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AN ECONOMETRIC MODEL OF THE MARKET FOR NEW ENGLAND GROUNDFISH AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R..
This paper develops an economic model of the New England groundfish market. A multi-sector, multi-level econometric model is estimated using data from 1970 to 1982. The parameters of the estimated model are used to characterize consumer demand for groundfish and related products. Retail and exvessel demands for fresh and frozen groundfish fillets are found to be highly elastic. Fresh fillets especially show high income elasticity of demand, reflecting their status as a luxury good. Only a very small and statistically weak relationship was found between the prices of imported groundfish and domestic exvessel prices indicating that proposals to assist the domestic industry via tariffs may be ineffectual.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 1985 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/28946
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Benefits of Protecting Rural Water Quality: An Empirical Analysis AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R.; Feather, Peter; Hellerstein, Daniel.
Concerns about the impact of farm production on the quality of the Nation's drinking and recreational water resources have risen over the past 10 years. Because point sources of pollution were controlled first, agricultural nonpoint sources have become the Nation's largest remaining single water-quality problem. Both public and private costs of policies that address the conflict between agricultural production and water quality are relevant, but measuring the off-farm benefits and costs of changing water quality is difficult. Many of the values placed on these resources are not measured in traditional ways through market prices. This report explores the use of nonmarket valuation methods to estimate the benefits of protecting or improving rural water...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water quality; Nonpoint source pollution; Environmental quality; Agricultural production; Costs; Benefits; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/33949
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Benefits of Safer Drinking Water: The Value of Nitrate Reduction AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R.; Cooper, Joseph C.; Hellerstein, Daniel.
Nitrates in drinking water, which may come from nitrogen fertilizers applied to crops, are a potential health risk. This report evaluates the potential benefits of reducing human exposure to nitrates in the drinking water supply. In a survey, respondents were asked a series of questions about their willingness to pay for a hypothetical water filter, which would reduce their risk of nitrate exposure. If nitrates in the respondent's drinking water were to exceed the EPA minimum safety standard, they would be willing to pay $45 to $60, per household, per month, to reduce nitrates in their drinking water to the minimum safety standard. There are 2.9 million households in the four regions studied (White River area of Indiana, Central Nebraska, Lower...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Water quality; Drinking water; Nitrates; Benefits; Contingent valuation; Resource /Energy Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34025
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Economic Assessment of Food Safety Regulations: The New Approach to Meat and Poultry Inspection AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R.; Buzby, Jean C.; Roberts, Tanya; Ollinger, Michael; Lin, Chung-Tung Jordan.
USDA is now requiring all Federally inspected meat and poultry processing and slaughter plants to implement a new system called Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) to reduce potentially harmful microbial pathogens in the food supply. This report finds that the benefits of the new regulations, which are the medical costs and productivity losses that are prevented when foodborne illnesses are averted, will likely exceed the costs, which include spending by firms on sanitation, temperature control, planning and training, and testing. Other, nonregulatory approaches can also improve food safety, such as providing market incentives for pathogen reduction, irradiation, and education and labeling to promote safe food handling and thorough cooking.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food safety; Foodborne illness; Microbial pathogens; Meat and poultry inspection; HACCP; Cost of illness; Consumer education; Irradiation; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/34009
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ECONOMIC ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH FOOD SAFETY AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17042
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MEASURING CONSUMER BENEFITS OF FOOD SAFETY RISK REDUCTIONS AgEcon
Buzby, Jean C.; Fox, John A.; Ready, Richard C.; Crutchfield, Stephen R..
Microbial pathogens and pesticide residues in food pose a financial burden to society which can be reduced by incurring costs to reduce these food safety risks. We explore three valuation techniques that place a monetary value on food safety risk reductions, and we present a case study for each: a contingent valuation survey on pesticide residues, an experimental auction market for a chicken sandwich with reduced risk of Salmonella, and a cost-of-illness analysis for seven foodborne pathogens. Estimates from these techniques can be used in cost/benefit analyses for policies that reduce food safety risks.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Contingent valuation; Cost of illness; Experimental auction market; Food safety; Risk reduction; Salmonella; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/15107
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MODELING THE COSTS OF FOOD SAFETY REGULATION AgEcon
MacDonald, James M.; Crutchfield, Stephen R..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food safety; Regulatory costs; Cost/benefit analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25954
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Nonpoint Pollution, Water Quality, and Commodity Programs in the 1990 Farm Bill AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy.
Ano: 1990 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60337
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THE ECONOMICS OF IMPROVING FOOD SAFETY AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R.; Allshouse, Jane E..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/17927
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VALUING THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF NUTRITION LABELING: A CASE STUDY FOR MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS AgEcon
Crutchfield, Stephen R.; Kuchler, Fred; Variyam, Jayachandran N..
New rules issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture requiring provision of nutrition information on raw meat and poultry products may encourage consumers to make healthier food choices. Reduced intake of fat and cholesterol may prevent future cases of stroke, heart disease, and cancer. The benefits of these rules are estimated to be $62 to $125 million annually.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20559
Registros recuperados: 10
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