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Registros recuperados: 72
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A Feedback Mechanism to Control Apoptosis Occurs in the Digestive Gland of the Oyster Crassostrea gigas Exposed to the Paralytic Shellfish Toxins Producer Alexandrium catenella ArchiMer
Rolland, Jean-luc; Medhioub, Walid; Vergnes, Agnes; Abi-khalil, Celina; Savar, Veronique; Abadie, Eric; Masseret, Estelle; Amzil, Zouher; Laabir, Mohamed.
To better understand the effect of Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PSTs) accumulation in the digestive gland of the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, we experimentally exposed individual oysters for 48 h to a PSTs producer, the dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella. In comparison to the effect of the non-toxic Alexandrium tamarense, on the eight apoptotic related genes tested, Bax and BI.1 were significantly upregulated in oysters exposed 48 h to A. catenella. Among the five detoxification related genes tested, the expression of cytochrome P450 (CYP1A) was shown to be correlated with toxin concentration in the digestive gland of oysters exposed to the toxic dinoflagellate. Beside this, we observed a significant increase in ROS production, a decrease in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shellfish; Toxin; Biomarker; Expression; Phytoplankton.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00225/33606/32003.pdf
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Alexandrium ostenfeldii growth and spirolide production in batch culture and photobioreactor ArchiMer
Medhioub, Walid; Sechet, Veronique; Truquet, Philippe; Bardouil, Michele; Amzil, Zouher; Lassus, Patrick; Soudant, Philippe.
Growth and spirolide production of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Danish strain CCMP1773) were studied in batch culture and a photobioreactor (continuous cultures). First, batch cultures were grown in 450 mL flasks without aeration and under varying conditions of temperature (16 and 22 degrees C) and culture medium (L1, f/2 and L1 with addition of soil extract). Second, cultures were grown at 16 degrees C in 8 L aerated flat-bottomed vessels using L1 with soil extract as culture medium. Finally, continuous cultures in a photobioreactor were conducted at 18 degrees C in L1 with soil extract; pH was maintained at 8.5 and continuous stirring was applied. This study showed that A. ostenfeldii growth was significantly affected by temperature....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium ostenfeldii; Batch; Growth; Photobioreactor; Spirolide production.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00049/16050/15784.pdf
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Beta-N-Methylamino-L-Alanine: LC-MS/MS Optimization, Screening of Cyanobacterial Strains and Occurrence in Shellfish from Thau, a French Mediterranean Lagoon ArchiMer
Reveillon, Damien; Abadie, Eric; Sechet, Veronique; Brient, Luc; Savar, Veronique; Bardouil, Michele; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher.
beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) is a neurotoxic non-protein amino acid suggested to be involved in neurodegenerative diseases. It was reported to be produced by cyanobacteria, but also found in edible aquatic organisms, thus raising concern of a widespread human exposure. However, the chemical analysis of BMAA and its isomers are controversial, mainly due to the lack of selectivity of the analytical methods. Using factorial design, we have optimized the chromatographic separation of underivatized analogues by a hydrophilic interaction chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS) method. A combination of an effective solid phase extraction (SPE) clean-up, appropriate chromatographic resolution and the use of specific mass spectral...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cyanotoxins; BMAA; DAB; AEG; HILIC-MS/MS; Cyanobacteria; Bivalve mollusks; French Mediterranean.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00245/35579/34112.pdf
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Bilan des résultats du dispositif de vigilance pour les phycotoxines lipophiles - Année 2015 ArchiMer
Neaud-masson, Nadine; Amzil, Zouher.
L’Ifremer est chargé d’apporter à l’État et aux autres personnes morales de droit public son concours pour l’exercice de leurs responsabilités notamment pour le contrôle de la qualité des produits de la mer et du milieu marin. La mise en œuvre d’un Réseau d'Observation et de Surveillance du Phytoplancton et des Phycotoxines (REPHY) depuis sa création en 1984, répond à cette mission et le concours apporté à l’Administration Centrale se concrétise en un soutien aux autorités publiques dont la Direction Générale de l’Alimentation (DGAL) du Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Agroalimentaire et de la Forêt (MAAF), pour ce qui concerne l’application de la réglementation relative au suivi de la salubrité des zones de production de coquillages. Un changement majeur...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45243/44678.pdf
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Bioactive extracellular compounds produced by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum are highly detrimental for oysters ArchiMer
Castrec, Justine; Soudant, P.; Payton, L.; Tran, D.; Miner, Philippe; Lambert, C.; Le Goic, N.; Huvet, Arnaud; Quillien, Virgile; Boullot, F.; Amzil, Zouher; Hegaret, Helene; Fabioux, C..
