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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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DUALITY OF FARM STRUCTURE IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: THE CASE OF MOLDOVA AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Cimpoies, Dragos.
The duality of farm structure in Moldova is manifested by the existence of a relatively small number of large corporate farms at one extreme and a very large number of small and very small family farms at the other. “Medium-sized” family farms, the backbone of any market agriculture, virtually do not exist in Moldova. Moldovan agriculture is characterized by a much greater concentration of land in large farms than agriculture in market economies. The small individual farms on the whole are more productive and more efficient than the large corporate farms. They produce higher incomes for rural families than corporate farms. The main conclusion of the paper is that land should be allowed to flow from large corporate farms to small family farms through the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm structure; Efficiency; Productivity; Land fragmentation; Land concentration; Farm size; Moldova; Farm Management; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7139
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ECONOMIC SITUATION OF MOLDAVIANS FARM ENTERPRISES AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Schulze, Eberhard.
The given Discussion Paper represents the results of a questionnaire, conducted in 2003, on basic economic questions in 104 Moldavian farm enterprises. The received results continue the cycle of research activities concerning the privatization and restructuring of farm enterprises in different countries of Central and Eastern Europe, are written on a similar structure, allowing to carry out a comparative analysis between the countries of the region. To some extent, the given paper can be regarded as a continuation of the Discussion Paper 60. As the base for the analysis "the standardized questionnaire" has been put forward, developed by IAMO, being advanced and adapted by the authors to local conditions. Study of the activity of farm enterprises of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Consolidation; Land lease; Production factors; Buy-sell; Work force; Legal forms; Moldova; Konsolidierung; Verpachtung; Produktionsfaktoren; Kauf und Verkauf; Arbeitskräfte; Rechtsformen; Консолидация; Аренда; Производственные ресурсы; Купля-продажа; Трудовые ресурсы; Организационно-правовые формы; Молдова.; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Industrial Organization; International Development; Labor and Human Capital; Productivity Analysis; С 81; Q12; D25; O1; O4; P3.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92020
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IMPORTANT ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURE OF MOLDOVA AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Schulze, Eberhard.
Agrarian reform in Moldova, as in all former Soviet republics, involved the transfer of land and assets of collective farms in private possession, and also restructuring of the last. It was supposed that the given directions of reforms will provide, in shortest terms, recovery of agriculture and will serve as the catalyst for serious transformations of rural areas. As a matter of fact, they became the catalyst of new problems: As appeared subsequently, the end of land transformations does not mean at all the termination of problems, but only their beginning. It is well known the fact that improvement of the state in any sector of economy and even economy at all, is in direct dependence on correctness of decision-making. But the last one, is impossible...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Methoden der Datenerhebung; Mikroökonomische Daten; Befragung; Agrarian reform; Restructuring; Problems; Agrarian transformation; Аграрная реформа; Реструктуризация; Проблема; Аграрные преобра-зования.; Agribusiness; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Land Economics/Use; C 81.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92028
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LAND CONSOLIDATION AS A FACTOR FOR SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE IN MOLDOVA AgEcon
Lerman, Zvi; Cimpoies, Dragos.
