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Aires marines protégées et récifs artificiels : méthodes d'évaluation, protocoles expérimentaux et indicateurs ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim.
Marine Protected Areas' (MPAs) and Artificial Reef's (ARs) management requires complex assessment and monitoring programmes, dealing with different sources of variability. We studied and developed experimental designs and analysis methods suited for the establishment of a monitoring of MPAs and ARs. This methodology is developed from existing data sets in the Northwestern Mediterranean. We build multi-criteria indicators allowing a statistically testable diagnosis of the impact of MPAs and ARs on reef fish assemblages. Using ecological performance indicators permits to monitor and to give an image of the assessed system to managers. It was possible to show the global response of the fish assemblages to the protection by a MPA. This response was evidenced...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Management; Northwestern Mediterranean; Statistical Power; Monitoring; Habitat; Multivariate; Indicators; Temperate Fish; Impact Assessment; Artificial Reefs; Marines Protected Areas; Gestion; Méditerranée Nord Occidentale; Puissance Statistique; Suivis; Habitat; Multivarié; Indicateurs; Poissons Tempérés; Evaluation d'Impact; Récifs Artificiels; Aires Marines Protégées.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/these-2132.pdf
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Assessing the effects of marine protected area (MPA) on a reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean marine reserve: Identifying community-based indicators ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim; Pelletier, Dominique; Jouvenel, J.y; Bachet, F; Galzin, R.
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly envisaged as a tool to manage coastal ecosystems and fisheries. Assessment of their performance with respect to management objectives is therefore important. A number of WAS provided conservation benefits for fished species. Observed benefits do not apply to all species at all times, and responses to protection are also highly variable among fish taxa. Among the many empirical studies on marine reserves, only a few designs considered 'before and after data' and spatial variation. In this paper, we are interested in assessing the effect of a no-take reserve on the reef fish assemblage in a northwestern Mediterranean example. Data were obtained from a three-year survey using underwater visual censuses (UVC),...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northwestern Mediterranean; Reef fish assemblage; Multivariate regression trees; Permutational multivariate analysis of variance; Ecological indicator; Marine protected area; Impact assessment.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1702.pdf
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Coastal Ocean and Nearshore Observation: A French Case Study ArchiMer
Cocquempot, Lucie; Delacourt, Christophe; Paillet, Jerome; Riou, Philippe; Aucan, Jérôme; Castelle, Bruno; Charria, Guillaume; Claudet, Joachim; Conan, Pascal; Coppola, Laurent; Hocdé, Régis; Planes, Serge; Raimbault, Patrick; Savoye, Nicolas; Testut, Laurent; Vuillemin, Renaud.
To understand and predict the physical, chemical, and biological processes at play in coastal and nearshore marine areas requires an integrated, interdisciplinary approach. The case study of the French structuration of coastal ocean and nearshore observing systems provides an original overview on a federative research infrastructure named ILICO. It is a notable example of national structuration and pan-institution efforts to investigate the forefront of knowledge on the processes at work within the critical coastal zone. ILICO comprises, in a pluridisciplinary approach, eight distributed network-systems of observation and data analysis that are accredited and financially supported by French research institutions and the French Ministry for Higher...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Observation infrastructure; National structuration; Interdisciplinary; Coastal ocean; Coastline.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00503/61489/65292.pdf
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Dataset on marine ecosystem services supplied by coral reefs, sandy beaches and coastal lagoons in different eutrophication states ArchiMer
Kermagoret, Charlene; Claudet, Joachim; Derolez, Valerie; Nugues, Maggy M.; Ouisse, Vincent; Quillien, Nolwenn; Bailly, Denis.
