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A gap analysis of confined field trial application forms for genetically modified crops in East Africa: evaluating the potential for harmonization AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Cohen, Joel I..
The regulatory approval of genetically modified crops in the field initially requires small, restricted experimental trials known as confined field trials. These small scale experiments provide researchers with important information on environmental interactions and agronomic performance of the crop in a safe and contained manner. To authorize confined field trials regulatory review is required, with formats for obtaining relevant information differing from country to country. In this paper, a Gap Analysis is used to identify informational gaps and potential for harmonization of confined field trial application processes in three East African countries - Tanzania, Kenya, and Uganda. The basic principle behind gap analysis is a comparison of the status quo...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Genetically modified crops; Gap analysis; Confined field trials; Biotechnology; Biosafety; Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55421
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FOOD SAFETY AND GM CROPS -- IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPING-COUNTRY RESEARCH AgEcon
Cohen, Joel I.; Quemada, Hector; Frederick, Robert.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16559
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National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Capacity in Developing Countries AgEcon
Cohen, Joel I.; Komen, John; Zepeda, Jose Falck.
Adequate public research capacity is key to the appropriate development of biotechnology, including genetically modified (GM) crops. While commercial crops can be introduced without intensive local research (i.e. insect resistant GM cotton), introducing products of public research depend on indigenous capacity. This paper defines capacity for agricultural biotechnology research and then provides national funding levels for such work in six developing countries. As one indicator of capacity and outputs, GM crops developed from public research in developing countries are documented, and attention given to issues remaining for capacity, research and development. Knowledge of investments in public biotechnology improves policy decisions, clarifies roles of the...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biotechnology; Research Capacity; GMO; Biosafety; Investments; Funding.; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies; O31; O38; Q16.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/23790
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Plant Genetic Resources for Agriculture, Plant Breeding, and Biotechnology: Experiences from Cameroon, Kenya, the Philippines, and Venezuela AgEcon
Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Zambrano, Patricia; Cohen, Joel I.; Borges, Orangel; Guimaraes, Elcio P.; Hautea, Desiree; Kengue, Joseph; Songa, Josephine.
Local farming communities throughout the world face binding productivity constraints, diverse nutritional needs, environmental concerns, and significant economic and financial pressures. Developing countries address these challenges in different ways, including public and private sector investments in plant breeding and other modern tools for genetic crop improvement. In order to measure the impact of any technology and prioritize investments, we must assess the relevant resources, human capacity, clusters, networks and linkages, as well as the institutions performing technological research and development, and the rate of farmer adoption. However, such measures have not been recently assessed, in part due to the lack of complete standardized information...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Plant breeding; Biotechnology; Public research; Funding; Innovation systems; Capacity building; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42329
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TO REACH THE POOR: RESULTS FROM THE ISNAR-IFPRI NEXT HARVEST STUDY ON GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS, PUBLIC RESEARCH, AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS AgEcon
Atanassov, Atannas; Bahieldin, Ahmed; Brink, Johan; Burachik, Moises; Cohen, Joel I.; Dhawan, Vibha; Ebora, Reynaldo V.; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Herrera-Estrella, Luis; Komen, John; Low, Fee Chon; Omaliko, Emeka; Odhiambo, Benjamin; Quemada, Hector; Peng, Yufa; Sampaio, Maria Jose; Sithole-Niang, Idah; Sittenfeld, Ana; Smale, Melinda; Sutrisno; Valyasevi, Ruud; Zafar, Yusuf; Zambrano, Patricia.
Local farming communities throughout the world face productivity constraints, environmental concerns, and diverse nutritional needs. Developing countries address these challenges in a number of ways. One way is public research that produces genetically modified (GM) crops and recognize biotechnology as a part of the solution. To reach these communities, GM crops, after receiving biosafety agreement, must be approved for evaluation under local conditions. However, gaps between approvals in the developed and developing world grow larger, as the process of advancing GM crops in developing countries becomes increasingly difficult. In several countries, only insect resistant cotton has successfully moved from small, confined experimental trials to larger, open...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Biosafety; Regulation; Biotechnology; Genetic modification; Public research; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16065
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