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A bio-economic analysis of experimental selective devices in the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) fishery in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Raveau, Adriana; Macher, Claire; Mehault, Sonia; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Le Grand, Christelle; Guyader, Olivier; Bertignac, Michel; Fifas, Spyros; Guillen Garcia, Jordi.
Several fleets with various fishing strategies operate as a mixed fishery in the Bay of Biscay. Among the main fleets, bottom trawlers target Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) and, together with gillnetters, they also catch hake (Merluccius merluccius). Trawling leads to average-size catches that are below the minimum landing size (MLS); such catches are discarded since they cannot be sold. These discards result in negative impacts on stock renewal, as most of them do not survive. This also results in an economic loss for both bottom trawlers and gillnetters since these discards represent a future loss of rent. This study, based on the 2009 and 2010 selectivity experiments at sea, assesses the short- and long-term bio-economic impacts of four...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Demersal trawl fishery; Bio-economic analysis; Selectivity; Simulation; Selective device; Nephrops norvegicus; Merluccius merluccius; Atlantic Ocean.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00110/22135/19774.pdf
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A cost-benefit analysis of improving trawl selectivity in the case of discards: The Nephrops norvegicus fishery in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Macher, Claire; Guyader, Olivier; Talidec, Catherine; Bertignac, Michel.
The Nephrops trawl fishery is one of the most important fisheries in the Bay of Biscay. The fishery management essentially relies on conservation measures, a total at I owed catch (TAC) for Nephrops together with a mini mum landing size (MLS) and minimum trawl mesh size (70 mm stretched mesh). These measures have failed to prevent high discard levels of many species that characterize the fishery. Nephrops trawlers thus discard about half of their Nephrops catches in numbers (a third in weight) of which only 30% survive. Nephrops discards mainly occur in younger Nephrops age groups below the MLS. This is a waste for the already overexploited Nephrops stock as well as for the fleet. Based on a bio-economic simulation model, the paper analyses the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fisheries management; Discards; Selectivity; Cost benefit analysis; Bio economic simulations; Nephrops norvegicus.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4478.pdf
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A length-structured spatially explicit model for estimating hake growth and migration rates ArchiMer
Drouineau, Hilaire; Mahevas, Stephanie; Bertignac, Michel; Duplisea, Daniel.
Drouineau, H., Mahevas, S., Bertignac, M., and Duplisea, D. 2010. A length-structured spatially explicit model for estimating hake growth and migration rates. - ICES Journal of Marine Science, 67: 1697-1709.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Growth; Length-structured model; Merluccius merluccius; Migration; Spatial model.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00016/12714/9767.pdf
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A multidisciplinary approach to the spatial dimension in ecosystem-based fisheries management ArchiMer
Le Floc'H, Pascal; Bertignac, Michel; Curtil, Olivier; Macher, Claire; Mariat-roy, Emilie; Paulet, Yves-marie.
This study considers how to reconcile different spatial scales to find the best common denominator to be used as an ecosystem-based management unit. For this, two fishery production zones differing ecologically, economically, legally and institutionally were investigated. The first case study is located within French territorial waters, in a MPA created in 2007- the Parc Naturel Marin d'Iroise (PNMI). The second case study, the Bay of Biscay, covers both territorial waters and the French exclusive economic zone. The paper adopts a multidisciplinary approach. Relevant questions concern how marine space is shared between exploited species and fishing fleets, especially the spatial mobility strategies they employ. An assessment of the institutional system...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spatial scale; Ecosystem-based fisheries management; Marine protected area; Socio-system.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00460/57191/59156.pdf
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A stochastic viability approach to ecosystem-based fisheries management ArchiMer
Doyen, Luc; Thebaud, Olivier; Bene, Christopher; Martinet, V.; Gourguet, S.; Bertignac, Michel; Fifas, Spyros; Blanchard, Fabian.