This data article provides indicators of Ecosystem Service (ES) supply for coral reefs, sandy beaches and coastal lagoons in different ecological states regarding eutrophication. 14 ES are considered: food through fisheries; material; molecules; coastal protection; nutrient regulation; pathogen regulation; climate regulation; support of recreational and leisure activities; contribution to a pleasant landscape; contribution to culture and territorial identity; emblematic biodiversity; habitat; trophic networks; recruitment. For each ecosystem 3 to 4 eutrophication states are described. Indicators of ES supply are filled on the basis of a literature review supplemented with expert-knowledge. A semi-quantification of the indicator value is finally provided....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem services; Marine ecosystems; Eutrophication; Marine biodiversity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61145/64573.pdf
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Designing indicators for assessing the effects of marine protected areas on coral reef ecosystems: A multidisciplinary standpoint ArchiMer
Pelletier, Dominique; Garcia Charton, Jose; Ferraris, Jocelyne; David, Gilbert; Thebaud, Olivier; Letourneur, Yves; Claudet, Joachim; Amand, Marion; Kulbicki, Michel; Galzin, René.
The present paper aims at identifying and assessing indicators of the effects of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in coral reef regions, based on a bibliography review in ecology, economics and social sciences. First the various effects Studied within each of these domains and the variables used to measure them were censused. Potential ecological indicators were assessed through their link with the question used (here termed "relevance") and their "effectiveness" which encompasses the issues of precision, accuracy and statistical power. Relevance and effectiveness were respectively measured by the frequency of use of each indicator and the proportion of significant results in the reviewed articles. For social and economic effects, the approach was not...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coastal management Coral reef ecosystems Pluridisciplinary Ecological; Economic and social indicators Marine Protected Areas.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-409.pdf
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Escaping the perfect storm of simultaneous climate change impacts on agriculture and marine fisheries ArchiMer
Thiault, Lauric; Mora, Camilo; Cinner, Joshua E.; Cheung, William W. L.; Graham, Nicholas A. J.; Januchowski-hartley, Fraser A.; Mouillot, David; Sumaila, U. Rashid; Claudet, Joachim.
Climate change can alter conditions that sustain food production and availability, with cascading consequences for food security and global economies. Here, we evaluate the vulnerability of societies to the simultaneous impacts of climate change on agriculture and marine fisheries at a global scale. Under a “business-as-usual” emission scenario, ~90% of the world’s population—most of whom live in the most sensitive and least developed countries—are projected to be exposed to losses of food production in both sectors, while less than 3% would live in regions experiencing simultaneous productivity gains by 2100. Under a strong mitigation scenario comparable to achieving the Paris Agreement, most countries—including the most vulnerable and many of the largest...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00597/70939/69179.pdf
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Fairly processing rare and common species in multivariate analysis of ecological series - Application to macrobenthic communities from Algiers harbour ArchiMer
Mante, Claude; Claudet, Joachim; Rebzani Zahaf, C.
Systematic sampling of communities gives rise to large contingency tables summing up possible changes in the assemblages' structure. Such tables are generally analysed by multivariate statistical methods, which are ill-suited for simultaneously analysing rare and common species (Field et al., 1982). In order to separately process species belonging to either of these categories, we propose a statistical method to select common species in a sequence of ecological surveys. It is based on a precise definition of rarity, and depends on a rarity parameter. In this work, this parameter will be optimised so that the sub-table of common species captures the essential features of the complete table as well as possible. In this way we analysed the spatio-temporal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hellinger distance; Pollution; Algiers harbour; Multivariate analyses; Macrobenthic communities; Selection; Rare species.
Ano: 2003 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/publication-754.pdf
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Fish wariness is a more sensitive indicator to changes in fishing pressure than abundance, length or biomass ArchiMer
Goetze, Jordan S.; Januchowski-hartley, Fraser A.; Claudet, Joachim; Langlois, Tim J.; Wilson, Shaun K.; Jupiter, Stacy D..
