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Registros recuperados: 9
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Balanced harvest in the real world. Scientific, policy and operational issues in an ecosystem approach to fisheries ArchiMer
Garcia, Serge M.; Bianchi, Gabriella; Charles, Anthony; Kolding, Jeppe; Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Zhou, Shijie; Delius, Gustav; Reid, David; Van Zwieten, Paul A. M.; Atcheson, Megan; Bartley, Devin; Borges, Lisa; Bundy, Alida; Dagorn, Laurent; Dunn, Daniel C.; Hall, Martin; Heino, Mikko; Jacobsen, Brigitte; Jacobsen, Nis S.; Law, Richard; Makino, Mitsutaku; Martin, Felix; Skern-mauritzen, Mette; Suuronen, Petri; Symons, Despina.
The concept of the Ecosystem Approach has entered the fishery harvesting discussions both from fishery perspectives (Reykjavik Declaration; FAO 2003 Annex to the Code of Conduct and from the principles of the Ecosystem Approach adopted by the CBD in 1995. Both perspectives establish the need to maintain ecosystem structure and functioning, whether for sustainable use of biodiversity (CBD) or simply to keep exploited ecosystems healthy and productive (fisheries). In response, the “Balanced Harvest” (BH) concept was suggested by a group of scientists brought together by the IUCN Fisheries Experts Group during the CBD CoP 10 in 2010. The meeting and the BH concept as consolidated there highlighted some of the collateral ecological effects of current fishing...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36575/35113.pdf
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Evaluating changes in marine communities that provide ecosystem services through comparative assessments of community indicators ArchiMer
Kleisner, Kristin M.; Coll, Marta; Lynam, Christopher P.; Bundy, Alida; Shannon, Lynne; Shin, Yunne-jai; Boldt, Jennifer L.; Borges, Maria F.; Diallo, Ibrahima; Fox, Clive; Gascuel, Didier; Heymans, Johanna J.; Juan Jorda, Maria J.; Jouffre, Didier; Large, Scott I.; Marshall, Kristin N.; Ojaveer, Henn; Piroddi, Chiara; Tam, Jorge; Torres, Maria A.; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Tsagarakis, Konstantinos; Van Der Meeren, Gro I.; Zador, Stephani.
Fisheries provide critical provisioning services, especially given increasing human population. Understanding where marine communities are declining provides an indication of ecosystems of concern and highlights potential conflicts between seafood provisioning from wild fisheries and other ecosystem services. Here we use the nonparametric statistic, Kendall׳s tau, to assess trends in biomass of exploited marine species across a range of ecosystems. The proportion of ‘Non-Declining Exploited Species’ (NDES) is compared among ecosystems and to three community-level indicators that provide a gauge of the ability of a marine ecosystem to function both in provisioning and as a regulating service: survey-based mean trophic level, proportion of predatory fish,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicator; Comparative approach; Community metric; IndiSeas; Fishing impacts.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36555/35186.pdf
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Making ecological indicators management ready: Assessing the specificity, sensitivity, and threshold response of ecological indicators ArchiMer
Fu, Caihong; Xu, Yi; Bundy, Alida; Grüss, Arnaud; Coll, Marta; Heymans, Johanna J.; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; Shannon, Lynne; Halouani, Ghassen; Velez, Laure; Akoğlu, Ekin; Lynam, Christopher P.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Moving toward ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) necessitates a suite of ecological indicators that are responsive to fishing pressure, capable of tracking changes in the state of marine ecosystems, and related to management objectives. In this study, we employed the gradient forest method to assess the performance of 14 key ecological indicators in terms of specificity, sensitivity and the detection of thresholds for EBFM across ten marine ecosystems using four modelling frameworks (Ecopath with Ecosim, OSMOSE, Atlantis, and a multi-species size-spectrum model). Across seven of the ten ecosystems, high specificity to fishing pressure was found for most of the 14 indicators. The indicators biomass to fisheries catch ratio (B/C), mean lifespan and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological modelling; Fishing pressure; Gradient forest method; Indictor performance; Marine ecosystem; Primary productivity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61148/64576.pdf
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Relationships among fisheries exploitation, environmental conditions, and ecological indicators across a series of marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Fu, Caihong; Large, Scott; Knight, Ben; Richardson, Anthony J.; Bundy, Alida; Reygondeau, Gabriel; Boldt, Jennifer; Van Der Meeren, Gro I.; Torres, Maria A; Sobrino, Ignacio; Auber, Arnaud; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Piroddi, Chiara; Diallo, Ibrahima; Jouffre, Didier; Mendes, Hugo; Borges, Maria Fatima; Lynam, Christopher P.; Coll, Marta; Shannon, Lynne J.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Understanding how external pressures impact ecosystem structure and functioning is essential for ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management. We quantified the relative effects of fisheries exploitation and environmental conditions on ecological indicators derived from two different data sources, fisheries catch data (catch-based) and fisheries independent survey data (survey-based) for 12 marine ecosystems using a partial least squares path modeling approach (PLS-PM). We linked these ecological indicators to the total biomass of the ecosystem. Although the effects of exploitation and environmental conditions differed across the ecosystems, some general results can be drawn from the comparative approach. Interestingly, the PLS-PM analyses showed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicators; Environmental conditions; Fisheries exploitation; Marine ecosystems; Partial least squares path modeling.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00250/36155/34710.pdf
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Responses of ecological indicators to fishing pressure under environmental change: exploring non-linearity and thresholds ArchiMer
Fu, Caihong; Xu, Yi; Grüss, Arnaud; Bundy, Alida; Shannon, Lynne; Heymans, Johanna J; Halouani, Ghassen; Akoglu, Ekin; Lynam, Christopher P; Coll, Marta; Fulton, Elizabeth A; Velez, Laure; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Marine ecosystems are influenced by multiple stressors in both linear and non-linear ways. Using generalized additive models (GAMs) fitted to outputs from a multi-ecosystem, multi-model simulation experiment, we investigated 14 major ecological indicators across ten marine ecosystems about their responses to fishing pressure under: (i) three different fishing strategies (focusing on low-, high-, or all-trophic-level taxa); and (ii) four different scenarios of directional or random primary productivity change, a proxy for environmental change. From this work, we draw four major conclusions: (i) responses of indicators to fishing mortality in shapes, directions, and thresholds depend on the fishing strategies considered; (ii) most of the indicators...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62749/67138.pdf
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Selective fishing and balanced harvest in relation to fisheries and ecosystem sustainability. Report of a scientific workshop organized by the IUCN-CEM Fisheries Expert Group (FEG) and the European Board of Conservation and Development (EBCD) in Nagoya (Japan) 14-16 October 2010 ArchiMer
Garcia, Serge; Kolding, Jeppe; Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Zhou, Shijie; Arimoto, Takafumi; Borges, Lisa; Bundy, Alida; Dunn, Daniel; Graham, Norman; Hall, Martin; Heino, Mikko; Law, Richard; Makino, Mitsutaku; Rijnsdorp, Adriaan D.; Simard, François; Smith, Anthony D.m.; Symons, Despina.
