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Registros recuperados: 39
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26th December 2004 great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake: Co-seismic and post-seismic motions in northern Sumatra ArchiMer
Sibuet, Jean-claude; Rangin, C; Le Pichon, X; Singh, S; Cattaneo, Antonio; Graindorge, D; Klingelhoefer, Frauke; Lin, Jing-yi; Malod, Jacques-andre; Maury, Tanguy; Schneider, J; Sultan, Nabil; Umber, Marie; Yamaguchi, H.
Trench-parallel thrust faults verging both landward and seaward were mapped in the portion of wedge located between northern Sumatra and the Indian-Indonesian boundary. The spatial aftershocks distribution of the 26th December 2004 earthquake shows that the post-seismic motion is partitioned along two thrust faults, the Lower and Median Thrust Faults, the latter being right-laterally offset by a N-S lower plate fracture zone located along the 93.6 degrees N meridian. Between February 2005 and August 2005, the upper plate aftershock activity shifted from southeast of this fracture zone to northwest of it, suggesting that the lower plate left-lateral motion along the fracture zone may have induced a shift of the upper plate post-seismic activity along the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Active thrust faults; Co seismic rupture; Aftershocks; 2004 Sumatra Andaman earthquake.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-3508.pdf
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A geomechanical approach for the genesis of sediment undulations on the Adriatic shelf - art. no. Q04R03 ArchiMer
Sultan, Nabil; Cattaneo, Antonio; Urgeles, R; Lee, H; Locat, J; Trincardi, F; Berne, Serge; Canals, M; Lafuerza, S.
This study is among the first to examine the genesis of the seafloor and subsurface undulations on the Adriatic continental shelf by integrating stratigraphic information and in situ and laboratory geotechnical measurements. Interpretation of sediment behavior is based on a 32-m-long borehole crossing ( 1) a possible shear plane and ( 2) a silty clay layer at about 20 m below seafloor (mbsf) on which sediment undulations are rooted and could be interpreted as a potential weak layer succession. Our main results in terms of triggering mechanism for the observed undulations show that under an earthquake, liquefaction and/or failure of the silty-clay sediments ( weak layer) leading to deformation of the upper more cohesive sediments is possible only when such...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment deformation; Shear strength; Earthquake; Adriatic shelf.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4105.pdf
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A review of undulated sediment features on Mediterranean prodeltas: distinguishing sediment transport structures from sediment deformation ArchiMer
Urgeles, Roger; Cattaneo, Antonio; Puig, Pere; Liquete, Camino; De Mol, Ben; Amblas, David; Sultan, Nabil; Trincardi, Fabio.
Most Mediterranean prodeltas show undulated sediment features on the foresets of their Holocene wedges. These features have been described all along the Mediterranean for the last 30 years and interpreted as either soft sediment deformation and incipient landsliding, and more recently, as sediment transport structures. We perform a review and detailed analysis of these undulated sediment features using ultrahigh-resolution seismic and bathymetric data as well as geotechnical information and hydrodynamic time series and hydrographic transects. In this study we show that the characteristics of the sediment undulations (configuration of the reflections down section and between adjacent undulations and overall morphologic characteristics) are incompatible with...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Undulated sediments; Prodeltas; Slope failure; Sediment waves; Hyperpycnal flows; Internal waves.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00043/15388/12841.pdf
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Age modelling of late Quaternary marine sequences in the Adriatic: towards improved precision and accuracy using volcanic event stratigraphy ArchiMer
Lowe, John J.; Blockley, Simon; Trincardi, Fabio; Asioli, Alessandra; Cattaneo, Antonio; Matthews, I. P.; Pollard, M.; Wulf, S..
The first part of this paper presents a review of the problems that constrain the reliability of radiocarbon-based age models with particular focus on those used to underpin marine records. The reasons why radiocarbon data-sets need to be much more comprehensive than has been the norm hitherto, and why age models should be based on calibrated data only, are outlined. The complexity of the probability structure of calibrated radiocarbon data and the advantages of a Bayesian statistical approach for constructing calibrated age models are illustrated. The second part of the paper tests the potential for reducing the uncertainties that constrain radiocarbon-based age models using tephrostratigraphy. Fine (distal) ash layers of Holocene age preserved in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Radiocarbon-based age models; Tephrochronology; Volcanic event stratigraphy; Lago Monticchio record; Bayesian method; WDS geochemical data; Discriminant function analysis (DFA).
