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Registros recuperados: 4
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Biomass changes and trophic amplification of plankton in a warmer ocean ArchiMer
Chust, Guillem; Allen, J. Icarus; Bopp, Laurent; Schrum, Corinna; Holt, Jason; Tsiaras, Kostas; Zavatarelli, Marco; Chifflet, Marina; Cannaby, Heather; Dadou, Isabelle; Daewel, Ute; Wakelin, Sarah L.; Machu, Eric; Pushpadas, Dhanya; Butenschon, Momme; Artioli, Yuri; Petihakis, Georges; Smith, Chris; Garcon, Veronique; Goubanova, Katerina; Le Vu, Briac; Fach, Bettina A.; Salihoglu, Baris; Clementi, Emanuela; Irigoien, Xabier.
Ocean warming can modify the ecophysiology and distribution of marine organisms, and relationships between species, with nonlinear interactions between ecosystem components potentially resulting in trophic amplification. Trophic amplification (or attenuation) describe the propagation of a hydroclimatic signal up the food web, causing magnification (or depression) of biomass values along one or more trophic pathways. We have employed 3-D coupled physical-biogeochemical models to explore ecosystem responses to climate change with a focus on trophic amplification. The response of phytoplankton and zooplankton to global climate-change projections, carried out with the IPSL Earth System Model by the end of the century, is analysed at global and regional basis,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem model; Food web; Plankton; Primary production; Sea warming; Trophic amplification.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00188/29966/28481.pdf
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Estimating turbidity and total suspended matter in the Adour River plume (South Bay of Biscay) using MODIS 250-m imagery ArchiMer
Petus, Caroline; Chust, Guillem; Gohin, Francis; Doxaran, David; Froidefond, Jean-marie; Sagarminaga, Yolanda.
The Basque coastal waters (South Bay of Biscay) are directly influenced by the Adour River freshwater plume. The Adour outflow leads to important variations of suspended matter concentrations and turbidity, which in turn may affect biological productivity and water quality. This study aims at both developing specific algorithms and testing the efficiency of atmospherically corrected MODIS-Aqua 250-m surface reflectance product (MYD09) to map total suspended matter concentrations and turbidity within the Adour coastal region. First, regional empirical algorithms based on in-situ data were tested to retrieve the concentration of total suspended matter and turbidity from the remote sensing reflectance. Then, the respective sensitivity of MODIS surface...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Adour River plume; Turbidity; Suspended matter; Satellite sensing; MODIS; Remote sensing reflectance.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00003/11383/8042.pdf
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Global habitat preferences of commercially valuable tuna ArchiMer
Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Dufour, Florence; Kell, Laurence; Merino, Gorka; Ibaibarriaga, Leire; Chust, Guillem; Irigoien, Xabier; Santiago, Jose Luis; Murua, Hilario; Fraile, Igaratza; Chifflet, Marina; Goikoetxea, Nerea; Sagarminaga, Yolanda; Aumont, Olivier; Bopp, Laurent; Herrera, Miguel; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Bonhomeau, Sylvain.
In spite of its pivotal role in future implementations of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management, current knowledge about tuna habitat preferences remains fragmented and heterogeneous, because it relies mainly on regional or local studies that have used a variety of approaches making them difficult to combine. Therefore in this study we analyse data from six tuna species in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans in order to provide a global, comparative perspective of habitat preferences. These data are longline catch per unit effort from 1958 to2007 for albacore, Atlantic bluefin, southern bluefin, bigeye, yellowfin and skipjack tunas. Both quotient analysis and Generalized Additive Models were used to determine habitat preference with respect to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Habitat; Tuna fisheries; Catch/effort; Environmental conditions; Quotient analysis; Generalised Additive Models; Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00201/31190/29589.pdf
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Les ressources exploitées par la pêche et la conchyliculture ArchiMer
Caill-milly, Nathalie; Morandeau, Gilles; Castege, Iker; Sanchez, Florence; Lissardy, Muriel; Chust, Guillem; Borja, Angel; Auby, Isabelle; Lapegue, Sylvie; Prou, Jean; Oger-jeanneret, Helene; Lassalle, Géraldine; Prevost, Etienne; Buoro, Mathieu; Lobry, Jérémy; De Pontual, Helene; De Casamajor, Marie-noelle; Biais, Gerard; D'Elbee, Jean.
L'exploitation des ressources par la pêche professionnelle et par la conchyliculture repose sur des ressources vivantes sauvages ou domestiquées qui sont présentes dans différents milieux aquatiques depuis les rivières jusqu'au large en mer. L'état de ces populations dépend non seulement des choix d'exploitation au regard des capacités de renouvellement des stocks mais aussi des caractéristiques environnementales qui impactent les différentes phases des cycles biologiques des espèces et jouent donc sur leur bon déroulement. Ces conditions du milieu sont tributaires pour partie des activités anthropiques (qualité et quantité d'eau disponible, obstacles au franchissement, autres perturbations) et peuvent être soumises aux effets du changement climatique. Ce...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00444/55568/57180.pdf
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