The conventional selectivity paradigm is briefly reviewed and its performance examined from an ecosystem perspective. It is stressed that the overall (cumulative) selectivity of the harvest process in an ecosystem is the result of nested selection by fishers and fisheries of: (i) habitats; (ii) species assemblages; (iii) populations and (iv) individuals. A range of ecosystem models predict a strong impact of concentrated fishing (selective fishing) on the ecosystem structure stability, resilience and productivity. There seem to be advantages (in both yield and maintenance of ecosystem structure and functioning) to distribute fishing pressure broadly across available species and ecosystem compartments. Balanced harvesting was therefore defined by the...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00026/13697/10775.pdf
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Strong fisheries management and governance positively impact ecosystem status ArchiMer
Bundy, Alida; Chuenpagdee, Ratana; Boldt, Jennifer L.; Borges, Maria De Fatima; Camara, Mohamed Lamine; Coll, Marta; Diallo, Ibrahima; Fox, Clive; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; Gazihan, Ayse; Jarre, Astrid; Jouffre, Didier; Kleisner, Kristin M.; Knight, Ben; Link, Jason; Matiku, Patroba P.; Masski, Hicham; Moutopoulos, Dimitrios K.; Piroddi, Chiara; Raid, Tut; Sobrino, Ignacio; Tam, Jorge; Thiao, Djiga; Angeles Torres, Maria; Tsagarakis, Konstantinos; Van Der Meeren, Gro I.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Fisheries have had major negative impacts on marine ecosystems, and effective fisheries management and governance are needed to achieve sustainable fisheries, biodiversity conservation goals and thus good ecosystem status. To date, the IndiSeas programme (Indicators for the Seas) has focussed on assessing the ecological impacts of fishing at the ecosystem scale using ecological indicators. Here, we explore fisheries Management Effectiveness' and Governance Quality' and relate this to ecosystem health and status. We developed a dedicated expert survey, focused at the ecosystem level, with a series of questions addressing aspects of management and governance, from an ecosystem-based perspective, using objective and evidence-based criteria. The survey was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicator; Ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM); Expert evaluation; Fisheries governance quality; Fisheries management effectiveness; Socioeconomic indicators.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00611/72310/71209.pdf
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The good(ish), the bad, and the ugly: a tripartite classification of ecosystem trends ArchiMer
Bundy, Alida; Shannon, Lynne J.; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Neira, Sergio; Shin, Yunne-jai; Hill, Louize; Aydin, Kerim.
Marine ecosystems have been exploited for a long time, growing increasingly vulnerable to collapse and irreversible change. How do we know when an ecosystem may be in danger? A measure of the status of individual stocks is only a partial gauge of its status, and does not include changes at the broader ecosystem level, to non-commercial species or to its structure or functioning. Six ecosystem indicators measuring trends over time were collated for 19 ecosystems, corresponding to four ecological attributes: resource potential, ecosystem structure and functioning, conservation of functional biodiversity, and ecosystem stability and resistance to perturbations. We explored the use of a decision-tree approach, a definition of initial ecosystem state (impacted...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Comparative approach; Decision tree; Ecosystem classification; Ecosystem indicator; Exploited marine ecosystems.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11374/12047.pdf
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Trophic level-based indicators to track fishing impacts across marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Shannon, Lynne; Coll, Marta; Bundy, Alida; Gascuel, Didier; Heymans, Johanna J;; Kleisner, Kristin; Lynam, Christopher; Piroddi, Chiara; Tam, Jorge; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Shin, Yunne.
Trophic level (TL)-based indicators have been widely used to examine fishing impacts in aquatic ecosystems and the induced biodiversity changes. However, much debate has ensued regarding discrepancies and challenges arising from the use of landings data from commercial fisheries to calculate TL indicators. Subsequent studies have started to examine survey-based and model-based indicators. In this paper, we undertake an extensive evaluation of a variety of TL indicators across 9 well-studied marine ecosystems by making use of model- as well as surveyand catch-based TL indicators. Using detailed regional information and data on fishing history, fishing intensity, and environmental conditions, we evaluate how well TL indicators are capturing fishing effects...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trophic level; Global comparison; Indicator; Survey; Catch; Ecosystem model; Trophic spectra; Convention on Biological Diversity; Food webs; Ecosystem approach to fisheries.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00222/33361/31768.pdf
Registros recuperados: 9
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