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Registros recuperados: 17
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A DYNAMIC GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS OF U.S. BIOFUELS PRODUCTION AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Birur, Dileep K.; Davis, Lauren M.; Ross, Martin T..
With the rising global interest in energy security and climate change mitigation, biofuels have gained the prominent attention of researchers and policy makers. The U.S. has emerged as the leading producer of biofuels and is aiming for achieving a target of 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels by 2022 under its updated renewable fuels standard (RFS2) policy. In this paper, we study the longer-term global implications of large-scale renewable fuels production in the U.S. We utilize the GTAP v7.1 data base and introduce a detailed breakdown of agricultural crops, first and second generation biofuels and by-products. We update this fully disaggregated data base to reflect the 2010 global economy, based on secondary data for the sectors and regions included....
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: ADAGE; Biofuels; Computable General Equilibrium; Recursive Dynamic; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103965
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Agricultural Household Response to Avian Influenza Prevention and Control Policies AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Poulos, Christine; Pattanayak, Subhrendu K..
Recent outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Asia, Europe, and Africa have caused severe impacts on the poultry sector through bird mortality and culling, as well as resulting trade restrictions and negative demand shocks. Although poultry producers play a major role in preventing and controlling avian influenza, little research has examined the influence of their farm-level decision making on the spread of the disease. In this study, we describe farm behavior under livestock disease risk and discuss data and analyses necessary to generate sound empirical evidence to inform public avian influenza prevention and control measures.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural household model; Avian influenza; Control measures; Economic epidemiology; Livestock disease; Poultry production; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6537
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ANALYZING TRADE IMPLICATIONS OF U.S. BIOFUELS POLICIES IN A GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM FRAMEWORK AgEcon
Birur, Dileep K.; Beach, Robert H..
As the biofuels are emerging as promising alternative transportation fuels across the world, they also offer huge potential for international trade in biofuels. A number of trade barriers such as import tariffs and domestic support have limited the scope for trade in biofuels. The purpose of this study is to analyze the implications of U.S. biofuel mandates, subsidies and import tariffs on global trade and welfare. We utilize the GTAP-BIO model, which was developed as a customized version of the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model capable of analyzing domestic and trade policy issues associated with biofuels (Birur, 2010). We supplement this model with updated and detailed sectoral level information on feedstock crops, different types of first and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Computable General Equilibrium; Land use change; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103996
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CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON US AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Thomson, Allison M.; McCarl, Bruce A..
There is general consensus in the scientific literature that human-induced climate change has taken place and will continue to do so over the next century. The Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concludes with “very high confidence” that anthropogenic activities such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation have affected the global climate. The AR4 also indicates that global average temperatures are expected to increase by another 1.1°C to 5.4°C by 2100, depending on the increase in atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases that takes place during this time. Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, temperature increases, altered precipitation patterns and other factors influenced by climate have...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate change; Crop yields; EPIC; FASOM; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C61; Q18; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91393
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Consumer Purchasing Behavior in Response to Media Coverage of Avian Influenza AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Zhen, Chen.
Consumer concerns regarding food safety can have substantial impacts on their consumption patterns. Thus, understanding consumer response to food safety information is important for quantifying consumer response to food safety events, predicting market impacts, and developing appropriate risk communication strategies. Flexible demand systems have gained much popularity in analyzing effects of food safety outbreaks on consumer demand because of their ability to capture interactions between the demand for substitutable and complementary goods. Using Italian scanner data on meat sales, we show the economic importance of accounting for the impact of avian flu outbreaks on group expenditures for meats in a dynamic Almost Ideal Demand System (AIDS) specification...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Avian influenza; Food safety; Italy; Meat demand; Media index; Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Marketing; Q11; Q18.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51742
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Consumer Purchasing Behavior in Response to Media Coverage of Avian Influenza AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Zhen, Chen.
Understanding consumer response to food safety information is important for quantifying consumer response to food safety events, predicting market impacts, and developing appropriate risk communication strategies. In this study, we present a methodology for analysis of consumer response to media coverage of avian influenza and an application using Italian data.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Avian influenza; Food safety; Italy; Meat demand; Media index; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Q11; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6750
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Demand Curve Shifts in Multi-Unit Auctions: Evidence from a Laboratory Experiment AgEcon
Rousu, Matthew C.; Beach, Robert H.; Corrigan, Jay R..
