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Biomass changes and trophic amplification of plankton in a warmer ocean ArchiMer
Chust, Guillem; Allen, J. Icarus; Bopp, Laurent; Schrum, Corinna; Holt, Jason; Tsiaras, Kostas; Zavatarelli, Marco; Chifflet, Marina; Cannaby, Heather; Dadou, Isabelle; Daewel, Ute; Wakelin, Sarah L.; Machu, Eric; Pushpadas, Dhanya; Butenschon, Momme; Artioli, Yuri; Petihakis, Georges; Smith, Chris; Garcon, Veronique; Goubanova, Katerina; Le Vu, Briac; Fach, Bettina A.; Salihoglu, Baris; Clementi, Emanuela; Irigoien, Xabier.
Ocean warming can modify the ecophysiology and distribution of marine organisms, and relationships between species, with nonlinear interactions between ecosystem components potentially resulting in trophic amplification. Trophic amplification (or attenuation) describe the propagation of a hydroclimatic signal up the food web, causing magnification (or depression) of biomass values along one or more trophic pathways. We have employed 3-D coupled physical-biogeochemical models to explore ecosystem responses to climate change with a focus on trophic amplification. The response of phytoplankton and zooplankton to global climate-change projections, carried out with the IPSL Earth System Model by the end of the century, is analysed at global and regional basis,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem model; Food web; Plankton; Primary production; Sea warming; Trophic amplification.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29966/28481.pdf
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Global habitat preferences of commercially valuable tuna ArchiMer
Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Dufour, Florence; Kell, Laurence; Merino, Gorka; Ibaibarriaga, Leire; Chust, Guillem; Irigoien, Xabier; Santiago, Jose Luis; Murua, Hilario; Fraile, Igaratza; Chifflet, Marina; Goikoetxea, Nerea; Sagarminaga, Yolanda; Aumont, Olivier; Bopp, Laurent; Herrera, Miguel; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Bonhomeau, Sylvain.
In spite of its pivotal role in future implementations of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management, current knowledge about tuna habitat preferences remains fragmented and heterogeneous, because it relies mainly on regional or local studies that have used a variety of approaches making them difficult to combine. Therefore in this study we analyse data from six tuna species in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans in order to provide a global, comparative perspective of habitat preferences. These data are longline catch per unit effort from 1958 to2007 for albacore, Atlantic bluefin, southern bluefin, bigeye, yellowfin and skipjack tunas. Both quotient analysis and Generalized Additive Models were used to determine habitat preference with respect to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Habitat; Tuna fisheries; Catch/effort; Environmental conditions; Quotient analysis; Generalised Additive Models; Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00201/31190/29589.pdf
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Global impact of tropical cyclones on primary production ArchiMer
Menkes, Christophe E.; Lengaigne, Matthieu; Levy, Marina; Ethe, Christian; Bopp, Laurent; Aumont, Olivier; Vincent, Emmanuel; Vialard, Jerome; Jullien, Swen.
