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Registros recuperados: 9
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A new analysis of hydrographic data in the Atlantic and its application to an inverse modeling study ArchiMer
Reynaud, Thierry; Le Grand, Pascal; Mercier, Herle; Barnier, Bernard.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 1998 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00341/45181/44578.pdf
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An ERA40-based atmospheric forcing for global ocean circulation models ArchiMer
Brodeau, Laurent; Barnier, Bernard; Treguier, Anne-marie; Penduff, Thierry; Gulev, Sergei.
We develop, calibrate and test a dataset intended to drive global ocean hindcasts simulations of the last five decades. This dataset provides surface meteorological variables needed to estimate air-sea fluxes and is built from 6-hourly surface atmospheric state variables of ERA40. We first compare the raw fields of ERA40 to the CORE.v1 clataset of Large and Yeager (2004). used here as a reference, and discuss our choice to use daily radiative fluxes and monthly precipitation products extracted from satellite data rather than their ERA40 counterparts. Both datasets lead to excessively high global imbalances of heat and freshwater fluxes when tested with a prescribed climatological sea surface temperature. After identifying unrealistic time discontinuities...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean; Hindcast; Atmospheric forcing; Air sea fluxes; Weather reanalyzes; Satellite.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11154/14032.pdf
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Chaotic Variability of Ocean: Heat Content Climate-Relevant Features and Observational Implications ArchiMer
Penduff, Thierry; Serazin, Guillaume; Leroux, Stephanie; Close, Sally; Molines, Jean-marc; Barnier, Bernard; Bessieres, Laurent; Terray, Laurent; Maze, Guillaume.
Global ocean models that admit mesoscale turbulence spontaneously generate a substantial interannual-to-multidecadal chaotic intrinsic variability in the absence of atmospheric forcing variability at these timescales. is phenomenon is substantially weaker in non-turbulent ocean models but provides a marked stochastic avor to the low-frequency variability in eddying ocean models, which are being cou- pled to the atmosphere for next-generation climate projections. In order to disentangle the atmospherically forced and intrinsic ocean variabilities, the OCCIPUT (OceaniC Chaos – ImPacts, strUcture, predicTability) project performed a long (1960–2015), large ensemble (50 members) of global ocean/sea ice 1/4° simulations driven by the same atmospheric...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00448/55959/57440.pdf
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Evolution of the Arctic Ocean Salinity, 2007-08: Contrast between the Canadian and the Eurasian Basins ArchiMer
Lique, Camille; Garric, Gilles; Treguier, Anne-marie; Barnier, Bernard; Ferry, Nicolas; Testut, Charles-emmanuel; Ardhuin, Fanny.
The authors investigate the variability of salinity in the Arctic Ocean and in the Nordic and Labrador Seas over recent years to see how the freshwater balance in the Arctic and the exchanges with the North Atlantic have been affected by the recent important sea ice melting, especially during the 2007 sea ice extent minimum. The Global Ocean Reanalysis and Simulations (GLORYS1) global ocean reanalysis based on a global coupled ocean sea ice model with an average of 12-km grid resolution in the Arctic Ocean is used in this regard. Although no sea ice data and no data under sea ice are assimilated, simulation over the 2001-09 period is shown to represent fairly well the 2007 sea ice event and the different components accounting for the ocean and sea ice...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00035/14637/11946.pdf
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How momentum advection schemes influence current-topography interactions at eddy permitting resolution ArchiMer
Le Sommer, Julien; Penduff, Thierry; Theetten, Sebastien; Madec, Gurvan; Barnier, Bernard.
Recent studies have shown that the use of an enstrophy-and-energy-conserving momentum advection scheme substantially reduces widespread biases of mean currents in the global 1/4 degrees DRAKKAR model. This paper investigates the origin of these improvements. A series of sensitivity simulations with different momentum advection schemes is performed with the North Atlantic 1/4 degrees DRAKKAR model. Three second order momentum advection schemes conserving, respectively, enstrophy (ens), energy (efx) and both quantities (een) are tested and their impact on the model solution are compared. The mean kinetic energy vertical profile is found to change up to 10% depending on the chosen scheme. This sensitivity is maximum in bottom layers. The analysis of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Z level models; Topography; Momentum advection schemes.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6440.pdf
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Internal and forced variability along a section between Greenland and Portugal in the CLIPPER Atlantic model ArchiMer
Treguier, Anne-marie; Gourcuff, Claire; Lherminier, Pascale; Mercier, Herle; Barnier, Bernard; Madec, Gurvan; Molines, Jean-marc; Penduff, Thierry; Czeschel, Lars; Boning, Claus.
Numerical models are used to estimate the meridional overturning and transports along the paths of two hydrographic cruises, carried out in 1997 and 2002 from Greenland to Portugal. We have examined the influence of the different paths of the two cruises and found that it could explain 0.4 to 2 Sv of difference in overturning (the precise value is model-dependent). Models show a decrease in the overturning circulation between 1997 and 2002, with different amplitudes. The CLIPPER ATL6 model reproduces well the observed weakening of the overturning in density coordinates between the cruises; in the model, the change is due to the combination of interannual and high-frequency forcing and internal variability associated with eddies and meanders. Examination of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ocean model; Thermohaline circulation; North Atlantic; Climate variability; Oceanography.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2199.pdf
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Le modèle DRAKKAR de la variabilité océanique globale, 1958-2004 ArchiMer
Molines, Jean-marc; Treguier, Anne-marie; Barnier, Bernard; Brodeau, Laurent; Le Sommer, Julien; Madec, Gurvan; Penduff, Thierry; Theetten, Sebastien; Drillet, Yann; Talandier, Claude; Orr, James; Lachkar, Zouair.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00027/13871/11023.pdf
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Meridional transport of salt in the global ocean from an eddy-resolving model ArchiMer
Treguier, Anne-marie; Deshayes, Julie; Le Sommer, Julien; Lique, Camille; Madec, G.; Penduff, Thierry; Molines, Jean-marc; Barnier, Bernard; Bourdalle-badie, Romain; Talandier, Claude.
The meridional transport of salt is computed in a global eddy-resolving numerical model (1/12 degrees resolution) in order to improve our understanding of the ocean salinity budget. A methodology is proposed that allows a global analysis of the salinity balance in relation to surface water fluxes, without defining a "freshwater anomaly" based on an arbitrary reference salinity. The method consists of a decomposition of the meridional transport into (i) the transport by the time-longitude-depth mean velocity, (ii) time-mean velocity recirculations and (iii) transient eddy perturbations. Water is added (rainfall and rivers) or removed (evaporation) at the ocean surface at different latitudes, which creates convergences and divergences of mass transport with...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00192/30319/28790.pdf
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Séminaire d'hydrodynamique côtière, Brest 15-17 septembre 2003. Compilation des interventions ArchiMer
Barnier, Bernard; Lazure, Pascal.
L'océanographie physique côtière a pour objet d'observer, de comprendre et de prévoir le fonctionnement hydrodynamique du milieu côtier, avec comme enjeux, dans le cadre d'applications pluridisciplinaires, la pollution côtière, la gestion et la préservation des écosystèmes et des ressources halieutiques, la contribution des zones côtières aux puits de carbone, l'hydrodynamique sédimentaire et les échanges eau - sédiments. Contrairement à l'océanographie du large, l'océanographie côtière n'a pas bénéficié de grands programmes internationaux (tel que le World Ocean Circulation Experiment -WOCE) pour structurer ses activités de recherche dans le domaine de l'observation et de la modélisation au niveau national ou international. De plus, les problèmes traités...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00020/13162/10212.pdf
Registros recuperados: 9
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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