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Registros recuperados: 40
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A global perspective on the trophic geography of sharks ArchiMer
Bird, Christopher S.; Verissimo, Ana; Magozzi, Sarah; Abrantes, Katya G.; Aguilar, Alex; Al-reasi, Hassan; Barnett, Adam; Bethea, Dana M.; Biais, Gerard; Borrell, Asuncion; Bouchoucha, Marc; Boyle, Mariah; Brooks, Edward J.; Brunnschweiler, Juerg; Bustamante, Paco; Carlisle, Aaron; Catarino, Diana; Caut, Stephane; Cherel, Yves; Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Churchill, Diana; Ciancio, Javier; Claes, Julien; Colaco, Ana; Courtney, Dean L.; Cresson, Pierre; Daly, Ryan; De Necker, Leigh; Endo, Tetsuya; Figueiredo, Ivone; Frisch, Ashley J.; Hansen, Joan Holst; Heithaus, Michael; Hussey, Nigel E.; Iitembu, Johannes; Juanes, Francis; Kinney, Michael J.; Kiszka, Jeremy J.; Klarian, Sebastian A.; Kopp, Dorothee; Leaf, Robert; Li, Yunkai; Lorrain, Anne; Madigan, Daniel J.; Maljkovic, Aleksandra; Malpica-cruz, Luis; Matich, Philip; Meekan, Mark G.; Menard, Frederic; Menezes, Gui M.; Munroe, Samantha E. M.; Newman, Michael C.; Papastamatiou, Yannis P.; Pethybridge, Heidi; Plumlee, Jeffrey D.; Polo-silva, Carlos; Quaeck-davies, Katie; Raoult, Vincent; Reum, Jonathan; Torres-rojas, Yassir Eden; Shiffman, David S.; Shipley, Oliver N.; Speed, Conrad W.; Staudinger, Michelle D.; Teffer, Amy K.; Tilley, Alexander; Valls, Maria; Vaudo, Jeremy J.; Wai, Tak-cheung; Wells, R. J. David; Wyatt, Alex S. J.; Yool, Andrew; Trueman, Clive N..
Sharks are a diverse group of mobile predators that forage across varied spatial scales and have the potential to influence food web dynamics. The ecological consequences of recent declines in shark biomass may extend across broader geographic ranges if shark taxa display common behavioural traits. By tracking the original site of photosynthetic fixation of carbon atoms that were ultimately assimilated into muscle tissues of 5,394 sharks from 114 species, we identify globally consistent biogeographic traits in trophic interactions between sharks found in different habitats. We show that populations of shelf-dwelling sharks derive a substantial proportion of their carbon from regional pelagic sources, but contain individuals that forage within additional...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00420/53141/54249.pdf
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Accumulation of nine metals and one metalloid in the tropical scallop Comptopallium radula from coral reefs in New Caledonia ArchiMer
Metian, M.; Bustamante, Paco; Hedouin, L.; Warnau, M..
Uptake of waterborne Cd, Co, Mn and Zn was determined in laboratory experiments using radiotracer techniques (Cd-109, Co-57, Mn-54 and Zn-65). Labelled Zn was mainly accumulated in the digestive gland (65%) and Co in kidneys (81%); Cd and Mn were similarly distributed in digestive gland and gills. In a complementary field study, Ag, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Zn were analysed in scallops collected at two stations showing different contamination levels. Digestive gland and kidneys displayed the highest concentrations. Ag, As, Cd, and Fe differed in soft tissues from the two stations, suggesting that Comptopallium radula could be a valuable local biomonitor species for these elements. Low Mn and Zn concentrations found in kidneys suggest that their...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioindicator species; Risk assessment; Pectinidae; Radiotracers; Arsenic; Trace elements; Tropical environment.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-6953.pdf
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Assessment of the exposure pathway in the uptake and distribution of americium and cesium in cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) at different stages of its life cycle ArchiMer
Bustamante, Paco; Teissier, J.l; Warnau, M.