In this paper, we explore the global responses of surface temperature, chlorophyll and primary production to tropical cyclones (TCs). Those ocean responses are first characterized from the statistical analysis of satellite data under ~1000 TCs over the 1998-2007 period. Besides the cold wake, the vast majority of TCs induce a weak chlorophyll response, with only ~10% of induced blooms exceeding 0.1 mg.m-3. The largest chlorophyll responses mostly occur within coastal regions, in contrast to the strongest cold wakes that generally occur farther offshore. To understand this decoupling, we analyze a coupled dynamical-biogeochemical oceanic simulation forced by realistic wind vortices applied along observed TC tracks. The simulation displays a realistic...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00333/44449/44121.pdf
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Global Trends in Marine Plankton Diversity across Kingdoms of Life ArchiMer
Ibarbalz, Federico M.; Henry, Nicolas; Costa Brandao, Manoela; Martini, Verine; Busseni, Greta; Byrne, Hannah; Coelho, Luis Pedro; Endo, Hisashi; Gasol, Josep M.; Gregory, Ann C.; Mahe, Frederic; Rigonato, Janaina; Royo-llonch, Marta; Salazar, Guillem; Sanz-saez, Isabel; Scalco, Eleonora; Soviadan, Dodji; Zayed, Ahmed A.; Zingone, Adriana; Labadie, Karine; Ferland, Joannie; Marec, Claudie; Kandels, Stefanie; Picheral, Marc; Dimier, Celine; Poulain, Julie; Pisarev, Sergey; Carmichael, Margaux; Pesant, Stephane; Acinas, Silvia G.; Babin, Marcel; Bork, Peer; Boss, Emmanuel; Bowler, Chris; Cochrane, Guy; De Vargas, Colomban; Follows, Mick; Gorsky, Gabriel; Grimsley, Nigel; Guidi, Lionel; Hingamp, Pascal; Iudicone, Daniele; Jaillon, Olivier; Kandels, Stefanie; Karp-boss, Lee; Karsenti, Eric; Not, Fabrice; Ogata, Hiroyuki; Pesant, Stephane; Poulton, Nicole; Raes, Jeroen; Sardet, Christian; Speich, Sabrina; Stemmann, Lars; Sullivan, Matthew B.; Sunagawa, Shinichi; Wincker, Patrick; Bopp, Laurent; Lombard, Fabien; Zinger, Lucie.
The ocean is home to myriad small planktonic organisms that underpin the functioning of marine ecosystems. However, their spatial patterns of diversity and the underlying drivers remain poorly known, precluding projections of their responses to global changes. Here we investigate the latitudinal gradients and global predictors of plankton diversity across archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes, and major virus Glades using both molecular and imaging data from Tara Oceans. We show a decline of diversity for most planktonic groups toward the poles, mainly driven by decreasing ocean temperatures. Projections into the future suggest that severe warming of the surface ocean by the end of the 21st century could lead to tropicalization of the diversity of most planktonic...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00597/70911/69146.pdf
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Perspectives and Integration in SOLAS Science ArchiMer
Garcon, Veronique; Bell, Thomas G; Wallace, Douglas; Arnold, Steve R.; Baker, Alex R.; Bakker, Dorothee C. E.; Bange, Hermann W.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Bopp, Laurent; Boutin, Jacqueline; Boyd, Phili^w.; Bracher, Astrid; Burrows, John P.; Carpenter, Lucy J; De Leeuw, Gerrit; Fennel, Katja; Font, Jordi; Friedrich, Tobias; Garbe, Christoph S.; Gruber, Nicolas; Jaegle, Lyatt; Lana, Arancha; Lee, James D.; Liss, Peter S.; Miller, Lisa A.; Olgun, Nazli; Olsen, Are; Pfeil, Benjamin; Quack, Birgit; Read, Katie A.; Reul, Nicolas; Rodenbeck, Christian; Rohekar, Oliver; Saiz-lopez, Alfonso; Saltzman, Eric S.; Schneising, Oliver; Schuster, Ute; Seferian, Roland; Seinhoff, Tobias; Le Traon, Pierre-yves; Ziska, Franziska.
Why a chapter on Perspectives and Integration in SOLAS Science in this book? SOLAS science by its nature deals with interactions that occur: across a wide spectrum of time and space scales, involve gases and particles, between the ocean and the atmosphere, across many disciplines including chemistry, biology, optics, physics, mathematics, computing, socio-economics and consequently interactions between many different scientists and across scientific generations. This chapter provides a guide through the remarkable diversity of cross-cutting approaches and tools in the gigantic puzzle of the SOLAS realm. Here we overview the existing prime components of atmospheric and oceanic observing systems, with the acquisition of ocean–atmosphere observables either...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00171/28189/26428.pdf
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Projected decreases in future marine export production: the role of the carbon flux through the upper ocean ecosystem ArchiMer
Laufkotter, Charlotte; Vogt, Meike; Gruber, Nicolas; Aumont, Olivier; Bopp, Laurent; Doney, Scott C.; Dunne, John P.; Hauck, Judith; John, Jasmin G.; Lima, Ivan D.; Seferian, Roland; Volker, Christoph.