Basic economic theory predicts that a consumer's willingness to pay for a good is affected by the presence of complements and substitutes. In an auction setting, this theory implies that the presence of complements would increase bid prices for a good, while the presence of substitutes would decrease bid prices for a good. However, several experimental auction studies have sold complementary or substitutable products without regard for the effects these actions could have on bidding behavior. Using data from an experimental auction specifically designed to test the effect of complements and substitutes on bids, we used both unconditional tests and conditional tests where we derived demand flexibilities to analyze whether selling complementary and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19513
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Global Implications of U.S. Biofuels Policies in an Integrated Partial and General Equilibrium Framework AgEcon
Birur, Dileep K.; Beach, Robert H.; Hertel, Thomas W.; McCarl, Bruce A..
With the increasing research interests in biofuels, global implications of biofuels production have been generally examined either in a partial equilibrium (PE) or general equilibrium (GE) frameworks. Though both of these approaches have unique strengths, they also suffer from many limitations due to complexity of addressing all the relevant aspects of biofuels. In this paper we have exploited the strengths of both PE and GE approaches for analyzing the economic and environmental implications of the U.S. policies on corn-ethanol and biodiesel production. In this study, we utilize the Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model (FASOMGHG: Adams et al. 1996, 2005; Beach et al. 2009), a non-linear programming, PE model for the United States. We also use...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Biofuels; Indirect land use change; Land use emissions; Partial Equilibrium; Computable General Equilibrium; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61812
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How Will Tobacco Farmers Respond to the Quota Buyout? Findings from a Survey of North Carolina Tobacco Farmers AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Richmond, David; Austin, David H.; Jones, Alison Snow.
The tobacco quota buyout is expected to have significant impacts on U.S. tobacco markets, farmers, tobacco-dependent communities, and public health. Using data from four surveys of a panel of North Carolina tobacco farmers conducted between 1997 and 2004, we investigate changing farmer attitudes towards and intentions following a quota buyout.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/35411
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INCORPORATING QUADRATIC SCALE CURVES IN INVERSE DEMAND SYSTEMS AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Holt, Matthew T..
In this paper we introduce inverse demand systems that include quadratic scale terms. These systems are similar to regular quadratic demand systems introduced by Howe, Pollack, and Wales. A unique feature of these specifications is that they maintain linear scale curves as a special case. For illustrative purposes we estimate the Normalized Quadratic Inverse Demand-Quadratic Scale System using monthly South Atlantic fish landings and valuation data, 1980-1996. In estimation concavity is maintained locally, and the rank reduction procedures advocated by Diewert and Wales (1988b) are employed. The estimated model is then used to obtain welfare estimates associated with catch restrictions.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Antonelli matrix; Inverse demands; Negative semidefinite; Quadratic scale curves; Demand and Price Analysis; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21579
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INTERACTION EFFECTS OF PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND PRICE SUPPORT PROGRAMS FOR U.S. COTTON AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Murray, Brian C.; Piggott, Nicholas E.; Wohlgenant, Michael K..
Many agricultural commodities have industry-funded generic promotion and/or research (“"checkoff”") programs designed to improve the economic performance of producers. To determine the effectiveness of these programs, the net benefits to producers attributable to activities funded by the checkoff must be separated from those due to other factors influencing commodity markets. One such factor that is very important in many agricultural commodity markets is the effect of government programs. However, studies evaluating the returns to checkoff programs often do not explicitly discuss the impact of pre-existing distortions caused by federal farm programs. Because the distortions caused by farm programs can be quite large, this omission can lead to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19803
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MODELING ALTERNATIVE POLICIES FOR GHG MITIGATION FROM FORESTRY AND AGRICULTURE AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Daigneault, Adam J.; McCarl, Bruce A.; Rose, Steven K..
