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Assessing signatures of selection through variation in linkage disequilibrium between taurine and indicine cattle. Repositório Alice
O'BRIEN, A. M. P.; UTSUNOMIYA, Y. T.; MÉSZÁROS, G.; BICKHART, D. M.; LIU, G. E.; TASSEL, C. P. V.; SONSTEGARD, T. S.; SILVA, M. V. G. B.; GARCIA, J. F.; SÖLKNER, J..
Signatures of selection are regions in the genome that have been preferentially increased in frequency and fixed in a population because of their functional importance in specific processes. These regions can be detected because of their lower genetic variability and specific regional linkage disequilibrium (LD) patterns. By comparing the differences in regional LD variation between dairy and beef cattle types, and between indicine and taurine subspecies, we aim at finding signatures of selection for production and adaptation in cattle breeds. The VarLD method was applied to compare the LD variation in the autosomal genome between breeds, including Angus and Brown Swiss, representing taurine breeds, and Nelore and Gir, representing indicine breeds. The...
Tipo: Artigo em periódico indexado (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Cattle - genetic improvement; Indicine; Linkage disequilibrium; Minor allele frequency; Taurine.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/handle/doc/1006605
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Copy number variation in dairy cattle using next-generation sequencing. Repositório Alice
CHUD, T. C. S.; BICKHART, D. M.; ZERLOTINI NETO, A.; COLE, J. B.; SILVA, M. V. G. B.; MUNARI, D. P..
Gene copy number variants (CNV) have been shown to be associated with several production traits in dairy cattle; however, the detection and validation of CNVs in crossbred cattle is currently lacking. In order to provide a basis for future association studies, we sought to identify CNV regions (CNVRs) within the Girolando composite breed resulting from a mating of the Holstein (taurine) and Gir (indicine) breeds. A read depth method was performed using CNVnator software on NGS data from two Girolando, two Gir and ten Holstein bulls. The individual CNVs were merged into CNVRs based on genomic regions overlapping by at least 1 bp. In total, we identified a composite of 1,286 CNVRs (520 deletions, 255 duplications, 511 mixed) on the genomes of all samples. We...
Tipo: Resumo em anais de congresso (ALICE) Palavras-chave: Copy number variants; Gado; Cattle; Composite breeds.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.alice.cnptia.embrapa.br/alice/handle/doc/1086860
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