Since 1991, Moldova has carried out a wide range of radical reforms affecting its social and economic system. The land reform, which was practically completed in 2000, created over 1 million landowners among the rural population. Many of them entrusted their land to managers of newly created corporate farms. Others used their privately owned land to establish independent family farms. The creation of independent family farms (so-called "peasant farms") was one of the primary goals of the land reform. More than 280,000 peasant farms have been created, averaging 1,86 hectares in size. The small size of the peasant farms, whose holdings are furthermore split into 3-4 parcels, raises considerable concerns about their long-term viability and has led to an...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Land consolidation; Land lease; Land market; Moldova; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7171
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Land Policy and Farm Efficiency: The Lessons of Moldova AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Lerman, Zvi.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6787
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LAND POLICY AND FARM EFFICIENCY: THE LESSONS OF MOLDOVA AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Lerman, Zvi.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7839
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Sustainable rural development: What is the role of the agri-food sector? AgEcon
Just, Flemming; Emmanuel, Adinyira; Oteng-Seifah, Samuel; Theophilus, Adjei-Kumi; Theophilus, Ernst-August; Cimpoies, Dragos; Zhemoyda, Oleksandr V.; Portyanko, Mariya; Danilowska, Alina; Danilowska, Anna; Kosodiy, Roman; Mishenin, Eugeniy; Bokusheva, Raushan; Sannikova, Marina; Heidelbach, Olaf; Jia, Xiangping; Heidhues, Franz; Zeller, Manfred; Baker, Derek; Abildtrup, Jens; Hedetoft, Anders; Milczarek, Dominika; Malak-Rawlikowska, Agata; Falkowski, Jan; Barussaud, Emilien; Raymond, Richard; Poletto, Ana; Margarian, Anne; Fock, Achim; Fock, Karin; Pufahl, Andrea; Grajewski, Regina; Sholpan, Sholpan; Sannikova, Marina; Fahrmann, Barbara; Maciejczak, Mariusz; Was, Adam.
This volume of proceedings, available both as hard copy and pdf, is an edited compilation of selected contributions to the IAMO Forum 2007, which will be held in Halle (Saale), Germany, at the Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe from 27 to 29 June 2007. We would like to thank all those persons and organisations who contributed to the realisation of the IAMO Forum 2007 and the volume in hand. First of all, we thank all lecturers, whose commitment and papers made both the conference and the publication possible. Furthermore, we appreciate the financial support provided by the Federal Ministry of, Food, Agriculture, and Consumer Protection and the Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt. The conference would not be successful...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Agricultural Finance; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Industrial Organization; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92324
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The Economics of Land Consolidation in Family Farms of Moldova AgEcon
Cimpoies, Dragos; Lerman, Zvi; Racul, Anatol.
The paper investigates the current situation with fragmentation of family farms in Moldova and its effects on family well-being and farm productivity. A key hypothesis is that consolidation of agricultural land in Moldova has beneficial effects in terms of productivity and is desirable in the long run. We examine the case for market-driven land consolidation using data from several recent surveys in Moldova. We show that, in the individual sector, larger farms consume less of their output and attain higher levels of commercialization. Larger individual farms thus have higher revenues from commercial sales and generate higher family incomes. Farm augmentation accordingly makes a positive contribution to the well-being of the rural population. The extent of...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land consolidation; Land fragmentation; Land market; Family farms; Rural incomes; Moldova; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/52837
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The Role of Agriculture in Central and Eastern European Rural Development: Engine of Change or Social Buffer? AgEcon
Ahrens, Heinz; Balint, Borbala; Baltag, Grigore; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Blaas, Gejza; Bojnec, Stefan; Borisova, Victoria; Brelik, Agnieszka; Cimpoies, Dragos; von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephan; Danilowska, Alina; Drlik, Jan; Fock, Theodor; Gallerani, Vittorio; Galushko, Viktoriya; Golemanova, Antoaneta; Greif, Franz; Hager, Astrid; Hann, Chris; Horska, Hana; Huirne, Ruud B.M.; Jansik, Csaba; Jechlitschka, Kurt; Kinnucan, Henry W.; Kirschke, Dieter; Krypa, Nada; Malik, Mykola; Matsibora, Tetyana; Mishev, Plamen Dimitrov; Nedyalkov, Anton; Oskam, Arie J.; Oude Lansink, Alfons G.J.M.; Petrick, Martin; Pelse, Modrite; Petrikov, Alexander; Raggi, Meri; Ratinger, Tomas; Revishvili, Zurab; Rodionova, Galina; Samoggia, Antonella; Sarris, Alexander H.; Savastano, Sara; Sedik, David J.; Senczyszyn, Jaroslaw; Spesna, Daniela; Tritten, Christian; Tyran, Ewa; Valentinov, Vladislav; Viaggi, Davide; Wegener, Stefan; Weingarten, Peter; Zmija, Janusz.
Tipo: Book Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Community/Rural/Urban Development; Farm Management; Food Security and Poverty; International Development; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/93023
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