A key consideration for development of energy and climate policy affecting the forestry and agricultural sectors is that the selection of specific mechanisms implemented to achieve bioenergy production and/or greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation targets may have substantial effects on landowner incentives to adopt alternative practices. For instance, the prices of allowances and offsets are expected to diverge under some policies being considered where there is a binding cap on the quantity of offsets from the agricultural and forest sectors. In addition, provisions that limit or exclude specific practices from receiving carbon payments will affect the quantity and cost of GHG mitigation opportunities available. In this study, the recently updated Forest and...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Climate policy; Energy policy; FASOMGHG; GHG mitigation; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy; C61; Q42; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91394
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Net Farm Income and Land Use under a U.S. Greenhouse Gas Cap and Trade AgEcon
Baker, Justin Scott; McCarl, Bruce A.; Murray, Brian C.; Rose, Steven K.; Alig, Ralph J.; Adams, Darius M.; Latta, Gregory S.; Beach, Robert H.; Daigneault, Adam J..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Q15; Q18; Q54.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93683
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The Effects of Avian Influenza News on Consumer Purchasing Behavior: A Case Study of Italian Consumers' Retail Purchases AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Kuchler, Fred; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Zhen, Chen.
To better understand how information about potential health hazards influences food demand, this case study examines consumers’ responses to newspaper articles on avian influenza, informally referred to as bird flu. The focus here is on the response to bird flu information in Italy as news about highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza (HPAI H5N1) unfolded in the period October 2004 through October 2006, beginning after reports of the first outbreaks in Southeast Asia and extending beyond the point at which outbreaks were reported in Western Europe. Estimated poultry demand, as influenced by the volume of newspaper reports on bird flu, reveals the magnitude and duration of newspaper articles’ impacts on consumers’ food choices. Larger numbers of bird flu...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Avian influenza; Bird flu; Consumer behavior; Food safety; Poultry sales and consumption; Risk perception and response; Agricultural and Food Policy; Health Economics and Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56477
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The Impact of Pork Advertising on US Meat Demand in the Presence of Competing Beef Advertising and Food Safety Events AgEcon
Piggott, Nicholas E.; Zhen, Chen; Beach, Robert H.; Wolhlgenant, Michael K..
We examine the effects of domestic advertising and promotion expenditures on meat demand, extending previous efforts in several areas, including the use of more recent data, employing a complete demand system and simultaneously measuring the impacts of generic pork and beef advertising and food safety information on the demand for beef, pork, and poultry. Using the Generalized Almost Ideal Demand System (GAIDS), own- and cross- beef and pork advertising and own- and cross- beef, pork, and poultry food safety effects are measured jointly and consistently. To allow for a more complex dynamic response of advertising and food safety effects, the flexible distributed lag technique of Mitchell and Speaker (1986) is employed. The coefficients on pork advertising...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Generalized Almost Ideal Demand System; Generic advertising; Meat demand; Polynomial inverse lag; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9235
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Tobacco Farmer Interest and Success in Diversification AgEcon
Jones, Alison Snow; Beach, Robert H.; Johnston, Stephen A..
As U.S. farm income from tobacco production has declined in recent years, there has been increased interest in developing alternative sources of farm revenue to replace lost tobacco income, particularly in tobacco-dependent communities of the southeastern United States. The recent end of the tobacco quota program is expected to accelerate the exit of tobacco farmers and has heightened concern regarding the availability of profitable substitutes for tobacco. In this study, we examine the impact of farm, household, and market characteristics on tobacco farmer interest and success in on-farm and off-farm income diversification. Using survey data collected from a panel of North Carolina tobacco farmers in 1997, 1999, 2001, and 2004 combined with market data...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Tobacco; Farm diversification; Household model; Quota buyout.; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19151
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Tobacco Farmer Interest and Success in Income Diversification AgEcon
Beach, Robert H.; Jones, Alison Snow; Tooze, Janet A..
As farm income from tobacco production has declined in recent years, there has been increasing interest in identifying alternative sources of income for tobacco farmers in the southern United States The recent termination of the tobacco quota program has accelerated the exit of tobacco farmers and has heightened concern regarding the availability of substitutes for tobacco production. In this study, we examine factors influencing tobacco farmers’ attempts to identify profitable alternatives to tobacco, their off-farm employment behavior, and changes in acres of tobacco cultivated using survey data collected from a panel of North Carolina tobacco farmers combined with market data
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Diversification; Farm programs; Farmer survey; Quota buyout; Tobacco; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Financial Economics; C33; Q12; Q18.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45045
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