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A coupled biophysical model for the distribution of the great scallop Pecten maximus in the English Channel ArchiMer
Le Goff, Clement; Lavaud, Romain; Cugier, Philippe; Jean, Fred; Flye-sainte-marie, Jonathan; Foucher, Eric; Desroy, Nicolas; Fifas, Spyros; Foveau, Aurelie.
In this paper we used a modelling approach integrating both physical and biological constraints to understand the biogeographical distribution of the great scallop Pecten maximus in the English Channel during its whole life cycle. A 3D bio-hydrodynamical model (ECO-MARS3D) providing environmental conditions was coupled to (i) a population dynamics model and (ii) an individual ecophysiological model (Dynamic Energy Budget model). We performed the coupling sequentially, which underlined the respective role of biological and physical factors in defining P. maximus distribution in the English Channel. Results show that larval dispersion by hydrodynamics explains most of the scallop distribution and enlighten the main known hotspots for the population,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Population dynamic model; Ecophysiological model; English Channel; Pecten maximus; Spatial distribution.
Ano: 2017 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00355/46642/46467.pdf
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A three-dimensional ecological model to optimize shellfish culture in the baie des Veys (Normandy, France) ArchiMer
Roudesli, Sonia; Cugier, Philippe; Le Gendre, Romain; Gangnery, Aline.
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00055/16636/14333.pdf
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Connectivities with shellfish farms and channel rivers are associated with mortality risk in oysters ArchiMer
Gangnery, Aline; Normand, Julien; Duval, Cyrielle; Cugier, Philippe; Grangeré, Karine; Petton, Bruno; Petton, Sebastien; Orvain, Francis; Pernet, Fabrice.
Oyster diseases have major consequences on fisheries and aquaculture. In France, young Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas are severely hit by the ostreid herpesvirus, whereas adults suffer mortalities presumably caused by pathogenic bacteria. Here we investigated the origin and spread of mortalities that affect both young and adult oysters, and we identified and compared their risk factors. Mortality was monitored in 2 age classes of oysters deployed in early spring at 39 sites spread over a 37 km2 surface area inside and outside of shellfish farms. Environmental data obtained from numerical modelling were used to investigate risk factors. Mortality of young oysters associated with ostreid herpesvirus occurred in the oyster farming area. Hydrodynamic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Aquaculture; Bivalve; Disease; Epidemiology and health; Ecological modelling; Hydrodynamic connectivity.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/69983/67896.pdf
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Coupling a watershed model of the Seine river with a 3D ecological model of the English Channel in order to study eutrophication problems ArchiMer
Cugier, Philippe; Passy, Paul; Callens, Julie; Garnier, Josette; Riou, Philippe; Billen, Gilles; Le Gendre, Romain; Paris, Francois.
Eutrophication of the Seine river/estuary/bay continuum of the French coast of the English Channel is a subject of growing concern. Because of huge nutrient inputs from the Seine river, with an excess of nitrogen over phosphorus and silica, chlorophyll concentrations reach very high level and episodic blooms of toxic dinoflagellates are regularly observed. In order to better understand the relationship between these ecological processes and the human activities in the Seine watershed, two models have been developed and used in connection : 1/ a model describing nutrient (N, P, Si) transfer processes at the scale of the whole Seine Basin (SENEQUE/RIVERSTRAHLER, Thieu et al, 2009), allowing human activity (agricultural practices, waterscape management, urban...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00061/17211/15019.pdf
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Eutrophication modelling chain for improved management strategies to prevent algal blooms in the Bay of Seine ArchiMer
Passy, Paul; Le Gendre, Romain; Garnier, Josette; Cugier, Philippe; Callens, Julie; Paris, Francois; Billen, Gilles; Riou, Philippe; Romero, Estela.