Academia and management agencies show a growing interest for ecosystem-based fishery management (EBFM). However, the way to operationalize this approach remains challenging. The present paper illustrates how the concepts of stochastic co-viability, which accounts for dynamic complexities, uncertainties, risk and sustainability constraints, can be useful for the implementation of EBFM. In the present case, this concept is used to identify fishing strategies that satisfy both ecological conservation and economic sustainability in a multi-species, multi-fleet context. Economic Viability Analysis (EVA) and the broader Co-Viability Analysis (CVA), are proposed to expand the usual Population Viability Analysis (PVA) and precautionary approach. An illustration is...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem based fisheries management; Viability; Stochastic; Nephrops; Hake.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00074/18571/16153.pdf
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Analysis of tagging data from North Atlantic Albacore (Thunnus Alalunga): Attrition Rate Estimates ArchiMer
Ortiz De Zarate, Victoria; Bertignac, Michel.
In this study, an attempt is made to estimate natural mortality rate for North Atlantic albacore. We implement a spatially aggregated tag-attrition model to analyse the results of an albacore tagging experiment conducted in the Bay of Biscay from 1988 to 1991. The model predicts probabilities of the possible fates of tagged fish and the tags that they carry. The model includes several parameters consisting of catchabilities by fleets involved in recaptures and a combination of natural mortality plus emigration from the study area. Model fitting is carried out by finding the maximum of a multinomial likelihood function. Effect of reporting rate values on the estimations are evaluated and several hypothesis on the pre-mixing period of the tagged fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Attrition rate; Model; Natural mortality estimation; Albacore.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-977.pdf
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Assessing the impact of discretisation assumptions in a length-structured population growth model ArchiMer
Drouineau, Hilaire; Mahevas, Stephanie; Bertignac, Michel; Fertin, A.
Most of the traditional assessment models are age-structured. However, many biological and exploitation processes are more length-dependent than age-dependent, and the required length-age conversion of available data is often not reliable. Consequently, length-structured or age-length structured models have undergone considerable development in recent years. The growth transition matrix used to model the mean growth and growth variability of the population, is of primary importance in a length-structured matrix model. Building this growth transition matrix is not trivial and it is necessary to assess the impact that various assumptions may have to identify robust model structures. In this study, we assess the effects of (1) time and length discretisation,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sensitivity analysis; Discrete model; Growth; Length structured model.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4301.pdf
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Consequences of bias in age estimation on assessment of the northern stock of European hake (Merluccius merluccius) and on management advice ArchiMer
Bertignac, Michel; De Pontual, Helene.
The results of a pilot tagging study on hake (Merluccius merluccius), conducted in the northern part of the Bay of Biscay in 2002, indicate that growth rates for this stock may be currently underestimated because of biased estimates of age. The impact that such a bias may have on the stock dynamics and the trends of the key population parameters, recruitment, spawning-stock biomass (SSB), and mortality are investigated. Assuming new growth parameters, a new age-length key is derived and used to produce and catch-at-age data and abundance indices, which are then used to assess the stock. Bias in estimating age affects the absolute levels of fishing mortality and stock biomass estimates, and also impacts the trend in SSB. However, trends in fishing mortality...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tagging; Stock assessment; Simulation; Management; Growth; European hake; Age estimation.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2824.pdf
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Ecoviability for ecosystem-based fisheries management ArchiMer
Doyen, Luc; Bene, Christophe; Bertignac, Michel; Blanchard, Fabian; Cisse, Abdoul; Dichmont, Catherine; Gourguet, Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Hardy, Pierre-yves; Jennings, Sarah; Little, Lorne Richard; Macher, Claire; Mills, David Jonathan; Noussair, Ahmed; Pascoe, Sean; Pereau, Jean-christophe; Sanz, Nicolas; Schwarz, Anne-maree; Smith, Tony; Thebaud, Olivier.