Identifying the most sensitive indicators to changes in fishing pressure is important for accurately detecting impacts. Biomass is thought to be more sensitive than abundance and length, while the wariness of fishes is emerging as a new metric. Periodically harvested closures (PHCs) that involve the opening and closing of an area to fishing are the most common form of fisheries management in the western Pacific. The opening of PHCs to fishing provides a unique opportunity to compare the sensitivity of metrics, such as abundance, length, biomass and wariness, to changes in fishing pressure. Diver-operated stereo video (stereo-DOV) provides data on fish behavior (using a proxy for wariness, minimum approach distance) simultaneous to abundance and length...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Artisanal fisheries; Catch efficiency; Compliance; Conservation; Customary management; Fish behavior; Fisheries management; Flight initiation distance.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00610/72247/71050.pdf
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How does eutrophication impact bundles of ecosystem services in multiple coastal habitats using state-and-transition models ArchiMer
Kermagoret, Charlene; Claudet, Joachim; Derolez, Valerie; Nugues, Maggy M.; Ouisse, Vincent; Quillien, Nolwenn; Baulaz, Yoann; Le Mao, Patrick; Scemama, Pierre; Vaschalde, Diane; Bailly, Denis; Mongruel, Remi.
One of the current major scientific challenges to sustain social-ecological systems is to improve our understanding of the spatial and temporal dynamics of the relationships between biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and ecosystem services. Here, we analyse the bundles of ecosystem services supplied by three coastal ecosystems (coastal lagoons, coral reefs and sandy beaches) along a gradient of eutrophication. Based on a state-and-transition model, we analyses the dynamic responses of ecological communities to environmental change and management actions. Although few exceptions are highlighted, increasing eutrophication in the three ecosystem types leads to a degradation of the ecosystem service bundles, particularly for nutrient and pathogen...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sandy beaches; Coral reefs; Coastal lagoons; Ecosystem service bundles; Temporal dynamics; Management.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00488/59930/63322.pdf
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Marine protected areas and artificial reefs: A review of the interactions between management and scientific studies ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim; Pelletier, Dominique.
Inshore marine areas host key habitats for the biological cycle of many marine populations, but are subject to strong anthropogenic pressure. Uses of inshore areas are multiple and often give rise to conflicting interests. In this context. marine protected areas (MPAs) and artificial reefs (ARs) are increasingly regarded as interesting management measures, in that they contribute to ecosystem conservation, fisheries sustainability, and because they can be helpful in zoning coastal areas in order to reduce conflicts between users. Beyond these expected benefits, it is important to appraise whether MPAs and ARs meet managers' objectives. This review focuses on the interaction between ecological sciences and management in the purpose of establishing or...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Monitoring; Management actions objectives; Management; Impact assessment; Fish; Artificial reefs; Marine protected areas.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2004/publication-397.pdf
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Models and indicators for assessing conservation and fisheries-related effects of marine protected areas ArchiMer
Pelletier, Dominique; Claudet, Joachim; Ferraris, J; Benedetti Cecchi, L; Garcia Charton, J.
Two kinds of approaches have been used for assessing conservation and fisheries-related effects of marine protected areas (MPAs): (i) statistical modelling based on field data and (ii) mathematical modelling quantifying the consequences of MPAs on the dynamics of populations, communities, and fisheries. Statistical models provide a diagnostic on the impact of MPAs on the ecosystem and resources; they are also needed for devising and assessing sampling designs for monitoring programs. Dynamic models enable exploration of the consequences of MPA designs and other management policies. We briefly review how each of these approaches has been implemented up to now in the literature and identify potential indicators of MPA effects that can be obtained from each...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem conservation; Fisheries management; Modelling; Indicators; Marine Protected Areas.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-4229.pdf
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Spatial management of inshore areas: Theory and practice ArchiMer
Claudet, Joachim; Roussel, S; Pelletier, Dominique; Rey Valette, Hélène.
Coastal uses have deeply evolved these last decades and high anthropogenic pressures on coastal ecosystems have affected the sustainability of these areas with respect to the services and the resources they may provide. Traditional fisheries management has failed to avoid overexploitation of most coastal marine resources. Management measures based on an Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) are thus required. Spatial management covers various ranges of properties that may enhance usual regulatory means. If spatial considerations are explicitly integrated in fisheries management, the latter may contribute to zoning design in order to balance the economic, social and biological values of natural marine resources. While traditional fisheries management...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spatial management; Coastal resources; Marine protected areas MPAS; Management ICZM; Integrated coastal zone; Fisheries management; Ecology; Ecological economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-2598.pdf
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