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Registros recuperados: 14
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Calibration procedures and first dataset of Southern Ocean chlorophyll a profiles collected by elephant seals equipped with a newly developed CTD-fluorescence tags ArchiMer
Guinet, Christophe; Xing, X.; Walker, E; Monestiez, P; Marchand, S.; Picard, Baptiste; Jaud, T.; Authier, Matthieu; Cotte, Cedric; Dragon, Ac; Diamond, E; Antoine, David; Lovell, P.; Blain, Stephane; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Claustre, Herve.
In situ observation of the marine environment has traditionally relied on ship-based platforms. The obvious consequence is that physical and biogeochemical properties have been dramatically undersampled, especially in the remote Southern Ocean (SO). The difficulty in obtaining in situ data represents the major limitations to our understanding, and interpretation of the coupling between physical forcing and the biogeochemical response. Southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) equipped with a new generation of oceanographic sensors can measure ocean structure in regions and seasons rarely observed with traditional oceanographic platforms. Over the last few years, seals have allowed for a considerable increase in temperature and salinity profiles from the...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00185/29663/28034.pdf
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Can modelling the drift of bycaught dolphin stranded carcasses help identify involved fisheries? An exploratory study ArchiMer
Peltier, Hélène; Dabin, Willy; Dars, Cécile; Demaret, Fabien; Doremus, Ghislain; Van Canneyt, Olivier; Laran, Sophie; Mendez-fernadez, Paula; Spitz, Jérôme; Authier, Matthieu; Delphine, Pierre; Ridoux, Vincent.
Between the 1st of February and the March 31, 2017, 793 stranded cetaceans were found along the French Atlantic coasts. Common dolphins made up 84% of these strandings, and most of these presented evidence of death in fishing gear. The aim of this work is to test an approach that could help identify the fisheries potentially involved in a given stranding event. To do this we examined how the distributions of likely areas of mortality of bycaught dolphins, inferred from carcass drift modelling, coincide with fishing effort statistics of various fleets, generated from the Vessel Monitoring System, in the area over the same dates. Using reverse drift modelling, two main mortality areas were identified. A total of 3690 common dolphins (IC95% [2230; 6900]) were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Dolphins; Strandings; Bycatch; Fishing effort; Reverse drift; Vessel Monitoring System..
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00592/70392/68473.pdf
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Direct assessment of small pelagic fish by the PELGAS14 acoustic survey ArchiMer
Duhamel, Erwan; Doray, Mathieu; Huret, Martin; Authier, Matthieu; Gestin, Thomas.
Acoustic surveys are carried out every year in the Bay of Biscay in spring onboard the French research vessel Thalassa. The objective of PELGAS surveys is to study the abundance and distribution of pelagic fish in the Bay of Biscay. The main target species are anchovy and sardine but they are considered in a multi-specific context and within an ecosystemic approach as they are located in the centre of pelagic ecosystem.
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00209/32018/30455.pdf
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Direct assessment of small pelagic fish by the PELGAS15 acoustic survey ArchiMer
Duhamel, Erwan; Doray, Mathieu; Huret, Martin; Sanchez, Florence; Authier, Matthieu; Bergot, Patricia.
The Pelgas15 acoustic survey has been carried out with globally good weather conditions (regular low wind, medium temperatures) for the whole area, from the South of the bay of Biscay to the west of Brittany. The help of commercial vessels (two pairs of pelagic trawlers and a single one) during 18 days provided about 130 valid identification hauls instead of about 50 before 2007 when Thalassa was alone to identify echotraces. Their participation increased the precision of identification of echoes and some double hauls permitted to confirm that results provided by the two types of vessels (R/V and Fishing boats) were comparable and usable for biomass estimate purposes. These commercial vessels participated to the PELGAS survey in a very good spirit of...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00278/38972/37513.pdf
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Ecosystem spatial structure revealed by integrated survey data ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Huret, Martin; Dupuy, Christine; Spitz, Jerome; Authier, Matthieu; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Doray, Mathieu.
Integrated marine survey series such as PELGAS provide comprehensive geo-referenced data over large sea areas in major ecosystem components with defined biological resolution and spatio-temporal sampling scale. These data enable to develop product at different levels of biological organization and spatial scale that are useful for ecosystem integrated assessments. Using the PELGAS integrated data series, we applied a generic procedure made of several steps to identify and map ecologically coherent ecosystem spatial units in the Bay of Biscay. First, the data were interpolated on a common spatial grid and organized as a time series of matrices containing at each time the variables as columns and the grid cell values as rows. The multi-table analysis method...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Integrated surveys; Ecosystems; Spatial structure; Multi-factor analysis; Bay of Biscay; Pelagic.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00403/51402/51977.pdf
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Exploring Change in the Relative Abundance of Marine Megafauna in the Bay of Biscay, 2004-2016 ArchiMer
Authier, Matthieu; Doremus, Ghislain; Van Canneyt, Olivier; Boubert, Jean-jacques; Gautier, Gerard; Doray, Mathieu; Duhamel, Erwan; Masse, Jacques; Petitgas, Pierre; Ridoux, Vincent; Spitz, Jerome.