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00039/15025/12429.pdf
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Altered volcanic deposits as basal failure surfaces of submarine landslides ArchiMer
Miramontes, Elda; Sultan, Nabil; Garziglia, Sebastien; Jouet, Gwenael; Pelleter, Ewan; Cattaneo, Antonio.
One of the main concerns regarding the development of submarine landslides is the role played by weak layers in the failure process and, in particular, their impact in terms of volume, shape, and evolution of mass movements. In the present study we identified a weak layer in the eastern margin of the Corsica Trough (northern Tyrrhenian Sea) that formed the basal failure surface of the Pianosa Slump at 42–50 ka. This layer is characterized by high water content, high plasticity, high compressibility, and post-peak strain softening behavior (i.e., strength loss with increasing strain). These specific mechanical and sedimentological properties seem to be related to the presence of analcime zeolites with a concentration of 2–4% in the muddy sediment. Zeolites...
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Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00444/55565/57176.pdf
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Analysis of Holocene sedimentary features on the Adriatic shelf from 3D very high resolution seismic data (Triad survey) ArchiMer
Marsset, Tania; Marsset, Bruno; Thomas, Yannick; Cattaneo, Antonio; Thereau, Estelle; Trincardi, F; Cochonat, Pierre.
Very High Resolution (VHR) 3D seismic data were collected on the Adriatic shelf offshore the city of Ortona in order to define the small-scale geometric complexity of late Holocene deposits. Three groups of units are distinguished from the bottom up: (1) units U1 to U3 forming the Transgressive System Tract (TST); (2) units U4 and U5 representing the condensed interval deposited on the Maximum flooding surface (MFS) and the basal unit of the High stand System Tract (HST); and (3) U6 to U 10 forming the progradational units of the HST. The muddy HST deposits show seafloor and subsurface sedimentary features over up to 40% of its extent on the Adriatic shelf. In the area offshore Ortona, the HST shows shore-parallel undulations in water depth of ca. 30-70 m...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bottom hugging currents; Sediment deformation; 3D VHR seismic; Adriatic shelf; Late Holocene.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-496.pdf
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Anatomy of a compound delta from the post-glacial transgressive record in the Adriatic Sea ArchiMer
Pellegrini, Claudio; Maselli, Vittorio; Cattaneo, Antonio; Piva, Andrea; Ceregato, Alessandro; Trincardi, Fabio.
On the Mediterranean continental shelves the post-glacial transgressive succession is a complex picture composed by seaward progradations, related to sea level stillstands and/or increased sediment supply to the coasts, and minor flooding surfaces, associated to phases of enhanced rates of sea level rise. Among Late Pleistocene examples, major mid-shelf progradations have been related to the short-term climatic reversal of the Younger Dryas event, a period during which the combination of increased sediment supply from rivers and reduced rates of sea level rise promoted the formation of progradations up to tens-meter thick. While the documentation of coastal and subaqueous progradations recording the Younger Dryas interval are widely reported in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Compound delta; Mediterranean Sea; Younger Dryas; Subaqueous clinoform; Transgressive deposits.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00250/36158/34714.pdf
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Coastal dynamics under conditions of rapid sea-level rise: Late Pleistocene to Early Holocene evolution of barrier-lagoon systems on the northern Adriatic shelf (Italy) ArchiMer
Storms, J; Weltje, G; Terra, G; Cattaneo, Antonio; Trincardi, F.
This multidisciplinary case study of two preserved barrier systems combined the analysis of radiocarbon datings, grain-size distributions, high-resolution seismics, and shelf bathymetry with reconstructions of palaeo-environmental conditions (tides, waves, sea-level change) and forward modelling of barrier-lagoon systems, to provide an integrated view of the coastal transgressive evolution of a large sector of the northern Adriatic shelf between 15 and 8 ka BR Palaeo-environmental reconstructions point to increased tidal amplitude, low-energy wave climate and high rates of sea-level rise (up to 60 mm/a) during the formation of the oldest preserved barrier system (similar to 90 m water depth; 14.3 cal ka BP). A younger barrier system (42 m water depth; 10.5...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Progressive sorting; Forward modelling; Tidal amplification; Barrier lagoon system; Transgression; Sea level rise.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4473.pdf
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Comment on "Zemmouri earthquake rupture zone (M-w 6.8, Algeria): Aftershocks sequence relocation and 3D velocity model" by A. Ayadi et al. ArchiMer
Deverchere, Jacques; De Lepinay, Bernard Mercier; Cattaneo, Antonio; Strzerzynski, Pierre; Calais, Eric; Domzig, Anne; Bracene, Rabah.
