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A process‐based model supports an association between dispersal and the prevalence of species traits in tropical reef fish assemblages ArchiMer
Donati, Giulia Francesca Azzurra; Parravicini, Valeriano; Leprieur, Fabien; Hagen, Oskar; Gaboriau, Theo; Heine, Christian; Kulbicki, Michel; Rolland, Jonathan; Salamin, Nicolas; Albouy, Camille; Pellissier, Loïc.
Habitat dynamics interacting with species dispersal abilities could generate gradients in species diversity and prevalence of species traits when the latter are associated with species dispersal potential. Using a process‐based model of diversification constrained by a dispersal parameter, we simulated the interplay between reef habitat dynamics during the past 140 million years and dispersal, shaping lineage diversification history and assemblage composition globally. The emerging patterns from the simulations were compared to current prevalence of species traits related to dispersal for 6315 tropical reef fish species. We found a significant spatial congruence between the prevalence of simulated low dispersal values and areas with a large proportion of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Dispersal; Diversification; Mechanistic models; Reef fish; Traits.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62750/67136.pdf
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Comparing spatial diversification and meta-population models in the Indo-Australian Archipelago ArchiMer
Chalmandrier, Loic; Albouy, Camille; Descombes, Patrice; Sandel, Brody; Faurby, Soren; Syenning, Jens-christian; Zimmermann, Niklaus E.; Pellissier, Loic.
Reconstructing the processes that have shaped the emergence of biodiversity gradients is critical to understand the dynamics of diversification of life on Earth. Islands have traditionally been used as model systems to unravel the processes shaping biological diversity. MacArthur and Wilson's island biogeographic model predicts diversity to be based on dynamic interactions between colonization and extinction rates, while treating islands themselves as geologically static entities. The current spatial configuration of islands should influence meta-population dynamics, but long-term geological changes within archipelagos are also expected to have shaped island biodiversity, in part by driving diversification. Here, we compare two mechanistic models providing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Allopatric speciation; Continental drift; Dispersal; Diversification; Meta-population model; Neutral model.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00602/71377/69825.pdf
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FishMed: traits, phylogeny, current and projected species distribution of Mediterranean fishes, and environmental data ArchiMer
Albouy, Camille; Lasram, Frida Ben Rais; Velez, Laure; Guilhaumon, François; Meynard, Christine N.; Boyer, Séverine; Benestan, Laura; Mouquet, Nicolas; Douzery, Emmanuel; Aznar, Roland; Troussellier, Marc; Somot, Samuel; Leprieur, Fabien; Le Loc'H, François; Mouillot, David.
The FishMed database provides traits, phylogeny, current and projected species distribution of Mediterranean fishes, and associated sea surface temperature (SST) from the regional oceanic model NEMOMED8. Data for the current geographical distributions of 635 Mediterranean fish species were compiled from a published expert knowledge atlas of fishes of the northern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (FNAM) edited between 1984 and 1986 and from an updated exotic fish species list. Two future sets of projected species distributions were obtained for the middle and end of the 21st century by using an ensemble forecasting approach for 288 coastal Mediterranean fish species based on SST according to the IPPC/SRES A2 scenario implemented with the Mediterranean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Coastal fishes; Functional diversity; Mediterranean fish species; Mediterranean Sea; NEMOMED8; Phylogenetic diversity; Species distribution models; Taxonomic diversity.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00371/48216/48341.pdf
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Functional diversity of marine megafauna in the Anthropocene ArchiMer
Pimiento, C.; Leprieur, F.; Silvestro, D.; Lefcheck, J. S.; Albouy, Camille; Rasher, D. B.; Davis, M.; Svenning, J.-c.; Griffin, J. N..
Marine megafauna, the largest animals in the oceans, serve key roles in ecosystem functioning. Yet, one-third of these animals are at risk of extinction. To better understand the potential consequences of megafaunal loss, here we quantify their current functional diversity, predict future changes under different extinction scenarios, and introduce a new metric [functionally unique, specialized and endangered (FUSE)] that identifies threatened species of particular importance for functional diversity. Simulated extinction scenarios forecast marked declines in functional richness if current trajectories are maintained during the next century (11% globally; up to 24% regionally), with more marked reductions (48% globally; up to 70% at the poles) beyond random...
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Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00627/73919/73272.pdf
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Global determinants of freshwater and marine fish genetic diversity ArchiMer
Manel, Stéphanie; Guerin, Pierre-edouard; Mouillot, David; Blanchet, Simon; Velez, Laure; Albouy, Camille; Pellissier, Loïc.
