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Registros recuperados: 24
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Assessment and restoring soil functionality in degraded areas of organic vineyards. The preliminary results of the ReSolVe project in Italy Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Agnelli, A.E.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Guidi, S.; Goggioli, D.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Leprini, M.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In both conventional and organic Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include: reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services (i.e. nutrient cycles), poor organic matter content, imbalance of some element ratio, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary 3-years research project aimed at testing the effects of selected organic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within vineyard. The different restoring strategies...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30219/1/EGU2016-4501.pdf
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Assessment of soil ecosystem in degraded areas of vineyards after organic treatments Organic Eprints
Landi, S.; D'Errico, G.; Gagnarli, E.; Simoni, S.; Goggioli, D.; Guidi, S.; D'Avino, L.; Lagomarsino, A.; Valboa, G.; Castaldini, M.; Agnelli, A.E.; Fantappiè, M.; Lorenzetti, R.; Priori, S.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In Italian vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services such as nutrient cycles and organic matter turnover. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary project, supported by Core-Organic+ program, aimed at testing the effects of selective agronomic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within organic vineyard. For this purpose, the evaluation and biomonitoring of the abundance of soil mesofauna, nematodes and microarthropods, represents an efficient tool...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32424/1/EGU2017-7025.pdf
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CAUSES OF SOIL MALFUNCTIONING IN DEGRADED AREAS OF EUROPEAN AND TURKISH VINEYARDS Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Pelengic, R.; Akca, E.; Tangolar, S.; Valboa, G..
A study was carried out in nineteen vineyards of five countries, well representative of major viticultural districts, which showed areas with fertility problems, consequence of strong soil erosion occurred during either pre-planting or ordinary cultivation. The comparison between degraded and non-degraded areas highlighted that the soil features limiting water nutrition and enhancing potential water stress were the most frequent discriminant soil conditions. Low nitrogen availability was the second most important cause of soil malfunctioning, together with low organic matter content. The degradation was also reflected in the very low values of the C/N ratio, pointing to a difficulty of microbiota in synthetizing humus. Other limiting factor were excessive...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33458/1/7906-25845-1-PB.pdf
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Effects of reduced soil functionality in European vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Akca, S.; Castaldini, M.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Giffard, B.; Kìraz, M.E.; Lagomarsino, A.; Landi, S.; Martensson, A.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Schroers, H.J.; Simoni, S.; Storchi, P.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Valboa, G.; Zombardo, A..
Improper or excessive land preparation methods in vineyards before planting can have a considerable impact on soil functionality. They include excessive levelling and deep ploughing leading to disturbances of the natural contour of slopes and destruction, truncation and burial of soil horizons. Manipulations may significantly modify chemical, physical, biological and hydrological balance of soils. Problems that may arise from these interventions relate to the reduction of organic substances, enrichment of calcium carbonate and soluble salts, impacting development and health of grapevines. Reduced water retention capacity can lead to increased water stress during dry season, decreased water permeability and circulation of oxygen in the soil, increased...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32423/1/EGU2017-2296.pdf
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Effects of soil degradation and organic treatments on vegetative growth, yield and grape quality Organic Eprints
Tardaguila, J.; Storchi, P.; Puccioni, S.; Zombardo, A.; Tangolar, Semih; Tangolar, Serpil; Melike, A.; Kìraz, M.E.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Schroers, H.J.; Pelengic, R.; Moreda, E.; Fernandez-Novales, J.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Delimited degraded soil areas caused by an improper land preparation before vine plantation and or management can be observed in conventional and organic European vineyards. Soil malfunctioning including: poor organic matter content, imbalanced nutritional status, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. The goal of the present study was to compare the effects of some agronomic strategies to restore optimal soil functionality in degraded areas in organic commercial vineyards located in five countries, and to evaluate the impact of these soil management practices on vegetative growth, yield and grape quality parameters. Grapevines located in non-degraded soils showed higher vegetative growth and yield, and lower total soluble...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems Composting and manuring Crop health; Quality; Protection Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33460/1/7898-25702-1-PB.pdf
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Effects of soil erosion on agro-ecosystem services and soil functions: A multidisciplinary study in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Castaldini, M.; Diago, M.P; Giffard, B.; Lagomarsino, A.; Schroers, H.J.; Priori, S.; Valboa, G.; Agnelli, A.E.; Akca, E.; D'Avino, L.; Fulchin, E.; Gagnarli, E.; Kìraz, M.E.; Knapic, M.; Pelengic, R.; Pellegrini, S.; Perria, R.; Puccioni, S.; Simoni, S.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Vignozzi, N.; Zombardo, A..