Accurate projections of marine particle export production (EP) are crucial for predicting the response of the marine carbon cycle to climate change, yet models show a wide range in both global EP and their responses to climate change. This is, in part, due to EP being the net result of a series of processes, starting with net primary production (NPP) in the sunlit upper ocean, followed by the formation of particulate organic matter and the subsequent sinking and remineralisation of these particles, with each of these processes responding differently to changes in environmental conditions. Here, we compare future projections in EP over the 21st century, generated by four marine ecosystem models under the high emission scenario Representative Concentration...
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Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00600/71205/69576.pdf
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The GEOTRACES Intermediate Data Product 2017 ArchiMer
Schlitzer, Reiner; Anderson, Robert F.; Dodas, Elena Masferrer; Lohan, Maeve; Geibere, Walter; Tagliabue, Alessandro; Bowie, Andrew; Jeandel, Catherine; Maldonado, Maria T.; Landing, William M.; Cockwell, Donna; Abadie, Cyril; Abouchami, Wafa; Achterberg, Eric P.; Agather, Alison; Aguliar-islas, Ana; Van Aken, Hendrik M.; Andersen, Morten; Archer, Corey; Auro, Maureen; De Baar, Hein J.; Baars, Oliver; Baker, Alex R.; Bakker, Karel; Basak, Chandranath; Baskaran, Mark; Bates, Nicholas R.; Bauch, Dorothea; Van Beek, Pieter; Behrens, Melanie K.; Black, Erin; Bluhm, Katrin; Bopp, Laurent; Bouman, Heather; Bowman, Katlin; Bown, Johann; Boyd, Philip; Boye, Marie; Boyle, Edward A.; Branellec, Pierre; Bridgestock, Luke; Brissebrat, Guillaume; Browning, Thomas; Bruland, Kenneth W.; Brumsack, Hans-juergen; Brzezinski, Mark; Buck, Clifton S.; Buck, Kristen N.; Buesseler, Ken; Bull, Abby; Butler, Edward; Cai, Pinghe; Camara Mor, Patricia; Cardinal, Damien; Carlson, Craig; Carrasco, Gonzalo; Casacuberta, Nuria; Casciotti, Karen L.; Castrillejo, Maxi; Chamizo, Elena; Chance, Rosie; Charette, Matthew A.; Chaves, Joaquin E.; Cheng, Hai; Chever, Fanny; Christl, Marcus; Church, Thomas M.; Closset, Ivia; Colman, Albert; Conway, Tim M.; Cossa, Daniel; Croot, Peter; Cullen, Jay T.; Cutter, Gregory A.; Daniels, Chris; Dehairs, Frank; Deng, Feifei; Dieu, Huong Thi; Duggan, Brian; Dulaquais, Gabriel; Dumousseaud, Cynthia; Echegoyen-sanz, Yolanda; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Ellwood, Michael; Fahrbach, Eberhard; Fitzsimmons, Jessica N.; Flegal, A. Russell; Fleisher, Martin Q.; Van De Flierdt, Tina; Frank, Martin; Friedrich, Jana; Fripiat, Francois; Froellje, Henning; Galer, Stephen J. G.; Gamo, Toshitaka; Ganeshram, Raja S.; Garcia-orellana, Jordi; Garcia-solsona, Ester; Gault-ringold, Melanie; George, Ejin; Gerringa, Loes J. A.; Gilbert, Melissa; Godoy, Jose M.; Goldstein, Steven L.; Gonzalez, Santiago R.; Grissom, Karen; Hammerschmidt, Chad; Hartman, Alison; Hassler, Christel S.; Hathorne, Ed C.; Hatta, Mariko; Hawco, Nicholas; Hayes, Christopher T.; Heimburger, Lars-eric; Helgoe, Josh; Heller, Maija Iris; Henderson, Gideon