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Registros recuperados: 8
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csrB Gene Duplication Drives the Evolution of Redundant Regulatory Pathways Controlling Expression of the Major Toxic Secreted Metalloproteases in Vibrio tasmaniensis LGP32 ArchiMer
Nguyen, An Ngoc; Disconzi, Elena; Charriere, Guillaume; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Bouloc, Philippe; Le Roux, Frederique; Jacq, Annick.
CsrBs are bacterial highly conserved and multiple-copy noncoding small RNAs (sRNAs) that play major roles in cell physiology and virulence. In the Vibrio genus, they are known to be regulated by the two-component system VarSNarA. They modulate the well-characterized quorum sensing pathway controlling virulence and luminescence in Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio harveyi, respectively. Remarkably, Vibrio tasmaniensis LGP32, an oyster pathogen that belongs to the Splendidus Glade, was found to have four copies of csrB, named csrB1-4, compared to two to three copies in other Vibrio species. Here, we show that the extra csrB4 copy results from a csrB3 gene duplication, a characteristic of the Splendidus Glade. Interestingly, csrB genes are regulated in different...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacterial gene regulation; Bacterial sRNAs; Transcriptomics; Vibrio pathogenic to oysters; Host-pathogen interactions.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00476/58785/61319.pdf
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Immune-suppression by OsHV-1 viral infection causes fatal bacteraemia in Pacific oysters ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Lucasson, Aude; Petton, Bruno; Toulza, Eve; Montagnani, Caroline; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Chaparro, Cristian; Galinier, Richard; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Haffner, Philippe; Degremont, Lionel; Charriere, Guillaume; Lafont, Maxime; Delort, Abigail; Vergnes, Agnes; Chiarello, Marlene; Faury, Nicole; Rubio, Tristan; Leroy, Marc; Perignon, Adeline; Regler, Denis; Morga, Benjamin; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Boudry, Pierre; Le Roux, Frederique; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Gueguen, Yannick; Mitta, Guillaume.
Infectious diseases are mostly explored using reductionist approaches despite repeated evidence showing them to be strongly in fluenced by numerous interacting host and environmental factors. Many diseases with a complex aetiology therefore remain misunderstood. By developing a holistic approach to tackle the complexity of interactions, we decipher the complex intra-host interactions underlying Pacific oyster mortality syndrome affecting juveniles of Crassostrea gigas, the main oyster species exploited worldwide. Using experimental infections reproducing the natural route of infection and combining thorough molecular analyses of oyster families with contrasted susceptibilities, we demonstrate that the disease is caused by multiple infection with an initial...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00461/57234/59228.pdf
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Is adaptive therapy natural? ArchiMer
Thomas, Frederic; Donnadieu, Emmanuel; Charriere, Guillaume; Jacqueline, Camille; Tasiemski, Aurelie; Pujol, Pascal; Renaud, Francois; Roche, Benjamin; Hamede, Rodrigo; Brown, Joel; Gatenby, Robert; Ujvari, Beata.
Research suggests that progression-free survival can be prolonged by integrating evolutionary principles into clinical cancer treatment protocols. The goal is to prevent or slow the proliferation of resistant malignant cell populations. The logic behind this therapy relies on ecological and evolutionary processes. These same processes would be available to natural selection in decreasing the probability of an organism's death due to cancer. We propose that organisms' anticancer adaptions include not only ones for preventing cancer but also ones for directing and retarding the evolution of life-threatening cancer cells. We term this last strategy natural adaptive therapy (NAT). The body's NAT might include a lower than otherwise possible immune response. A...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00470/58122/60546.pdf
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Outer membrane vesicles are vehicles for the delivery of Vibrio tasmaniensis virulence factors to oyster immune cells ArchiMer
Vanhove, Audrey; Duperthuy, Marylise; Charriere, Guillaume; Le Roux, Frederique; Goudenege, David; Gourbal, Benjamin; Kieffer-jaquinod, Sylvie; Coute, Yohann; Wai, Sun Nyunt; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine.
