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Registros recuperados: 9
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Evaluating changes in marine communities that provide ecosystem services through comparative assessments of community indicators ArchiMer
Kleisner, Kristin M.; Coll, Marta; Lynam, Christopher P.; Bundy, Alida; Shannon, Lynne; Shin, Yunne-jai; Boldt, Jennifer L.; Borges, Maria F.; Diallo, Ibrahima; Fox, Clive; Gascuel, Didier; Heymans, Johanna J.; Juan Jorda, Maria J.; Jouffre, Didier; Large, Scott I.; Marshall, Kristin N.; Ojaveer, Henn; Piroddi, Chiara; Tam, Jorge; Torres, Maria A.; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Tsagarakis, Konstantinos; Van Der Meeren, Gro I.; Zador, Stephani.
Fisheries provide critical provisioning services, especially given increasing human population. Understanding where marine communities are declining provides an indication of ecosystems of concern and highlights potential conflicts between seafood provisioning from wild fisheries and other ecosystem services. Here we use the nonparametric statistic, Kendall׳s tau, to assess trends in biomass of exploited marine species across a range of ecosystems. The proportion of ‘Non-Declining Exploited Species’ (NDES) is compared among ecosystems and to three community-level indicators that provide a gauge of the ability of a marine ecosystem to function both in provisioning and as a regulating service: survey-based mean trophic level, proportion of predatory fish,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicator; Comparative approach; Community metric; IndiSeas; Fishing impacts.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00254/36555/35186.pdf
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Fishing impact and environmental status in European seas: a diagnosis from stock assessments and ecosystem indicators ArchiMer
Gascuel, Didier; Coll, Marta; Fox, Clive; Guenette, Sylvie; Guitton, Jerome; Kenny, Andrew; Knittweis, Leyla; Nielsen, J. Rasmus; Piet, Gerjan; Raid, Tiit; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Shephard, Samuel.
Stock-based and ecosystem-based indicators are used to provide a new diagnosis of the fishing impact and environmental status of European seas. In the seven European marine ecosystems covering the Baltic and the North-east Atlantic, (i) trends in landings since 1950 were examined; (ii) syntheses of the status and trends in fish stocks were consolidated at the ecosystem level; and (iii) trends in ecosystem indicators based on landings and surveys were analysed. We show that yields began to decrease everywhere (except in the Baltic) from the mid-1970s, as a result of the over-exploitation of some major stocks. Fishermen adapted by increasing fishing effort and exploiting a wider part of the ecosystems. This was insufficient to compensate for the decrease in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem approach to fisheries management; Ecosystem indicators; Good environmental status; Marine Strategy Framework Directive; Stock assessment; Trophic level.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00201/31256/29910.pdf
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Making ecological indicators management ready: Assessing the specificity, sensitivity, and threshold response of ecological indicators ArchiMer
Fu, Caihong; Xu, Yi; Bundy, Alida; Grüss, Arnaud; Coll, Marta; Heymans, Johanna J.; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; Shannon, Lynne; Halouani, Ghassen; Velez, Laure; Akoğlu, Ekin; Lynam, Christopher P.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Moving toward ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM) necessitates a suite of ecological indicators that are responsive to fishing pressure, capable of tracking changes in the state of marine ecosystems, and related to management objectives. In this study, we employed the gradient forest method to assess the performance of 14 key ecological indicators in terms of specificity, sensitivity and the detection of thresholds for EBFM across ten marine ecosystems using four modelling frameworks (Ecopath with Ecosim, OSMOSE, Atlantis, and a multi-species size-spectrum model). Across seven of the ten ecosystems, high specificity to fishing pressure was found for most of the 14 indicators. The indicators biomass to fisheries catch ratio (B/C), mean lifespan and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological modelling; Fishing pressure; Gradient forest method; Indictor performance; Marine ecosystem; Primary productivity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61148/64576.pdf
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Protected and Threatened Components of Fish Biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Mouillot, David; Albouy, Camille; Guilhaumon, Francois; Lasram, Frida Ben Rais; Coll, Marta; Devictor, Vincent; Meynard, Christine N.; Pauly, Daniel; Tomasini, Jean-antoine; Troussellier, Marc; Velez, Laure; Watson, Reg; Douzery, Emmanuel J. P.; Mouquet, Nicolas.
The Mediterranean Sea (0.82% of the global oceanic surface) holds 4%-18% of all known marine species (similar to 17,000), with a high proportion of endemism [1, 2]. This exceptional biodiversity is under severe threats [1] but benefits from a system of 100 marine protected areas (MPAs). Surprisingly, the spatial congruence of fish biodiversity hot spots with this MPA system and the areas of high fishing pressure has not been assessed. Moreover, evolutionary and functional breadth of species assemblages [3] has been largely overlooked in marine systems. Here we adopted a multifaceted approach to biodiversity by considering the species richness of total, endemic, and threatened coastal fish assemblages as well as their functional and phylogenetic diversity....