Genetic diversity is estimated to be declining faster than species diversity under escalating threats, but its spatial distribution remains poorly documented at the global scale. Theory predicts that similar processes should foster congruent spatial patterns of genetic and species diversity, but empirical studies are scarce. Using a mined database of 50,588 georeferenced mitochondrial DNA barcode sequences (COI) for 3,815 marine and 1,611 freshwater fish species respectively, we examined the correlation between genetic diversity and species diversity and their global distributions in relation to climate and geography. Genetic diversity showed a clear spatial organisation, but a weak association with species diversity for both marine and freshwater species....
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Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00609/72076/70788.pdf
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Global mismatch between fishing dependency and larval supply from marine reserves ArchiMer
Andrello, Marco; Guilhaumon, Francois; Albouy, Camille; Parravicini, Valeriano; Scholtens, Joeri; Verley, Philippe; Barange, Manuel; Sumaila, U. Rashid; Manel, Stephanie; Mouillot, David.
Marine reserves are viewed as flagship tools to protect exploited species and to contribute to the effective management of coastal fisheries. Yet, the extent to which marine reserves are globally interconnected and able to effectively seed areas, where fisheries are most critical for food and livelihood security is largely unknown. Using a hydrodynamic model of larval dispersal, we predict that most marine reserves are not interconnected by currents and that their potential benefits to fishing areas are presently limited, since countries with high dependency on coastal fisheries receive very little larval supply from marine reserves. This global mismatch could be reversed, however, by placing new marine reserves in areas sufficiently remote to minimize...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00392/50319/50997.pdf
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Global vulnerability of marine mammals to global warming ArchiMer
Albouy, Camille; Delattre, Valentine; Donati, Giulia; Frölicher, Thomas L.; Albouy-boyer, Severine; Rufino, Marta; Pellissier, Loïc; Mouillot, David; Leprieur, Fabien.
Although extinctions due to climate change are still uncommon, they might surpass those caused by habitat loss or overexploitation over the next few decades. Among marine megafauna, mammals fulfill key and irreplaceable ecological roles in the ocean, and the collapse of their populations may therefore have irreversible consequences for ecosystem functioning and services. Using a trait-based approach, we assessed the vulnerability of all marine mammals to global warming under high and low greenhouse gas emission scenarios for the middle and the end of the 21st century. We showed that the North Pacific Ocean, the Greenland Sea and the Barents Sea host the species that are most vulnerable to global warming. Future conservation plans should therefore focus on...
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Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00606/71791/70280.pdf
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Multifaceted biodiversity hotspots of marine mammals for conservation priorities ArchiMer
Albouy, Camille; Delattre, Valentine L.; Merigot, Bastien; Meynard, Christine N.; Leprieur, Fabien.
Aim Identifying the multifaceted biodiversity hotspots for marine mammals and their spatial overlap with human threats at the global scale. Location World-wide. Methods We compiled a functional trait database for 121 species of marine mammals characterized by 14 functional traits grouped into five categories. We estimated marine mammal species richness (SR) as well as functional (FD) and phylogenetic diversity (PD) per grid cell (1° × 1°) using the FRic index (a measure of trait diversity as the volume of functional space occupied by the species present in an assemblage) and the PD index (the amount of evolutionary history represented by a set of species), respectively. Finally, we assessed the spatial congruence of these three facets of biodiversity...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Conservation; Functional diversity; Marine mammals; Phylogenetic diversity.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00385/49662/51084.pdf
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Protected and Threatened Components of Fish Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Mouillot, David; Albouy, Camille; Guilhaumon, Francois; Lasram, Frida Ben Rais; Coll, Marta; Devictor, Vincent; Meynard, Christine N.; Pauly, Daniel; Tomasini, Jean-antoine; Troussellier, Marc; Velez, Laure; Watson, Reg; Douzery, Emmanuel J. P.; Mouquet, Nicolas.
The Mediterranean Sea (0.82% of the global oceanic surface) holds 4%-18% of all known marine species (similar to 17,000), with a high proportion of endemism [1, 2]. This exceptional biodiversity is under severe threats [1] but benefits from a system of 100 marine protected areas (MPAs). Surprisingly, the spatial congruence of fish biodiversity hot spots with this MPA system and the areas of high fishing pressure has not been assessed. Moreover, evolutionary and functional breadth of species assemblages [3] has been largely overlooked in marine systems. Here we adopted a multifaceted approach to biodiversity by considering the species richness of total, endemic, and threatened coastal fish assemblages as well as their functional and phylogenetic diversity....