Reconciling food security, economic development and biodiversity conservation is a key challenge, especially in the face of the demographic transition characterizing many countries in the world. Fisheries and marine ecosystems constitute a difficult application of this bio-economic challenge. Many experts and scientists advocate an ecosystem approach to manage marine socio-ecosystems for their sustainability and resilience. However, the ways by which to operationalize ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) remain poorly specified. We propose a specific methodological framework-viability modelling-to do so. We show how viability modelling can be applied using four contrasted case-studies: two small-scale fisheries in South America and Pacific and two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Ecological economics; Ecosystem approach; Fisheries; Scenario; Viability.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00409/52009/52724.pdf
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Estimating MSY and MEY in multi-species and multi-fleet fisheries, consequences and limits: an application to the Bay of Biscay mixed fishery ArchiMer
Guillen, Jordi; Macher, Claire; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Bertignac, Michel; Fifas, Spyros; Guyader, Olivier.
Most worldwide fish stocks are overexploited, and so exploited beyond the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) and the Maximum Economic Yield (MEY). Not exploiting fisheries resources at MSY or MEY leads to the loss of production and rents from the fisheries. A large part of the EU fisheries are managed based on single species stock assessments; however, in reality, most species are caught together with other species and by different fleets. In multi-species and multi-fleet fisheries, single species assessments, and consequently MSY and MEY reference points, are often not valid, and so the catch recommendations. In this paper it is investigated the MSY and MEY estimation in multi-species and multi-fleet fisheries in comparison to single species assessments....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: MSY; MEY; Multi-species; Multi-fleet; Fisheries; Bio-economic model.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00129/24000/22053.pdf
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Estimation des coefficients de mortalité et de l'abondance des recrues à partir de l'analyse d'une pseudocohorte dans le cas d'une exploitation par différents métiers ArchiMer
Bertignac, Michel; Moguedet, Philippe.
An adaptation to the cohort analysis is suggested when age catches distribution are known only on a year and when the effort datas ot previouses years, for each ot the vessels fishing the considerated stock, are availables. An example to the estimation of fish mortality coefficients and of the recruitment abundancy for the stocks of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) from Morbras (ICES division VIII A) and ling (Molva molva) from west of Scotland (ICES division VI A), is given.
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Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00396/50756/51465.pdf
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Evaluation du stock de palourdes du bassin d'Arcachon ArchiMer
Bertignac, Michel; Auby, Isabelle; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; De Montaudouin, Xavier; Foucard, Julie; Martin, Sophie.
As part of a larger project financed by the European Union programme "Community initiative PESCA" on the study of "small scale fisheries" in Aquitaine (France), an estimation of the stock of clams in the Bassin d'Arcachon has been conducted. A two-stage stratified random sampling survey has been designed. Samples have been collected using a Hamon bottom sampler in 237 locations distributed over 24 km2. The clam Tapes philippinarum, which appeared in the basin following a series of aquaculture experiments in the mid eighties, is now the main species accounting for more than 90% of the abundance and the biomass, largely overcoming the European species Tapes decussata. The mean abundance and biomass (26 clams / m2 et l28g / m2) are above those estimated in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palourde; Tapes philippinarum; Tapes decussata; Evaluation stock; Pêche; Pêche à pied; Echantillonnage; Bassin d'Arcachon; Clam; Tapes philippinarum; Tapes decussata; Stock assessment; Fishery; Sampling; Bassin d'Arcachon.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00105/21658/19240.pdf
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Evaluation of proposed harvest control rules for Bay of Biscay sole ArchiMer
Merzereaud, Mathieu; Biais, Gerard; Lissardy, Muriel; Bertignac, Michel; Biseau, Alain.
The evaluations reported here were carried out following an EU request to ICES on an evaluation of proposed harvest control rules for sole in the Bay of Biscay. The authors worked together in September 2013 to answer this request. Their affiliations are listed in the Annex.
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00162/27283/25497.pdf
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Evidence of underestimation of European hake growth in the Bay of Biscay, and its relationship with bias in the agreed method of age estimation ArchiMer
De Pontual, Helene; Groison, Anne-laure; Pineiro, Carmen; Bertignac, Michel.