M.; Henderson, Paul B.; Van Heuven, Steven; Ho, Peng; Horner, Tristan J.; Hsieh, Yu-te; Huang, Kuo-fang; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Isshiki, Kenji; Jacquot, Jeremy E.; Janssen, David J.; Jenkins, William J.; John, Seth; Jones, Elizabeth M.; Jones, Janice L.; Kadko, David C.; Kayser, Rick; Kenna, Timothy C.; Khondoker, Roulin; Kim, Taejin; Kipp, Lauren; Klar, Jessica K.; Klunder, Maarten; Kretschmer, Sven; Kumamoto, Yuichiro; Laan, Patrick; Labatut, Marie; Lacan, Francois; Lam, Phoebe J.; Lambelet, Myriam; Lamborg, Carl H.; Le Moigne, Frederic A. C.; Le Roy, Emilie; Lechtenfeld, Oliver J.; Lee, Jong-mi; Lherminier, Pascale; Little, Susan; Lopez-lora, Mercedes; Lu, Yanbin; Masque, Pere; Mawji, Edward; Mcclain, Charles R.; Measures, Christopher; Mehic, Sanjin; Barraqueta, Jan-lukas Menzel; Van Der Merwe, Pier; Middag, Rob; Mieruch, Sebastian; Milne, Angela; Minami, Tomoharu; Moffett, James W.; Moncoiffe, Gwenaelle; Moore, Willard S.; Morris, Paul J.; Morton, Peter L.; Nakaguchi, Yuzuru; Nakayama, Noriko; Niedermiller, John; Nishioka, Jun; Nishiuchi, Akira; Noble, Abigail; Obata, Hajime; Ober, Sven; Ohnemus, Daniel C.; Van Ooijen, Jan; O'Sullivan, Jeanette; Owens, Stephanie; Pahnke, Katharina; Paul, Maxence; Pavia, Frank; Pena, Leopoldo D.; Petersh, Brian; Planchon, Frederic; Planquette, Helene; Pradoux, Catherine; Puigcorbe, Viena; Quay, Paul; Queroue, Fabien; Radic, Amandine; Rauschenberg, S.; Rehkamper, Mark; Rember, Robert; Remenyi, Tomas; Resing, Joseph A.; Rickli, Joerg; Rigaud, Sylvain; Rijkenberg, Micha J. A.; Rintoul, Stephen; Robinson, Laura F.; Roca-marti, Montserrat; Rodellas, Valenti; Roeske, Tobias; Rolison, John M.; Rosenberg, Mark; Roshan, Saeed; Van Der Loaff, Michiel M. Rutgers; Ryabenko, Evgenia; Saito, Mak A.; Salt, Lesley A.; Sanial, Virginie; Sarthou, Geraldine; Schallenberg, Christina; Schauer, Ursula; Scher, Howie; Schlosser, Christian; Schnetger, Bernhard; Scott, Peter; Sedwick, Peter N.; Semiletov, Igor; Shelley, Rachel; Sherrell, Robert M.; Shiller, Alan M.; Sigman, Daniel M.; Singh, Sunil Kumar; Slagter, Hans A.; Slater, Emma; Smethie, William M.; Snaith, Helen; Sohrin, Yoshiki; Sohst, Bettina; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Speich, Sabrina; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Stewart, Gillian; Stichel, Torben; Stirling, Claudine H.; Stutsman, Johnny; Swarr, Gretchen J.; Swift, James H.; Thomas, Alexander; Thorne, Kay; Till, Claire P.; Till, Ralph; Townsend, Ashley T.; Townsend, Emily; Tuerena, Robyn; Twining, Benjamin S.; Vance, Derek; Velazquez, Sue; Venchiarutti, Celia; Villa-alfageme, Maria; Vivancos, Sebastian M.; Voelker, Antje H. L.; Wake, Bronwyn; Warner, Mark J.; Watson, Ros; Van Weerlee, Evaline; Weigand, M. Alexandra; Weinstein, Yishai; Weiss, Dominik; Wisotzki, Andreas; Woodward, E. Malcolm S.; Wu, Jingfeng; Wu, Yingzhe; Wuttig, Kathrin; Wyatt, Neil; Xiang, Yang; Xie, Ruifang C.; Xue, Zichen; Yoshikawa, Hisayuki; Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Pu; Zhao, Ye; Zheng, Linjie; Zheng, Xin-yuan; Zieringer, Moritz; Zimmer, Louise A.; Ziveri, Patrizia; Zunino, Patricia; Zurbrick, Cheryl.
