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Registros recuperados: 6
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Emergence of a new predator in the North Sea: evaluation of potential trophic impacts focused on hake, saithe, and Norway pout ArchiMer
Cormon, Xochitl; Kempf, Alexander; Vermard, Youen; Vinther, Morten; Marchal, Paul.
During the last 15 years, northern European hake (Merluccius merluccius) has increased in abundance, and its spatial distribution has expanded in the North Sea region in correlation with temperature. In a context of global warming, this spatial shift could impact local trophic interactions: direct impacts may affect forage fish through modified predator–prey interactions, and indirect impacts may materialize through competition with other resident predators. For instance, North Sea saithe (Pollachius virens) spatial overlap with hake has increased while saithe spawning-stock biomass has decreased recently notwithstanding a sustainable exploitation. In this context, we investigated the range of potential impacts resulting from most recent hake emergence in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hake; Interspecific competition; Maximum sustainable yield; Multispecies stock assessment; Norway pout; Predator-prey interactions; Saithe; Simple foodweb; SMS.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00327/43794/45917.pdf
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Impacts de l’émergence d’un top-prédateur dans un ecosystème exploité : le merlu et le lieu noir de mer du Nord. Quelles interactions ? Quelles conséquences ? ArchiMer
Cormon, Xochitl.
North Sea saithe (Pollachius virens) has high economic value for European fisheries. In recent years, North Sea saithe abundance has decreased, while abundance of hake (Merluccius merluccius), which was rarely fished in the North Sea, has increased dramatically in the area. This work investigates the nature of the ecological interactions between saithe and hake in the North Sea, in order to understand if recent hake emergence in this area could explain, at least partially, the recent decline of the saithe stock. The results obtained during this research suggested competitive interactions between saithe and hake predators in the area. In addition, this investigation revealed potential negative effects of hake on the resident saithe stock. Therefore, hake...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Compétition; Lieu noir; Merlu; Simple réseau trophique; Émergence d’un prédateur; Mer du nord; Exploitative competition; Saithe; Hake; Simple foodweb; Up-coming predator; North sea.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00345/45638/45268.pdf
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Inferring the annual, seasonal, and spatial distributions of marine species from complementary research and commercial vessels’ catch rates ArchiMer
Bourdaud, Pierre; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Vermard, Youen; Cormon, Xochitl; Marchal, Paul.
The objective of this study is to analyse at fine scale the annual, seasonal and spatial distributions of several species in the Eastern English Channel (EEC). On the one hand, data obtained from scientific surveys are not available all year through, but are considered to provide consistent yearly and spatially resolved abundance indices. On the other hand, on-board commercial data do cover the whole year, but generally provide a biased perception of stock abundance. The combination of scientific and commercial catches per unit of effort (CPUEs), standardized using a delta-generalized linear model, allowed to infer spatial and monthly dynamics of fish distributions in the EEC, which could be compared with previous knowledge on their life cycles....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Commercial data; Eastern English Channel; Seasonality; Spatial distribution; Survey data.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00387/49805/50385.pdf
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North Sea saithe Pollachius virens growth in relation to food availability, density dependence and temperature ArchiMer
Cormon, Xochitl; Ernande, Bruno; Kempf, Alexander; Vermard, Youen; Marchal, Paul.
North Sea saithe Pollachius virens, a major top predator in the area, supports the fishery economy of several European countries. However, recent stock assessments suggested a decrease in spawning stock biomass along with a decline in saithe mean weight-at-ages. In this context, we investigated North Sea saithe growth characteristics at the population level. First, saithe annual weight increments and age-length relationships were studied. Modelling of saithe age-length relationships was carried out using (1) the traditional von Bertalanffy growth function model, (2) the Verhulst logistic model and (3) an empirical linear model. Second, the effects of environmental factors on saithe growth were investigated. Explanatory environmental factors included food...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bottom-up processes; Von Bertalanffy growth function; Logistic growth; Norway pout; Prey availability effects; Density-dependence; Predator-prey interactions; Resource limitation; Competition.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00314/42499/41875.pdf
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Spatial interactions between saithe (Pollachius virens) and hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the North Sea ArchiMer
Cormon, Xochitl; Loots, Christophe; Vaz, Sandrine; Vermard, Youen; Marchal, Paul.
Spatial interactions between saithe (Pollachius virens) and hake (Merluccius merluccius) were investigated in the North Sea. Saithe is a well-established species in the North Sea, while occurrence of the less common hake has recently increased in the area. Spatial dynamics of these two species and their potential spatial interactions were explored using binomial generalized linear models (GLM) applied to the International Bottom Trawl Survey (IBTS) data from 1991 to 2012. Models included different types of variables: (i) abiotic variables including sediment types, temperature, and bathymetry; (ii) biotic variables including potential competitors and potential preys presence; and (iii) spatial variables. The models were reduced and used to predict and map...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biotic interactions; Competition; Generalized linear models; Hake; North Sea; Overlap; Predator-prey relationship; Saithe; Species distribution modelling.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00200/31146/29847.pdf
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Uncertainties in projecting climate-change impacts in marine ecosystems ArchiMer
Payne, Mark R.; Barange, Manuel; Cheung, William W. L.; Mackenzie, Brian R.; Batchelder, Harold P.; Cormon, Xochitl; Eddy, Tyler D.; Fernandes, Jose A.; Hollowed, Anne B.; Jones, Miranda C.; Link, Jason S.; Neubauer, Philipp; Ortiz, Ivonne; Queirós, Ana M.; Paula, José Ricardo.
Projections of the impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems are a key prerequisite for the planning of adaptation strategies, yet they are inevitably associated with uncertainty. Identifying, quantifying, and communicating this uncertainty is key to both evaluating the risk associated with a projection and building confidence in its robustness. We review how uncertainties in such projections are handled in marine science. We employ an approach developed in climate modelling by breaking uncertainty down into (i) structural (model) uncertainty, (ii) initialization and internal variability uncertainty, (iii) parametric uncertainty, and (iv) scenario uncertainty. For each uncertainty type, we then examine the current state-of-the-art in assessing and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Initialization uncertainty; Parametric uncertainty; Projections; Scenario uncertainty; Structural uncertainty; Uncertainty..
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41220/40392.pdf
Registros recuperados: 6
Primeira ... 1 ... Última
 

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