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Are deep-sea ecosystems surrounding Madagascar threatened by land-use or climate change? ArchiMer
Fontanier, Christophe; Mamo, Briony; Toucanne, Samuel; Bayon, Germain; Schmidt, Sabine; Deflandre, Bruno; Dennielou, Bernard; Jouet, Gwenael; Garnier, Eline; Sakai, Saburo; Lamas, Ruth Martinez; Duros, Pauline; Toyofuku, Takashi; Sale, Aurelien; Belleney, Deborah; Bichon, Sabrina; Boissier, Audrey; Cheron, Sandrine; Pitel, Mathilde; Roubi, Angelique; Rovere, Mickael; Gremare, Antoine; Dupre, Stephanie; Jorry, Stephan.
In this short communication, we present a multidisciplinaty study of sedimentary records collected from a deep-sea interfluve proximal to the mouths of major northwestern Madagascan rivers. For the last 60 years, the seafloor has been repeatedly disturbed by the deposition of organic rich, tropical, terrestrial sediments causing marked reductions in benthic biodiversity. Increased soil erosion due to local land-use, deforestation and intensifying tropical cyclones are potential causes for this sedimentary budget and biodiversity shift. Our marine sedimentary records indicate that until now, these conditions have not occurred within the region for at least 20,000 years.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Multidisciplinary study; Benthic foraminifera; Land-use; Tropical cyclones.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00413/52488/53276.pdf
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Dynamics of particulate organic matter composition in coastal systems: a spatio-temporal study at multi-systems scale ArchiMer
Lienart, Camilla; Savoye, Nicolas; Bozec, Yann; Breton, Elsa; Conan, Pascal; David, Valerie; Feunteun, Eric; Grangere, Karine; Kerherve, Philippe; Lebreton, Benoit; Lefebvre, Sebastien; L'Helguen, Stephane; Mousseau, Laure; Raimbault, Patrick; Richard, Pierre; Riera, Pascal; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Schaal, Gauthier; Aubert, Fabien; Aubin, Sebastien; Bichon, Sabrina; Boinet, Christophe; Bourasseau, Line; Breret, Martine; Caparros, Jocelyne; Cariou, Thierry; Charlier, Karine; Claquin, Pascal; Cornille, Vincent; Corre, Anne-marie; Costes, Laurence; Crispi, Olivier; Crouvoisier, Muriel; Czamanski, Marie; Del Amo, Yolanda; Derriennic, Herve; Dindinaud, Francois; Durozieri, Maia; Hanquiez, Vincent; Nowaczyk, Antoine; Devesa, Jeremy; Ferreira, Sophie; Fornier, Michel; Garcia, Fabrice; Garcia, Nicole; Geslin, Sandrine; Grossteffan, Emilie; Gueux, Aurore; Guillaudeau, Julien; Guillou, Gael; Joly, Orianne; Lachaussee, Nicolas; Lafont, Michel; Lamoureux, Jezabel; Lecuyer, Eric; Lehodey, Jean-paul; Lemeille, David; Leroux, Cedric; Mace, Eric; Maria, Eric; Pineau, Philippe; Petit, Franck; Pujo-pay, Mireille; Rimelin-maury, Peggy; Sultan, Emmanuelle.