Blooms of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium spp., known as producers of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs), are regularly detected on the French coastline. PSTs accumulate into harvested shellfish species, such as the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and can cause strong disorders to consumers at high doses. The impacts of Alexandrium minutum on C. gigas have often been attributed to its production of PSTs without testing separately the effects of the bioactive extracellular compounds (BECs) with allelopathic, hemolytic, cytotoxic or ichthyotoxic properties, which can also be produced by these algae. The BECs, still uncharacterized, are excreted within the environment thereby impacting not only phytoplankton, zooplankton but also marine invertebrates and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Crassostrea gigas; Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST); Bioactive extracellular compounds (BEC); Histology; Behavior.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00435/54637/56042.pdf
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Characterization of ovatoxin-h, a new ovatoxin analog, and evaluation of chromatographic columns for ovatoxin analysis and purification ArchiMer
Brissard, Charline; Herve, Fabienne; Sibat, Manoella; Sechet, Veronique; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher; Herrenknecht, Christine.
The presence of Ostreopsis cf. ovata on the Mediterranean coast represents a serious concern to human health due to production of toxins–putative palytoxin and ovatoxins (ovatoxin-a, -b, -c, -d, -e, -f and -g). However, purified ovatoxins are not widely available and their toxicities are still unknown. In the present study, we report on HR LC-MS/MS analysis of a French Ostreopsis cf. ovata strain (IFR-OST-0.3 V) collected at Villefranche-sur-Mer (France) during a bloom in 2011. Investigation of this strain of Ostreopsis cf. ovata cultivated in our laboratory by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS) confirmed the production of ovatoxins -a to–e and revealed the presence of a new ovatoxin...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Palytoxin; Ovatoxins; U-HPLC/HR-MSn; Chromatographic separation.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00252/36302/34831.pdf
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Chemically mediated interactions between Microcystis and Planktothrix : impact on their growth, morphology and metabolic profiles ArchiMer
Briand, Enora; Reubrecht, Sébastien; Mondeguer, Florence; Sibat, Manoella; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher; Bormans, Myriam.
Freshwater cyanobacteria are known for their ability to produce bioactive compounds, some of which have been described as allelochemicals. Using a combined approach of co‐cultures and analyses of metabolic profiles, we investigated chemically mediated interactions between two cyanobacterial strains, Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7806 and Planktothrix agardhii PCC7805. More precisely, we evaluated changes in growth, morphology and metabolite production and release by both interacting species. Co‐culture of Microcystis with Planktothrix resulted in a reduction of the growth of Planktothrix together with a decrease of its trichome size and alterations in the morphology of its cells. The production of intracellular compounds by Planktothrix showed a slight...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00470/58152/60632.pdf
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Chemically mediated interactions between Microcystis and Planktothrix: Impact on their physiology and metabolic profiles ArchiMer
Briand, Enora; Reubrech, Sébastien; Mondeguer, Florence; Sibat, Manoella; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher; Bormans, Myriam.
Freshwater cyanobacteria are well known for their ability to produce a wide variety of bioactive compounds, some of which have been described as allelochemicals. There is growing evidence that these secondary metabolites play an important role in shaping community composition through biotic interactions; however, for the most part, their biological role and mode of regulation of the production are poorly understood. In temperate eutrophic freshwaters, Microcystis and Planktothrix often co-occur, with Planktothrix being an early colonizer and Microcystis appearing subsequently. We tested if the production of a range of peptides by co-existing species could be regulated through interspecific interactions. Using a combined approach of co-cultures and analyses...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00374/48515/48794.pdf
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COLNACOQ. Composés lipophiles naturels dans l’environnement des coquillages. Rapport final ArchiMer
Hess, Philipp; Geiger, Marie; Brochard, Solène; Lepretre, Thomas; Fessard, Valerie; Antignac, Jean-philippe; Dupont, Jacques; Sechet, Veronique; Vanel, Faustine; Mondeguer, Florence; Herve, Fabienne; Leborgne, Sabrina; Deslanglois, Gwenaëlle; Marshall, Lindsey; Rounds, Lucy; Guitton, Yann; Amzil, Zouher; Grovel, Olivier; Ruiz, Nicolas; Pouchus, Francois.
