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Registros recuperados: 34
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A New Photobioreactor for Continuous Microalgal Production in Hatcheries Based on External-Loop Airlift and Swirling Flow ArchiMer
Loubiere, K; Olivo, Erell; Bougaran, Gael; Pruvost, J; Robert, Rene; Legrand, J.
This study deals with the scale of a new photobioreactor for continuous microalgal production in hatcheries. The combination of the state-of-art with the constraints inherent to hatcheries has turned the design into a closed, artificially illuminated and external-loop airlift configuration based on a succession of elementary modules, each one being composed of two transparent vertical interconnected columns. The liquid circulation is ensured pneumatically (air injections) with respect to a swirling motion (tangential inlets). A single module of the whole photobioreactor was built-up to scale its geometry (diameter and length) and to optimize its design (air sparger, tangential inlets). The volumetric productivities were predicted by modeling radiative...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Isochrysis affinis galbana; Swirling flow; Airlift; Hatchery; Continuous photobioreactor.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-5288.pdf
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Bio-physiological response of biofilter algal candidate Ulva sp. to different nitrogen forms and fluxes ArchiMer
Moustafa, Yasser T. A.; Bougaran, Gael; Callier, Myriam; Blancheton, Jean-paul.
The present study was carried out to study the long term effect of different nitrogen forms and concentrations (14.3, 28.6 and 57.1 µM N-NH4 and 214, 2360 and 3700 µM N-NO3) on the photosynthesis and relative growth rate (RGR) of Ulva sp. for five weeks. Nutrient-enriched seawater was supplied at an exchange rate of between 12.6 and 14.4 volumes per day. Relative growth rate was determined weekly. Photosynthetic oxygen evolution response was measured using 20 - 25 mg fresh weight seaweed incubated in a DW3 measuring chamber for 56 min under different irradiances with light and dark periods alternating every seven minutes. Photosynthetic light-response curves were drawn using 15 photosynthetic oxygen evolution readings normalized to dry weight. Experimental...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ulva sp.; Photosynthetic oxygen evolution; Relative growth rate; Nitrogen forms; Nutrients uptake..
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00251/36259/34807.pdf
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Carbon conversion efficiency and population dynamics of a marine algae–bacteria consortium growing on simplified synthetic digestate: First step in a bioprocess coupling algal production and anaerobic digestion ArchiMer
Vasseur, Christophe; Bougaran, Gael; Garnier, Matthieu; Hamelin, Jérôme; Leboulanger, Christophe; Le Chevanton, Myriam; Mostajir, Behzad; Sialve, Bruno; Steyer, Jean-philippe; Fouilland, Eric.
Association of microalgae culture and anaerobic digestion seems a promising technology for sustainable algal biomass and biogas production. The use of digestates for sustaining the growth of microalgae reduces the costs and the environmental impacts associated with the substantial algal nutrient requirements. A natural marine algae–bacteria consortium was selected by growing on a medium containing macro nutrients (ammonia, phosphate and acetate) specific of a digestate, and was submitted to a factorial experimental design with different levels of temperature, light and pH. The microalgal consortium reached a maximum C conversion efficiency (i.e. ratio between carbon content produced and carbon supplied through light photosynthetic C conversion and acetate)...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Optimization; Nannochloris; Heterotrophic bacteria; Anaerobic digestion; Bioenergy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00085/19642/17419.pdf
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Carbon Orientation in the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum: The Effects of Carbon Limitation and Photon Flux Density ArchiMer
Heydarizadeh, Parisa; Veidi, Brigitte; Huang, Bing; Lukomska, Ewa; Wielgosz-collin, Gaetane; Couzinet-mossion, Aurélie; Bougaran, Gael; Marchand, Justine; Schoefs, Benoit.