Conservation has moved from species-centered to ecosystem-based approaches: the Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires the maintenance or restoration of ‘Good Environmental Status’ of all European marine waters. Monitoring biodiversity at the scale of whole ecosystems is salient, but challenging owing to the large spatial scale involved and the large spatio-temporal heterogeneity of marine ecosystems. We capitalized on the integrated ecosystemic PELGAS survey carried out in spring in the Bay of Biscay to document patterns of change in marine megafauna relative abundance at the community level over more than a decade (2004-2016). The relative abundance of the twenty three most frequently sighted species (6 cetaceans and 17 seabirds) was estimated by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine megafauna; Relative abundance; MSFD; Ecosystemic surveys.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00403/51405/51981.pdf
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Fifteen years of data from the PELGAS integrated survey (2000-2015): what have we learned on the Bay of Biscay pelagic ecosystem? ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Petitgas, Pierre; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Huret, Martin; Duhamel, Erwan; Dupuy, Christine; Spitz, Jérôme; Authier, Matthieu; Berger, Laurent; Doremus, Ghislain; Bourriau, Paul; Grellier, Patrick; Masse, Jacques; Sanchez, Florence.
The initial focus of the PELGAS integrated survey was to assess the small pelagic fish biomass in the Bay of Biscay in springtime, for fisheries management purposes. Sampling has been extended to produce long-term time-series of spatially-explicit data and indices, describing the main pelagic ecosystem components: hydrology, phytoplankton, mesozooplankton, fish and megafauna. A collaborative analysis of these datasets has brought new insights on the Bay of Biscay pelagic ecosystem summarized here. New results on single ecosystem components include an analysis of water samples to groundtruth the results of an ocean color algorithm aiming at detecting phytoplanktonic coccolithophores. New insights on mesozooplankton spatio-temporal distribution and energy...
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Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00445/55665/57331.pdf
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Hide and seek in the Bay of Biscaya functional investigation of marine megafauna and small pelagic fish interactions ArchiMer
Lambert, Charlotte; Authier, Matthieu; Doray, Mathieu; Doremus, Ghislain; Spitz, Jerome; Ridoux, Vincent.
Prey and predator distributions influence one another. Understanding the scale and the orientation of predator-prey spatial correlations is crucial in foraging ecology. Growing evidence suggests that predator-prey interactions are more constrained by functional characteristics of both the predator and the prey. Unfortunately, in marine pelagic systems, the scale and orientation of spatial correlations between predators and prey have been only little explored from a functional point of view. We tested the existence of fine-scale association between predators and fish functional groups. Visual predator sightings and acoustic fish records were collected synchronously during oceanographic surveys from 2004 to 2014. Prey biomass was integrated by nautical miles...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Cetaceans; Functional traits; Marine top predators; Predator avoidance; Predator-prey interactions; Prey profitability; Seabirds.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00488/59998/63448.pdf
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High mortality rates in a juvenile free‐ranging marine predator and links to dive and forage ability ArchiMer
Cox, Samantha; Authier, Matthieu; Orgeret, Florian; Weimerskirch, Henri; Guinet, Christophe.
High juvenile mortality rates are typical of many long‐lived marine vertebrate predators. Insufficient development in dive and forage ability is considered a key driver of this. However, direct links to survival outcome are sparse, particularly in free‐ranging marine animals that may not return to land. In this study, we conduct exploratory investigations toward early mortality in juvenile southern elephant seals Mirounga leonina. Twenty postweaning pups were equipped with (a) a new‐generation satellite relay data tag, capable of remotely transmitting fine‐scale behavioral movements from accelerometers, and (b) a location transmitting only tag (so that mortality events could be distinguished from device failures). Individuals were followed during their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bio-logging; Early life; Foraging ecology; Juvenile mortality; Mirounga leonina; Southern elephant seal; Survival analyses.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00598/71016/69289.pdf
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Importance of coastal Marine Protected Areas for the conservation of pelagic seabirds: The case of Vulnerable yelkouan shearwaters in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Peron, Clara; Gremillet, David; Prudor, Aurelien; Pettex, Emeline; Saraux, Claire; Soriano-redondo, Andrea; Authier, Matthieu; Fort, Jerome.