Although often difficult to characterize, the relationship between a seismic rupture, its aftershock sequence, and cumulative subsurface or surface faulting or folding is an important challenge to modern seismology and seismotectonics. Among other benefits, it helps document fault length, slip, and magnitude relationships, reconstruct the evolution of the rupture process through historical and prehistorical times and identify the complexity of the deformation in its path toward the surface. This approach is a prerequisite to any seismic hazard assessment but is particularly difficult for faults whose surface trace projects offshore. A specific effort to identify and quantify the source parameters of large earthquakes in coastal areas is therefore needed,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Boumerdès-Zemmouri earthquake; Deformation; Kinematics; Margin.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00003/11440/7994.pdf
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Contourite distribution and bottom currents in the NW Mediterranean Sea: Coupling seafloor geomorphology and hydrodynamic modelling ArchiMer
Miramontes Garcia, Elda; Garreau, Pierre; Caillaud, Matthieu; Jouet, Gwenael; Pellen, Romain; Hernández-molina, F. Javier; Clare, Michael A.; Cattaneo, Antonio.
Contourites are common morphological features along continental margins where currents encounter the seafloor. They can provide long-term archives of palaeoceanography, may be prone to sediment instability, and can have a great potential for hydrocarbon exploration. Despite their importance and increasingly recognised ubiquitous occurrence worldwide, the link between oceanographic processes and contourite features is poorly constrained. In particular, it is unclear under which specific conditions sediments are mobilised, modified and deposited by bottom currents. Here, we aim to determine key bottom current characteristics (velocity and bottom shear stress) affecting contourite deposition, by assuming that recent oceanographic regimes may be extended back...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment drift; Erosion; Oceanic circulation; Bottom shear stress.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00483/59426/62241.pdf
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Contourite identification along Italian margins: The case of the Portofino drift (Ligurian Sea) ArchiMer
Cattaneo, Antonio; Miramontes, Elda; Samalens, Kevin; Garreau, Pierre; Caillaud, Matthieu; Marsset, Bruno; Corradi, Nicola; Migeon, Sebastien.
A brief review of the published evidence of current deposits around Italy is the occasion to test the robustness of matching bottom current velocity models and seafloor morphologies to identify contourite drifts not yet documented. We present the result of the regional hydrodynamic model MARS3D in the Northern Tyrrhenian and Ligurian Sea with horizontal resolution of 1.2 km and 60 levels with focus on bottom current: data are integrated over summer and winter 2013 as representative of low and high intensity current conditions. The Eastern Ligurian margin is impacted by the Levantine Intermediate Water (LIW) with modeled mean velocity of bottom current up to 20 cm s−1 in winter 2013 and calculated bottom shear stress exceeding 0.2 N m−2 in water depth of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sediment drift; Circulation model; Bottom current velocity; Levantine Intermediate Water; Submarine landslide; Mediterranean.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00378/48977/49394.pdf
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Control of Quaternary sea-level changes on gas seeps ArchiMer
Riboulot, Vincent; Thomas, Yannick; Berne, Serge; Jouet, Gwenael; Cattaneo, Antonio.
Gas seeping to the seafloor through structures such as pockmarks may contribute significantly to the enrichment of atmospheric greenhouse gases and global warming. Gas seeps in the Gulf of Lions, Western Mediterranean, are cyclical and pockmark “life” is governed both by sediment accumulation on the continental margin and Quaternary climate changes. 3D seismic data, correlated to multi-proxy analysis of a deep borehole, have shown that these pockmarks are associated with oblique chimneys. The prograding chimney geometry demonstrates the syn-sedimentary and long-lasting functioning of the gas seeps. Gas chimneys have reworked chronologically constrained stratigraphic units and have functioned episodically, with maximum activity around sea-level lowstands....
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Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31063/29476.pdf
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Deep sea in situ excess pore pressure and sediment deformation off NW Sumatra and its relation with the December 26, 2004 Great Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake ArchiMer
Sultan, Nabil; Cattaneo, Antonio; Sibuet, Jean-claude; Schneider, Jean-luc.