Diatoms adapt to changing environmental conditions in very efficient ways. Among the mechanisms that can be activated, the reorientation of carbon metabolism is crucial because it allows the storage of energy into energy-dense molecules, typically lipids. Beside their roles in physiology, lipids are commercially interesting compounds. Therefore studies dealing with this topic are relevant for both basic and applied science. Although the molecular mechanisms involved in the reorientation of carbon metabolism as a response to a deficiency in nutrients such as nitrogen or phosphorus has been partially elucidated, the impacts of carbon availability on the implementation of the reorientation mechanisms remain unclear. Indeed, it has not been determined if the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diatom; Carbon deficiency; Carbon metabolism; Stress; Light intensity; Regulation; Biotechnology; Phosphoenolpyruvate.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00489/60058/63338.pdf
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Comparative proteomics reveals proteins impacted by nitrogen deprivation in wild-type and high lipid-accumulating mutant strains of Tisochrysis lutea ArchiMer
Garnier, Matthieu; Carrier, Gregory; Rogniaux, Helene; Nicolau, Elodie; Bougaran, Gael; Saint-jean, Bruno; Cadoret, Jean-paul.
Understanding microalgal lipid accumulation under nitrogen starvation is of major interest for biomass feedstock, food and biofuel production. Using a domesticated oleaginous algae Tisochrysis lutea, we performed the first comparative proteomic analysis on the wild type strain and a selected lipid over-accumulating mutant. 2-DE analysis was made on these strains cultured in two metabolic conditions, with and without nitrogen deprivation, which revealed significant differences in proteomes according to both strain and nitrogen availability. Mass spectrometry allowed us to identify 37 proteins that were differentially expressed between the two strains, and 17 proteins regulated by nitrogen starvation concomitantly with lipid accumulation. The proteins...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microalgae; Biotechnology; Lipid; Nitrogen; Proteomic; Selection.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00179/29012/27470.pdf
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Comparative Transcriptome of Wild Type and Selected Strains of the Microalgae Tisochrysis lutea Provides Insights into the Genetic Basis, Lipid Metabolism and the Life Cycle ArchiMer
Carrier, Gregory; Garnier, Matthieu; Le Cunff, Loic; Bougaran, Gael; Probert, Ian; De Vargas, Colomban; Corre, E; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Saint-jean, Bruno.
The applied exploitation of microalgae cultures has to date almost exclusively involved the use of wild type strains, deposited over decades in dedicated culture collections. Concomitantly, the concept of improving algae with selection programs for particular specific purposes is slowly emerging. Studying since a decade an economically and ecologically important haptophyte Tisochrysis lutea (Tiso), we took advantage of the availability of wild type (Tiso-Wt) and selected (Tiso-S2M2) strains to conduct a molecular variations study. This endeavour presented substantial challenges: the genome assembly was not yet available, the life cycle unknown and genetic diversity of Tiso-Wt poorly documented. This study brings the first molecular data in order to set up...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00175/28662/27089.pdf
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Continuous selection pressure to improve temperature acclimation of Tisochrysis lutea ArchiMer
Bonnefond, Hubert; Grimaud, Ghjuvan; Rumin, Judith; Bougaran, Gael; Talec, Amelie; Gachelin, Manon; Boutoute, Marc; Pruvost, Eric; Bernard, Olivier; Sciandra, Antoine.
Temperature plays a key role in outdoor industrial cultivation of microalgae. Improving the thermal tolerance of microalgae to both daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations can thus contribute to increase their annual productivity. A long term selection experiment was carried out to increase the thermal niche (temperature range for which the growth is possible) of a neutral lipid overproducing strain of Tisochrysis lutea. The experimental protocol consisted to submit cells to daily variations of temperature for 7 months. The stress intensity, defined as the amplitude of daily temperature variations, was progressively increased along successive selection cycles. Only the amplitude of the temperature variations were increased, the daily average...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00404/51506/52107.pdf
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Culture en continu de Isochrysis galbana affinis Tahiti ArchiMer
Bougaran, Gael; Le Dean, Loic; Lukomska, Ewa; Picquet, Marie-lise; Kaas, Raymond; Muller-feuga, Arnaud.
