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A hemocyanin-derived antimicrobial peptide from the penaeid shrimp adopts an alpha-helical structure that specifically permeabilizes fungal membranes ArchiMer
Petit, Vanessa W.; Rolland, Jean-luc; Blond, Alain; Cazevieille, Chantal; Djediat, Chakib; Peduzzi, Jean; Goulard, Christophe; Bachere, Evelyne; Dupont, Joelle; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Rebuffat, Sylvie.
Background. Hemocyanins are respiratory proteins with multiple functions. In diverse crustaceans hemocyanins can release histidine-rich antimicrobial peptides in response to microbial challenge. In penaeid shrimp, strictly antifungal peptides are released from the C-terminus of hemocyanins. Methods. The three-dimensional structure of the antifungal peptide PvHCt from Litopenaeus vannamei was determined by NMR. Its mechanism of action against the shrimp pathogen Fusarium oxysporum was investigated using immunochemistry, fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy. Results. PvHCt folded into an amphipathic α-helix in membrane-mimicking media and displayed a random conformation in aqueous environment. In contact with F. oxysporum, PvHCt bound...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Antimicrobial peptide; Amphipathic helix; Fungi; Membrane bilayer; Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); Fluorescence microscopy.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41202/40362.pdf
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A hemocyte gene expression signature correlated with predictive capacity of oysters to survive Vibrio infections ArchiMer
Rosa, Rafael Diego; De Lorgeril, Julien; Tailliez, Patrick; Bruno, Roman; Piquemal, David; Bachere, Evelyne.
Background: The complex balance between environmental and host factors is an important determinant of susceptibility to infection. Disturbances of this equilibrium may result in multifactorial diseases as illustrated by the summer mortality syndrome, a worldwide and complex phenomenon that affects the oysters, Crassostrea gigas. The summer mortality syndrome reveals a physiological intolerance making this oyster species susceptible to diseases. Exploration of genetic basis governing the oyster resistance or susceptibility to infections is thus a major goal for understanding field mortality events. In this context, we used high-throughput genomic approaches to identify genetic traits that may characterize inherent survival capacities in C. gigas. Results:...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine invertebrate; Mollusk bivalve; Mass mortality; Transcriptome-wide analysis; Digital gene expression; Microfluidic qPCR; Survival signature; Polymorphism; Gene copy number; Survival predictive biomarkers.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00095/20624/18262.pdf
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A relationship between antimicrobial peptide gene expression and capacity of a selected shrimp line to survive a Vibrio infection ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Gueguen, Yannick; Goarant, Cyrille; Goyard, Emmanuel; Mugnier, Chantal; Fievet, Julie; Piquemal, D; Bachere, Evelyne.
Understanding of antimicrobial defence mechanisms of penaeid shrimp should help in the design of efficient strategies for the management and disease control in aquaculture. In this study, we have specifically analysed the expression in circulating hemocytes of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) encoding genes, such as PEN2 and PEN3, ALF, crustin, lysozyme and a putative cysteine-rich peptide. We evidenced a relationship between the level of expression of some AMPs and the successful response of the shrimp, Litopenaeus stylirostris, to circumvent a pathogenic Vibrio penaeicida infection. Additionally, significant differences in some AMP transcript amounts are evidenced between control, non-selected shrimp line and the third generation breeding of shrimp selected...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Real time PCR; Cysteine rich peptide; Crustin; Anti LPS factor; Lysozyme; Penaeidins; Immune response; Vibrio penaeicida; Penaeid; Decapoda; Crustacean.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4524.pdf
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Amélioration génétique expérimentale de la crevette d'élevage de Nouvelle-Calédonie : Sélection d'une population de L. stylirostris résistante à la bactérie pathogène Vibrio penaeicida. Rapport final pour le Ministère de l'Outre-Mer ArchiMer
Goyard, Emmanuel; Goarant, Cyrille; Bachere, Evelyne; De Lorgeril, Julien; Mugnier, Chantal; Ansquer, Dominique; Broutoi, Francis; Brun, Pierre; Imbert, Frederic; Justou, Carole; Maillez, Jean-rene; Patrois, Jacques; Pham, Dominique; Peignon, Jean-marie.