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00040/15109/12606.pdf
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Relationships among fisheries exploitation, environmental conditions, and ecological indicators across a series of marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Fu, Caihong; Large, Scott; Knight, Ben; Richardson, Anthony J.; Bundy, Alida; Reygondeau, Gabriel; Boldt, Jennifer; Van Der Meeren, Gro I.; Torres, Maria A; Sobrino, Ignacio; Auber, Arnaud; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Piroddi, Chiara; Diallo, Ibrahima; Jouffre, Didier; Mendes, Hugo; Borges, Maria Fatima; Lynam, Christopher P.; Coll, Marta; Shannon, Lynne J.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Understanding how external pressures impact ecosystem structure and functioning is essential for ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management. We quantified the relative effects of fisheries exploitation and environmental conditions on ecological indicators derived from two different data sources, fisheries catch data (catch-based) and fisheries independent survey data (survey-based) for 12 marine ecosystems using a partial least squares path modeling approach (PLS-PM). We linked these ecological indicators to the total biomass of the ecosystem. Although the effects of exploitation and environmental conditions differed across the ecosystems, some general results can be drawn from the comparative approach. Interestingly, the PLS-PM analyses showed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicators; Environmental conditions; Fisheries exploitation; Marine ecosystems; Partial least squares path modeling.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00250/36155/34710.pdf
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Responses of ecological indicators to fishing pressure under environmental change: exploring non-linearity and thresholds ArchiMer
Fu, Caihong; Xu, Yi; Grüss, Arnaud; Bundy, Alida; Shannon, Lynne; Heymans, Johanna J; Halouani, Ghassen; Akoglu, Ekin; Lynam, Christopher P; Coll, Marta; Fulton, Elizabeth A; Velez, Laure; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Marine ecosystems are influenced by multiple stressors in both linear and non-linear ways. Using generalized additive models (GAMs) fitted to outputs from a multi-ecosystem, multi-model simulation experiment, we investigated 14 major ecological indicators across ten marine ecosystems about their responses to fishing pressure under: (i) three different fishing strategies (focusing on low-, high-, or all-trophic-level taxa); and (ii) four different scenarios of directional or random primary productivity change, a proxy for environmental change. From this work, we draw four major conclusions: (i) responses of indicators to fishing mortality in shapes, directions, and thresholds depend on the fishing strategies considered; (ii) most of the indicators...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62749/67138.pdf
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Strong fisheries management and governance positively impact ecosystem status ArchiMer
Bundy, Alida; Chuenpagdee, Ratana; Boldt, Jennifer L.; Borges, Maria De Fatima; Camara, Mohamed Lamine; Coll, Marta; Diallo, Ibrahima; Fox, Clive; Fulton, Elizabeth A.; Gazihan, Ayse; Jarre, Astrid; Jouffre, Didier; Kleisner, Kristin M.; Knight, Ben; Link, Jason; Matiku, Patroba P.; Masski, Hicham; Moutopoulos, Dimitrios K.; Piroddi, Chiara; Raid, Tut; Sobrino, Ignacio; Tam, Jorge; Thiao, Djiga; Angeles Torres, Maria; Tsagarakis, Konstantinos; Van Der Meeren, Gro I.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Fisheries have had major negative impacts on marine ecosystems, and effective fisheries management and governance are needed to achieve sustainable fisheries, biodiversity conservation goals and thus good ecosystem status. To date, the IndiSeas programme (Indicators for the Seas) has focussed on assessing the ecological impacts of fishing at the ecosystem scale using ecological indicators. Here, we explore fisheries Management Effectiveness' and Governance Quality' and relate this to ecosystem health and status. We developed a dedicated expert survey, focused at the ecosystem level, with a series of questions addressing aspects of management and governance, from an ecosystem-based perspective, using objective and evidence-based criteria. The survey was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecological indicator; Ecosystem-based fisheries management (EBFM); Expert evaluation; Fisheries governance quality; Fisheries management effectiveness; Socioeconomic indicators.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00611/72310/71209.pdf
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Trend analysis of indicators: a comparison of recent changes in the status of marine ecosystems around the world ArchiMer
Blanchard, Julia L.; Coll, Marta; Trenkel, Verena; Vergnon, Remi; Yemane, Dawit; Jouffre, Didier; Link, Jason S.; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Time-series of ecological and exploitation indicators collected from 19 ecosystems were analysed to investigate whether there have been temporal trends in the status of fish communities. Using linear and non-linear statistical methods, trends are reported for six indicators (mean length of fish in the community, mean lifespan, proportion of predatory fish, total biomass of surveyed species, mean trophic level of landings, and inverse fishing pressure), and the redundancy of these indicators across ecosystems is evaluated. The expected direction of change for an ecosystem that is increasingly impacted by fishing is a decline in all indicators. A mixture of negative and positive directions of change is recorded, both within and among all ecosystems...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Community; Ecological indicators; Ecosystem-based fisheries management; Ecosystem effects of fishing; Natural resource management.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11373/8166.pdf
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Trophic level-based indicators to track fishing impacts across marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Shannon, Lynne; Coll, Marta; Bundy, Alida; Gascuel, Didier; Heymans, Johanna J;; Kleisner, Kristin; Lynam, Christopher; Piroddi, Chiara; Tam, Jorge; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Shin, Yunne.
Trophic level (TL)-based indicators have been widely used to examine fishing impacts in aquatic ecosystems and the induced biodiversity changes. However, much debate has ensued regarding discrepancies and challenges arising from the use of landings data from commercial fisheries to calculate TL indicators. Subsequent studies have started to examine survey-based and model-based indicators. In this paper, we undertake an extensive evaluation of a variety of TL indicators across 9 well-studied marine ecosystems by making use of model- as well as surveyand catch-based TL indicators. Using detailed regional information and data on fishing history, fishing intensity, and environmental conditions, we evaluate how well TL indicators are capturing fishing effects...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trophic level; Global comparison; Indicator; Survey; Catch; Ecosystem model; Trophic spectra; Convention on Biological Diversity; Food webs; Ecosystem approach to fisheries.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00222/33361/31768.pdf
Registros recuperados: 9
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