In coastal systems, the multiplicity of sources fueling the pool of particulate organic matter (POM) leads to divergent estimations of POM composition. Eleven systems (two littoral systems, eight embayments and semi-enclosed systems and one estuary) distributed along the three maritime façades of France were studied for two to eight years in order to quantify the relative contribution of organic matter sources to the surface-water POM pool in coastal systems. This study was based on carbon and nitrogen elemental and isotopic ratios, used for running mixing models. The POM of the estuary is dominated by terrestrial material (93% on average), whereas the POM of the other systems is dominated by phytoplankton (84% on average). Nevertheless, for the latter...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Particulate organic matter; Coastal systems; C and N stable isotopes; C:N ratio; Mixing model.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00374/48550/48871.pdf
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Dynamics of particulate organic matter composition in coastal systems: forcing of spatio-temporal variability at multi-systems scale ArchiMer
Lienart, Camilla; Savoye, Nicolas; David, Valerie; Ramond, Pierre; Tress, Paco Rodriguez; Hanquiez, Vincent; Marieu, Vincent; Aubert, Fabien; Aubin, Sebastien; Bichon, Sabrina; Boinet, Christophe; Bourasseau, Line; Bozec, Yann; Breret, Martine; Breton, Elsa; Caparros, Jocelyne; Cariou, Thierry; Claquin, Pascal; Conan, Pascal; Corre, Anne-marie; Costes, Laurence; Crouvoisier, Muriel; Del Amo, Yolanda; Derriennic, Herve; Dindinaud, Francois; Duran, Robert; Durozier, Maia; Devesa, Jeremy; Ferreira, Sophie; Feunteun, Eric; Garcia, Nicole; Geslin, Sandrine; Grossteffan, Emilie; Gueux, Aurore; Guillaudeau, Julien; Guillou, Gael; Jolly, Orianne; Lachaussee, Nicolas; Lafont, Michel; Lagadec, Veronique; Lamoureux, Jezabel; Lauga, Beatrice; Lebreton, Benoit; Lecuyer, Eric; Lehodey, Jean-paul; Leroux, Cedric; L'Helguen, Stephane; Mace, Eric; Maria, Eric; Mousseau, Laure; Nowaczyk, Antoine; Pineau, Philippe; Petit, Franck; Pujo-pay, Mireille; Raimbault, Patrick; Rimmelin-maury, Peggy; Rouaud, Vanessa; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Sultan, Emmanuelle; Susperregui, Nicolas.
In costal systems, particulate organic matter (POM) results from a multiplicity of sources having their respective dynamics in terms of production, decomposition, transport and burial. The POM pool experiences thus considerable spatial and temporal variability. In order to better understand this variability, the present study employs statistical multivariate analyses to investigate links between POM composition and environmental forcings for a panel of twelve coastal systems distributed along the three maritime regions of France and monitored weekly to monthly for 1 to 8 years. At multi-system scale, two main gradients of POC composition have been identified: a ‘Continent-Ocean’ gradient associated with hydrodynamics, sedimentary dynamics and depth of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Particulate organic matter; Coastal systems; Environmental forcing; Meta-analysis; France.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00433/54471/55848.pdf
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Unexpected biotic resilience on the Japanese seafloor caused by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki tsunami ArchiMer
Toyofuku, Takashi; Duros, Pauline; Fontanier, Christophe; Mamo, Briony; Bichon, Sabrina; Buscail, Roselyne; Chabaud, Gerard; Deflandre, Bruno; Goubet, Sarah; Gremare, Antoine; Menniti, Christophe; Fujii, Minami; Kawamura, Kiichiro; Koho, Karoliina Annika; Noda, Atsushi; Namegaya, Yuichi; Oguri, Kazumasa; Radakovitch, Olivier; Murayama, Masafumi; De Nooijer, Lennart Jan; Kurasawa, Atushi; Ohkawara, Nina; Okutani, Takashi; Sakaguchi, Arito; Jorissen, Frans; Reichart, Gert-jan; Kitazato, Hiroshi.
On March 11th, 2011 the Mw 9.0 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake resulted in a tsunami which caused major devastation in coastal areas. Along the Japanese NE coast, tsunami waves reached maximum run-ups of 40 m, and travelled kilometers inland. Whereas devastation was clearly visible on land, underwater impact is much more difficult to assess. Here, we report unexpected results obtained during a research cruise targeting the seafloor off Shimokita (NE Japan), shortly (five months) after the disaster. The geography of the studied area is characterized by smooth coastline and a gradually descending shelf slope. Although high-energy tsunami waves caused major sediment reworking in shallow-water environments, investigated shelf ecosystems were characterized by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Palaeoceanography; Biodiversity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00248/35914/34453.pdf
Registros recuperados: 4
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