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are being established across all marine regions but their validity for the conservation of highly mobile marine vertebrates has been questioned. We tested the hypothesis that French coastal MPAs primarily designed for coastal and benthic biota are also beneficial for the conservation of a pelagic seabird, the Vulnerable yelkouan shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan), an endemic species to the Mediterranean Sea. We used a vast spectrum of electronic devices (GPS, temperature-depth-recorders, satellite transmitters and geolocators) and stable isotopic analyses to study the year-round movements and the trophic status of yelkouan shearwaters from the Hyères archipelago (France). In addition we conducted large-scale ship and aircrafts...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aerial surveys; At-sea observations; Biotelemetry; Conservation biogeography; Spatial planning; Stable isotope analysis.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00163/27460/26393.pdf
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Monitoring small pelagic fish in the Bay of Biscay ecosystem, using indicators from an integrated survey ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Petitgas, Pierre; Huret, Martin; Duhamel, Erwan; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Authier, Matthieu; Dupuy, Christine; Spitz, Jerome.
This paper is a practical contribution to two important debates raised by the implementation of marine ecosystem based management: (i) which ecosystem data can be provided by a fisheries survey optimised for ecosystem monitoring; and (ii) how to combine/select potential indicators to derive useful information on marine ecosystem status and dynamics? A suite of 143 potential indicators, including spatial indices, representing small pelagic fish and their biotic and abiotic environments are presented. Indicators were routinely derived from the PELGAS integrated ecosystem survey conducted in spring in the Bay of Biscay (BoB). The general patterns over time in this suite of 5–16 years, non-stationary time series are characterised using a methodology based on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Min/max autocorrelation factors; Time correlation; Survey-based indicators; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Ecosystem variability; Bay of Biscay; Pelagic ecosystem.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00414/52552/53443.pdf
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Synthèse des données de l’Observatoire Pelagis au sein du PNM de l’Estuaire de la Gironde et de la mer des Pertuis et de la ZPS Pertuis charentais-Rochebonne ArchiMer
Laran, Sophie; Dorémus, Ghislain; Van Canneyt, Olivier; Authier, Matthieu; Spitz, Jérôme.
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00598/70968/69197.pdf
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The PELGAS survey: ship-based integrated monitoring of the Bay of Biscay pelagic ecosystem ArchiMer
Doray, Mathieu; Petitgas, Pierre; Romagnan, Jean-baptiste; Huret, Martin; Duhamel, Erwan; Dupuy, Christine; Spitz, Jerome; Authier, Matthieu; Sanchez, Florence; Berger, Laurent; Doremus, Ghislain; Bourriau, Paul; Grellier, Patrick; Masse, Jacques.
The Pélagiques Gascogne (PELGAS) integrated survey has been developed by a multidisciplinary team of Ifremer and La Rochelle University scientists since 2000, joined by commercial fishermen in 2007. Its initial focus was to assess the biomass and predict the recruitment success of anchovy in the Bay of Biscay in spring. Taking advantage of the space and versatility of R/V Thalassa II, sampling has been progressively extended to other ecosystem components. PELGAS therefore further developed the second objective of monitoring and studying the dynamic and diverse Biscay pelagic ecosystem in springtime. The PELGAS survey model has allowed for the establishment of a long-term time-series of spatially-explicit data of the Bay of Biscay pelagic ecosystem since...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pelagic ecosystem; Integrated ecosystem monitoring survey; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Ecosystem variability; Bay of Biscay; Fishing vessels.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51801/52401.pdf
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Variability of energy density among mesozooplankton community: new insights in functional diversity to forage fish ArchiMer
Dessier, Aurelie; Dupuy, Christine; Kerric, Anais; Mornet, Francoise; Authier, Matthieu; Bustamante, Paco; Spitz, Jerome.
To explore some aspects of mesozooplankton functional diversity, this study quantified energy density during the springtime in the Bay of Biscay both between different species and between different size-classes. Energy densities of copepod species (Centropages typicus, Anomalocera patersoni, Calanus helgolandicus, and Labidocera wollastoni), as well as anchovy eggs (Engraulis encrasicolus) ranged from 0.5 to 6.7 kJ/g wet weight (ww). Considering size-classes, energy densities varied from 0.74 to 1.26 kJ/g ww. Energy density of C. helgolandicus exhibited a spatial pattern with the highest values in the plume of the Gironde estuary. In contrast, no spatial pattern of energy density has been detected considering size-classes. Our results showed that the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Profitability; Copepods; Prey-predator relationship; Fisheries.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51835/52434.pdf
Registros recuperados: 14
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