Vibrio tasmaniensis LGP32, a facultative intracellular pathogen of oyster haemocytes, was shown here to release outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) both in the extracellular milieu and inside haemocytes. Intracellular release of OMVs occurred inside phagosomes of intact haemocytes having phagocytosed few vibrios as well as in damaged haemocytes containing large vacuoles heavily loaded with LGP32. The OMV proteome of LGP32 was shown to be rich in hydrolases (25%) including potential virulence factors such as proteases, lipases, phospholipases, haemolysins and nucleases. One major caseinase/gelatinase named Vsp for vesicular serine protease was found to be specifically secreted through OMVs in which it is enclosed. Vsp was shown to participate in the virulence...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00199/31009/29459.pdf
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Personal history of infections and immunotherapy: unexpected links and possible therapeutic opportunities ArchiMer
Jacqueline, Camille; Bonnefoy, Nathalie; Charriere, Guillaume; Thomas, Frederic; Roche, Benjamin.
The recent breakthroughs in the understanding of tumor immune biology have given rise to a new generation of immunotherapies, harnessing the immune system to eliminate tumors. As the typology and frequency of encountered infections are susceptible to shape the immune system, it could also impact the efficiency of immunotherapy. In this review, we report evidences for an indirect link between personal history of infection and different strategies of immunotherapy. In the current context of interest rise for personalized medicine, we discuss the potential medical applications of considering personal history of infection to design immunotherapeutic strategies.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Immunotherapy; Infections; Personalized medicine; Cancer vaccine; Immune checkpoints; Adoptive cell transfer.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00437/54865/57788.pdf
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Species-specific mechanisms of cytotoxicity toward immune cells determine the successful outcome of Vibrio infections ArchiMer
Rubio, Tristan; Oyanedel, Daniel; Labreuche, Yannick; Toulza, Eve; Luo, Xing; Bruto, Maxime; Chaparro, Cristian; Torres, Marta; De Lorgeril, Julien; Haffner, Philippe; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Lagorce, Arnaud; Petton, Bruno; Mitta, Guillaume; Jacq, Annick; Le Roux, Frederique; Charriere, Guillaume; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine.
Vibrio species cause infectious diseases in humans and animals, but they can also live as commensals within their host tissues. How Vibrio subverts the host defenses to mount a successful infection remains poorly understood, and this knowledge is critical for predicting and managing disease. Here, we have investigated the cellular and molecular mechanisms underpinning infection and colonization of 2 virulent Vibrio species in an ecologically relevant host model, oyster, to study interactions with marine Vibrio species. All Vibrio strains were recognized by the immune system, but only nonvirulent strains were controlled. We showed that virulent strains were cytotoxic to hemocytes, oyster immune cells. By analyzing host and bacterial transcriptional...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: T6SS; Toxin; Dual RNA-seq; Cytolysis; Pathogenesis.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00507/61837/65900.pdf
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Sympatric versus allopatric evolutionary contexts shape differential immune response in Biomphalaria / Schistosoma interaction ArchiMer
Portet, Anais; Pinaud, Silvain; Chaparro, Cristian; Galinier, Richard; Dheilly, Nolwenn M.; Portela, Julien; Charriere, Guillaume; Allienne, Jean-francois; Duval, David; Gourbal, Benjamin.
Selective pressures between hosts and their parasites can result in reciprocal evolution or adaptation of specific life history traits. Local adaptation of resident hosts and parasites should lead to increase parasite infectivity/virulence (higher compatibility) when infecting hosts from the same location (in sympatry) than from a foreign location (in allopatry). Analysis of geographic variations in compatibility phenotypes is the most common proxy used to infer local adaptation. However, in some cases, allopatric host-parasite systems demonstrate similar or greater compatibility than in sympatry. In such cases, the potential for local adaptation remains unclear. Here, we study the interaction between Schistosoma and its vector snail Biomphalaria in which...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00488/59982/63214.pdf
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The new insights into the oyster antimicrobial defense: Cellular, molecular and genetic view ArchiMer
Bachere, Evelyne; Rosa, Rafael Diego; Schmitt, Paulina; Poirier, Aurore; Merou, Nicolas; Charriere, Guillaume; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine.
Oysters are sessile filter feeders that live in close association with abundant and diverse communities of microorganisms that form the oyster microbiota. In such an association, cellular and molecular mechanisms have evolved to maintain oyster homeostasis upon stressful conditions including infection and changing environments. We give here cellular and molecular insights into the Crassostrea gigas antimicrobial defense system with focus on antimicrobial peptides and proteins (AMPs). This review highlights the central role of the hemocytes in the modulation and control of oyster antimicrobial response. As vehicles for AMPs and other antimicrobial effectors, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), and together with epithelia, hemocytes provide the oyster...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mollusk; Immunity; Antimicrobial peptide; Hemocyte; Defensin.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36552/35097.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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