Eutrophication of the Seine estuary and the Bay of the Seine is a crucial environmental issue for the management of ecosystems and economic activities related to fisheries and tourism. A large quantity of nutrients, especially nitrogen, is brought to the coastal zone by the Seine River, the main input of that area, but also by smaller rivers along the Normandy coast. This large delivery of nitrogen leads to an imbalance between nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and silica (Si), which affects the growth of planktonic organisms and can exacerbate the occurrence of harmful algal blooms (HABs). These events can be damaging for shellfish fisheries, an important economic resource for the region. The study describes a new modelling chain coupling a riverine and a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eutrophication; Harmful algal blooms; Nutrient load; Modelling; Water quality; Seine.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00300/41103/41542.pdf
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Growth and distribution of the great scallop (Pecten maximus) in the English Channel: a modelling approach. ArchiMer
Le Goff, Clement; Lavaud, Romain; Cugier, Philippe; Jean, Frédéric; Flye Sainte Marie, Jonathan.
The great scallop Pecten maximus is currently the most important species in landings (as well in tons as in value) for the French inshore fleet of the English Channel. A French scientific program “COMANCHE” funded by the French National Research Agency (ANR) was conducted to improve our knowledge on the great scallop within its ecosystem, in an integrated way and over the whole area of the English Channel. In that context, the aim of this study is to better understand the determinism of the growth and distribution of the great scallop in the English Channel, integrating both physical and trophic constraints through a modelling approach. The used method is based on the coupling of a 3D hydrodynamical model (MARS3D developed at Ifremer) providing...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00139/24987/23087.pdf
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Impact des facteurs environnementaux et des pratiques conchylicoles sur la baie du Mont Saint-Michel et la production conchylicole. Etude de scenarii par modélisation. Programme Liteau 3. Rapport Final ArchiMer
Cugier, Philippe; Frangoudes, Katia; Blanchard, Michel; Mongruel, Remi; Perez, Jose; Le Mao, Patrick; Robin, T.; Fontenelle, Guy; Mazurie, Joseph; Cayocca, Florence; Pouvreau, Stephane; Olivier, F..
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00026/13707/10862.pdf
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La Crépidule : identifier les mécanismes de sa prolifération et caractériser ses effets sur le milieu pour envisager sa gestion (Chantier : Baie de Saint-Brieuc) ArchiMer
Hamon, Dominique; Blanchard, Michel; Houlgatte, Eric; Blanchet, Aline; Gaffet, Jean-dominique; Cugier, Philippe; Menesguen, Alain; Bassoullet, Philippe; Cann, Philippe; Domalain, David; Haubois, Anne-gaelle.
La crépidule (Crepidula fornicata), mollusque gastéropode de la famille des Calyptraeidés, originaire de la côte atlantique d'Amérique du nord, a été introduite accidentellement sur le littoral français en plusieurs étapes (Blanchard, 1995, 1997). La plus importante d'entre elles, au début des années 70, est liée à l'importation massive de l'huître japonaise (Crassostrea gigas), en remplacement de l'huître portugaise (Crassostrea angulata) décimée par une épizootie. Cette espèce opportuniste a notamment proliféré au voisinage des principaux bassins ostréicoles de la Manche et de l'Atlantique. C'est en particulier le cas des zones conchylicoles infralittorales du golfe normano-breton où des évaluations de stocks font état de plusieurs centaines de milliers...
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Ano: 2002 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00032/14295/11574.pdf
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Large-scale patterns of river inputs in southwestern Europe: seasonal and interannual variations and potential eutrophication effects at the coastal zone ArchiMer
Romero, Estela; Garnier, Josette; Lassaletta, Luis; Billen, Gilles; Le Gendre, Romain; Riou, Philippe; Cugier, Philippe.
