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Site-specific antiphagocytic function of the Photorhabdus luminescens type III secretion system during insect colonization Inra
Brugirard-Ricaud, K.; Duchaud, E.; Givaudan, A.; Girard, P.A.; Kunst, F.; Boemare, N.; Brehélin, M.; Zumbihl, R..
Photorhabdus is an entomopathogenic bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae. The genome of the TT01 strain of Photorhabdus luminescens was recently sequenced and a large number of toxin-encoding genes were found. Genomic analysis predicted the presence on the chromosome of genes encoding a type three secretion system (TTSS), the main role of which is the delivery of effector proteins directly into eukaryotic host cells. We report here the functional characterization of the TTSS. The locus identified encodes the secretion/translocation apparatus, gene expression regulators and an effector protein - LopT - homologous to the Yersinia cysteine protease cytotoxin YopT. Heterologous expression in Yersinia demonstrated that LopT was translocated into mammal...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: ENTOMOPATHOGENIC BACTERIUM; GENE EXPRESSION; ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE; INSECT CELL MEMBRANE.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008e8fb85eb&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2009/03/
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Stages of infection during the tripartite interaction between Xenorhabdus nematophila, its nematode vector, and insect hosts Inra
Sicard, M.; Brugirard-Ricaud, K.; Pages, S.; Lanois, A.; Boemare, N.; Brehélin, M.; Givaudan, A..
Bacteria of the genus Xenorhabdus are mutually associated with entomopathogenic nematodes of the genus Steinernema and are pathogenic to a broad spectrum of insects. The nematodes act as vectors, transmitting the bacteria to insect larvae, which die within a few days of infection. We characterized the early stages of bacterial infection in the insects by constructing a constitutive green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labeled Xenorhabdus nematophila strain. We injected the GFP-labeled bacteria into insects and monitored infection. We found that the bacteria had an extracellular life cycle in the hemolymph and rapidly colonized the anterior midgut region in Spodoptera littoralis larvae. Electron microscopy showed that the bacteria occupied the extracellular...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: XENORHABDUS; ENTOMOPATHOGENIC NEMATODE; STEINERNEMA; GFP-LABELED; INTESTINAL VESICLE; SPODOPTERA.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://www.prodinra.inra.fr/prodinra/pinra/doc.xsp?id=PROD2008345034c5&uri=/notices/prodinra1/2009/03/
Registros recuperados: 2
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