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A COMPARISON OF RISK EFFICIENCY CRITERIA IN EVALUATING GROUNDNUT PERFORMANCE IN DROUGHT-PRONE AREAS AgEcon
Bailey, Elizabeth; Boisvert, Richard N..
This paper contributes to an evaluation of the performance of ground nuts in drought-prone areas by estimating yield response functions to water from experimental data. They are combined with meteorological data to simulate yields by location. Efficient genotypes are identified by several risk criteria. Genotype rankings based on these risk criteria and simulated yields are different from those based on experimental data and plant scientists' traditional methods of evaluation.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 1989 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22997
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A HEDONIC APPROACH TO ESTIMATING OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE COSTS FOR NEW YORK MUNICIPAL WATER SYSTEMS AgEcon
Schmit, Todd M.; Boisvert, Richard N..
A hedonic cost function is used to isolate the operation and maintenance costs for water treatments. For small systems, costs are substantial for some technologies, but not for others. When regional differences in input costs are accounted for, small systems located in rural areas may have a cost advantage over similar systems closer to urban centers; however, costs of water treatment to meet Safe Drinking Water Act amendments may still be substantial.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Public Economics.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31560
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A MODEL TO EXPLAIN PARTICIPATION IN NEW YORK'S AGRICULTURAL DISTRICTS AND USE-VALUE ASSESSMENT PROGRAMS AgEcon
Boisvert, Richard N.; Bills, Nelson L.; Bailey, Elizabeth.
Logit regression models are estimated to identify factors affecting decisions to enroll farmland in New York's agricultural districts program and participate in the use-value assessment program. The results suggest that the districts law is consistent with preserving the best farmland at the rural-urban fringe and that the decision to enroll in agricultural districts affects in a recursive fashion the decision to participate in the use-value assessment program. Short-term monetary gains are the overriding considerations in applying for use-value exemptions. This may lead to additional erosion of the tax base via tax preferences for agricultural land.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 1988 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28836
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ACCOUNTING FOR THE IMPORTANCE OF NONFARM INCOME ON FARM FAMILY INCOME INEQUALITY IN NEW YORK AgEcon
Boisvert, Richard N.; Ranney, Christine K..
As the proportion of farm family income due to nonfarm sources continues to grow nationally, it is important to understand how farm families in various regions or states are affected. This paper develops a better understanding of the contribution of income from nonfarm sources to the level and distribution of income among farm families in New York. In analyzing income distribution, the Gini ratio is decomposed to determine the effects of marginal changes in income by source to overall inequality. The results are compared with the simulated changes in income inequality due to changes in income by source as measured by an "adjusted" Gini ratio which accounts specifically for negative farm incomes. Differences in the policy implications from both...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agricultural Finance.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28965
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ACHIEVING EFFICIENCY AND EQUITY IN IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT: AN OPTIMIZATION MODEL OF THE EL ANGEL WATERSHED, CARCHI, ECUADOR AgEcon
Evans, Elizabeth M.; Lee, David R.; Boisvert, Richard N..
The objective of this paper is to address the problems of inefficiency and inequity in water allocation in the El Angel watershed, located in Ecuador's Sierra region. Water is captured in a high-altitude region of the watershed and distributed downstream to producers in four elevation-defined zones via a system of canals. Upstream and downstream producers face radically different conditions with respect to climate and terrain. A mathematical programming model was created to study the consequences of addressing chronic water scarcity problems in the watershed by shifting water resources between the four zones. The model captures the nature of water use by humans, crops and dual purpose cattle. Its objective function maximizes producer welfare as...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Mathematical programming; Water allocation; Efficiency; Equity; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19742
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Achieving Environmental Objectives Under Reduced Domestic Agricultural Support and Trade Liberalization: An Empirical Application to Taiwan AgEcon
Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N.; Blandford, David.