The swath bathymetric data acquired during the "Sumatra Aftershocks" cruise from the Sunda trench in the Indian Ocean to the north of the Sumatra Island imaged several scars and deposits. In situ pore pressure measurements using the Ifremer piezometer and coring demonstrate that high excess pore pressure and sediment deformation was generated by a recent event in the scar of the slope failure zone identified by J.T. Henstock and co-authors. This excess pore pressure is localized in the upper sedimentary layers and is not related to an interplate subduction process. Numerical simulations of the hydrological system that take into account the hydro-mechanical properties of the upper sediment layer show that the excess pore pressure and sediment deformations...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Tsunami; Sumatra; Slope failure; Pore pressure; Earthquake.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6740.pdf
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Fiber optic monitoring of active faults at the seafloor: I the FOCUS project ArchiMer
Gutscher, Marc-andre; Royer, Jean-yves; Graindorge, David; Murphy, Shane; Klingelhoefer, Frauke; Aiken, Chastity; Cattaneo, Antonio; Barreca, Giovanni; Quetel, Lionel; Riccobene, Giorgio; Petersen, Florian; Urlaub, Morelia; Krastel, Sebastian; Gross, Felix; Kopp, Heidrun; Margheriti, Lucia; Beranzoli, Laura.
Laser reflectometry (BOTDR), commonly used for structural health monitoring (bridges, dams, etc.), will for the first time be applied to study movements of an active fault on the seafloor 25 km offshore Catania Sicily. The goal of the European funded FOCUS project (ERC Advanced Grant) is to connect a 6-km long strain cable to the EMSO seafloor observatory in 2100 m water depth. Laser observations will be calibrated by seafloor geodetic instruments and seismological stations. A long-term goal is the development of dual-use telecom cables with industry partners.
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00493/60430/63872.pdf
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Holocene turbidites record earthquake supercycles at a slow-rate plate boundary ArchiMer
Ratzov, Gueorgui; Cattaneo, Antonio; Babonneau, Nathalie; Deverchere, Jacques; Yelles, Karim; Bracene, Rabah; Courboulex, Francoise.
Ongoing evidence for earthquake clustering calls for records of numerous earthquake cycles to improve seismic hazard assessment, especially where recurrence times overstep historical records. We show that most turbidites emplaced at the Africa-Eurasia plate boundary off west Algeria over the past ∼8 k.y. correlate across sites fed by independent sedimentary sources, requiring a regional trigger. Correlation with paleoseismic data inland and ground motion predictions support that M ∼7 earthquakes have triggered the turbidites. The bimodal distribution of paleo-events supports the concepts of earthquake supercycles and rupture synchronization between nearby faults: 13 paleo-earthquakes underpin clusters of 3–6 events with recurrence intervals of ∼300–600 yr,...
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Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36558/35105.pdf
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Identification of Shear Zones and Their Causal Mechanisms Using a Combination of Cone Penetration Tests and Seismic Data in the Eastern Niger Delta ArchiMer
Garziglia, Sebastien; Sultan, Nabil; Cattaneo, Antonio; Ker, Stephan; Marsset, Bruno; Riboulot, Vincent; Voisset, Michel; Adamy, J.; Unterseh,.
In a site investigation of the eastern part of the offshore Niger delta, cone penetration tests (CPTU) showed significant drops in tip resistance, associated with decreases in sleeve friction and induced excess pore pressures at the interface between superficial sediments and the underlying deposits of a mass-transport complex (MTC) called NG1. Such signature characteristics of weakened zones are clearly expressed at three sites where the drop in tip resistance reaches more than 40% over 2-3 m-thick intervals. Correlations between CPTU profiles and both 3D and ultrahigh-resolution 2D seismic data suggest that the weakened zones surround syndepositional the within the frontal part of NG1. Hence, weakening appears associated with the remobilization of thrust...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Cone penetration tests; Shear zone; 3D seismic data; Ultrahigh-resolution 2D seismic; Mass-transport complex; Slope stability.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00105/21662/19695.pdf
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La géomorphologie des fonds marins et la présence d’hydrates de gaz contrôlent les émissions de gaz dans la Mer Noire au large de la Roumanie ArchiMer
Riboulot, Vincent; Cattaneo, Antonio; Scalabrin, Carla; Gaillot, Arnaud; Jouet, Gwenael; Ballas, Gregory; Marsset, Tania; Garziglia, Sebastien; Ker, Stephan.
