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Registros recuperados: 18
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A global perspective on the trophic geography of sharks ArchiMer
Bird, Christopher S.; Verissimo, Ana; Magozzi, Sarah; Abrantes, Katya G.; Aguilar, Alex; Al-reasi, Hassan; Barnett, Adam; Bethea, Dana M.; Biais, Gerard; Borrell, Asuncion; Bouchoucha, Marc; Boyle, Mariah; Brooks, Edward J.; Brunnschweiler, Juerg; Bustamante, Paco; Carlisle, Aaron; Catarino, Diana; Caut, Stephane; Cherel, Yves; Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Churchill, Diana; Ciancio, Javier; Claes, Julien; Colaco, Ana; Courtney, Dean L.; Cresson, Pierre; Daly, Ryan; De Necker, Leigh; Endo, Tetsuya; Figueiredo, Ivone; Frisch, Ashley J.; Hansen, Joan Holst; Heithaus, Michael; Hussey, Nigel E.; Iitembu, Johannes; Juanes, Francis; Kinney, Michael J.; Kiszka, Jeremy J.; Klarian, Sebastian A.; Kopp, Dorothee; Leaf, Robert; Li, Yunkai; Lorrain, Anne; Madigan, Daniel J.; Maljkovic, Aleksandra; Malpica-cruz, Luis; Matich, Philip; Meekan, Mark G.; Menard, Frederic; Menezes, Gui M.; Munroe, Samantha E. M.; Newman, Michael C.; Papastamatiou, Yannis P.; Pethybridge, Heidi; Plumlee, Jeffrey D.; Polo-silva, Carlos; Quaeck-davies, Katie; Raoult, Vincent; Reum, Jonathan; Torres-rojas, Yassir Eden; Shiffman, David S.; Shipley, Oliver N.; Speed, Conrad W.; Staudinger, Michelle D.; Teffer, Amy K.; Tilley, Alexander; Valls, Maria; Vaudo, Jeremy J.; Wai, Tak-cheung; Wells, R. J. David; Wyatt, Alex S. J.; Yool, Andrew; Trueman, Clive N..
Sharks are a diverse group of mobile predators that forage across varied spatial scales and have the potential to influence food web dynamics. The ecological consequences of recent declines in shark biomass may extend across broader geographic ranges if shark taxa display common behavioural traits. By tracking the original site of photosynthetic fixation of carbon atoms that were ultimately assimilated into muscle tissues of 5,394 sharks from 114 species, we identify globally consistent biogeographic traits in trophic interactions between sharks found in different habitats. We show that populations of shelf-dwelling sharks derive a substantial proportion of their carbon from regional pelagic sources, but contain individuals that forage within additional...
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Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00420/53141/54249.pdf
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A multitracer approach to assess the spatial contamination pattern of hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the French Mediterranean ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Morat, Fabien; Miralles, Francoise; Chavanon, Fabienne; Loizeau, Veronique; Cossa, Daniel.
Chemical contamination levels and stable isotope ratios provide integrated information about contaminant exposure, trophic position and also biological and environmental influences on marine organisms. By combining these approaches with otolith shape analyses, the aim of the present study was to document the spatial variability of Hg and PCB contamination of the European hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the French Mediterranean, hypothesizing that local contaminant sources, environmental conditions and biological specificities lead to site-specific contamination patterns. High Hg concentrations discriminated Corsica (average: 1.36 ± 0.80 μg g− 1 dm) from the Gulf of Lions (average values < 0.5 μg g− 1 dm), where Rhône River input caused high PCB burdens....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hg; Mediterranean; Merluccius merluccius; Multiple ecotracers; PCB.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00270/38155/36309.pdf
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Are red mullet efficient as bio-indicators of mercury contamination? A case study from the French Mediterranean ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Miralles, F.; Elleboode, Romain; Mahe, Kelig; Marusczak, Nicolas; Thebault, Herve; Cossa, Daniel.
