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Bioactive extracellular compounds produced by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum are highly detrimental for oysters ArchiMer
Castrec, Justine; Soudant, P.; Payton, L.; Tran, D.; Miner, Philippe; Lambert, C.; Le Goic, N.; Huvet, Arnaud; Quillien, Virgile; Boullot, F.; Amzil, Zouher; Hegaret, Helene; Fabioux, C..
Blooms of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium spp., known as producers of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs), are regularly detected on the French coastline. PSTs accumulate into harvested shellfish species, such as the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and can cause strong disorders to consumers at high doses. The impacts of Alexandrium minutum on C. gigas have often been attributed to its production of PSTs without testing separately the effects of the bioactive extracellular compounds (BECs) with allelopathic, hemolytic, cytotoxic or ichthyotoxic properties, which can also be produced by these algae. The BECs, still uncharacterized, are excreted within the environment thereby impacting not only phytoplankton, zooplankton but also marine invertebrates and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Crassostrea gigas; Paralytic shellfish toxins (PST); Bioactive extracellular compounds (BEC); Histology; Behavior.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00435/54637/56042.pdf
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Influence of gametogenesis pattern and sex on paralytic shellfish toxin levels in triploid Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of Alexandrium minutum ArchiMer
Hermabessiere, Ludovic; Fabioux, C.; Lassudrie, Malwenn; Boullot, F.; Long, Marc; Lambert, Christophe; Le Goic, N.; Gouriou, Jeremie; Le Gac, Mickael; Chapelle, Annie; Soudant, P.; Hegaret, Helene.
This study investigated the effect of gametogenesis pattern and sex on levels of paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) accumulated by triploid oysters Crassostrea gigas exposed to a natural bloom of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum in the Bay of Brest (Western Brittany, France), over the summer 2014. Toxin accumulation in oysters was proposed to be influenced by the proportion of energy allocated to reproduction versus other metabolisms, as proposed by Haberkorn et al. (2010). Thus, we hypothesized that triploid oysters with different gametogenesis patterns (α or β, producing respectively numerous gametes or rare gametes) could result in differences in toxin accumulation. Toxin level could also be different according to the gender of the oysters. To...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Alexandrium minutum; Harmful algal bloom (HAB); Paralytic shellfish toxin (PST); Gametogenesis pattern; Triploid.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00307/41801/41010.pdf
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