We focus on rice policy reform required for Taiwan's admission to the WTO, and examine the effects, theoretically and empirically, of the re-instrumentation of domestic policy needed to achieve environmental objectives when both positive and negative environmental externalities exist. Policies that treat non-commodity attributes in agriculture as secondary to existing aims, such as income support, are unlikely to result in the desired supplies of environmental goods. Those supplies can be achieved at lower government and social costs using policy instruments to achieve environmental goals directly. Results are relatively insensitive to the social values assigned to environmental goods.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: WTO policy reform; Multifunctionality; Agri-environmental policy; Rice policy; Agricultural trade policy; Environmental Economics and Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/10201
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ALLOCATING LAND TO NEW YORK'S CONSERVATION RESERVE ENHANCEMENT PROGRAM TO MAXIMIZE NET ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS AgEcon
Jaroszewski, Laura; Poe, Gregory L.; Boisvert, Richard N..
A programming model is used to assess the welfare effects of regional and practice specifications contained in New York State's Draft Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) proposal. Net social benefits are nearly 75% lower than options that explicitly account for opportunity costs of production, environmental benefits, and participation response functions. Keywords: benefit cost analysis, conservation programs, participation, linear programming
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Benefit cost analysis; Conservation programs; Participation; Linear programming; Environmental Economics and Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2000 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21882
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Analysis of a Re-Focused Agricultural Policy within a Farm-Household Framework Some Data Requirements AgEcon
Boisvert, Richard N..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15727
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Are Farmers' Decisions to Work off the Farm and Participate in the Conservation Reserve Program Independent, Joint or Sequential? AgEcon
Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N..
There is statistical evidence that decisions to participate in CRP and work off-farm are made simultaneously. Characteristics of households, farm operations other farm programs, and the local economies affect both decisions; some factors affect only one. Policy changes that affect one decision may affect another directly and/or indirectly.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CRP; Off-farm labor; Choice Structure; Farm Management.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19474
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BIOECONOMICS OF REGULATING NITRATES IN GROUNDWATER: TAXES, QUANTITY RESTRICTIONS, AND POLLUTION PERMITS AgEcon
Thomas, Arthur C.; Boisvert, Richard N..
Soil specific, chance constrained, dynamic models of agricultural production and nitrate leaching are developed to assess the impacts of nitrogen fertilizer taxes, quantity restrictions on fertilizer or leachate, and leachate permits. A programming model uses the solutions of these bioeconomic models to determine regional impacts of the regulations.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6850
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CONTROL IN A DYNAMIC ECONOMY: MODELING THE BEHAVIOR OF THE CHINESE VILLAGE LEADER AgEcon
Rozelle, Scott; Boisvert, Richard N..
Village leaders in the Chinese reform economy are assumed to maximize a multiple-attribute utility function; their behavior is modeled in a dynamic control framework. Using village data, structural and control equations for industrial output, grain yields, capital, non-farm employment and hybrid rice are estimated. Results confirm hypotheses that village leaders are preoccupied with rural industrialization but are also concerned about maintaining high agricultural productivity to meet grain obligations.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6330
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CONTROL OF NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION THROUGH VOLUNTARY INCENTIVE-BASED POLICIES: AN APPLICATION TO NITRATE CONTAMINATION IN NEW YORK AgEcon
Boisvert, Richard N.; Peterson, Jeffrey M..
A voluntary program is developed to achieve environmental goals through the self-interested choices of farmers under environmental risk and asymmetric information. Farmers behave to maximize expected net returns, and environmental quality standards are formulated through chance constraints. Because the government may not know each farmer's soil type, policy options must be self-selecting. The model is applied empirically to nitrate leaching and runoff from corn production in three New York regions. Asymmetric information between producers and the government would impose additional cost burdens on society, but these costs are modest in the context of other farm programs.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/31421
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Dairy Farm Management Adjustments to Biofuels-Induced Changes in Agricultural Markets AgEcon
Schmit, Todd M.; Boisvert, Richard N.; Enahoro, Dolapo K.; Chase, Larry.
A mathematical programming model of a representative New York dairy farm is developed to identify optimal management adjustments to increased availability of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). While at current prices DDGS feeding is limited to dry cows and young stock, as prices decrease, DDGS in lactating cow rations increase from 7.4% to 20% on a dry matter basis. While expected changes in net farm returns are modest, more important is the consideration of changes in nutrient management practices necessary to deal with increasing levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in the animal waste.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Production; Management; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51155
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DESIGNING NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION POLICIES WITH LIMITED INFORMATION ABOUT BOTH RISK ATTITUDES AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AgEcon
Peterson, Jeffrey M.; Boisvert, Richard N..
