者利用。70W04之申請命名登記已於1996年4月1日完成,正式登記為山藥臺農2號。 山藥臺農2號能適應全省850m以下之生長環境,在平地之產量甚高且穩定,在較高海拔及強風等不利地區之表現亦較對照品種為佳。新品種在塊莖重量、田間採收率及塊莖產量之穩定性表現,皆較臺農1號為優,顯示臺農2號為兼具高產、質優且穩定性甚佳之新品種,值得推介農民採用。 由四次區域試驗之結果可知,臺農2號之平均公頃產量為26.85t/ha,最高產量可達44.88t/ha,其產量較其他對照品系為高,高於臺東地方品系(70W03)約64%、埔里品系(70R01)約104%及臺農1號約8%。在一般營業品質、加工特性以及耐病方面,臺農2號之表現皆相當優異。 臺農2號塊莖除供鮮食用及加工用外,尚可供保健與藥用,用途甚廣。由於臺農2號具有多項優良特性,預期可獲農民接受,在本省各地將可取代部分現有栽培品種如臺農一號及基隆山藥的種植面積。
Palavras-chave: 山藥 育種 產量 品質 穩定性 Yam (Dioscorea alata L.); Breeding; Yield; Quality; Stability [[classification]]6.
Ano: 1996
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