This multidisciplinary research work evaluated the effects of soil erosion on grape yield and quality and on different soil functions, namely water and nutrient supply, carbon sequestration, organic matter recycling, and soil biodiversity, with the aim to understand the causes of soil malfunctioning and work out a proper strategy of soil remediation. Degraded areas in nineteen organically farmed European and Turkish vineyards resulted in producing significantly lower amounts of grapes and excessive concentrations of sugar. Plants suffered from decreased water nutrition, due to shallower rooting depth, compaction, and reduced available water capacity, lower chemical fertility, as total nitrogen and cation exchange capacity, and higher concentration of...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality Crop combinations and interactions Soil biology Composting and manuring Nutrient turnover Soil Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Landscape and recreation Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33472/1/JEM_draft.pdf
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Effetti della ridotta funzionalità del suolo in vigneti europei Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S..
Resolve SISS 2017 Effetti della ridotta funzionalità del suolo in vigneti europei Edoardo A.C. Costantini (1), Simone Priori (1), Alessandro Elio Agnelli (1), Ehran Akca (8), Maurizio Castaldini (1), Lorenzo D’Avino (1), Emma Fulchin (5), Elena Gagnarli (2), Brice Giffard (4), Mehmet Erdem Kiraz (9), Matej Knapič (10), Alessandra Lagomarsino (1), Silvia Landi (2), Radojko Pelengić (10), Sergio Pellegrini (1), Rita Perria (3), Sergio Puccioni (3), Hans-Josef Schroers (10), Sauro Simoni (2), Paolo Storchi (3), Semih Tangolar (7), Javier Tardaguila (6), Giuseppe Valboa (1), Nadia Vignozzi (1), Alessandra Zombardo (3). (1) CREA-AA, Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria, Research Center Agriculture and Environment,...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Soil.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32417/1/Effetti%20della%20ridotta%20funzionalit%C3%A0%20del%20suolo%20in%20vigneti%20europei.pdf
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EFFETTI DELLA RIDOTTA FUNZIONALITÀ DEL SUOLO IN VIGNETI EUROPEI Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C..
Risultati progetto ReSolVe- Restoring optimal Soil functionality in degraded areas within organic Vineyards (Ripristino della funzionalità ottimale del suolo in aree degradate di vigneti biologici), finanziato per gli anni 2015-2018 dal fondo europeo FP7 ERA-net project, CORE Organic Plus presentati al convegno dal titolo” IL SUOLO NELLA GESTIONE DEL VIGNETO BIO: CONTRIBUTI DALLA RICERCA”.
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Soil; Food systems; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32492/1/Georgofili2017.pdf
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Effetto dei suoli degradati sul comportamento vegeto-produttivo della vite Organic Eprints
Zombardo, A.; Puccioni, S.; Perria, R.; Leprini, M.; Priori, S.; Costantini, E.A.C.; Storchi, Paolo.
In Italian vineyards it is common to find more or less extended areas with chemico-physical or biological soil deficiencies and problems in plant vigor and grape production. A reduced agronomic functionality is caused by wrong soil managements and improper land preparation before vine plantations. A strong land transformation alters, in fact, the existing natural balance, causing loss of organic matter and nutrients, erosions, reduction of available water and metal accumulation. This phenomenon affects the growth of vines and the grape yields. The aim of this work is to evaluate the effect of degraded soils on the vineyards of two Tuscan vine-growing regions (Chianti Classico and Maremma Toscana). In two farms, we have identified respectively...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Production systems; Soil; Viticulture; Farm nutrient management.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/31307/1/23%20-%20Zombardo%20et%20al_CONAVI2016.pdf
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HOW TO RESTORE SOIL FUNCTIONALITY IN DEGRADED AREAS OF VINEYARDS Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Fantappiè, M..
In both conventional and organic vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality, often caused by improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Causes for soil malfunctioning can include: reduced contribution of the soil fauna to the ecosystem services (i.e. nutrient cycles), poor organic matter content, imbalance of some element ratio, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. ReSolVe is a transnational and interdisciplinary 3-years research project of the within the FP7 ERA-Net CORE Organic Plus aimed at testing the effects of selected organic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within vineyard. The...
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30451/1/articolo_georgofili.pdf
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I NEMATODI COME BIOINDICATORI PER LA VALUTAZIONE DELLA FUNZIONALITÀ DEL SUOLO IN AREE DEGRADATE DI VIGNETI ITALIANI Organic Eprints
Landi, S.; Priori, S.; Simoni, S.; Costantini, E.A.C..