Cette étude s’est inscrite dans un contexte d’évaluation de la salubrité des mollusques bivalves destinés à la consommation humaine. Ces organismes peuvent en effet accumuler des toxines, en particulier de microalgues, en concentrations importantes, pouvant induire des intoxications chez les personnes les consommant. Afin d’assurer la protection des consommateurs, les toxines réglementées sont recherchées dans les coquillages par techniques physico-chimiques. En parallèle, les toxines émergentes, potentiellement produites par d’autres organismes que les micro-algues telles que les micromycètes, peuvent être detectées par l’utilisation du test de toxicité aigüe sur souris. Cependant, ce bio-essai présente de très nombreux inconvénients, notamment éthiques...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cytotoxicité; Toxicité sur larves de diptères; Activité antibactérienne; Bactéries marines; Toxines lipophiles; Micro-algues; Dinoflagellés; Micromycètes; Penicillium; Acide okadaïque; Azaspiracide; Pinnatoxine G; Vulcanodinium rugosum; Prorocentrum lima; Azadinium spinosum; Beauveria brongniartii.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00253/36470/35015.pdf
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Complex Toxin Profile of French Mediterranean Ostreopsis cf. ovata Strains, Seafood Accumulation and Ovatoxins Prepurification ArchiMer
Brissard, Charline; Herrenknecht, Christine; Sechet, Veronique; Herve, Fabienne; Pisapia, Francesco; Harcouet, Jocelyn; Lemee, Rodolphe; Chomerat, Nicolas; Hess, Philipp; Amzil, Zouher.
Ostreopsis cf. ovata produces palytoxin analogues including ovatoxins (OVTXs) and a putative palytoxin (p-PLTX), which can accumulate in marine organisms and may possibly lead to food intoxication. However, purified ovatoxins are not widely available and their toxicities are still unknown. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of the ecophysiology of Ostreopsis cf. ovata and its toxin production as well as to optimize the purification process for ovatoxin. During Ostreopsis blooms in 2011 and 2012 in Villefranche-sur-Mer (France, NW Mediterranean Sea), microalgae epiphytic cells and marine organisms were collected and analyzed both by LC-MS/MS and hemolysis assay. Results obtained with these two methods were comparable, suggesting ovatoxins...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ostreopsis cf. ovata; Palytoxin & ovatoxins; Culture; Seafood contamination; LC-MS/MS; Hemolysis assay; Mediterranean Sea.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31025/29428.pdf
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COMSAUMOL (maintien de la COMmercialisation par la SAUvegarde et la détoxication des MOLlusques). Etude 2008-2010. Rapport final ArchiMer
Haure, Joel; Hussenot, Jerome; Buzin, Florence; Dupuy, Beatrice; Palvadeau, Hubert; Penisson, Christian; Papin, Mathias; Nourry, Max; Lassus, Patrick; Marcaillou-le Baut, Claire; Mondeguer, Florence; Royer, F.; Amzil, Zouher; Belin, Catherine; Cardinal, Mireille; Le Grel, L.; Le Bihan, V.; Jaouen, P.; Massé, A.; Castaing, Jean-baptiste; Sabiri, Ne.; Pontié, M..
La contamination des denrées d’origine marine par des toxines algales (phycotoxines) a pris depuis quelques années une importance considérable. Ce phénomène est largement lié à l’augmentation du nombre de zones géographiques touchées ainsi qu’à la diversification des espèces toxinogènes et à l’identification de nouveaux composés toxiques. Les données épidémiologiques sont cependant encore peu nombreuses car elles sont liées à la mise en place de contrôles systématiques récents. L’Union Européenne a établi un Laboratoire Communautaire de référence pour les phycotoxines, situé à Vigo (Espagne) qui coordonne les activités des laboratoires Nationaux de références correspondants (en France c’est le LNR Phycotoxines de l’AFSSA qui assure cette mission). C’est...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00092/20277/17922.pdf
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Contamination en dinophysistoxines des moules de Bretagne sud Mise en évidence des dérivés acyls-esters de l'acide okadaïque (DTX-3) Etude comparative : analyses chimiques, tests biologiques et concentrations cellulaires de Dinophysis ArchiMer
Amzil, Zouher; Mathias, Amaury.