The New-Caledonian shrimp industry is based on the controlled reproduction of the shrimp Litopenaeus stylirostris, a species which was introduced in the 80s. The major difficulty to which the industry has been faced for 10 years is the occurrence of the "syndrome 93", which corresponds to mortality phases when the temperature falls down in April-May-June. This mortality is associated to the pathogenic bacteria Vibrio penaecida and is expressed at different levels which are variable from year ta year and from pond to pond. No resistance to this pathology has been developed spontaneously. This is likely due to the protocole used to rear spawners, which does not allow to implement an efficient selective pressure at each generation An experimental selection...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Amélioration génétique; P. styliroslris; Résistance; Syndrome 93; Lyzozyme; Genetic improvement; P. styliroslris; Résistance; Syndrome 93; Lyzozyme.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00109/22020/19643.pdf
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Big Defensins, a Diverse Family of Antimicrobial Peptides That Follows Different Patterns of Expression in Hemocytes of the Oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Rosa, Rafael D.; Santini, Adrien; Fievet, Julie; Bulet, Philippe; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Bachere, Evelyne.
Background: Big defensin is an antimicrobial peptide composed of a highly hydrophobic N-terminal region and a cationic C-terminal region containing six cysteine residues involved in three internal disulfide bridges. While big defensin sequences have been reported in various mollusk species, few studies have been devoted to their sequence diversity, gene organization and their expression in response to microbial infections. Findings: Using the high-throughput Digital Gene Expression approach, we have identified in Crassostrea gigas oysters several sequences coding for big defensins induced in response to a Vibrio infection. We showed that the oyster big defensin family is composed of three members (named Cg-BigDef1, Cg-BigDef2 and Cg-BigDef3) that are...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00050/16096/13576.pdf
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Bivalve genomics ArchiMer
Saavedra, Carlos; Bachere, Evelyne.
Interest in bivalve genomics has emerged during the last decade, owing to the importance of these organisms in aquaculture and fisheries and to their role in marine environmental science. Knowledge of bivalve genome structure, function and evolution resulting from 20th century "single gene" approaches is limited, but genomic technologies are called to dramatically increase it. Research based on linkage maps, transcriptomics and proteomics is being carried out to study the genetic and molecular bases of traits of interest in bivalve farming industry, mainly disease susceptibility, tolerance to environmental stress, and growth. The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) is now the focus of an international genome-sequencing consortium. The use of bivalves in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Shellfish toxins; Feeding; Stress; Proteomics; Genomics; Bivalves.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1709.pdf
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Bonamia ostreae (Pichot et Coll., 1979) parasite de l'huître plate : comparaison de deux méthodes de diagnostic ArchiMer
Bachere, Evelyne; Durand, Jean-louis; Tige, Gilbert.
The parasite, Bonamia ostreae, was diagnosed in several South Brittany flat oyster's samples, from gills tissues's prints, stained in May-Grunwald-Giemsa and from corresponding digestive glands sections. The comparaison of results shows quantitative differences relating to the infested oyster's rate, and qualitative differences relating to the early stages of infestation. Gill's print technic seems more intersting for the only Bonamia ostreae diagnosis.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pathologie; Parasite; Huître plate; Ostrea edulis; Bonamia ostreae.
Ano: 1982 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1982/acte-5013.PDF
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Bonamiasis : a model study of diseases in marine molluscs ArchiMer
Grizel, Henri; Mialhe, Eric; Chagot, Dominique; Boulo, Viviane; Bachere, Evelyne.
Research on bonamiasis, an epizootic disease of the edible oyster Ostrea edu/is caused by the protozoan Bonamia ostreae, is discussed in relation to oyster fanning, research technology, epizootiology, and management. Morphological and infectious characteristics of the parasite are described. Recent progress in isolation and purification of the parasite have permitted investigations into host defense mechanisms, parasite infectivity, and the development of a mol1usc-pathogen mode!.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Epizootic disease; Pathology; Protozoan; Bonamia ostreae; Oysters.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/publication-3120.pdf
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Cell separation by centrifugal elutriation ArchiMer
Bachere, Evelyne; Chagot, Dominique; Grizel, Henri.