The Romanian sector of the Black Sea deserves attention because the Danube deep-sea fan is one of the largest sediment depositional systems worldwide and is considered the world's most isolated sea, the largest anoxic water body on the planet and a unique energy-rich sea. Due to the high sediment accumulation rate, presence of organic matter and anoxic conditions, the Black sea sediments offshore the Danube delta is rich in gas and thus shows Bottom Simulating Reflectors (BSR). The cartography of the BSR over the last 20 years, exhibits its widespread occurrence, indicative of extensive development of hydrate accumulations and a huge gas hydrate potential. By combining old and new datasets acquired in 2015 during the GHASS expedition, we performed a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrates de gaz; Gaz libre; Panaches de gaz; BSR; Mer Noire; Géomorphologie; Gas hydrates; Free gas; Gas flares; BSR; Black Sea; Geomorphology.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00407/51860/53914.pdf
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Major modification of sediment routing by a large Mass Transport Deposit in the Gulf of Lions (Western Mediterranean) ArchiMer
Dennielou, Bernard; Jegou, I.; Droz, Laurence; Jouet, Gwenael; Cattaneo, Antonio; Berné, Serge; Aslanian, Daniel; Loubrieu, Benoit; Rabineau, Marina; Bermell, Sylvain.
In the Gulf of Lions (Western Mediterranean), the emplacement of a large (160 km3) Mass Transport Deposit, the Rhone Western Mass Transport Deposit (RWMTD), at the base of slope, aside the Rhone deep-sea fan between 1800 and 2700 m water depth, resulted in a major modification of the sediment routing by clogging a drainage network and blocking at the base of slope sediments that were previously routed into the Valencia channel and the Balearic abyssal plain. The RWMTD was sourced from sediments of the western flank of the Rhone upper fan and the adjacent base of slope. The mass transport deposit is characterized by a transparent seismic facies and sediment cores show that it is composed of a stiff laminated muddy lithofacies characteristic of the Rhone fan...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gulf of Lions; Ebro margin; Sediment routing; Rhone deep-sea fan; Canyon; Mass transport deposit; Turbidite.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00480/59175/61813.pdf
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Mass-transport deposits on the Algerian margin (Algiers area): morphology, lithology and sedimentary processes ArchiMer
Dan, Gabriela; Sultan, Nabil; Cattaneo, Antonio; Deverchere, J; Yelles, K.
On 21st May 2003, a damaging earthquake of Mw: 6.9 struck the region of Boumerdès 40 km east of Algiers in northern Algeria. The seismic shocks had devastating effects in the offshore area between the cities of Algiers and Dellys, where numerous cable breaks were observed. The submarine area encompassing the 2003 Boumerdès epicenter (central Algerian margin) was recently investigated using geophysical and sampling tools. It has been observed that small-size slides and mass-transport deposits occur across this area. Thus, a detailed analysis was performed on 25 submarine slides identified in water depth from 500 m to 2700 m, by measuring different morphological parameters (i.e. surface, head-scarp height, slope in the source area and in adjacent...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Triggering mechanism; Morphology; Mass transport deposit; Algeria.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/acte-6453.pdf
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Meiofauna assemblages of the Condor Seamount (North-East Atlantic Ocean) and adjacent deep-sea sediments ArchiMer
Zeppilli, Daniela; Bongiorni, Lucia; Cattaneo, Antonio; Danovaro, Roberto; Santos, R.
Seamounts are currently considered hotspots of biodiversity and biomass for macro- and megabenthic taxa, but knowledge of meiofauna is still limited. Studies have revealed the existence of highly diverse meiofauna assemblages; however most data are mainly qualitative or focused only on specific groups, thus preventing comparisons among seamounts and with other deep-sea areas. This study, conducted on Condor Seamount (Azores, North-East Atlantic Ocean), describes variation in abundance, biomass, community structure and biodiversity of benthic meiofauna from five sites located on the Condor Seamount: and one site away from the seamount. While the summit of the seamount hosted the highest alpha biodiversity, the flanks and the bases showed a rich meiofauna...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Condor Seamount; Meiofauna; Biodiversity; Deep-sea sediments; Azores.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00152/26324/24398.pdf
Registros recuperados: 39
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