A pollution reduction program is designed where information about both technology and risk preferences is asymmetric. Program costs and the distribution of payments depend on the amount of information known to the policy maker. Empirically testable conditions for self-selection are derived; the method is applied to reducing nitrate contamination.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20720
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DISTRIBUTION OF COMMUNITY WATER SYSTEMS ACROSS THE UNITED STATES WITH EMPHASIS ON SIZE, WATER PRODUCTION, OWNERSHIP, AND TREATMENT AgEcon
Boisvert, Richard N.; Schmit, Todd M..
An understanding of the diversity of community water systems (CWS) in the United States is essential when evaluating the financial implications of the 1986 and subsequent amendments to the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA). This diversity, in terms of size, primary water source, ownership, and existing levels of treatment, shape the nature of the technical, institutional, and financial issues that must be confronted in moving these systems toward compliance with SDWA regulations. This report provides a descriptive summary of these operating and design characteristics ofCWS's across the country. The data are organized to help provide a typology of representative public water systems that can be examined to better understand the regional effects of policy...
Tipo: Technical Report Palavras-chave: Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1996 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/122989
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Does Participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and Off-Farm Work Affect the Level and Distribution of Farm Household Incomes? AgEcon
Boisvert, Richard N.; Chang, Hung-Hao.
Using a national survey of U.S farm households, this paper investigates the interrelationship among the decisions to work off the farm by the operator and the spouse, and participation in the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The effects of these three decisions on farm household income are also examined. By estimating a heteroscedastic household income function, we identify the effects of participating in these activities on the average level of farm household income and its variation within each sub-group of farms involved in the several combinations of activities. Our empirical results support the hypothesis that participation in the CRP and decisions to work off the farm by the operator and the spouse are made jointly rather than independently. The...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21277
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Does Participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and/or Off-Farm Work Affect the Level and Distribution of Farm Household Income? AgEcon
Chang, Hung-Hao; Boisvert, Richard N..
Since both release resources from agricultural production, it is not surprising that decisions to work off the farm and to participate in the U. S. Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) are correlated. By incorporating these decisions into a heteroskedastic specification of a farm household income function, we identify their effects on mean income, as well as on the variability in income for groups of farm households participating in combinations of these activities. Our results indicate participation in CRP and off-farm work by the operator and the spouse increase farm household income, but these choices also decrease the variability in household income among participant households relative to that of other farm households with otherwise similar...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Conservation Reserve Program; Farm household income; Income distribution; Off-farm work; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/57035
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Explaining Changes in the Distribution of Annual Dairy Farm Income over Time AgEcon
Hung-Hao, Chang; Boisvert, Richard N.; Tauer, Loren W..
This paper identifies factors affecting the distribution of farm income among dairy producers over time. Using data from participants in Cornell's Dairy Farm Record Program, we decompose differences of farm income distributions into those due to: differences in means of observable farm characteristics, differential marginal effects of characteristics and unobserved random error. The distribution of farm income is affected by factors reflecting the operators' experience and investment in human capital and indicators of management efficiency and level of capital investment. The marked changes in marginal contributions of these factors explain most of the total change in the distribution of income.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Dairy farm income distribution; Decomposition; Farm Management; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6544
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Explaining Participation in the Conservation Reserve Program and its Effects on Farm Productivity and Efficiency AgEcon
Boisvert, Richard N.; Chang, Hung-Hao.
Using a three-stage sample selection model, we identify factors affecting the probability and level of participation in CRP. Statistical tests support hypotheses that off-farm work and participation in other farm programs are exogenous to the CRP decision. We compare the relative technical and scale efficiencies for CRP participants and non-participants.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: CRP; Choice Modeling; Productivity; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19321
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EXPLAINING THE DISTRIBUTION OF QUOTA RENTS FROM US CHEESE IMPORTS AgEcon
Hornig, Ellen; Boisvert, Richard N.; Blandford, David.
A theoretical model is outlined to illustrate how rents are generated from import quotas. The model is used to estimate rents from US cheese import quotas; rents are substantial. Relative rent capture by importers and exporters is explained by estimating an industrial organisation-type model. Unequal market power is important in explaining the distribution of rents between importers and exporters. Exporters tend to maintain price-cost margins and let importers capture a larger share as rent size increases.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22500
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