There is an ongoing need to isolate and purify ceIls in bivalve mollusc disease research. Many separation techniques differentiate cells solely by a single factor and usually require additives in the medium that may damage live cells. Centrifugai elutriation is a technique that separates particles by size and density simultaneously and can be conducted in physiological media without additives. Living cells can be separated without chemical damage and, because the procedure can be conducted aseptically, cells can be maintained in vitro after elutriation. A description of the technique, methods to determine flow rates and rotor speeds, and a preliminary separation of oyster hyalinocytes is presented
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve mollusc; Centrifugal elutriation; Cell separation.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1988/publication-3118.pdf
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Cg-TIMP, un inhibiteur de metalloproteinase isolé chez Crassostrea gigas : étude de son rôle dans la réparation des lésions et dans les mécanismes de défense ArchiMer
Escoubas, Jean-michel; Montagnani, Caroline; Le Roux, Frédérique; De Lorgeril, Julien; Berthe, Franck; Bachere, Evelyne.
We isolated complementary DNA (Cg-TIMP) from Crassostrea gigas that codes for a protein highly homologous to vertebrate tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). In vertebrates, TIMPs are multifunctional proteins that play a key role in extracellular matrix metabolism. They are involved in physiological processes (e.g. embryonic development, damage repair, angiogenesis) and pathological processes (e.g. inflammatory reactions, cancer).
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Proteine; Cg TIMP; ADN; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/acte-3268.pdf
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Characterization of a defensin from the oyster Crassostrea gigas - Recombinant production, folding, solution structure, antimicrobial activities, and gene expression ArchiMer
Gueguen, Yannick; Herpin, Amaury; Aumelas, André; Garnier, Julien; Fievet, Julie; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Bulet, Philippe; Gonzalez, Marcelo; Lelong, Christophe; Favrel, Pascal; Bachere, Evelyne.
In invertebrates, defensins were found in arthropods and in the mussels. Here, we report for the first time the identification and characterization of a defensin (Cg-Def) from an oyster. Cg-def mRNA was isolated from Crassostrea gigas mantle using an expressed sequence tag approach. To gain insight into potential roles of Cg-Def in oyster immunity, we produced the recombinant peptide in Escherichia coli, characterized its antimicrobial activities, determined its solution structure by NMR spectroscopy, and quantified its gene expression in vivo following bacterial challenge of oysters. Recombinant Cg-Def was active in vitro against Gram-positive bacteria but showed no or limited activities against Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. The activity of Cg-Def was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Genomic library; Microbiology; Defensin; Oyster.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2127.pdf
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Chemiluminescence analysis of the activity of Pecten maximus hemocytes stimulated with zymosan and host-specific Rickettsiales-like organisms ArchiMer
Le Gall, G; Bachere, Evelyne; Mialhe, Eric.
During a study of Rickettsiales-like organisms (RLO) in Pecten maximus gill, histological observation of free RLO in hemoclymph led us to consider interactions between the pathogen and the hemocytes. Firstly, the production of oxygen radicals by hemocytes was established using a luminol-enhanced chemiluminescence method with zymosan axs stimulant. The effects of serveral inhibitors of oxidative metabolism were investigated. The internalization of RLO into hemocytes was demonstrated by electron microscopy but was not related to chemiluminescent activity. The possible involvement of RLO acid phosphatase as the inhibitor of respiratory burst was assessed.
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Ano: 1991 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1991/publication-2759.pdf
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Dinoflagelles toxiques sur les cotes francaises pendant l'ete 1983. Extension du dinoflagelle Dinophysis acuminata en Bretagne sud et consequences pour les cultures marines. ArchiMer
Lassus, Patrick; Martin, A; Maggi, Pierre; Berthome, Jean-paul; Langlade, Aime; Bachere, Evelyne.
Discolored waters and human diseases by shellfishes were dominant features of summer 1983 in south coast of Brittany. Vilaine Bay, the most damaged area, was successively affected by brown waters in early June, and diarrhetic intoxications by harvested mussels (July and August), just as DPS producing dinoflagellate (D. acuminata ) reached higher water or mussel guts concentrations than years before. Outspreading in the whole south coast of Brittany and possible relation with hydrological or biological parameters are analyzed.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Brittany; France; ANE; Protista; Dinophysis acuminata; Shellfish culture; Red tides; Biological poisons; Toxicants.
Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1983/publication-1805.pdf
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Essai de réimplantation de Crassostrea angulata en France. Résistance au chambrage et comportement des hybrides C. angulata - C. gigas ArchiMer
Bougrier, Serge; Raguenes, Gerard; Bachere, Evelyne; Tige, Gilbert; Grizel, Henri.
The inability to rear the oysters C. gigas and O. edulis in certain Brittany waters has prompted us to conduct breeding trials with C. angulata C. gigas and their hybrids. Results have revealed that all the strains tested were sensitive to Tributyl tin (TBT), showing atnormal shell thickness and their growth was lower than C. gigas. In addition, C. angulata was still affected by the presence of the Iridovirus in France.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: TBT; Breeding trials; Hubrids; Crassostrea gigas; Crassostrea angulata; TBT; Chambrage; Croisement; Hybrides; Crassostrea gigas; Crassostrea angulata.
Ano: 1986 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1986/acte-3102.pdf
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Evidence in oyster of a plasma extracellular superoxide dismutase which binds LPS ArchiMer
Gonzalez, Marcelo; Romestand, Bernard; Fievet, Julie; Huvet, Arnaud; Lebart, M; Gueguen, Yannick; Bachere, Evelyne.
We have characterized in the oyster Crassostrea gigas an extracellular superoxide dismutase (Cg-EcSOD) which appears to bind lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The protein has been purified from the oyster plasma and identified as a Cu/ZnSOD according to its N-terminal sequencing and biological activity. Cg-EcSOD expression and synthesis are restricted to hemocytes as revealed by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. Cg-EcSOD-expressing hemocytes were seen in blood circulation, in connective tissues, and closely associated to endothelium blood vessels. Cg-EcSOD presents in its amino acid sequence a LPS-binding motif found in the endotoxin receptor CD14 and we show that the protein displays an affinity to Escherichia coli bacteria and with LPS and Lipid A....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Beta integrin; Oxidative burst; Hemocyte; Crassostrea gigas; Invertebrate; Mollusc bivalve.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-3583.pdf
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Evidence of a bactericidal permeability increasing protein in an invertebrate, the Crassostrea gigas Cg-BPI ArchiMer
Gonzalez, Marcelo; Gueguen, Yannick; Destoumieux Garzon, Delphine; Romestand, Bernard; Fievet, Julie; Pugniere, M; Roquet, F; Escoubas, Jean-michel; Vandenbulcke, F; Levy, O; Saune, Laure; Bulet, P; Bachere, Evelyne.
A cDNA sequence with homologies to members of the LPS-binding protein and bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) family was identified in the oyster Crassostrea gigas. The recombinant protein was found to bind LIPS, to display bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli, and to increase the permeability of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. This indicated that it is a BPI rather than an LPS-binding protein. By in situ hybridization, the expression of the C gigas BPI (Cg-bpi) was found to be induced in hemocytes after oyster bacterial challenge and to be constitutive in various epithelia of unchallenged oysters. Thus, Cg-bpi transcripts were detected in the epithelial cells of tissues/organs in contact with the external environment (mantle,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Oyster innate immunity; Mollusk; Hemocyte; Epithelia; Antimicrobial.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3564.pdf
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Exploring the Impact of the Biofloc Rearing System and an Oral WSSV Challenge on the Intestinal Bacteriome of Litopenaeus vannamei ArchiMer
Pilotto, Mariana R.; Goncalves, Andre N. A.; Vieira, Felipe N.; Seifert, Walter Q.; Bachere, Evelyne; Rosa, Rafael D.; Perazzolo, Luciane M..