Laboratory radiotracer experiments were performed to study the uptake, assimilation and retention of americium (241Am) and cesium (134Cs) by the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis. Uptake and loss kinetics of the radionuclides were measured following exposure through sediments, seawater and food at different stages of the animal's life cycle. Sediment was found to be a minor uptake pathway for both radionuclides in juveniles. Following a short seawater exposure, cuttlefish accumulated 241Am and 134Cs, but only to a limited extent (whole-body CF < 2). Among the cuttlefish organs, branchial hearts and their appendages displayed the highest degree of uptake for 241Am (CF = 42 and 16, respectively), but these tissues contained low percentage of total 241Am...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Retention; Radionuclides; Cephalopods; Biokinetics; Accumulation.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1872.pdf
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Bilan des essais et optimisation du suivi mutualisé « réseaux trophiques et contaminants » sur les campagnes halieutiques DCF 2014- 2015 ArchiMer
Mialet, Benoit; Banaru, Daniela; Baudrier, Jerome; Bustamante, Paco; Chekri, Rachida; Cresson, Pierre; Harmelin, Mireille; Le Loc'H, François; Mauffret, Aourell; Marchand, Philippe; Petit, Laetitia; Prieur, Solene; Saibi-yedjer, Lynda; Serre, Sandrine; Spitz, Jerome; Timmerman, Charles-andre; Vouriot, Pauline; Wessel, Nathalie.
Ce document s’adresse à un public large, familier ou non avec les problématiques couvertes par la Directive Cadre “Stratégie pour le Milieu Marin” (DCSMM). Ce public inclut donc le personnel intervenant sur la mise en oeuvre de la DCSMM, les scientifiques, et toute personne concernée par la surveillance de l’état de santé du milieu marin. L’objectif du document est de valoriser les travaux menés lors des essais du Programme de Surveillance de la DCSMM. Ces essais ont consisté à tester des protocoles visant à utiliser les campagnes océanographiques bentho-démersales et pélagiques existantes pour collecter les données indispensables à la construction et au renseignement d’indicateurs du Bon État Écologique. Cette collecte de données implique la participation...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00373/48447/48712.pdf
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Bioaccumulation of Hg, Cu, and Zn in the Azores triple junction hydrotherinal vent fields food web ArchiMer
Colaco, Ana; Bustamante, Paco; Fouquet, Yves; Sarradin, Pierre-marie; Serrao Santos, R.
In this work, mercury (Hg), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) concentrations and tissue distribution are determined in seven benthic invertebrates species (the key species) from the Mid Atlantic Ridge (MAR) hydrothermal vent fields. The samples were collected from three hydrothermal vent fields - Menez Gwen, 840 m;, Lucky Strike, 1700 m and Rainbow, 2300 m - near the Azores Triple Junction. These fields are characterized by different depths, geological context and chemical composition of the hydrothermal fluid, particularly the metal content, which is reflected by the metal concentrations in the organisms. Indeed, our results show that organisms from Menez Gwen presented the highest Hg concentrations, while those from Lucky Strike and Rainbow were richer in Cu and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mid Atlantic Ridge; Trophic relations; Trophic transfer; Biomagnification; Vent ecosystems; Heavy metals.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2305.pdf
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Bioaccumulation of persistent organic pollutants in female common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) and harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from western European seas: Geographical trends, causal factors and effects on reproduction and mortality ArchiMer
Pierce, G; Santos, M; Murphy, S; Learmonth, J; Zuur, A; Rogan, E; Bustamante, Paco; Caurant, Florence; Lahaye, V; Ridoux, Vincent; Zegers, B; Mets, A; Addink, M; Smeenk, C; Jauniaux, T; Law, R; Dabin, W; Lopez, A; Farre, J; Gonzalez, A; Guerra, A; Garcia Hartmann, M; Reid, R; Moffat, C; Lockyer, C; Boon, J.
Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in blubber of female common dolphins and harbour porpoises from the Atlantic coast of Europe were frequently above the threshold at which effects on reproduction could be expected, in 40% and 47% of cases respectively. This rose to 74% for porpoises from the Southern North Sea. PCB concentrations were also high in southern North Sea fish. The average pregnancy rate recorded in porpoises (42%) in the study area was lower than in the western Atlantic but that in common dolphins (25%) was similar to that of the western Atlantic population. Porpoises that died from disease or parasitic infection had higher concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) than animals dying from other causes. Few of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diet; Reproduction; Persistent organic pollutants; Delphinus delphis; Phocoena phocoena.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-7314.pdf
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Bioaccumulation of trace elements in pelagic fish from the Western Indian Ocean ArchiMer
Kojadinovic, Jessica; Potier, Michel; Le Corre, Matthieu; Cosson, Richard P.; Bustamante, Paco.
Trace elements were analyzed in fish of commercial interest to determine their importance in marine systems of the Western Indian Ocean and their bioaccumulation patterns. The results are equivalent or lower than levels reported in ichthyofauna worldwide. Certain values of muscular Cd, Hg, Pb and Zn were, however, above thresholds for human consumption. Levels varied among tissues, species and fish length, but were seldom influenced by the nutritional condition of the fish, its gender and its reproductive status. Correlations between hepatic Hg and Se levels in Swordfish (r(2) = 0.747) and Yellowfin Tunas (r(2) = 0.226), and among metallothionein linking metals imply the existence of detoxification processes in these species. Level differences between fish...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Guidelines; Detoxification; Contamination; Fish; Metals.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2490.pdf
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Biological and ecological factors related to trace element levels in harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from European waters ArchiMer
Lahaye, V; Bustamante, Paco; Law, J.r; Learmonth, J.a; Santos, M.b.; Boon, J.p.; Rogan, E; Dabin, W; Addink, M.j.; Lopez, A; Zuur, A.f.; Pierce, G.j.; Caurant, Florence.
Selected trace elements (Cd, Cu, Hg, Se, Zn) were measured in the kidneys and the liver of 104 harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) stranded along the coasts of France, Galicia (Spain), Ireland, Scotland (UK), and the Netherlands. Generally, relatively low concentrations of toxic elements were encountered in the tissues of European porpoises, except for two individuals, which displayed high hepatic Hg concentrations. Also, elevated Cd levels obtained in Scottish porpoises could be related to their feeding preferences and this result suggests an increase of the proportion of cephalopods in their diet with latitude. Moreover, significant geographical differences were seen in hepatic Zn concentrations; the elevated Zn concentrations displayed by porpoises...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tracers; Multivariate analysis; Diet; Age; Marine mammals; Zinc; Cadmium; Mercury; Heavy metals.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2920.pdf
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Comparative foraging ecology and ecological niche of a superabundant tropical seabird: the sooty tern Sterna fuscata in the southwest Indian Ocean ArchiMer
Jaquemet, S; Potier, M; Cherel, Y; Kojadinovic, J; Bustamante, Paco; Richard, P; Catry, T; Ramos, J; Le Corre, M.
Over 6-million pairs of sooty terns Sterna fuscata breed once a year in the southwest Indian Ocean, mostly on three islands of the Mozambique Channel (Europa, Juan de Nova and Glorieuses) and in the Seychelles region. Seasonal reproduction in either winter or summer is the dominant strategy in the area, but non-seasonal reproduction also occurred in some places like at Glorieuses Archipelago. The feeding ecology of the sooty tern was investigated during the breeding seasons to determine whether terns showed significant differences in their trophic ecology between locations. Regurgitations were analyzed to describe the diet of individuals when breeding, and stable isotopes and mercury concentrations were used to temporally integrate over the medium-term of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mercury &#948; 15N &#948; 13C fish larvae flying squid feeding ecology Seabirds.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4654.pdf
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Composition in essential and non-essential elements of early stages of cephalopods and dietary effects on the elemental profiles of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae ArchiMer
Villanueva, Roger; Bustamante, Paco.