In 2002, a pilot experiment on hake tagging was carried out using methodology specifically developed to catch and handle fish in,good condition. By the end of 2005, 36 hake and five tags had been returned to the laboratory (a 3.1% return rate) with a maximum time at liberty of 1066 days. The somatic growth of the recoveries proved to be twofold higher than that expected from published von Bertalanffy growth functions for the species in the Bay of Biscay. The growth underestimation was related to age overestimation, as demonstrated by two independent analyses. The first was based on a blind interpretation of marked otoliths conducted independently by two European experts involved in the routine age estimation of hake. The result shows that the age estimates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tagging; Otolith; Merluccius merluccius; Growth; European hake; Age validation; Age estimation method; Age.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2221.pdf
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Evolution spatio-temporelle de la condition, de la structure en taille et en âge de la sardine Atlantique ArchiMer
Veron, Matthieu; Lebigre, Christophe; Bertignac, Michel; Doray, Mathieu; Duhamel, Erwan; Huret, Martin; Pawlowski, Lionel.
Peu de modèles d'évaluation de stock intègrent une description fine des processus biologiques régissant les populations exploitées par la pêche au sein des écosystèmes. Ce manque est particulièrement regrettable dans le cas des petits pélagiques dont la dynamique est fortement influencée par les conditions environnementales. En effet, la pêche et les fluctuations environnementales et climatiques impactent fortement la dynamique de population de la sardine du golfe de Gascogne. Pour comprendre la dynamique de cette population au sein de l'écosystème et les effets des pêcheries, il est donc nécessaire d'identifier et de caractériser cet ensemble de pressions.   Afin d'améliorer la gestion et le suivi de la dynamique de ce stock, le développement d'un modèle...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52133/52842.pdf
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Integrated ecological-economic fisheries models-Evaluation, review and challenges for implementation ArchiMer
Nielsen, J. Rasmus; Thunberg, Eric; Holland, Daniel S.; Schmidt, Jorn O.; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; Bastardie, Francois; Punt, Andre E.; Allen, Icarus; Bartelings, Heleen; Bertignac, Michel; Bethke, Eckhard; Bossier, Sieme; Buckworth, Rik; Carpenter, Griffin; Christensen, Asbjorn; Christensen, Villy; Da-rocha, Jose M.; Deng, Roy; Dichmont, Catherine; Doering, Ralf; Esteban, Aniol; Fernandes, Jose A.; Frost, Hans; Garcia, Dorleta; Gasche, Loic; Gascuel, Didier; Gourguet, Sophie; Groeneveld, Rolf A.; Guillen, Jordi; Guyader, Olivier; Hamon, Katell; Hoff, Ayoe; Horbowy, Jan; Hutton, Trevor; Lehuta, Sigrid; Little, L. Richard; Lleonart, Jordi; Macher, Claire; Mackinson, Steven; Mahevas, Stephanie; Marchal, Paul; Mato-amboage, Rosa; Mapstone, Bruce; Maynou, Francesc; Merzereaud, Mathieu; Palacz, Artur; Pascoe, Sean; Paulrud, Anton; Plaganyi, Eva; Prellezo, Raul; Van Putten, Elizabeth I.; Quaas, Martin; Ravn-jonsen, Lars; Sanchez, Sonia; Simons, Sarah; Thebaud, Olivier; Tomczak, Maciej T.; Ulrich, Clara; Van Dijk, Diana; Vermard, Youen; Voss, Rudi; Waldo, Staffan.
Marine ecosystems evolve under many interconnected and area-specific pressures. To fulfil society's intensifying and diversifying needs while ensuring ecologically sustainable development, more effective marine spatial planning and broader-scope management of marine resources is necessary. Integrated ecological–economic fisheries models (IEEFMs) of marine systems are needed to evaluate impacts and sustainability of potential management actions and understand, and anticipate ecological, economic and social dynamics at a range of scales from local to national and regional. To make these models most effective, it is important to determine how model characteristics and methods of communicating results influence the model implementation, the nature of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bio-economic models; Comparative model evaluation; Fisheries management advice; Integrated ecological-economic fisheries models; Marine spatial planning and cross-sector management; Performance criteria and scales and risks; Use and acceptance and implementation and communication and flexibility and complexity.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00391/50269/50898.pdf
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Les rendements par espèce de la pêche chalutière hauturière française de l'Atlantique Nord-Est entre 1972 et 1989 ArchiMer
Bertignac, Michel.
