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Registros recuperados: 9
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Adoption of Cover Crops and Its Effect on Nitrogen Use by Farmers AgEcon
Gabrielyan, Gnel; Chintawar, Sachin; Westra, John V..
With increasing environmental concerns, increasing population, changing tastes and preferences of consumers towards healthier foods, and with more food safety requirements, agronomic practices have changed gradually to provide not only food and fiber but also public goods and other beneficial services from agriculture. Cover cropping is one type of technology increasingly being adopted by producers of multifunctional agriculture. Cover crops provide a range of benefits, both private and public. In this paper we identify factors affecting farmers’ choice to adopt cover crops. We examine the impact on nitrogen use from adopting cover crops and the resultant decrease in input costs. Using a two-stage approach that incorporates endogeneity of adoption in...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cover crops; Nitrogen usage; Technology adoption; Crop Production/Industries; Environmental Economics and Policy; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56520
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Adoption of Technology and Its Impact on Profitability of Young and Beginning Farmers: A Quantile Regression Approach AgEcon
Adhikari, Arun; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; Technology; Profitability; GM crops; Quantile Regression; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46830
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Does “Convenience Agriculture” Affect Off‐farm Labor Allocation Decisions? AgEcon
Uematsu, Hiroki; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
The objective of this study is to examine the effect of adoption intensity of GM crops on off‐farm labor supply by farm households. Using ARMS data in 2004, 2005 and 2006, we estimate a two stage simultaneous Tobit model and find that adoption intensity of GM crops has a negative impact on off‐farm labor supply by operators and a positive impact on off‐farm labor supply by spouse. This may be due to the comparative advantage of operators and spouses. Our results find that GM crops adoption has different but significant implications on off‐farm labor supply by operators and spouses and underscores the importance of understanding farm households’ decisions to explain behaviors of farm businesses in the United States.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Technology Adoption; Two stage simultaneous Tobit model; GM Crops; Off‐farm labor; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital; Q10; Q12.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61633
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Effect of Cover Crop Adoption on Nitrogen Use among Conventional and Organic Corn Farms – An Empirical Analysis AgEcon
Chintawar, Sachin; Gabrielyan, Gnel; Westra, John V..
Multiple studies have estimated factors influencing cover crop adoption which include control weed population (Ngouajio et al. 2002), increased soil health (Santhi Wicks and Richard Howitt, 2005), and increased productivity (Johannes M. S. Scholberg, Santiago Dogliotti, Lincoln Zotarelli, Corey M. Cherr, Carolina Leoni and Walter A. H. Rossing, 2010, Jason Bergtold, Jason Fewella, and Patricia Duffy, 2010). An externality of adoption of cover crops that has not been explored is its potential impact on the amount of nitrogen use by farmers. Using a 2009 survey of conventional and organic corn farmers in 7 states of the US, we estimate the factors affecting adoption of cover crops and its impact on nitrogen use. While nitrogen used by farmers is considered...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Cover Crop Adoption; Nitrogen Management; Limited Dependent Endogenous Variable Model; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/98825
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Implications of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) regulations on the EU – U.S. Corn Trade Sector and the Case of the ‘Agenda 2000’ Reforms AgEcon
Chintawar, Sachin; Westra, John V..
Corn trade between the European Union (EU) and the United States has undergone substantial changes over the past decade. EU Reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), beginning with the Mac Sharry Reforms of 1992 and continuing with the Agenda 2000 Reforms, were directed at bringing EU agricultural policy into compliance with World Trade Organization (WTO) provisions. These reforms have brought about considerable changes in the market structure in corn trade. However, while trade has been facilitated by decoupling payments and removing levies and tariffs on imported corn, EU’s Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures have negated some of the progress in trade between EU countries and the United States. Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), in the form...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures; Technical Barriers to Trade; Common Agricultural Policy; Agenda 2000 Reforms; Genetically Modified corn; Welfare effects; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56455
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Intensity of Precision Agriculture Technology Adoption by Cotton Producers AgEcon
Paxton, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin; Roberts, Roland K.; Larson, James A.; English, Burton C.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Marra, Michele C.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Reeves, Jeanne M.; Martin, Steven W..
Many studies on the adoption of precision technologies have generally used logit models to explain the adoption behavior of individuals. This study investigates factors affecting the intensity of precision agriculture technologies adopted by cotton farmers. Particular attention is given to the role of spatial yield variability on the number of precision farming technologies adopted, using a count data estimation procedure and farm-level data. Results indicate that farmers with more within-field yield variability adopted a higher number of precision agriculture technologies. Younger and better educated producers and the number of precision agriculture technologies used were significantly correlated. Finally, farmers using computers for management decisions...
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Precision technologies; Poisson; Negative binomial count data method; GPS; Education; Cotton; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management; Production Economics; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/105464
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Precision Agriculture Technology Adoption for Cotton Production AgEcon
Paxton, Kenneth W.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin; Larson, James A.; Roberts, Roland K.; English, Burton C.; Lambert, Dayton M.; Marra, Michele C.; Larkin, Sherry L.; Reeves, Jeanne M.; Martin, Steven W..
Many studies on the adoption of precision technologies have generally used logit models to explain the adoption behavior of individuals. This study investigates factors affecting the number of specific types of precision agriculture technologies adopted by cotton farmers. Particular attention is given to the influence of spatial yield variability on the number of precision farming technologies adopted, using a Count data estimation procedure and farm-level data. Results indicate that farmers with more within-field yield variability adopted a larger number of precision agriculture technologies. Younger and better educated producers and the number of precision agriculture technologies were significantly correlated. Finally, farmers using computers for...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Precision technologies; Poisson; Negative Binomial; Count-data method; GIS; Education; Cotton; Agricultural and Food Policy; Farm Management; Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/56486
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Predicting Financial Stress in Young and Beginning Farmers in the United States AgEcon
D'Antoni, Jeremy M.; Mishra, Ashok K.; Chintawar, Sachin.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Financial stress; Young and Beginning farmers; Farm type; Farming regions; Operating leverage; Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46861
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The Impact of Adoption of Genetically Modified Corn on the Off-Farm Labor Supply in the United States AgEcon
Chintawar, Sachin; Mishra, Ashok K.; Gillespie, Jeffrey M..
With the production and cropping efficiency gains from adoption of Genetically Modified (GM) corn, the number of acres planted has increased steadily over the past decade. Also, the adoption of GM crops in general has an impact on the labor allocation decisions of farm operators. Using a large sample of Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) data, we estimate a two-stage left-censored simultaneous Tobit model to estimate the impact of adoption of GM corn on the off-farm labor supply of farm operators. Results indicate that the adoption of GM corn has had a negative and significant impact on the off-farm labor supply.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Adoption; GM corn; Off farm labor; Two-stage left-censored simultaneous Tobit; Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Farm Management.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/46832
Registros recuperados: 9
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