During the present study, we aimed at providing a first look at the elemental composition of the early stages of cephalopods as an approach to their elemental requirements in culture. Essential and non-essential elemental profiles of the European cuttlefish Sepia officinalis, the European squid Loligo vulgaris and the common octopus Octopus vulgaris laboratory hatchlings and wild juveniles were analysed. In addition, for O. vulgaris we determined elemental profiles of mature ovary, eggs in different stages of development and followed possible effects of four dietary treatments during paralarval rearing, also analyzing elemental content of the live preys Artemia nauplii and Maja brachydactyla hatchling zoeae. Content was determined for essential (As, Ca,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Octopus; Loligo; Sepia; Larvae; Eggs; Biochemical composition.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2183.pdf
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Contrasting bioaccumulation and transport behaviour of two artificial radionuclides (Am-241 and Cs-134) in cuttlefish eggshell ArchiMer
Bustamante, Paco; Teyssie, J; Fowler, S; Warnau, M.
Radionuclide experiments were performed to study the accumulation, retention and transport of Am-241 and Cs-134 in egos of the common cuttlefish Sepia officinalis. Experiments were designed to determine the processes controlling uptake of both radionuclides following, exposure via seawater. The bioaccumulation of both radionuclides displayed saturation kinetics with steady state in uptake being reached in 10 d for Am-241 and 6 d for (CS)-C-134. Am-241 was readily taken up by the eggs which reached a concentration factor (CF) of 20 after 10 d of exposure. During embryonic development. the eggshell acted as an effective shield against Am-241 penetration with 98% of the radionuclide associated with this membrane. In contrast. (CS)-C-134 was transported across...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cephalopods; Bioaccumulation; Biokinetics; Radionuclides.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1871.pdf
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Detection of early effects of a single herbicide (diuron) and a mix of herbicides and pharmaceuticals (diuron, isoproturon, ibuprofen) on immunological parameters of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) spat ArchiMer
Luna-acosta, Andrea; Renault, Tristan; Thomas-guyon, Helene; Faury, Nicole; Saulnier, Denis; Budzinski, Helene; Le Menach, K.; Pardon, P.; Fruitier-arnaudin, I.; Bustamante, Paco.
In the context of massive summer mortality events of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, the aim of this study was to investigate the early effects on genes, enzymes and haemocyte parameters implicated in immune defence mechanisms in C. gigas oysters exposed to a potentially hostile environment, i.e. to an herbicide alone or within a mixture. Following 2 h of exposure to the herbicide diuron at 1 mu g L-1 the repression of different genes implicated in immune defence mechanisms in the haemocytes and the inhibition of enzyme activities, such as laccase-type phenoloxidase (PO) in the plasma, were observed. The inhibition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the plasma was also observed after 6 and 24 h of exposure. In the mixture with the herbicides...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bivalve; Pollution; Gene expression; Laccase; Superoxide dismutase; Phagocytosis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00083/19435/17475.pdf
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Differential bioaccumulation behaviour of Ag and Cd during the early development of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis ArchiMer
Lacoue Labarthe, T; Warnau, A; Oberhansli, F; Teyssie, J; Koueta, Noussithe; Bustamante, Paco.