La prymnésiophycée Isochrysis galbana affinis Tahiti (T -iso) est une micro algue marine classiquement utilisée comme nourriture de larves de mollusques et de proies vivantes de poissons d'aquaculture dans la plupart des écloseries produisant des juvéniles de ces espèces. Aujourd'hui, de nombreuses écloseries de mollusques et de poissons l'utilisent en association avec d'autres espèces telles que Pavlova lutheri, Chaetoceros calcitrans et Skeletonema costatum. Isolée à Tahiti par JL Martin en 1975 (comm. pers.), cette algue s'est rapidement imposée dans la nutrition larvaire des crevettes et des mollusques en raison de sa croissance rapide en conditions tropicales et de ses qualités nutritionnelles, en relation avec sa forte teneur en acides gras...
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Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00304/41508/40716.pdf
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Draft genomes and phenotypic characterization of Tisochrysis lutea strains. Toward the production of domesticated strains with high added value ArchiMer
Carrier, Gregory; Baroukh, Caroline; Rouxel, Catherine; Duboscq-bidot, Laetitia; Schreiber, Nathalie; Bougaran, Gael.
Tisochrysis lutea is a microalga species currently used in aquaculture as a feed for shellfish, oysters and shrimps. It also has many other potential industrial applications, such as the production of neutral lipids for biofuels or the production of ω-3 fatty acids for nutraceuticals (human food complements). To efficiently exploit the potential of this microalga, however, higher lipid productivities are needed. To this end, improvement programs need to be developed and optimized. The diversity of strains available in microalgae has not yet been exploited in such improvement programs. In this study, the intra-strain diversity was observed and exploited to increase neutral lipid productivity. New clonal strains with higher neutral lipid productivity were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microalgae; Genome; Improvement program; Lipids; Tisochrysis lutea.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00411/52204/52927.pdf
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Effects of blue light on the biochemical composition and photosynthetic activity of Isochrysis sp. (T-iso) ArchiMer
Marchetti, Julie; Bougaran, Gael; Jauffrais, Thierry; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Rouxel, Catherine; Saint-jean, Bruno; Lukomska, Ewa; Robert, Rene; Cadoret, Jean-paul.
In aquaculture, particularly in bivalve hatcheries, the biochemical composition of algal diets has a strong influence on larval and post-larval development. Biochemical composition is known to be related to culture conditions, among which light represents a major source of variation. The effects of blue light on biochemical composition and photosynthetic rate of Isochrysis sp. (T-iso) CCAP 927/14 were assessed in chemostat at a single irradiance (300 μmol photons m−2 s−1) and compared with white light. Two different dilution (renewal) rates were also tested: 0.7 and 0.2 d−1. Relative carbohydrate content was lower under blue light than under white light at both dilution rates, whereas chlorophyll a and photosynthesis activity were higher. In contrast,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Isochrysis; Blue light; Photosynthesis; Proximate composition; Chemostat.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00085/19599/17237.pdf
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Effects of growth phase and nitrogen limitation on biochemical composition of two strains of Tisochrysis lutea ArchiMer
Da Costa, Fiz; Le Grand, Fabienne; Quere, Claudie; Bougaran, Gael; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Robert, Rene; Soudant, Philippe.
Standard and mutant Tisochrysis lutea strains were grown in batch culture for 10 days under nitrogen (N)-replete and N-reduced conditions to determine the effects of N supply in culture medium and growth phase on microalgal physiology and biochemistry. These two T. lutea strains were compared in terms of growth, morphology, associated free-living bacterial community, viability, intracellular lipid content (as measured by Bodipy staining), chlorophyll autofluorescence, and biochemical composition, with a focus on lipid class and fatty acid compositions. The standard strain (T) reached higher cell counts regardless of N supply in culture medium. In both T. lutea strains, microalgal final cell density was significantly lower in N-reduced medium. Carbohydrates...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tisochrysis lutea; Nitrogen limitation; Growth phase; Flow cytometry; Fatty acids; Lipid classes.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00399/51074/51936.pdf
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Effects of nitrogen limitation on Dunaliella sp.–Alteromonas sp. interactions: from mutualistic to competitive relationships. ArchiMer
Le Chevanton, Myriam; Garnier, Matthieu; Lukomska, Ewa; Schreiber, Nathalie; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Saint-jean, Bruno; Bougaran, Gael.