We provide data on nutrient export for 28 rivers in southwestern Europe and analyze long-term changes in the context of anthropogenic pressures and regulation policies. Special attention is given to seasonal variations, because the integrated annual values that are usually provided do not allow us to establish comparisons with seasonal phytoplankton dynamics. The eutrophication risk associated with river inputs is addressed by means of an indicator (Index of Coastal Eutrophication Potential, ICEP, Billen and Garnier, Mar Chem 106:148–160, 2007). An overview of the temporal evolution and the intra-annual variability of the ICEP is discussed for specific rivers and integrated coastal regions. The annual dynamics of the eutrophication indicator is analyzed to...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: River inputs; Coastal zone; N:P:Si stoichiometry; Eutrophication; Seasonality; Europe.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00090/20152/17928.pdf
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Le projet ANR-COMANCHE 2010-STRA-010. Interactions écosystémiques et impacts anthropiques dans les populations de COquilles Saint-Jacques (Pecten maximus) de la MANCHE. Rapport scientifique final ArchiMer
Foucher, Eric; Blanchard, Michel; Cugier, Philippe; Desroy, Nicolas; Dreanno, Catherine; Fauchot, Juliette; Fifas, Spyros; Guyader, Olivier; Jean, Frederic; Le Gallic, Bertrand; Riou, Philippe; Schapira, Mathilde; Thiebaut, Eric.
The King scallop Pecten maximus constitutes the first landed species in terms of tonnage and the second or third one in terms of value for the French fisheries. More than 90% of these landings come from the English Channel indicating that its exploitation is essential to local fleets. The COMANCHE project (Ecosystem Interactions and anthropogenic impacts on King scallops populations in the English Channel) proposed to improve the knowledge of the scallop within the Channel, through an ecosystem-based approach for fisheries, appealing to a wide range of scientific disciplines (physics, chemistry, genetics, ecology, geostatistics, modeling, economics ....). Researches on the spatial location of scallop beds, connectivity by larval dispersal between beds,...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00251/36236/34797.pdf
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Les risques conchylicoles en Baie de Quiberon. Troisième partie : le risque d’hypoxie pour l’huître creuse Crassostrea gigas. Rapport final du projet Risco 2010-2013 ArchiMer
Stanisiere, Jean-yves; Mazurie, Joseph; Bouget, Jean-francois; Langlade, Aime; Gabellec, Raoul; Retho, Michael; Quinsat, Kevin; Leclerc, Emilie; Cugier, Philippe; Dussauze, Morgan; Menesguen, Alain; Dumas, Franck; Gohin, Francis; Augustin, Jean-marie; Ehrhold, Axel; Sinquin, Jean-marc; Goubert, Evelyne; Dreano, Alain.
The project “Risco”, supported by the “Pôle Mer” and funded by the Regional Council of Brittany, deals with specific risks of mortality of oysters, Crassostrea gigas, cultivated on the bottom, in a subtidal bay of South Brittany : the bay of Quiberon (56, France). Massive mortalities of oysters were reported in summer 2006 in this bay, exclusively located in the deep muddy area with a positive gradient eastward. A validated biogeochemical model was applied in order to simulate the dissolved oxygen over 2000-2006 : it revealed several episodes of hypoxia, more or less intense according to years, but with the same spatial distribution. This approach proved 2006 to be the most hypoxic year since 2000. The hypoxia was due to a rare conjunction of 3 factors :...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Baie Quiberon; Crassostrea gigas; Huître; Mortalité; Croissance; Hypoxie; Oxygène; Modèle; Upwelling; Loire; Vilaine; Quiberon; Crassostrea gigas; Oyster; Mortality; Growth; Hypoxia; Oxygen; Model; DEB; Upwelling; Loire; Vilaine.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00180/29131/27535.pdf
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Managing the Agri-Food System of Watersheds to Combat Coastal Eutrophication: A Land-to-Sea Modelling Approach to the French Coastal English Channel ArchiMer
Garnier, Josette; Riou, Philippe; Le Gendre, Romain; Ramarson, Antsiva; Billen, Gilles; Cugier, Philippe; Schapira, Mathilde; Théry, Sylvain; Thieu, Vincent; Ménesguen, Alain.