Cuttlefish eggs were exposed to background concentrations of dissolved Ag and Cd, using the radiotracers Ag-110m and Cd-109. At different time of the embryonic development (50 days), some eggs were placed in non-contaminating conditions. During the experiment, the uptake and depuration kinetics, and distribution of these metals among the egg compartments (i.e. eggshell, vitellus, peri-vitelline fluid and embryo) were assessed. In parallel, experiments were conducted with sub-lethal concentrations of stable Ag and Cd (2 and 1 mu g l(-1), respectively) to compare the metal behaviour at higher concentrations. From the spawning date up to I month of development, both metals were taken up efficiently by the eggs, reaching load/concentration ratio (LCR) of 1059...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cephalopod; Permeability; Eggshell; Embryo; Biokinetics; Silver; Cadmium.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3882.pdf
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Geographic, seasonal and ontogenetic variation in cadmium and mercury concentrations in squid (Cephalopoda : Teuthoidea) from UK waters ArchiMer
Pierce, G; Stowasser, G; Hastie, L; Bustamante, Paco.
Cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) levels were measured in the tissue samples of two loliginid (Alloteuthis sp. and Loligo forbesi) and two ommastrephid (Todarodes sagittatus and Todaropsis eblanae) squid species collected from research cruise and fishery (market) samples in UK waters during 2004-05. Concentrations of Cd were generally higher in the ommastrephids, in all tissues except muscle. Hg concentrations were higher in T sagittatus than in the loliginids. In L. forbesi, metal concentrations differed between tissues and also varied in relation to body size, geographic origin, and season. Cd levels decreased with increasing body size. This may be related to a shift in the diet with growth, since small L. forbesi feed on benthic invertebrates that have...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Risk for human consumption; Bioaccumulation; Trace elements; Heavy metals; Cephalopods.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4356.pdf
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Growth and metal uptake of microalgae produced using salt groundwaters from the Bay of Bourgneuf ArchiMer
Gagneux Moreaux, Sindy; Cosson, Richard P.; Bustamante, Paco; Moreau, Christophe.
The Bay of Bourgneuf, France, is a main site of shellfish production. In the marshes along the bay, oyster intensive rearing and fattening need the mass production of microalgae. Salt groundwaters, available in this region, support a large part of this production for aquaculture. Studies carried out by local authorities have brought to the fore the accumulation of lead (Pb) in several samples of algal pastes derived from cultures using salt groundwater. The aim of this study was to compare growth, nutritional value and metal (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) uptake of four microalgae grown in two salt groundwaters or in enriched coastal seawater. Cultures of microalgae used in aquaculture (Haslea ostrearia, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Skeletonema costatum and Tetraselmis...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Marine microalgae cultivation; Aquaculture; Metals; Growth; Prasinophycea; Bacillariophycea; Diatom; Bioaccumulation; Trace elements; Saline groundwater.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2135.pdf
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Influence of sediment composition on PAH toxicity using zebrafish (Danio rerio) and Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryo-larval assays ArchiMer
Perrichon, Prescilla; Le Bihanic, Florane; Bustamante, Paco; Le Menach, Karyn; Budzinski, Helene; Cachot, Jerome; Cousin, Xavier.
Due to hydrophobic and persistent properties, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have a high capacity to accumulate in sediment. Sediment quality criteria, for the assessment of habitat quality and risk for aquatic life, include understanding the fate and effects of PAHs. In the context of European regulation (REACH and Water Framework Directive), the first objective was to assess the influence of sediment composition on the toxicity of two model PAHs, benzo[a]pyrene and fluoranthene using 10-day zebrafish embryo-larval assay. This procedure was undertaken with an artificial sediment in order to limit natural sediment variability. A suitable sediment composition might be then validated for zebrafish and proposed in a new OECD guideline for chemicals...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish embryo-larval assay; PAHs; Artificial sediment; EROD; Behavioral performance; Teratogenicity.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00242/35323/37905.pdf
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Inter-specific and ontogenic differences in delta C-13 and delta N-15 values and Hg and Cd concentrations in cephalopods ArchiMer
Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Spitz, Jerome; Cherel, Y.; Caurant, Florence; Sirmel, R.; Mendez-fernandez, P.; Bustamante, Paco.