Interactions between photosynthetic and non-photosynthetic microorganisms play an essential role in natural aquatic environments and the contribution of bacteria and microalgae to the nitrogen cycle can lead to both competitive and mutualistic relationships. Nitrogen is considered to be, with phosphorus and iron, one of the main limiting nutrients for primary production in the oceans and its availability experiences large temporal and geographical variations. For these reasons, it is important to understand how competitive and mutualistic interactions between photosynthetic and heterotrophic microorganisms are impacted by nitrogen limitation. In a previous study performed in batch cultures, the addition of a selected bacterial strain of Alteromonas sp....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Interactions; Nitrogen limitation; Microalgae; Bacteria; Chemostat; Dissolved organic matter (DOM); Dunaliella.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00344/45529/45087.pdf
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Enhancement of neutral lipid productivity in the microalga Isochrysis affinis Galbana (T-Iso) by a mutation-selection procedure ArchiMer
Bougaran, Gael; Rouxel, Catherine; Dubois, Nolwenn; Kaas, Raymond; Grouas, Sophie; Lukomska, Ewa; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Cadoret, Jean-paul.
Microalgae offer a high potential for energetic lipid storage as well as high growth rates. They are therefore considered promising candidates for biofuel production, with the selection of high lipid-producing strains a major objective in projects on the development of this technology. We developed a mutation-selection method aimed at increasing microalgae neutral lipid productivity. A two step method, based on UVc irradiation followed by flow cytometry selection, was applied to a set of strains that had an initial high lipid content and improvement was assessed by means of Nile-red fluorescence measurements. The method was first tested on Isochrysis affinis galbana (T-Iso). (...)
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Strain selection; Isochrysis; Neutral lipid; Ultra violet; Flux cytometry; Biofuel.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00085/19643/17418.pdf
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Getting the most out of it: Optimal experiments for parameter estimation of microalgae growth models ArchiMer
Munoz-tamayo, Rafael; Martinon, Pierre; Bougaran, Gael; Mairet, Francis; Bernard, Olivier.
Mathematical models are expected to play a pivotal role for driving microalgal production towards a profitable process of renewable energy generation. To render models of microalgae growth useful tools for prediction and process optimization, reliable parameters need to be provided. This reliability implies a careful design of experiments that can be exploited for parameter estimation. In this paper, we provide guidelines for the design of experiments with high informative content based on optimal experiment techniques to attain an accurate parameter estimation. We study a real experimental device devoted to evaluate the effect of temperature and light on microalgae growth. On the basis of a mathematical model of the experimental system, the optimal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biofuel; Biological processes; Modelling; Parameter identification; Optimal experiment design.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00191/30252/28684.pdf
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High-affinity nitrate/nitrite transporter genes (Nrt2) in Tisochrysis lutea: identification and expression analyses reveal some interesting specificities of Haptophyta microalgae ArchiMer
Charrier, Aurelie Georgette; Berard, Jean-baptiste; Bougaran, Gael; Carrier, Gregory; Lukomska, Ewa; Schreiber, Nathalie; Fournier, Flora; Charrier, Aurelie; Rouxel, Catherine; Garnier, Matthieu; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Saint-jean, Bruno.
Microalgae have a diversity of industrial applications such as feed, food ingredients, depuration processes and energy. However, microalgal production costs could be substantially improved by controlling nutrient intake. Accordingly, a better understanding of microalgal nitrogen metabolism is essential. Using in silico analysis from transcriptomic data concerning the microalgae Tisochrysis lutea, four genes encoding putative high-affinity nitrate/nitrite transporters (TlNrt2) were identified. Unlike most of the land plants and microalgae, cloning of genomic sequences and their alignment with complementary DNA (cDNA) sequences did not reveal the presence of introns in all TlNrt2 genes. The deduced TlNRT2 protein sequences showed similarities to NRT2...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00253/36467/35044.pdf
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Identification of transcription factors involved in the phenotype of a domesticated oleaginous microalgae strain of Tisochrysis lutea ArchiMer
Thiriet-rupert, Stanislas; Carrier, Gregory; Trottier, Camille; Eveillard, D.; Schoefs, B.; Bougaran, Gael; Cadoret, Jean-paul; Chenais, B.; Saint-jean, Bruno.
