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Registros recuperados: 12
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A Hedonic Price Analysis for the New Zealand Wine Industry: Preliminary Results AgEcon
Bicknell, Kathryn; Friesen, Lana; MacDonald, Ian.
This paper presents preliminary results from a hedonic price analysis of premium wines in New Zealand over the vintages 1994 – 2003. Implicit prices are presented for a sensory quality rating, as well as wine variety and regional reputation. Results show that the price premium associated with Michael Cooper's five-star quality rating is highly significant and increasing in magnitude over the study period. Trends in regional and varietal preferences are also explored.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic pricing; New Zealand wine; Quality; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98502
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A Multi-Criteria Decision Framework for Animal Welfare Policy AgEcon
Hellstrom, J.; Bicknell, Kathryn.
Policy decisions aimed at improving farm animal welfare involve balancing several competing objectives. Not only do such decisions involve tradeoffs between social, ethical, economic and welfare considerations, animal welfare itself is a multi-dimensional concept and some husbandry practices may satisfy some welfare needs but fail to satisfy others. Multi-criteria decision analysis is a decision theoretic tool that has been used to inform decision making in fields such as environmental policy, urban and regional planning, and biosecurity – all of which are characterised by competing goals and multiple stake-holders. This paper presents a preliminary multi-criteria framework for the analysis of animal welfare policies at the national level using indoor...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Multi-criteria decision analysis; Decision analysis; Decision support; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115719
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A Preliminary Analysis of the Benefits of Introducing Apomixis into Rice AgEcon
Frisvold, George B.; Bicknell, Kathryn; Bicknell, Ross.
The objective of this research is to undertake an ex ante economic analysis of basic scientific research that aims to identify the gene(s) that control apomictic reproduction, with the ultimate aim of transferring the characteristic into commercially important crops. This paper reports very preliminary results, using the introduction of apomixis into rice as a case study. Apomixis is a natural, asexual method of plant reproduction resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to the mother plant. Apomixis promises to revolutionize plant breeding by providing a system for crop improvement that allows any desired variety, including hybrids, to breed true. This ability will make both breeding and seed production more efficient. It offers the...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98515
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Economic Considerations of Animal Welfare Policy AgEcon
Bicknell, Kathryn.
Animal welfare considerations are becoming increasingly important for producers of animal-derived agricultural products. Recent media attention on issues of housing conditions for intensively reared livestock and induced calving in dairy production make it clear that some members of the public feel strongly about the overall welfare of farm animals. In many cases, practices that are now perceived as welfare unfriendly are also associated with lower per-unit costs of production, creating a ‘classic’ economic trade-off between production and welfare objectives. In this paper a relatively simple partial equilibrium model is used to illustrate that the distributional impacts of animal welfare regulations (for both humans and animals) depend critically on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Animal welfare; Partial equilibrium analysis; Externality; Economic surplus; Agribusiness; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115718
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How Important is Reputation for New Zealand Wine Makers? AgEcon
Bicknell, Kathryn; MacDonald, Ian.
The wine industry in New Zealand has been maturing over the past few decades, with consumers becoming more sophisticated and wineries responding by increasing their production of premium varieties. In addition, there have been several legal changes and subsequent changes to the distribution and marketing of wine in New Zealand that have made wine more widely available. It is therefore an interesting and dynamic time to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the relative effects of regional reputation and producer-specific quality on the willingness to pay for domestically produced premium table wine in New Zealand. Previous empirical work suggests that New Zealand consumers rely on both expert opinion and regional reputation when determining their...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Hedonic pricing; New Zealand wine; Willingness to pay; Quality; Reputation; Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115717
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Investments in Environmental Research, Science and Technology: Their Impacts on Irrigation and Mussel Farming AgEcon
Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Meyer-Hubbert, Gerit; Bicknell, Kathryn; Meister, Anton D.; Smallman, Clive; Su-Wuen, Ong.
MoRST is evaluating the Environmental Research output class of the Public Good Science Fund to identify inter alia the impacts of Environmental RS&T spending. Three specific questions are: How effective has the funding on Environmental RS&T been? Is Environmental RS&T having a positive effect by delivering real benefits to New Zealand, particularly to the environment? What influences the link between research and tangible positive benefits? This paper reports how case studies applied to irrigated agriculture and mussel farming were used to provide partial answers to these three questions. The case studies proceed by noting the possible benefits that Environmental RS&T may have created, and then tracing the link back to specific research...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental RS&T; Benefits; Irrigation; Agriculture; Mussel farming; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97783
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Preliminary Investigation Into The Benefits From Investments In Environmental Research: Case Studies on Water Clarity/Quality and The Biological Management of Possums AgEcon
Cullen, Ross; Hughey, Kenneth F.D.; Meyer-Hubbert, Gerit; Bicknell, Kathryn; Meister, Anton D.; Smallman, Clive; Su-Wuen, Ong.
