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Registros recuperados: 13
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AID TO DEVELOPING-COUNTRY AGRICULTURE: INVESTING IN POVERTY REDUCTION AND NEW EXPORT OPPORTUNITIES AgEcon
Pinstrup-Andersen, Per; Cohen, Marc J..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Relations/Trade; Food Security and Poverty; International Development.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16203
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Breaking the Links Between Conflict and Hunger in Africa AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J..
International humanitarian relief and development operations provide opportunities to build peace and create sustainable food security, especially in situations where operations are carried out with explicit frameworks attending to human rights and sustainable livelihoods. Achieving lasting peace is a complex proposition because there is no single set of causes of conflict or a sure way to remove them. Nevertheless, there are food and agricultural policy actions that can foster peaceful outcomes that promote food security.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/45856
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CAUSES OF HUNGER AgEcon
Cohen, Marc J.; Reeves, Don.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16378
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Conflict, Food Insecurity, and Globalization AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J..
We explore how globalization, broadly conceived to include international human-rights norms, humanitarianism, and alternative trade, might influence peaceful and food-secure outlooks and outcomes. The paper draws on our previous work on conflict as a cause and effect of hunger and also looks at agricultural exports as war commodities. We review studies on the relationships between (1) conflict and food insecurity, (2) conflict and globalization, and (3) globalization and food insecurity. Next, we analyze country-level, historical contexts where export crops, such as coffee and cotton, have been implicated in triggering and perpetuating conflict. These cases suggest that it is not export cropping per se, but production and trade structures and food and...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Hunger; Conflict; War; Globalization; Export cropping; Coffee; Cotton; Sugar; Human-rights; Right-to-food; Fair trade; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55898
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FOOD FROM PEACE: BREAKING THE LINKS BETWEEN CONFLICT AND HUNGER AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J.; D'Costa, Jashinta.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16232
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FOOD FROM PEACE: BREAKING THE LINKS BETWEEN CONFLICT AND HUNGER AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J.; D'Costa, Jashinta.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16205
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From "best practice" to "best fit" a framework for designing and analyzing pluralistic agricultural advisory services worldwide AgEcon
Birner, Regina; Davis, Kristin E.; Pender, John L.; Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Anandajayasekeram, Ponniah; Ekboir, Javier M.; Mbabu, Adiel N.; Spielman, David J.; Horna, J. Daniela; Benin, Samuel; Cohen, Marc J..
The paper develops a framework for the design and analysis of pluralistic agricultural advisory services and reviews research methods from different disciplines that can be used when applying the framework. Agricultural advisory services are defined in the paper as the entire set of organizations that support and facilitate people engaged in agricultural production to solve problems and to obtain information, skills and technologies to improve their livelihoods and well-being… To classify pluralistic agricultural advisory services, the paper distinguishes between organizations from the public, the private and the third sector that can be involved in (a) providing and (b) financing of agricultural advisory services. The framework for analyzing pluralistic...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/55396
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Impact Assessment of Food Policy Research - A Stocktaking Workshop: Synthesis Report AgEcon
Anderson, Jock R.; Bos, Maria Soledad; Cohen, Marc J..
This stocktaking workshop provided an opportunity for several groups with active interest in impact assessment relating to agricultural policy research to share experiences and views about what constitutes good practice in this field. The sponsoring organizations have had a long-standing concern for the relevance and effectiveness of agricultural and food policy research in general and at IFPRI in particular. That concern has been addressed in past meetings and the time seemed right for a further stocktaking. The focus of this 2004 meeting was on impact assessment experience at IFPRI. IFPRI has, since the mid-1990s, carried out a variety of activities aimed at assessing the impact of its policy research, capacity strengthening, and policy communications...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42480
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Local Markets, Local Varieties: Rising Food Prices and Small Farmers' Access to Seed AgEcon
Smale, Melinda; Cohen, Marc J.; Nagarajan, Latha.