Multiple correspondance analysis and hierarchical ascending classification were used to study catch rate variations in the French deep-sea trawler fleet between 1972 and 1989. The use of these methods clarifies the sometimes complex relationships between catch rates of the main species landed within the total catch and allows a classification of the typical catch rate structures over this period. Factors such as year and fishing areas are those which best explain the observed variations; seasonal variations play a minor role. Catch rates increased and more species were caught between 1972 and 1989. The study shows the relationship between these developments and changes in fishing effort allocation strategies and in fleet structure. Trawlers which exploited...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pêche multi-spécifique; Rendement; Analyse factorielle des correspondances multiples; Effort de pêche; Multispecies fishery; Catch rate; Multiple correspondance analysis; Fishing effort.
Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30074/28562.pdf
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Managing mixed fisheries for bio-economic viability ArchiMer
Gourguet, Sophie; Macher, Claire; Doyen, Luc; Thebaud, Olivier; Bertignac, Michel; Guyader, Olivier.
Management of fisheries for sustainability requires dealing with multiple and often conflicting objectives. A stochastic viability approach is proposed to address the trade-offs associated with balancing ecological, economic and social objectives in regulating mixed fisheries, taking into account the complexity and uncertainty of the dynamic interactions which characterize such fisheries. We focus on the demersal fishery in the Bay of Biscay and more specifically on the fleets harvesting Norway Lobster (Nephrops norvegicus), Hake (Merluccius merluccius) and Sole (Solea solea). A bio-economic multi-species and multi-fleet model with technical interactions is developed to examine the trade-offs between preserving Spawning Stock Biomass (SSB) of every species...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Bio-economic model; Co-viability; Fisheries; Uncertainty.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00129/23999/22052.pdf
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Preliminary spatially disaggregated stock assessment of northern hake, a widely distributed stock of the north-east Atlantic ArchiMer
Bertignac, Michel; Fernandez, Carmen; Methot, Richard.
European hake (Merluccius merluccius) is widely distributed over the north-east Atlantic shelf, from Norway to Mauritania. Despite its large distribution (covering ICES Division IIIa, Subareas IV, VI and VII and Divisions VIIIa,b,d, from Norway to the Bay of Biscay) and a complex population structure, the so-called northern stock of hake is currently assessed as a single unit, using a spatially aggregated implementation of the Stock Synthesis assessment model. In this study, a preliminary spatially explicit implementation of Stock Synthesis is developed, which accounts for the distribution of the hake population during its life cycle (nurseries and spawning areas) and the distribution of the fleets (trawlers, gillnetters and long-liners) exploiting the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northern hake; Spatial dynamics; Population structure; Spatial stock assessment..
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00126/23764/21657.pdf
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Situation en 2011 des ressources exploitées par les flottilles françaises ArchiMer
Biseau, Alain; Bellail, Robert; Bertignac, Michel; Biais, Gerard; Bigot, Jean-louis; Bouche, Ludovic; Bourjea, Jerome; Caro, Anthony; De Casamajor, Marie-noelle; Caill-milly, Nathalie; Drogou, Mickael; Duhamel, Erwan; Fifas, Spyros; Foucher, Eric; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Jadaud, Angelique; Lampert, Luis; Laurans, Martial; Lissardy, Muriel; Lorance, Pascal; Mahe, Jean-claude; Mahe, Kelig; Masse, Jacques; Morandeau, Gilles; Pawlowski, Lionel; Poisson, Francois; Reynal, Lionel; Roos, David; Verin, Yves; Vermard, Youen; Vigneau, Joel.
Ce document présente l'état des principaux stocks exploités par les flottes françaises en termes de mortalité par pêche et de biomasse de reproducteurs. La situation fin 2010 (début 2011) par rapport aux points de référence (de précaution et Fmsy) est indiqué lorsque les indicateurs sont estimés et que les références sont définies. Les grandes tendances en matière d'évolution des mortalités et biomasses sont également indiquées.
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00035/14656/11956.pdf
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