MoRST is performing an evaluation of the funds invested in environmental research. The two case studies discussed in this paper contribute to the ongoing decision-making about this investment. Substantial funds have been invested in both research programmes identified. Because the main benefits associated with research output are environmental, they are difficult to value monetarily. Preliminary analysis suggests that at a discount rate of 6%, annual future benefit flows of $7 - $10 million will justify the water quality/clarity research. The expenditure on possum biocontrol will be justified if the research generates an annual future benefit flow of $20 million.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cost benefit analysis; Returns to research; Environmental research; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97788
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Process versus product: which determines consumer demand for genetically modified apples? AgEcon
Kaye-Blake, William; Bicknell, Kathryn; Saunders, Caroline M..
One debate in the literature regarding consumers’ reactions to genetically modified food (GMF) centres on whether consumers react to the process of gene technology or to the specific GMF products. Results from a choice experiment survey in New Zealand indicate that consumers are heterogeneous with regard to GMF and that some modifications are viewed more positively than others. These findings suggest that for some consumers the process of gene technology is the decisive factor in evaluatingGMF, while for others the different potential GMF products are valued according to their enhanced attributes.
Tipo: Article Palavras-chave: Choice modelling; Consumer surveys; Food; Genetic modification; Preferences; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/118587
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Public policy and private incentives for livestock disease control AgEcon
Bicknell, Kathryn; Wilen, James E.; Howitt, Richard E..
This article presents a dynamic bioeconomic model of livestock disease control that is unique in its integration of disease dynamics, inter‐species interaction, control‐induced migration, and individual optimising behaviour. Examination of the first‐order conditions highlights why profit‐maximising producers cannot be expected to eradicate disease. Results from an empirical application of the model confirm that the current mix of policies to control bovine tuberculosis in New Zealand is achieving lower levels of prevalence than would prevail in the absence of a national strategy. These policies do, however, appear to remove some of the individual incentive to control disease.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/117214
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The Distributional Implications for Higher Farm Animal Welfare in New Zealand AgEcon
Bicknell, Kathryn.
Over the past few decades the relative price of eggs has fallen dramatically in New Zealand. This has been made possible, at least in part, by the application of increasingly intensive agricultural practices. However, there is also growing pressure from consumers and animal rights groups around the world to ban the use of conventional/barren cages for egg production on animal welfare grounds. In this paper a simple partial equilibrium model is used to provide a preliminary estimate of the welfare effects of moving to alternative housing systems for egg laying hens in New Zealand. Results indicate that in a market where demand is relatively inelastic and trade is restricted for sanitary reasons, the cost of improving hen welfare will be born largely by...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/115418
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Valuing agricultural externalities in Canterbury rivers and streams AgEcon
Tait, Peter R.; Cullen, Ross; Bicknell, Kathryn.
Water quality and quantity concerns in Canterbury are intrinsically related to agriculture. Monetary values for impacts on streams and rivers is lacking in policy debate. This paper employs choice modelling to estimate values of three impacts on rivers and streams in Canterbury associated with agriculture: health risks of E coli from animal waste, ecological effects of excess nutrients, and low-flow impacts of irrigation. This study provides a valuation of outcomes for public policy implemented in Canterbury such as The Dairy and Clean Streams Accord, Living Streams, and The Restorative Programme for Lowland Streams.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Non-market-valuation; Choice experiment; Agricultural externalities; New Zealand; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/96445
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Web-based surveys and sample frame bias in choice experiment AgEcon
Tait, Peter R.; Bicknell, Kathryn; Cullen, Ross.
Researchers are seeking effective, low cost means of gathering high quality data. Technological advancements offer new avenues for achieving this objective. Web based surveys are relatively common outside the economics discipline however applied non-market valuation practitioners have been slow to adopt this modernisation in survey methodology. The non-random exclusion of individuals from the sample frame is often cited as a major problem with web-based surveying. This paper presents a comparison of data from two choice experiment survey modes, traditional mail-and-return and web-based. The socio-demographic composition of the samples is significantly different for half the variables considered. Poe tests reveal that there are significant differences in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Web-based surveys; Sample frame bias; Choice experiment; Environmental Economics and Policy; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; C83; Q51.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/109594
Registros recuperados: 12
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