Ifremer monitoring network for phytoplankton and phycotoxins (REPHY) is in charge of shellfish safety control and carries out shellfish toxicity test on mice as soon as Dinophysis cells (okadaic acid "OA" producer) are observed in sea water. However, this test can neither identify or quantify the diarrhetic toxins OA and its analogues (DTX-1, DTX-3). Only a chemical analysis is able to detect them. At first, the shellfish extraction procedure used for mouse-tests was optimised in order to adjust it for OA/DTX-1 chemical analysis. Due to the Iack of standard, DTX-3 quantification is clone indirectly after a hydrolysis stage releasing OA. Chemical analysis of shellfish samples collected in 2001 from three locations of "Long-line Mussel Farming" of southern...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acide okadaïque (AO); 7-0-acyl-AO (DTX-3); Moule; Dinophysis; Analyse chimique.; Okadaic acid (OA); 7-0-acyl-OA (DTX-3); Musset; Dinophysis; Chemical analysis..
Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00132/24282/22280.pdf
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Contribution of marine invertebrates to Ciguatera poisoning : the case study of French Polynesia ArchiMer
Darius, Ht; Viallon, J; Gatti, Cm; Chinain, M; Roué, M; Sibat, Manoella; Amzil, Zouher; Hess, Philipp; Vandersea, Mw; Litaker, Rw; Tester, Pa.
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Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00450/56181/57729.pdf
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COSELMAR. Compréhension des socio-écosystèmes littoraux et marins pour la prévention et la gestion des risques. Bilan scientifique 2013-2017 ArchiMer
Pardo, Sophie; Hess, Philipp; Simon, Elodie; Barille, Laurent; Geslin, Emmanuelle; Cognie, Bruno; Martin-jezequel, Véronique; Sechet, Véronique; Herrenknecht, Christine; Baron, Regis; Bourseau, Patrick; Amzil, Zouher; Masse, Anthony; Vandanjon, Laurent; Dumay, Justine; Lebeau, Thierry; Turpin, Vincent; Mondeguer, Florence; Petitgas, Pierre; Trouillet, Brice; Mercier, Denis; Guillotreau, Patrice; Guineberteau, Thierry; Mahevas, Stephanie; Schoefs, Franck; Sophie Pardo; Philipp Hess; Pauline Borgniet; Laurent Barillé; Emmanuelle Geslin; Bruno Cognie; Véronique Martin-Jezequel; Véronique Sechet; Christine Herrenknecht; Régis Baron; Patrick Bourseau; Zouher Amzil; Anthony Massé; Laurent Vandanjon; Justine Dumay; Thierry Lebeau; Vincent Turpin; Florence Mondeguer; Pierre Petitgas; Brice Trouillet.
COSELMAR, a 4-year project financed by the Région des Pays de la Loire at 2.1 M€, officially started on the 7th January 2013. The project is coordinated by Philipp Hess (IFREMER) and Sophie Pardo (Université de Nantes-LEMNA) and falls under the Federation for Research Institut Universitaire Mer et Littoral (IUML, FR CNRS 3473)*. COSELMAR has also been approved by the Scientific Council of the MSH Ange Guépin. COSELMAR is a research project uniting 5 research units of IFREMER and 11 laboratories of the Université de Nantes, along with academic partners, and national and international industries. The aim is to achieve a better understanding of the marine and coastal ecosystems and the associated resources. The project will also provide insights into risk...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00406/51793/52550.pdf
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Cyanobactéries dans le Lac d’Hossegor en 2013 ArchiMer
Rumebe, Myriam; Auby, Isabelle; Chomerat, Nicolas; Amzil, Zouher; Costa, Magali; Arrue, François.
Cette note concerne une efflorescence de cyanobactéries du genre Planktothrix dans le Lac marin d'Hossegor, en janvier 2013. La provenance de ces microalgues a été identifiée et leur innocuité démontrée grâce aux résultats d'analyses des phycotoxines.
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00167/27834/26040.pdf
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Cytodétection des phycotoxines diarrhéiques - Une alternative au test de toxicité aiguë sur souris pour la surveillance de la salubrité des coquillages ArchiMer
Amzil, Zouher.
The cytodetection test of diarrheic phycotoxin KB-cells (DRAME test) was developed to ultimately provide a substitute for the acute toxicity mouse-test currently used by IFREMER's phytoplankton monitoring network (REPHY). The cyctodetection test relies on the cell morphological changes induced by the phosphorylation of cytoskeleton proteins resulting from the inhibition of cell protein-phosphatases by okadaic-type toxins. The method is specific, sensitive and fast with results given on the same day. In addition, the method has been shown to produce a good correlation with the acute toxicity mouse-test as weil as with HPLC analyses of diarrheic phycotoxins. The cytodetection test was awarded the only Special Prize of the Jury at the 6th AMAL THEE Awards...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acide okadaïque; Inhibition des protéines phosphatases; Cytodétection; Cellules KB; Okadaic acid; Inhibition of protein-phosphatase; Cytodeteciton KB-cells.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00156/26730/24811.pdf
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Détection de l'acide okadaïque dans les moules toxiques : comparaisons de bioéssais ArchiMer
Marcaillou-le Baut, Claire; Masselin, Pierre; Bohec, Madeleine; Truquet, Philippe; Amzil, Zouher; Pouchus, Francois; Le Boterff, Jean; Verbist, Jean-françois; Vernoux, Jean-paul; Marais, Chantal; Simon, Jean-françois; Nizard, Gabrielle; Mercier, Géraldine; Choumiloff, Roxelan; Baron, Bruno.