Mercury (Hg) is one of the main chemicals currently altering Mediterranean ecosystems. Red mullet (Mullus barbatus and M. surmuletus) have been widely used as quantitative bio-indicators of chemical contamination. In this study, we reassess the ability of these species to be used as efficient bio-indicators of Hg contamination by monitoring during 18 months Hg concentrations in muscle tissue of mullet sampled from 5 French Mediterranean coastal areas. Mean concentrations ranged between 0.23 and 0.78 μg g−1 dry mass for both species. Values were consistent with expected contamination patterns of all sites except Corsica. Results confirmed that red mullets are efficient bio-indicators of Hg contamination. Nevertheless, the observed variability in Hg...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mercury; Bio-indicator; Fish; Mullus spp.; Mediterranean.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00244/35514/34083.pdf
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Benthic-pelagic couplings as key determinants of food web structure along environmental gradients ArchiMer
Lefebvre, Sebastien; Giraldo, Carolina; Kopp, Dorothee; Cresson, Pierre; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Ernande, Bruno.
Trophic relationships play a crucial role in shaping community structure and ecological functions in marine ecosystems. Studying food-web variation along environmental gradients is still in its infancy and provides new insights in understanding how abiotic variables shape species interactions. In epicontinental seas, benthic-pelagic couplings modify predator-prey relationships and lead to entangled trophic networks. Here, we  assumed that depth affects benthic-pelagic couplings’ strength and we investigated depth-related changes in the feeding patterns of fish in the whole English Channel (EC) used as a case study. Gut content and stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes of 33 fish species were collected between 5-100 m depth in 2009 and in 2014. Samples from...
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Ano: 2018 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00455/56634/58370.pdf
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Bilan des essais et optimisation du suivi mutualisé « réseaux trophiques et contaminants » sur les campagnes halieutiques DCF 2014- 2015 ArchiMer
Mialet, Benoit; Banaru, Daniela; Baudrier, Jerome; Bustamante, Paco; Chekri, Rachida; Cresson, Pierre; Harmelin, Mireille; Le Loc'H, François; Mauffret, Aourell; Marchand, Philippe; Petit, Laetitia; Prieur, Solene; Saibi-yedjer, Lynda; Serre, Sandrine; Spitz, Jerome; Timmerman, Charles-andre; Vouriot, Pauline; Wessel, Nathalie.
Ce document s’adresse à un public large, familier ou non avec les problématiques couvertes par la Directive Cadre “Stratégie pour le Milieu Marin” (DCSMM). Ce public inclut donc le personnel intervenant sur la mise en oeuvre de la DCSMM, les scientifiques, et toute personne concernée par la surveillance de l’état de santé du milieu marin. L’objectif du document est de valoriser les travaux menés lors des essais du Programme de Surveillance de la DCSMM. Ces essais ont consisté à tester des protocoles visant à utiliser les campagnes océanographiques bentho-démersales et pélagiques existantes pour collecter les données indispensables à la construction et au renseignement d’indicateurs du Bon État Écologique. Cette collecte de données implique la participation...
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Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00373/48447/48712.pdf
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Contrasting perception of fish trophic level from stomach content and stable isotope analyses: A Mediterranean artificial reef experience ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Ruitton, Sandrine; Ourgaud, Melanie; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
A large complex of artificial reefs was deployed in the Bay of Marseilles, North-Western Mediterranean, for the enhancement of commercial fisheries stocks. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope and stomach content analyses were performed on 23 fish species collected on the artificial reefs to assess their trophic position and feeding behaviour. Results indicated that fish diets were not modified on the artificial reefs compared to natural environments, nor was the structure of their trophic network. Artificial reefs, with their complex design, provide diverse and abundant food sources for fishes. Ranges of delta C-13 and delta N-15 of artificial reef fishes were comparable to those recorded in natural Mediterranean environments, with a similar trophic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Artificial reefs; Fish diet; NW Mediterranean; Stable isotopes; Stomach content; Trophic level.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00186/29708/28188.pdf
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Depth gradient on the resource use of a fish community from a semi-enclosed sea ArchiMer
Giraldo, Carolina; Ernande, Bruno; Cresson, Pierre; Kopp, Dorothee; Cachera, Marie; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Lefebvre, Sebastien.
