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Assessing the Effectiveness of Payments for Ecosystem Services: an Agent-Based Modeling Approach Ecology and Society
Chen, Xiaodong; Department of Geography, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill;; Shortridge, Ashton ; Department of Geography, Michigan State University;; An, Li; Department of Geography, San Diego State University;; Liu, Jianguo; Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University;.
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have increasingly been implemented to protect and restore ecosystems worldwide. The effectiveness of conservation investments in PES may differ under alternative policy scenarios and may not be sustainable because of uncertainties in human responses to policies and dynamic human-nature interactions. To assess the impacts of these interactions on the effectiveness of PES programs, we developed a spatially explicit agent-based model: human and natural interactions under policies (HANIP). We used HANIP to study the effectiveness of China’s Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) and alternative policy scenarios in a coupled human-nature system, China’s Wolong Nature Reserve, where indigenous...
Tipo: Peer-Reviewed Reports Palavras-chave: Agent-based modeling; Conservation investments; Coupled human-nature systems; Fuelwood; Natural Forest Conservation Program; Payments for ecosystem services.
Ano: 2014
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