The continental coastal waters of the Eastern Channel, from Normandy to Hauts-de-France, are subject to the major influence of unbalanced nutrient inputs from inflowing rivers. Several episodes of harmful algal blooms (HABs) compromising fishing and shellfish farming activities have been observed at the coast. For a better understanding of how the land-to-sea aquatic continuum functions, the GRAFS-RIVERSTRAHLER river biogeochemical model was implemented to cover the watersheds of 11 rivers flowing into this area (including the Seine) and chained with the ecological marine ECO-MARS3D model, applied to the French Northern coastal zone. Human activities strongly impact on the functioning of coastal ecosystems. Specifically, for these fertile soils of Northern...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Toxic microalgae; Pseudo-nitzschia spp.; River basins; Nutrient flows; Scenarios; Coastal zone ecosystem; Modelling.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00589/70076/68049.pdf
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Modèlisation des transferts de nutriments dans le continuum "Seine, Seine Aval, Baie de Seine" ArchiMer
Billen, Gilles; Cugier, Philippe; Garnier, Josette; Menesguen, Alain; Guillaud, Jean-francois; Durand, I.
Le processus d'eutrophisation des milieux marins côtiers, et le développement épisodiques de dinoflagellés qui en est une des manifestations, dépend de manière complexe de l'équilibre des flux d'azote, de phosphore et de silice en provenance des milieux terrestres du bassin versant. Ceux ci sont déterminés par la manière dont les activités humaines sur le bassin versant interagissent avec les processus naturels. La possibilité de prévoir l'effet sur l'eutrophisation marine des mesures prises pour l'amélioration de la qualité des eaux continentales dépend donc à la fois de notre connaissance du fonctionnement des milieux marins et de celui des bassins versants. En vue de développer les outils de modélisation nécessaire pour prévoir l'Etat de la Baie de...
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Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00106/21695/19274.pdf
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Modélisation du devenir à moyen terme dans l'eau et le sédiment des éléments majeurs (N, P, Si) rejetés par la Seine en Baie de Seine ArchiMer
Cugier, Philippe.
The Bay of Seine is a coastal ecosystem submitted to a large river input (Seine river), which brings important quantities of nutrients. This nutrient enrichment leads to frequent eutrophication events and, from the beginning of the eighties, regular toxic phytoplanktonic (Dynophysis) blooms are observed. In order to study the nutrient cycles (nitrogen, phosphorus, silica) and their contribution to phytoplanktonic stock regulation, a three dimensional model has been developed, based on the coupling between an hydrodynamic part taking into account sediment dynamics (SAM-3D) and an ecological part, which accounts for the main biological compartments and processes. This model is able to reproduce the main physical and biological characteristics of the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Seine (France); Dinoflagellates; Nutrients; Nutrients; Eutrophication; Sediments; Hydrodynamic; Mathematical models; Baie de (France); Seine; Dinoflagellés; Diatomées; Nutriments; Eutrophisation; Sédiments (géologie); Hydrodynamique; Modèles mathématiques.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1999/these-3220.pdf
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Modélisation écologique tridimensionnelle (3D) de la baie de Seine (Manche, France) ArchiMer
Cugier, Philippe; Ménesguen, Alain; Guillaud, Jean-francois.
A three dimensional (3D) ecological model is developed and applied to the "baie de Seine" area. It consists of a 3D model for hydrodynamics and port (SiAM3D) coupled to an ecological model simulating nutrient cycles (nitrogen, phosphorus, silicon) and two phytoplanktonic classes (diatoms and flagellates). The model is validated by confronting simulations with nine year long series of measurements and then used to better understand the ecosystem functioning. It especially allows to show the role of the proportion of silicon with regard to nitrogen and phosphorus in the summer loadings of the Seine river on the more or less strong presence of flagellates in the river plume. The model was also used to test various hypotheses of reduction of nitrogen loading...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Modèle 3D; Éléments nutritifs; Diatomées; Flagellés; Baie de Seine; 3D model; Nutrients; Diatoms; Flagellates; Baie de Seine.
Ano: 2001 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00479/59101/61739.pdf
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Modélisation environnementale de l'estuaire de la Seine ArchiMer
Bacq, Nicolas; Cugier, Philippe; Grasso, Florent; Le Gendre, Romain; Le Hir, Pierre; Lemoine, Jean-philippe; Riou, Philippe; Schulz, Elisabeth; Thouvenin, Benedicte; Verney, Romaric.