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00040/15109/12606.pdf
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Responses of coral reef fishes to past climate changes are related to life-history traits ArchiMer
Ottimofiore, Eduardo; Albouy, Camille; Leprieur, Fabien; Descombes, Patrice; Kulbicki, Michel; Mouillot, David; Parravicini, Valeriano; Pellissier, Loic.
Coral reefs and their associated fauna are largely impacted by ongoing climate change. Unravelling species responses to past climatic variations might provide clues on the consequence of ongoing changes. Here, we tested the relationship between changes in sea surface temperature and sea levels during the Quaternary and present-day distributions of coral reef fish species. We investigated whether species-specific responses are associated with life-history traits. We collected a database of coral reef fish distribution together with life-history traits for the Indo-Pacific Ocean. We ran species distribution models (SDMs) on 3,725 tropical reef fish species using contemporary environmental factors together with a variable describing isolation from stable...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Dispersal; Indo-Pacific Ocean; Species distribution models.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00373/48403/48607.pdf
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Simulation of the combined effects of artisanal and recreational fisheries on a Mediterranean MPA ecosystem using a trophic model ArchiMer
Albouy, Camille; Mouillot, David; Rocklin, Delphine; Culioli, Jean M.; Le Loc'H, Francois.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) have the potential to enhance the long-term sustainability of coastal resources, and the artisanal fisheries which depend on them. However, recreational fisheries, which are increasing their impacts on coastal resources worldwide, may reduce the benefits that MPAs provide to declining artisanal fisheries. Here we used the Bonifacio Straits Natural Reserve (BSNR) Corsica as a study case to simulate the combined effects on coastal resources of artisanal and recreational fishing efforts. The BSNR ecosystem was modelled using mass-balance modelling of trophic interactions. This model was compared to another built on a non-protected area from the same region. We aggregated fishing fleets into artisanal and recreational categories,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecopath with Ecosim; Epinephelus marginatus; MPA; Trophic cascades; Artisanal fisheries; Recreational activities; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2010 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00013/12436/9246.pdf
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Spatial imprints of plate tectonics on extant richness of terrestrial vertebrates ArchiMer
Descombes, Patrice; Leprieur, Fabien; Albouy, Camille; Heine, Christian; Pellissier, Loic.
Aim In interaction with past climate changes, it is likely that plate tectonics contributed to the shaping of current global species diversity, but so far this has not been statistically quantified at the global level. Here, we tested whether plate tectonics since the breakup of Gondwana left an imprint on current patterns of species richness of amphibians, birds and mammals. Location Global. Methods We reconstructed the absolute positions of continental plates since the Early Cretaceous and used this information to derive variables of latitudinal shifts and potential exchanges among landmasses that could have modulated species richness. Using a multi-model inference approach combining both contemporary and historical variables, we quantified the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amphibian; Bird; Continental drift; Diversity; Indo-Pacific; Madagascar; Mammal; Plate tectonics; Southeast Asia; Wallace line.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00373/48413/48711.pdf
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Species pool distributions along functional trade-offs shape plant productivity-diversity relationships ArchiMer
Chalmandrier, Loic; Albouy, Camille; Pellissier, Loic.
Grasslands deliver the resources for food production and are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems. These characteristics are often in conflict as increasing yield through fertilization can lead to biodiversity loss. Thus, the challenge in grassland management is to sustain both yield and diversity. Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiments typically reveal a positive relationship between manipulated species diversity and productivity. In contrast, observations of the effect of increasing productivity via fertilization suggest a negative association with biodiversity. Using a mathematical model simulating species co-existence along a resource gradient, we show that trade-offs and species pool structure (size and trait distribution) determines...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00412/52393/53237.pdf
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We can reduce the impact of scientific trawling on marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Trenkel, Verena; Vaz, Sandrine; Albouy, Camille; Brind'Amour, Anik; Duhamel, Erwan; Laffargue, Pascal; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Simon, Julien; Lorance, Pascal.
The negative impacts that scientific monitoring may have on marine ecosystems has been a neglected topic, mainly on the basis that its magnitude is minor compared to commercial fisheries, even though this raises ethical and, in certain cases, conservation issues. We argue that ethical principles should lead us to reconsider marine wildlife resource monitoring such as the fish and shellfish trawl surveys providing the science-based evidence needed for fisheries management and assessment of how environmental change impacts marine shelf communities worldwide. Recent scientific and technological progress has provided methods and tools which might now be harnessed to reduce the impact of marine monitoring. We review these alternative methods, consider...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Monitoring ethics; Marine surveying; Impacts of bottom trawling; Genetic methods; Ecosystem-based management.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00470/58161/60665.pdf
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