Chemical tracers (e. g. stable isotopes or trace metals) are increasingly used to study trophic ecology and feeding habits of marine organisms and various factors can affect their values. The aim of the present study was to provide information on ontogenic effects on stable carbon and nitrogen values (delta C-13 and delta N-15) and on cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) concentrations in 5 cephalopod species from the Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic Ocean). To this end, individuals belonging to 3 species showing the widest range of sizes were analysed for muscle delta C-13 and delta N-15 values and muscle Hg, and digestive gland Cd concentrations. Results showed that stable isotope ratios allowed discrimination of specific feeding strategies during...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stable isotopes; Metals; Trace elements; Ontogenesis; Prey; Ecological tracer; Northeastern Atlantic.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00166/27761/25938.pdf
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Interspecific comparison of Cd bloaccumulation in European Pectinidae (Chlamys varia and Pecten maximus) ArchiMer
Metian, M; Warnau, M; Oberhansli, F; Teyssie, J; Bustamante, Paco.
The uptake and loss kinetics of Cd were determined in two species of scallops from the European coasts, the variegated scallop Chlamys varia and the king scallop Pecten maximus, following exposures via seawater, phytoplankton and sediment using highly sensitive radiotracer techniques (Cd-109). Results indicate that, for seawater and dietary pathways, C. varia displays higher bioaccumulation capacities in terms of uptake rate from water and fraction absorbed from ingested food (assimilation efficiency) than Pecten maximus. Regarding sediment exposure, P. maximus displayed low steady-state Cd transfer factor (TFSS < 1); however, once incorporated, a very large part of Cd transferred from sediment (92%) was strongly retained within R maximus tissues....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Subcellular distribution; Scallops; Metal; Kinetics; Cadmium; Bivalves.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3581.pdf
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Lead contamination of small cetaceans in European waters - The use of stable isotopes for identifying the sources of lead exposure ArchiMer
Caurant, Florence; Aubail, A; Lahaye, V; Van Canneyt, O; Rogan, E; Lopez, A; Addink, M; Churlaud, C; Robert, M; Bustamante, Paco.
Lead concentrations and isotopic composition have been measured in bone and teeth of small cetaceans belonging to three species (Delphinus delphis, Phocoena phocoena and Stenella coeruleoalba), to evaluate the toxicological risk and to determine sources of lead in the European waters. Lead concentrations, far lower than threshold value inducing toxic effects in human, were higher in teeth than in bones, but highly correlated between the two tissues (r = 0.92, p < 0.001). Large variations of Pb-206/Pb-207 values in bone tissue showed that cetaceans must be submitted to various atmospheric influences. No geographical differences appeared which is consistent with studies on their distribution indicating seasonal movements between Brittany waters and the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Lead; Hard tissues; Heavy metals; Harbour porpoises; Striped dolphins; Common dolphins; Northeast Atlantic; Temporal trends; Biomonitoring.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1813.pdf
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Lower trophic levels and detrital biomass control the Bay of Biscay continental shelf food web: Implications for ecosystem management ArchiMer
Lassalle, G.; Lobry, J.; Le Loc'H, F.; Bustamante, Paco; Certain, Gregoire; Delmas, Daniel; Dupuy, C.; Hily, Christian; Labry, Claire; Le Pape, O.; Marquis, Elise; Petitgas, Pierre; Pusineri, Claire; Ridoux, Vincent; Spitz, J.; Niquil, Nathalie.
The Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic) has long been subjected to intense direct and indirect human activities that lead to the excessive degradation and sometimes overexploitation of natural resources. Fisheries management is gradually moving away from single-species assessments to more holistic, multi-species approaches that better respond to the reality of ecosystem processes. Quantitative modelling methods such as Ecopath with Ecosim can be useful tools for planning, implementing and evaluating ecosystem-based fisheries management strategies. The aim of this study was therefore to model the energy fluxes within the food web of this highly pressured ecosystem and to extract practical information required in the diagnosis of ecosystem state/health. A...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00057/16851/14329.pdf
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