We provide a global overview of the intestinal bacteriome of Litopenaeus vannamei in two rearing systems and after an oral challenge by the White spot syndrome virus (WSSV). By using a high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing technology, we identified and compared the composition and abundance of bacterial communities from the midgut of shrimp reared in the super-intensive biofloc technology (BFT) and clear seawater system (CWS). The predominant bacterial group belonged to the phylum Proteobacteria, followed by the phyla Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, and Firmicutes. Within Proteobacteria, the family Vibrionaceae, which includes opportunistic shrimp pathogens, was more abundant in CWS than in BFT-reared shrimp. Whereas the families Rhodobacteraceae and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biofloc technology (BFT); Penaeid shrimp; Gut microbiota; White spot syndrome virus; 16S rRNA gene sequencing.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56546/58256.pdf
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Expression, tissue localization and synergy of antimicrobial peptides and proteins in the immune response of the oyster Crassostrea gigas ArchiMer
Schmitt, Paulina; De Lorgeril, Julien; Gueguen, Yannick; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Bachere, Evelyne.
Diverse families of antimicrobial peptides and proteins have been described in oysters. We investigated here how antimicrobials are involved in the immune response against a pathogenic strain of Vibrio splendidus. Oyster antimicrobials were shown to display a wide variety of expression profiles in hemocyte populations and tissues. Oyster defensins are constitutively expressed in specific tissues such as mantle (Cg-Defm) or hemocytes (Cg-Defhs), while Cg-BPI is inducible and Cg-Prp appears down-regulated in hemocytes upon infection. The migratory behavior of hemocytes that express the different antimicrobials was found to be involved in the oyster response to a pathogenic Vibrio infection. Indeed, it contributes to colocalize several antimicrobials that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pacific oyster; Bivalve mollusk; Innate immunity; Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein; Proline-rich peptide; Defensin; Vibrio.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00093/20382/18267.pdf
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Functional Divergence in Shrimp Anti-Lipopolysaccharide Factors (ALFs): From Recognition of Cell Wall Components to Antimicrobial Activity ArchiMer
Rosa, Rafael Diego; Vergnes, Agnes; De Lorgeril, Julien; Goncalves, Priscila; Perazzolo, Luciane Maria; Saune, Laure; Romestand, Bernard; Fievet, Julie; Gueguen, Yannick; Bachere, Evelyne; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine.
Antilipopolysaccharide factors (ALFs) have been described as highly cationic polypeptides with a broad spectrum of potent antimicrobial activities. In addition, ALFs have been shown to recognize LPS, a major component of the Gram-negative bacteria cell wall, through conserved amino acid residues exposed in the four-stranded beta-sheet of their three dimensional structure. In penaeid shrimp, ALFs form a diverse family of antimicrobial peptides composed by three main variants, classified as ALF Groups A to C. Here, we identified a novel group of ALFs in shrimp (Group D ALFs), which corresponds to anionic polypeptides in which many residues of the LPS binding site are lacking. Both Group B (cationic) and Group D (anionic) shrimp ALFs were produced in a...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00160/27077/25236.pdf
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Generation and analysis of a 29,745 unique Expressed Sequence Tags from the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) assembled into a publicly accessible database: the GigasDatabase ArchiMer
Fleury, Elodie; Huvet, Arnaud; Lelong, Christophe; De Lorgeril, Julien; Boulo, Viviane; Gueguen, Yannick; Bachere, Evelyne; Tanguy, Arnaud; Moraga, Dario; Fabioux, Caroline; Lindeque, Penelope; Shaw, Jenny; Reinhardt, Richard; Prunet, Patrick; Davey, Grace; Lapegue, Sylvie; Sauvage, Christopher; Corporeau, Charlotte; Moal, Jeanne; Gavory, Frederick; Wincker, Patrick; Moreews, Francois; Klopp, Christophe; Mathieu, Michel; Boudry, Pierre; Favrel, Pascal.
Background: Although bivalves are among the most-studied marine organisms because of their ecological role and economic importance, very little information is available on the genome sequences of oyster species. This report documents three large-scale cDNA sequencing projects for the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas initiated to provide a large number of expressed sequence tags that were subsequently compiled in a publicly accessible database. This resource allowed for the identification of a large number of transcripts and provides valuable information for ongoing investigations of tissue-specific and stimulus-dependant gene expression patterns. These data are crucial for constructing comprehensive DNA microarrays, identifying single nucleotide...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6770.pdf
Registros recuperados: 54
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