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Registros recuperados: 6
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Dynamique et réponse fonctionnelle des foraminifères et de la macrofaune benthiques en zone ostréicole dans les pertuis charentais ArchiMer
Bouchet, Vincent.
In oyster farming areas, organic matter fluxes toward sediment is increased. Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) reject organic-rich faeces and pseudofaeces as a result of filtration process. Organic matter can be consumed by benthic fauna, but in excess it can entails the reduction of benthic faunal species richness, abundance and biomass. Organic matter degradation also induces hypoxic (or anoxic) conditions in the sediment, and production of ammonia and sulfides in toxic concentrations. The main objective of this study is to assess the effects of oyster farming on benthic intertidal ecosystems in the Pertuis Charentais. Benthic macrofauna, living (stained) foraminifera, and physicochemical characteristics of the water column and sediment were used as...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: CAT scan; Bioturbation; Macrofauna/foraminifera interaction; Sensible species; Tolerant species; Benthic foraminifera; Benthic macrofauna; Chlorophyl a; Organic matter; Intertidal areas; Pertuis charentais; Oyster farming; CAT scan; Bioturbation; Interaction macrofaune/foraminifères; Espèces sensibles; Espèces tolérantes; Foraminifères benthiques; Macrofaune benthique; Chlorophylle a; Matière organique; Zone intertidale; Pertuis charentais; Ostréiculture.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/these-2582.pdf
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Effects of short-term environmental disturbances on living benthic foraminifera during the Pacific oyster summer mortality in the Marennes-Oléron Bay (France) ArchiMer
Bouchet, Vincent; Debenay, Vincent; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Radford Knoery, Joel; Soletchnik, Patrick.
Sediment cores were collected from April to August 2004 on tidal mudflats of the macrotidal Marennes-Oléron Bay (SW France), famous for the cultivation of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas). The response of living (stained) benthic foraminifera to short-term biogeochemical disturbances in the sediment and overlying water, which may be involved in oyster summer mortality, was monitored. Short-term hypoxia occurred in early June, in conjunction with a sudden rise in temperature. In mid-June, the ammonia content of sediment porewater increased, leading to potentially maximal flux towards overlying waters. Foraminiferal assemblages, particularly in the topmost layer, were altered. Ammonia tepida was the most tolerant to temperature increase and hypoxic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marennes Oléron bay; Aquaculture; Crassostrea gigas; Intertidal; Ammonium; Hypoxia; Organic matter; Living benthic foraminifera.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2586.pdf
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First report of Quinqueloculina carinatatriata (Wiesner, 1923) (foraminifera) along the french atlantic coast (Marennes-Oléron bay and ile de Ré) ArchiMer
Bouchet, Vincent; Debenay, Jean-pierre; Sauriau, Pierre-guy.
Large populations of the living benthic foraminifera Quinqueloculina carinatastriata (Wiesner, 1923) are reported for the first time from intertidal mudflats of the French Atlantic coast (Marennes-Oléron Bay and Ile de Ré). Maximum abundance of living specimens was recorded in early autumn. The species was previously described from the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian Seas (central Mediterranean Sea) and reported from the Eastern Mediterranean and Red Seas, as well as tropical and subtropical regions. A survey of available literature to trace records of the species in muddy shallow habitats along the western coasts of Europe and Africa reveals that the species is unrecorded from the Western Mediterranean Sea and is unknown in the eastern Atlantic Ocean from the...
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Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2587.pdf
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Influence of oyster culture practices and environmental conditions on the ecological status of intertidal mudflats in the Pertuis Charentais (SW France): A multi-index approach ArchiMer
Bouchet, Vincent; Sauriau, Pierre-guy.
The ecological quality status (EcoQ) of intertidal mudflats constrained by Pacific oyster farming was assessed by single (H', AMBI, BENTIX and BOPA) and multimetric (M-AMBI and average score) index approaches in the Pertuis Charentais (SW France). Fifteen sampling stations were monitored seasonally for sedimentological features and macrozoobenthos in 2004. Sediments affected by oyster biodeposits showed organic matter enrichment, and sediments from off-bottom culture sites had higher organic matter contents and lower redox potentials than sediments from on-bottom culture sites. Biotic indices consistently registered responses of macrozoobenthos to organic enrichment but there was only partial agreement between single index-derived EcoQs. The average score...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Exposed/sheltered; Seasonal variations; Benthic macrofauna; Biotic index; Intertidal mudflats; Oyster farming practices.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4650.pdf
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Influence of the mode of macrofauna-mediated bioturbation on the vertical distribution of living benthic foraminifera: First insight from axial tomodensitometry ArchiMer
Bouchet, Vincent; Sauriau, Pierre-guy; Debenay, J.p.; Mermillod-blondin, F; Schmidt, S; Amiard, J.c.; Dupas, B.
We investigated the influence of bioturbation by macrofauna on the vertical distribution of living (stained) benthic foraminifera in marine intertidal sediments. We investigated the links between macrofaunal bioturbation and foraminiferal distribution, by sampling from stations situated on a gradient of perturbation by oyster-farming, which has a major effect on benthic faunal assemblages. Sediment cores were collected on the French Atlantic coast, from three intertidal stations: an oyster farm, an area without oysters but affected by oyster biodeposits, and a control station. Axial tomodensitometry (CT-scan) was used for three-dimensional visualization and two-dimensional analysis of the cores. Biogenic structure volumes were quantified and compared...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Macrofauna; Living foraminifera; Interspecific interaction; CT scan; Bioturbating modes; Biogenic structures.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6146.pdf
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Mortalité de Crassostrea gigas dans le bassin de Marennes Oléron. Etude physico chimique du sédiment. Etude du modèle de mortalité "plat-table" de C. gigas dans le bassin de Marennes Oléron. Etude "Dynamo" du projet MOREST ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Bouchet, Vincent; Malestroit, Pascal; Seugnet, Jean-luc; Blouin, Frederic; Radford-knoery, Joël; Burgeot, Thierry; Sauriau, Pierre-guy.
In the scope of the study of the "on-bottom/off-bottom" mortality model in the south of the Marennes Oléron Bay, the result of the 2003 multidisciplinary study (Dynamor) appears to be the hypothesis of an acute stress, "ultimate" trigger of the mortality episodes in June. In 2004 we aim to look for the nature of this stress through the physico-chemical analysis of the sediment (Eh, pH, sulphides and ammoniacal nitrogen), the organic matter and chlorophyll load on the surface of the sediment between April and July. Herbicides are also measured in the water column, south of the bay (Seudre), during the same period. A "precocious" (around the first week of June) and "weak" (lower mortality rate on this working site since 1997) mortality peak happens when the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bassin Marennes Oléron; Phytobenthos; Mortalité; Crassostrea gigas; Foraminiferes benthiques; Répartition verticale; Sédiment; Huître; Echantillonnage.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/rapport-3383.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
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