In viticoltura, la non corretta preparazione del terreno prima dell’impianto comporta la formazione di aree degradate caratterizzate da scarsa produzione e la presenza di piante più suscettibili a fitoparassiti e fitopatologie. Le cause del malfunzionamento del suolo possono essere imputate alla riduzione del contributo della fauna del suolo e dei servizi ecosistemici a essa legati come il ciclo dei nutrienti, l’impoverimento nel contenuto di sostanza organica, alterazione del pH, il deficit idrico e la compattazione del suolo. ReSolVe è un progetto transnazionale, finanziato dal programma Core-Organic+, finalizzato a valutare gli effetti di tre diverse tecniche agronomiche per il ripristino della funzionalità ottimale in aree degradate di vigneti...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Soil.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/32421/1/Poster%20SISS%202016.pdf
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Il ruolo della ricerca per la tutela della risorsa suolo Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C..
Il suolo, definito dall’Unione europea come la parte più esterna della crosta terrestre, situata tra la roccia o il sedimento inalterato e l’atmosfera, è un sistema naturale complesso, multi-fase, che tende ad auto-organizzarsi in conseguenza dell’azione dei fattori della pedogenesi e in particolare dell’attività biologica, che ne determina i maggiori dinamismi. Non è quindi un mero substrato inerte, statico, attraverso il quale realizzare le produzioni agricole e forestali o sul quale appoggiare le nostre attività e infrastrutture, ma un essere vivente. Il suolo è un patrimonio naturale che si è formato in prevalenza nei millenni precedenti l’Antropocene, l'era geologica attuale, nella quale l'essere umano e le sue attività causano le principali modifiche...
Tipo: Web product Palavras-chave: Production systems; Soil quality; Soil.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/31384/2/stampa.pdf
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MAPPING SOIL SPATIAL VARIABILITY AT HIGH DETAIL BY PROXIMAL SENSORS FOR A VINEYARD PLANNING Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; L'Abate, G.; Fantappiè, M.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Planning new vineyard needs accurate information about soil features and their spatial variability. The use of soil proximal sensors, coupled by few detailed soil observations and analysis allows to obtain high detailed maps of soil variability at affordable costs. The work showed the methodology to interpolate the proximal sensors data and to delineate homogeneous area by clustering, corresponding to likely soil units. The description and analysis of one profile for each homogeneous area allowed to describe the soil features of each soil typological units and to produce useful thematic maps for vineyard planning.
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Soil quality Soil tillage Soil Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Viticulture Irrigation and drainage.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33471/1/7890-25700-1-PB.pdf
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Monitoring and mapping soil functionality in degraded areas of organic European vineyards Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Diago, M.P; Aquino, A.; D'Avino, L.; Lagomarsino, A.; Pellegrini, S.; Valboa, G.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Soil malfunctioning, caused by an improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management, is a common problem in European vineyards. Soil malfunctioning can include: reduced contribution of the soil fauna, poor organic matter content, imbalance nutritional status, altered pH, water deficiency, soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. To address these problems, ReSolVe, a transnational European research project, aimed at testing the effects of selected agronomic strategies for restoring optimal soil functionality in degraded areas within organic vineyard. The project involves 8 research groups in 6 different EU countries (Italy, Spain, France, Sweden, Slovenia, and Turkey) with experts from several disciplines including soil science, ecology,...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality Soil Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30609/1/Priori_etal_Oregon_Abstract_final.pdf
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Protocol for soil functionality assessment in vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Martensson, A.; Tengolar, S.; Akca, E.; Landi, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Castaldini, M..
Protocols used by Resolve partners during the project, to assess soil functionality on degraded aeras and evaluate soil restoration after applying recovering practices.
Tipo: Practice tool Palavras-chave: Soil quality Soil biology Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection Research methodology and philosophy Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33851/1/2018.09.19%20Protocols_for_soil_functionality_assessment_in_vineyards.pdf
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Protocols for soil functionality assessment in vineyards Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S.; Landi, S.; Lagomarsino, A.; Castaldini, M.; Giffard, B.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Schroers, H.J.; Martensson, A.; Tangolar, S.; Akca, E..