Depth is one of the environmental variables influencing the structure of marine food webs by directly or indirectly influencing benthic-pelagic coupling and predator-prey relationships. In shallow waters, the high degree of connectivity between pelagic and benthic networks results in complex systems with multiple interactions. Digestive tract (DT) and stable isotope (SI) analyses were used to investigate depth-related changes in feeding patterns for 33 fish species (eastern English Channel [EEC]) collected between 5 m and 80 m depth. Fish species were first arranged into functional groups based upon trophic and habitat similarities. DTs were used to determine the general topology of the food web and SIs were used to estimate the contributions of different...
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Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00386/49711/52255.pdf
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Feeding strategies of co-occurring suspension feeders in an oligotrophic environment ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Ruitton, Sandrine; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
Suspension-feeders predominate in the vast majority of the coastal marine benthic ecosystems, with several species co-occurring at low spatial scale. Understanding how these species cope with competition for trophic resources has been the core of numerous studies, mostly in coastal shallow systems where food supplies are diverse and abundant. Oligotrophic systems have received less attention. The aim of the present study was thus to investigate the trophic relationships established between 9 suspension feeders collected in an oligotrophic zone (Bay of Marseille, French Mediterranean). Species displayed similar isotopic ratios, consistently with the use of one main source, identified as nanophytoplankton and diazotrophic bacteria as the δ15N values were...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Suspension feeders; Isotopic niche; Mediterranean; Oligotrophy; Resource sharing mechanisms.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00301/41203/40363.pdf
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Food web structure of a Mediterranean coralligeneous ecosystem ArchiMer
Belloni, Bruno; Sartoretto, Stephane; Cresson, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Guillou, Gael; Lebreton, Benoit; Ruitton, Sandrine; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
The coralligenous ecosystem is one of the biodiversity hotspots in the Mediterranean Sea. This study aims at determining (i) the organic matter (OM) sources at the base of the food web in a coralligenous  ecosystem  near  Marseille  (Cap  Caveau,  Frioul  Island)  and  (ii)  the  global functional structure of its community. For that purpose, C and N stable isotope analyses were performed on 78 compartments or species collected in this habitat between 30 and 40 m depth. Results  suggested  that  the  pelagic  particulate  organic  matter  (POM),  mainly  composed  of phytoplankton, was the main OM source fuelling coralligenous food webs, followed by sedimented organic matter (SOM) and some macrophytes. At least three level of consumers were identified from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Food webs; Coralligenous ecosystem; Stable isotopes; Carbon; Nitrogen.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00483/59511/62396.pdf
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Functional traits unravel temporal changes in fish biomass production on artificial reefs ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Le Direach, Laurence; Rouanet, Elodie; Goberville, Eric; Astruch, Patrick; Ourgaud, Mélanie; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
Artificial reefs (ARs) are deployed worldwide as they are expected to support fisheries management. While the underlying mechanisms remain widely debated, production was recently determined as the most probable cause of increases in fish biomass. Changes in fish biomass in a temperate AR system were investigated from December 2008 to November 2015 by considering seven distinct functional groups, and isotopic functional indices were used to identify how these changes may have affected organic matter (OM) fluxes. Contrasting patterns of change were observed between functional trophic groups, highlighting that combining the biomass of all species present in a community is inappropriate for assessing AR-induced effects. Benthic sedentary species predominated...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Artificial reefs; Mediterranean sea; Fish biomass production; Isotopic functional indices.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59577/62566.pdf
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Growth of the oblique-banded grouper (Epinephelus radiatus) on the coasts of Reunion Island (SW Indian Ocean) ArchiMer
Mahe, Kelig; Rabhi, Khalef; Bellamy, Elise; Elleboode, Romain; Aumond, Yoann; Huet, Jerome; Cresson, Pierre; Roos, David.