The new IDP2017 is a significant improvement over the earlier IDP2014 and roughly doubles the number of included cruises, stations, samples and parameters. The IDP2017 is a truly international product containing data from 326 researchers from 25 countries. The IDP2017 provides data for the Pacific Ocean, and the Mediterranean and Black seas, in addition to Atlantic, Arctic and Indian Oceans that were already represented in the previous data product. For the first time, the IDP2017 contains significant amounts of biogeochemistry data as well as TEI data for aerosols and rain. As before, users can obtain complete IDP2017 data sets as bulk downloads. Alternatively, there is now a customisable online data extraction service that allows data selections by...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: GEOTRACES; Trace elements; Isotopes; Electronic atlas; IDP2017.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00442/55362/56877.pdf
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Transport and storage of anthropogenic C in the North Atlantic Subpolar Ocean ArchiMer
Racape, Virginie; Zunino, Patricia; Mercier, Herle; Lherminier, Pascale; Bopp, Laurent; Perez, Fiz F; Gehlen, Marion.
The North Atlantic Ocean is a major sink region for atmospheric CO2 and contributes to the storage of anthropogenic carbon (Cant). While there is general agreement that the intensity of the meridional overturning circulation (MOC) modulates uptake, transport and storage of Cant in the North Atlantic Subpolar Ocean, processes controlling their recent variability and evolution over the 21st century remain uncertain. This study investigates the relationship between transport, air-sea flux and storage rate of Cant in the North Atlantic Subpolar Ocean over the past 53 years. Its relies on the combined analysis of a multiannual in situ data set and outputs from a global biogeochemical ocean general circulation model (NEMO-PISCES) at 1/2 degrees spatial...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00454/56587/58275.pdf
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Using altimetry to help explain patchy changes in hydrographic carbon measurements ArchiMer
Rodgers, Keith B.; Key, Robert M.; Gnanadesikan, Anand; Sarmiento, Jorge L.; Aumont, Olivier; Bopp, Laurent; Doney, Scott C.; Dunne, John P.; Glover, David M.; Ishida, Akio; Ishii, Masao; Jacobson, Andrew R.; Lo Monaco, Claire; Maier-reimer, Ernst; Mercier, Herle; Metzl, Nicolas; Perez, Fiz F.; Rios, Aida F.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Wetzel, Patrick; Winn, Christopher D.; Yamanaka, Yasuhiro.
Here we use observations and ocean models to identify mechanisms driving large seasonal to interannual variations in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and dissolved oxygen (O-2) in the upper ocean. We begin with observations linking variations in upper ocean DIC and O-2 inventories with changes in the physical state of the ocean. Models are subsequently used to address the extent to which the relationships derived from short-timescale (6 months to 2 years) repeat measurements are representative of variations over larger spatial and temporal scales. The main new result is that convergence and divergence (column stretching) attributed to baroclinic Rossby waves can make a first-order contribution to DIC and O-2 variability in the upper ocean. This results in...
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Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11107/7415.pdf
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