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Immune-suppression by OsHV-1 viral infection causes fatal bacteraemia in Pacific oysters ArchiMer
De Lorgeril, Julien; Lucasson, Aude; Petton, Bruno; Toulza, Eve; Montagnani, Caroline; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Chaparro, Cristian; Galinier, Richard; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Haffner, Philippe; Degremont, Lionel; Charriere, Guillaume; Lafont, Maxime; Delort, Abigail; Vergnes, Agnes; Chiarello, Marlene; Faury, Nicole; Rubio, Tristan; Leroy, Marc; Perignon, Adeline; Regler, Denis; Morga, Benjamin; Alunno-bruscia, Marianne; Boudry, Pierre; Le Roux, Frederique; Destoumieux-garzon, Delphine; Gueguen, Yannick; Mitta, Guillaume.
Infectious diseases are mostly explored using reductionist approaches despite repeated evidence showing them to be strongly in fluenced by numerous interacting host and environmental factors. Many diseases with a complex aetiology therefore remain misunderstood. By developing a holistic approach to tackle the complexity of interactions, we decipher the complex intra-host interactions underlying Pacific oyster mortality syndrome affecting juveniles of Crassostrea gigas, the main oyster species exploited worldwide. Using experimental infections reproducing the natural route of infection and combining thorough molecular analyses of oyster families with contrasted susceptibilities, we demonstrate that the disease is caused by multiple infection with an initial...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00461/57234/59228.pdf
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Microbiota Composition and Evenness Predict Survival Rate of Oysters Confronted to Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome ArchiMer
Clerissi, Camille; De Lorgeril, Julien; Petton, Bruno; Lucasson, Aude; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Gueguen, Yannick; Dégremont, Lionel; Mitta, Guillaume; Toulza, Eve.
Pacific Oyster Mortality Syndrome (POMS) affects Crassostrea gigas oysters worldwide and causes important economic losses. Disease dynamic was recently deciphered and revealed a multiple and progressive infection caused by the Ostreid herpesvirus OsHV-1 μVar, triggering an immunosuppression followed by microbiota destabilization and bacteraemia by opportunistic bacterial pathogens. However, it remains unknown if microbiota might participate to protect oysters against POMS, and if microbiota characteristics might be predictive of oyster mortalities. To tackle this issue, we transferred full-sib progenies of resistant and susceptible oyster families from hatchery to the field during a period in favor of POMS. After 5 days of transplantation, oysters from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Holobiont; Microbiome; Metabarcoding; Fitness; Bacteria.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00621/73332/72500.pdf
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Protists Within Corals: The Hidden Diversity ArchiMer
Clerissi, Camille; Brunet, Sebastien; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Lepage, Pierre; Guillou, Laure; Escoubas, Jean Michel; Toulza, Eve.
Previous observations suggested that microbial communities contribute to coral health and the ecological resilience of coral reefs. However, most studies of coral microbiology focused on prokaryotes and the endosymbiotic algae Symbiodinium. In contrast, knowledge concerning diversity of other protists is still lacking, possibly due to methodological constraints. As most eukaryotic DNA in coral samples was derived from hosts, protist diversity was missed in metagenome analyses. To tackle this issue, we designed blocking primers for Scleractinia sequences amplified with two primer sets that targeted variable loops of the 18S rRNA gene (18SV1V2 and 18SV4). These blocking primers were used on environmental colonies of Pocillopora damicornis sensu lato from two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Holobiont; Protists; Symbiosis; Metabarcoding; Blocking primer; Scleractinia; Pocillopora damicornis.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00457/56823/58661.pdf
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Schistosomiasis Vector Snails and Their Microbiota Display a Phylosymbiosis Pattern ArchiMer
Huot, Camille; Clerissi, Camille; Gourbal, Benjamin; Galinier, Richard; Duval, David; Toulza, Eve.
Planorbidae snails are the intermediate host for the trematode parasite of the Schistosoma genus, which is responsible for schistosomiasis, a disease that affects both humans and cattle. The microbiota for Schistosoma has already been described as having an effect on host/parasite interactions, specifically through immunological interactions. Here, we sought to characterize the microbiota composition of seven Planorbidae species and strains. Individual snail microbiota was determined using 16S ribosomal DNA amplicon sequencing. The bacterial composition was highly specific to the host strain with limited interindividual variation. In addition, it displayed complete congruence with host phylogeny, revealing a phylosymbiosis pattern. These results were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microbiota; Phylosymbiosis; Metabarcoding; Planorbid snails; Tripartite interactions; Schistosomiasis.
Ano: 2020 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00606/71807/70295.pdf
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Thermal regime and host clade, rather than geography, drive Symbiodinium and bacterial assemblages in the scleractinian coral Pocillopora damicornis sensu lato ArchiMer
Brener-raffalli, Kelly; Clerissi, Camille; Vidal-dupiol, Jeremie; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Bonhomme, Francois; Pratlong, Marine; Aurelle, Didier; Mitta, Guillaume; Toulza, Eve.
Background: Although the term holobiont has been popularized in corals with the advent of the hologenome theory of evolution, the underlying concepts are still a matter of debate. Indeed, the relative contribution of host and environment and especially thermal regime in shaping the microbial communities should be examined carefully to evaluate the potential role of symbionts for holobiont adaptation in the context of global changes. We used the sessile, long-lived, symbiotic and environmentally sensitive reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis to address these issues. Results: We sampled Pocillopora damicornis colonies corresponding to two different mitochondrial lineages in different geographic areas displaying different thermal regimes: Djibouti,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Coral holobiont; Microbiota; Bacterial communities; Symbiodinium assemblages; Thermal adaptation; Scleractinian corals; Coral reefs; Pocillopora damicornis.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00429/54076/55380.pdf
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