The oblique-banded grouper, Epinephelus radiatus (Day, 1968), occurred within the whole Indo- West Pacific where it is harvested by small-scale coastal fisheries. The aim of this study was to estimate the growth of this species at Reunion Island (South-West Indian Ocean) since no study investigated this topic so far. Fifty-seven individuals were sampled in the landings of the French local artisanal fisheries from March 2014 to March 2015. The relationships between two types of body length (total and standard lengths, cm) and total weight (g) were significant (p < 0.05). Total length-weight relationship was described by the following parameters: a = 0.01 and b = 3.098. For each individual, morphometry of the whole otolith was described with several...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Epinephelidae; Epinephelus radiatus; Otolith; Indian Ocean; Ageing; Otolith weight.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00313/42385/41723.pdf
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Lost in the North: The first record of Diretmichthys parini (Post and Quéro, 1981) in the northern North Sea ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Rouquette, Manuel; Marco-miralles, Francoise; Dufour, Jean-louis; Causse, Romain; Bouchoucha, Marc; Mahe, Kelig.
In June 2015, an individual of Diretmichthys parini (Post and Quero, 1981) was trawled at 530 m depth, in the North Sea off Norway and donated to research. This capture, the first for this species in the North Sea was the northernmost recorded so far, and provided an opportunity to document some aspects of the biology and ecology of this data-poor species. This individual was a female, 331 mm total length of 33 years old, with low mercury content in muscle and liver (~ 0.2 μg g− 1 wet mass). Stable isotope ratios (C and N) in muscle and liver were consistent with the planktonic diet expected for this species. The capture of this fish at the northern latitude known so far would be consistent with the extension of the home range and the latitudinal shift...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Diretmichthys parini; Diet; North Sea; Latitudinal shift; Mercury.
Ano: 2017 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00357/46805/46977.pdf
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Mercury in organisms from the Northwestern Mediterranean slope: Importance of food sources ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Fabri, Marie-claire; Bouchoucha, Marc; Brach-papa, Christophe; Chavanon, Fabienne; Jadaud, Angelique; Knoery, Joel; Marco-miralles, Francoise; Cossa, D..
Mercury (Hg) is a global threat for marine ecosystems, especially within the Mediterranean Sea. The concern is higher for deep-sea organisms, as the Hg concentration in their tissues is commonly high. To assess the influence of food supply at two trophic levels, total Hg concentrations and carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios were determined in 7 species (4 teleosts, 2 sharks, and 1 crustacean) sampled on the upper part of the continental slope of the Gulf of Lions (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea), at depths between 284 and 816 m. Mean Hg concentrations ranged from 1.30 ± 0.61 to 7.13 ± 7.09 μg g− 1 dry mass, with maximum values observed for small-spotted catshark Scyliorhinus canicula. For all species except blue whiting Micromesistius poutassou, Hg...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Continental slope; Trophic webs; Depth; Teleosts; Sharks; Stable isotopes.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00206/31759/30693.pdf
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Oligotrophy as a major driver of mercury bioaccumulation in medium-to high-trophic level consumers: A marine ecosystem-comparative study ArchiMer
Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Cresson, Pierre; Bouchoucha, Marc; Brach-papa, Christophe; Bustamante, Paco; Crochet, Sylvette; Marco-miralles, Francoise; Thomas, Bastien; Knoery, Joel.
Mercury (Hg) is a global contaminant of environmental concern. Numerous factors influencing its bioaccumulation in marine organisms have already been described at both individual and species levels (e.g., size or age, habitat, trophic level). However, few studies have compared the trophic characteristics of ecosystems to explain underlying mechanisms of differences in Hg bioaccumulation and biomagnification among food webs and systems. The present study aimed at investigating the potential primary role of the trophic status of systems on Hg bioaccumulation and biomagnification in temperate marine food webs, as shown by their medium-to high-trophic level consumers. It used data from samples collected at the shelf-edge (i.e. offshore organisms) in two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biomagnifying metal; Bioaccumulation; Trophic status; Ecosystem productivity; Temperate systems.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52111/52936.pdf
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Seasonal and plant-part isotopic and biochemical variation in Posidonia oceanica ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Boudouresque, Charles François; Ruitton, Sandrine; Casalot, Laurie; Verlaque, Marc; Harmelin-vivien, Mireille.