Cette étude est le résultat d'un travail de trois équipes: elle porte sur la comparaison du test souris avec différents bioessais déjà pratiqués en routine dans les laboratoires participants. Ces bioessais sont : - un test sur micro crustacé dont la méthodologie est normalisée et qui est très utilisé en écotoxicologie aquatique ; - un test de cytotoxicité à court terme qui a été mis au point pour cette étude.
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Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00139/25035/23144.pdf
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Detoxification enhancement in the gymnodimine-contaminated grooved carpet shell, Ruditapes decussatus (Linne) ArchiMer
Medhioub, Walid; Gueguen, Marielle; Lassus, Patrick; Bardouil, Michele; Truquet, Philippe; Sibat, Manoella; Nejib, Medhioub; Philippe, Soudant; Mejdeddine, Kraiem; Amzil, Zouher.
In the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia, Eastern Mediterranean sea), the grooved carpet shell Ruditapes decussatus has been seen to contain persistent levels of gymnodimine (GYM) for several years. The present experimental work represents the first attempt to assess detoxification kinetics of fast-acting toxins (FAT) in marine molluscs fed specific diets of non-toxic algae (Isochrysis galbana). To find an optimal detoxification method, two experiments were performed in which clams were first fed the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia selliformis to artificially contaminate them with GYM, thus simulating the effect of natural toxic episodes. As a second step, the same clams were fed a non-toxic algae, I. galbana. to speed up the detoxification process. Changes in toxin...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ruditapes decussates; Grooved carpet shell; Karenia selliformis; Gymnodimine; Toxicity; Detoxification.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2010/publication-7488.pdf
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Detoxification of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas fed on diets of Skeletonema costatum with and without silt, following PSP contamination by Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Gueguen, Marielle; Bardouil, Michele; Baron, Regis; Lassus, Patrick; Truquet, Philippe; Massardier, Julie; Amzil, Zouher.
Contamination of shellfish by paralytic shellfish poisoning ( PSP) toxins poses an economic threat to shellfish farmers. As contaminated shellfish cannot be harvested for long periods of time, it would be very useful to develop processes to optimise and shorten their detoxification. In this study, Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas were first experimentally contaminated over a period of 13 days with a continuous flow of toxic Alexandrium minutum cultures at concentrations ranging from 150 to 200 cell ml(-1) ( toxin content after 13 days of contamination 438 mu g STX equiv. 100 g(-1) wet weight). Then, two different detoxification treatments were tested and showed detoxification rates greater than those observed in coastal environments. The first treatment...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium minutum; Crassostrea gigas; Detoxification; Inorganic matter; Organic matter; PSP; Paralytic shellfish poisoning.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3896.pdf
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Effect of Dilution Rate on Azadinium spinosum and Azaspiracid (AZA) Production in Pilot Scale Photobioreactors for the Harvest of AZA1 and -2 ArchiMer
Jauffrais, Thierry; Sechet, Veronique; Truquet, Philippe; Amzil, Zouher; Herrenknecht, Christine; Hess, Philipp.
Azadinium spinosum, a small dinoflagellate has recently been discovered and identified as the primary producer of azaspiracid-1 (AZA) and -2. Since AZA poisoning has been reported following consumption of contaminated shellfish it is important to have these toxins available for toxicological studies, and a sustainable production of AZAs as calibrants in monitoring programs without having to rely on natural events. In order to address this concern, continuous pilot scale cultures were carried out to evaluate the feasibility of AZA production from A. spinosum. Algae were cultured using two 100 L chemostats in series (R1 and R2), with agitation and pH control. Four different dilution rates were tested (0.15, 0.2, 0.25 and 0.3 day−1) to evaluate chemostat...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Solid phase adsorption; Chemostat; Photobioreactor; Microalgae; LC-MS/MS; Tangential flow filtration.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26349/24437.pdf
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