Microalgae are an outstanding source of high value products with applications in food, feed or biofuel production. Among these promising organisms, the haptophyte Tisochrysis lutea is commonly used as a feed for shellfish and shrimps in aquaculture. Its capacity to produce high amounts of docosahexanoic acid and storage lipids is also of economic interest for nutrition and energy production. Consequently, understanding its lipid accumulation under nitrogen deprivation is of major interest. Here, we aimed to identify Transcription Factors (TFs) involved in the establishment of the mutant phenotype of the 2Xc1 strain of T. lutea, which accumulates double the quantity of storage lipids under nitrogen deprivation than the wild type strain (WTc1). Strains were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Algae; Carbohydrates; Gene co-expression network; Lipids; Transcription factor; Tisochrysis lutea.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00418/52973/53901.pdf
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Influence of one selected Tisochrysis lutea strain rich in lipids on Crassostrea gigas larval development and biochemical composition ArchiMer
Da Costa, F.; Petton, Bruno; Mingant, Christian; Bougaran, Gael; Rouxel, Catherine; Quere, Claudie; Wikfors, G. H.; Soudant, P.; Robert, Rene.
Effects of a remarkably high overall lipid Tisochrysis lutea strain (T+) upon gross biochemical composition, fatty acid (FA), sterol and lipid class composition of Crassostrea gigas larvae were evaluated and compared with a normal strain of Tisochrysis lutea (T) and the diatom Chaetoceros neogracile (Cg). In a first experiment, the influence of different single diets (T, T+ and Cg) and a bispecific diet (TCg) was studied, whereas, effects of monospecific diets (T and T+) and bispecific diets (TCg and T+Cg) were evaluated in a second experiment. The strain T+ was very rich in triglycerides (TAG: 93–95% of total neutral lipids), saturated FA (45%), monounsaturated FA (31–33%) and total fatty acids (4.0–4.7 pg cell−1). Larval oyster survival and growth rate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Larvae; Lipids; Oyster; Tisochrysis lutea.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00251/36258/36063.pdf
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Influence of temperature, irradiance and pH on the physiology of Teleaulax amphioxeia ArchiMer
Gaillard, Sylvain; Charrier, Aurelie; Carpentier, Liliane; Malo, Florent; Bougaran, Gael; Hegaret, Helene; Hess, Philipp; Sechet, Veronique.
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00617/72958/71990.pdf
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La co-limitation par l'azote et le phosphore : étude des mécanismes chez la microalgue Tisochrysis lutea ArchiMer
Bougaran, Gael.
Interactions between nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) on the growth of phytoplankton are not fully elucidated. Here, we propose the hypothesis that, since phosphorus plays a central role in energy, it can control the active transport of NO3. Our model for N-P co-limitation provides an asymmetric structure which reflects the respective roles of both nutrients and the differences in the control of absorption. The model succeeds in describing the different trends observed for N and P cell content in data sets taken from the literature. We further conducted experiments in batch and chemostat under different N: P ratios. Our results highlighted that P-limited cells were characterized by a low content of ATP and a low net absorption of NO3. When PO4 was...
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00293/40397/38912.pdf
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Microalgues: de petits végétaux aux grandes promesses ! ArchiMer
Bougaran, Gael; Saint-jean, Bruno.
Pour nos sociétés modernes, en quête de nouveaux procédés et de molécules actives innovantes, les microalgues représentent un formidable potentiel. Leurs nombreuses espèces et leur biodiversité constituent un réservoir de métabolites et de propriétés biochimiques quasi-inexploré, pour le développement de nouvelles applications biotechnologiques.
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2014 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00252/36321/34885.pdf
Registros recuperados: 34
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