Posidonia oceanica is an iconic and highly productive Mediterranean seagrass. As most studies have focused on the fate of its production, temporal and plant part-specific variations of isotopic composition and biochemical content were overlooked. Combined seasonal and plant-part stable isotope composition and biochemical concentrations were measured at the lower depth limit of a P. oceanica meadow (~ 25 meter depth), and explained on the basis of previous knowledge of the specific metabolic functioning of each part. The predominance of compounds with complex chemical structure was reflected by the high concentrations of insoluble carbohydrates, high C/N ratios and high ä13C values. Plant parts clustered in 3 groups with similar isotopic or biochemical...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Posidomia oceanica; Mediterranean Sea; Stable isotopes; Biochemical composition.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00505/61640/65566.pdf
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Trace metal concentrations in the muscle of seven marine species: Comparison between the Gulf of Lions (North-West Mediterranean Sea) and the Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic Ocean) ArchiMer
Mille, Tiphaine; Cresson, Pierre; Chouvelon, Tiphaine; Bustamante, Paco; Brach-papa, Christophe; Bruzac, Sandrine; Rozuel, Emmanuelle; Bouchoucha, Marc.
Concentrations of 6 trace metals (Ag, Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) in the muscle of 2 sharks (Galeus melastomus and Scyliorhinus canicula), 4 teleosts (Helicolenus dactylopterus, Lepidorhombus boscii, Micromesistius poutassou and Phycis blennoides) and 1 crustacean (Nephrops norvegicus) were compared between the Bay of Biscay (Atlantic Ocean) and the Gulf of Lions (Mediterranean Sea). Although average concentrations and the trace element pollution index were generally higher in the Gulf of Lions, significant differences between the two ecosystems were only found for Zn for Helicolenus dactylopterus, and for Ag and Cu for the crustacean N. norvegicus. Moreover, some relationships between trophic level or size and metal concentrations were found for these two...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Inorganic elements; Contamination; Bioaccumulation; Fish; Shark; Norway lobster.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00448/55958/57497.pdf
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Underestimation of chemical contamination in marine fish muscle tissue can be reduced by considering variable wet:dry weight ratios ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Rouquette, Manuel; Timmerman, Charles-andre; Giraldo, Carolina; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Ernande, Bruno.
Whether considered as a risk for human health or as ecological tracers, contaminants' concentrations measured in fish muscles are commonly expressed relative to wet or dry mass. Comparison of results required conversion factors (CF) but accurate values are scarce and case-specific. The present paper is aimed at investigating errors linked with the use of the theoretical value. Muscles dry and wet masses were measured in 15 fish species to determine the actual CF. Most CF were lower than the theoretical wet:dry ratio of 5 classically used, with variations at individual and species level. Muscle lipid content (inferred by C/N ratios) was a crucial factor explaining discrepancies, claiming for caution when working with lipid-rich species. The observed...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Wet:dry ratio; Conversion factor; Contaminant concentration; Marine fish; Percentage of humidity.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00396/50736/51456.pdf
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Variability of PCB burden in 5 fish and sharks species of the French Mediterranean continental slope ArchiMer
Cresson, Pierre; Fabri, Marie-claire; Miralles, Francoise Marco; Dufour, Jean-louis; Elleboode, Romain; Sevin, Karine; Mahe, Kelig; Bouchoucha, Marc.
Despite being generally located far from contamination sources, deep marine ecosystems are impacted by chemicals like PCB. The PCB contamination in five fish and shark species collected in the continental slope of the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean Sea) was measured, with a special focus on intra- and interspecific variability and on the driving factors. Significant differences occurred between species. Higher values were measured in Scyliorhinus canicula, Galeus melastomus and Helicolenus dactylopterus and lower values in Phycis blennoides and Lepidorhombus boscii. These differences might be explained by specific abilities to accumulate and eliminate contaminant, mostly through cytochrome P450 pathway. Interindividual variation was also high and no...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bioaccumulation; Continental slope; Gulf of Lions; PCB.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00313/42421/41790.pdf
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