In-depth field research—undertaken by IFPRI with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and other partners in India, Kenya, and Mali—brings to light new evidence about farmers’ access to seed and the role of village markets in supplying it, with a focus on semi-arid environments.1 The findings point to several policy options aimed at improving the effectiveness of these markets, which can be crucial for reducing the potential negative impacts of high food prices. Such options might be considered in tandem with those recommended for more favorable environments, where seed systems already function more effectively. This brief introduces the issues that drove this research project, relevant concepts, and methods. The accompanying...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Crop Production/Industries.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49998
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New Risks and Opportunities for Food Security: Scenario Analyses for 2015 and 2050 AgEcon
von Braun, Joachim; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Pandya-Lorch, Rajul; Cohen, Marc J.; Cline, Sarah A.; Brown, Mary Ashby; Bos, Maria Soledad.
Given the number of undernourished people in the developing world and the increasingly complex risks to food security, policymakers are faced with an enormous agenda. Freeing people from hunger will require more and better-targeted investments, innovations, and policy actions, driven by a keen understanding of the dynamic risks and forces that shape the factors affecting people’s access to food and the links with nutrition. The International Food Policy Research Institute’s (IFPRI’s) International Model for Policy Analysis of Agricultural Commodities and Trade (IMPACT) provides insight into the management of these risks through appropriate policy actions. By projecting future global food scenarios to 2050, IMPACT explores the potential implications of...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42269
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Renegotiating the Food Aid Convention: Background, Context, and Issues AgEcon
Hoddinott, John; Cohen, Marc J..
The current global agreement governing food aid—the Food Aid Convention (FAC)—will expire in 2007. It has come under heavy criticism as has the diffuse set of broader food aid governance institutions that has emerged in the last 50 years. These institutions are characterized by overlapping mandates, differing degrees of authority and legitimacy, varied levels of transparency in decision-making, and problematic representation of the major stakeholders. A number of issues are likely to arise during the course of negotiations over a new FAC. These include its objectives; the nature of commitments— whether to express them in tonnage, value, or nutritional terms; the level of commitments and their distribution among donor countries; monitoring and enforcement...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food aid; International agreements; International organizations; Humanitarian assistance; Human rights; Local purchase; Triangular transaction; Development assistance; Trade agreements; Grain trade; Code of conduct; Needs assessment; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42424
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Security Analysis for Agroterrorism: Applying the Threat, Vulnerability, Consequence Framework to Developing Countries AgEcon
Linacre, Nicholas A.; Koo, Bonwoo; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Msangi, Siwa; Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin; Gaskell, Joanne; Komen, John; Cohen, Marc J.; Birner, Regina.
In some developing countries the potential exists for agroterrorism to cause widespread disruption through loss of sustenance, income and production. Defense of agriculture may also be problematic because of the lack stability and basic biosecurity infrastructure for the detection and prevention of diseases or invasive species. Currently new methodological approaches for terrorism risk assessments are being actively explored for resource prioritization. One such methodology for risk based allocation of resources is Threat, Vulnerability, and Consequence (TVC) Analysis. A qualitative application of the TVC framework is used to analyze the risk of agroterrorism in developing countries relative to industrialized countries. The analysis suggests that evidence...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agroterrorism; Terrorism risk analysis; Biosecurity; International Development; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/59238
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The Human Right to Food as a U.S. Nutrition Concern, 1976-2006 AgEcon
Messer, Ellen; Cohen, Marc J..
For 30 years, U.S. food and nutrition scientists and policymakers concerned with food and nutrition have explored the possibility of making the human right to food (HRF) the moral and legal cornerstone of U.S. domestic and international initiatives in this area. The U.S. government has consistently opposed formal right-to-food legislation, labeling it as overly burdensome and inconsistent with constitutional law. In contrast, anti-hunger advocates have favored a rights-based framework as a way to hold government accountable for improving the nutritional situation of its poorest citizens and for saving lives and preventing malnutrition in developing countries. The U.S. government has continually expanded food and nutrition assistance at home and abroad, but...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food policy; Human rights; Right to food; Malnutrition; Social welfare; United States; Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42368
Registros recuperados: 13
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