The purpose of this guideline is to describe the methods used during ReSolVe project for soil functionality assessment, so they can be implemented in similar studies. A brief introduction first underlines what are the main functions of soil and why maintaining an optimal soil functionality is particularly of major interest in viticulture. Then the different protocols selected for ReSolVe project and this guideline are presented according to the following classification: - Part I: assessment of soil physical and chemical features; - Part II: assessment of soil biological features (ecosystem service provision and providers); - Part III: assessment of rhizosphere biological features; - Part IV: assessment of grapevine quantitative and qualitative...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Specific methods; Nutrient turnover; Soil; Technology transfer; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Research methodology and philosophy; Viticulture.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33864/1/2018.09.19%20Protocols_for_soil_functionality_assessment_in_vineyards.pdf
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ReSolVe: come ripristinare la funzionalità ottimale dei suoli Organic Eprints
Costantini, E.A.C.; Priori, S..
Nell’ambito del progetto vengono testati gli effetti di alcune strategie agronomiche e interventi sito-specifici per il ripristino della funzionalità del suolo all’interno di un vigneto condotto in biologico
Tipo: Newspaper or magazine article Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Composting and manuring; Nutrient turnover; Biodiversity and ecosystem services; Landscape and recreation.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://orgprints.org/30491/1/p_20_21_speciale%20ReSolVe.pdf
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ReSolVe project-Restoring optimal Soil functionality in degraded areas within organic Vineyards Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Costantini, E.A.C.; Van Helden, M.; Fulchin, E.; Tardaguila, J.; Tangolar, S.; Akca, S.; Kìraz, M.E.; Martensson, A.; Schroers, H.J..
In both conventional and organic European vineyards, it is quite common to have areas characterized by problems in vine health, grape production and quality. These problems are very often related to sub-optimal soil functionality, caused by an improper land preparation before vine plantation and/or management. Different causes for soil malfunctioning can include: poor organic matter content and plant nutrient availability (both major and trace elements); imbalance of some element ratios (Ca/Mg, K/Mg, P/Fe, and Fe/Mn); pH; water deficiency; soil compaction and/or scarce oxygenation. Fertility related problems can often be compensated in conventional settings with externally introduced fertilizers that are not permitted in organic vineyards. ReSolVe is a...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality Composting and manuring Nutrient turnover Biodiversity and ecosystem services Crop health; Quality; Protection.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://orgprints.org/30492/1/abstract_ESSC2015001.pdf
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Restoring soil functionality in degraded areas within vineyards by organic treatments: the experimental layout of the RESOLVE Core-organic+ project Organic Eprints
D'Avino, L.; Priori, S.; Schroers, H.J.; Tangolar, S.; Tardaguila, J.; Giffard, B.; Fantappiè, M.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Degraded areas are frequent in vineyards, even if managed by organic farming, mainly caused by soil truncation, soil erosion, or salts enrichment. Recovering strategies implemented in 19 degraded vineyards in 5 countries within the RESOLVE project concerned: (i) composted organic amendments, or seeding of cover crops (including legumes) for (ii) green manure or (iii) dry mulch. The relationships between vineyard management and pedo-climatic conditions are useful to better understand other contributions dealing with RESOLVE project reported in the present special issue. The results suggested that the nature of degradation requires optimum seedbed preparation to grow green manure crops. Whereas dry mulching plants needs less tillage operations (neither...
Tipo: Journal paper Palavras-chave: Production systems; Soil quality; Soil; Viticulture; Environmental aspects.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://orgprints.org/33461/1/7917-25952-1-PB.pdf
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Ripristino della funzionalità ottimale del suolo in aree degradate di vigneti biologici Organic Eprints
Priori, S.; Fantappiè, M.; Agnelli, A.E.; Costantini, E.A.C..
Il progetto ReSolve ha voluto testare tre diverse pratiche agronomiche biologiche per il recupero di aree di vigneto con suoli degradati, per cause legate allo scasso, ai livellamenti e all’erosione. L’obiettivo primario per il recupero di queste aree è quello di aumentare la dotazione di sostanza organica nel suolo, così da migliorarne la struttura, l’areazione, la fertilità chimica e l’attività biologica. Le pratiche testate sono state: la forte aggiunta di compost, in quantità di circa 40 tonnellate ad ettaro; un sovescio con leguminose e graminacee (in Italia orzo e favino); una copertura con leguminose riseminanti per il taglio pre-estivo e la pacciamatura secca dell’interfilare. Dopo due anni di prove, è stato osservato un grande incremento di...
Tipo: Conference paper, poster, etc. Palavras-chave: Soil quality; Soil biology; Soil.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://orgprints.org/32420/1/poster_life_help_soil_resolve.pdf
Registros recuperados: 24
Primeira ... 12 ... Última
 

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