Dans le cadre du programme de recherche Seine-Aval 5, différentes stratégies de modélisation numérique sont mises en place pour aider à répondre aux questionnements scientifiques et sociétaux associés au fonctionnement physique, biologique, chimique et écologique de l'estuaire de la Seine (ex. projets RESET et HYMOSED). Les forçages météo-marins (vent, vague, marée) et hydrologique (débit) contrôlent le fonctionnement hydro-morpho-sédimentaire et biogéochimique de l'estuaire, modifiant ainsi les paramètres environnementaux de l’estuaire amont jusqu’à la baie de Seine (ex. nature des fonds, courant, turbidité, salinité, température, oxygène dissous, chlorophylle-a). La modélisation de ces paramètres, ainsi que leur évolution face à différents scénarios...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00284/39480/37966.pdf
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Modelling the Karenia mikimotoi bloom that occurred in the western English Channel during summer 2003 ArchiMer
Vanhoutte Brunier, Alice; Fernand, L; Menesguen, Alain; Lyons, S; Gohin, Francis; Cugier, Philippe.
Observations from space and in situ from the R.V Corystes 8/03 Cruise show that a massive Karenia mikimotoi bloom occured during summer 2003 in the western English Channel. Due to exceptional climatoligical conditions that occured in June 2003, the installation of a very strong thermocline enhanced the development of a massive bloom over 1 million cells 1(-1) in the Central English Channel. This paper presents the application of a mathematical model of this species, previously developed in for the Bay of Biscay, into a general 3D model of the primary production of the English Channel and southern Bight of the North Sea. Allelopathic interactions exerted by K. mikimotoi on other phytoplankton species and the role of agitation in the mortality of this...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Western English Channel; SeaWiFS; Primary production; Karenia mikimotoi; 3D modelling; Coupled physical biogeochemical.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2008/publication-3717.pdf
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Modelling the spatial heterogeneity of ecological processes in an intertidal estuarine bay: dynamic interactions between bivalves and phytoplankton ArchiMer
Grangere, Karine; Lefebvre, Sebastien; Bacher, Cedric; Cugier, Philippe; Menesguen, Alain.
Spatial patterns in ecological communities result from a combination of physical and biological factors. In an estuarine intertidal bay, spatial differences have been found in the structure of phytoplanktonic communities and in the biological performance of cultivated oysters. It has been hypothesised that trophic heterogeneity exists, although the mechanisms controlling it remain undefined. Spatial and temporal interactions in the structure of phytoplanktonic biomass and in the biological performance of cultivated oysters were highlighted in this estuarine intertidal bay using a 2-dimensional hydrodynamic model coupled to a nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton bivalve food web model. The coupled models allowed a reproduction in space and time of variations...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Spatial heterogeneity; Hydrodynamics; Ecosystem model; Food supply; Bivalves; Dynamic energy budget model; Physiological status; Baie des Veys.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00017/12854/9819.pdf
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NEREIS (Nutrient Export Role on Eutrophication. Indicators and model Scenarios) - Rapport Seine-Aval ArchiMer
Garnier, Josette; Le Gendre, Romain; Passy, Paul; Paris, Francois; Billen, Gilles; Callens, Julie; Cugier, Philippe; Tronquart, Olivier; Romero, Estela; Riou, Philippe.
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00092/20336/17982.pdf
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Nutriment Export Role on Eutrophisation. Indicators and model Scénarios (NEREIS) ArchiMer
Garnier, Josette; Billen, Gilles; Laverman, Anniet; Amsaleg, Céline; Tronquart, Olivier; Martinez, Anun; Mercier, Benjamin; Riou, Philippe; Le Gendre, Romain; Cugier, Philippe; Nedelec, Florence.
Les Objectifs de cette étude sont:1. Réactualiser la chaine de modélisation des têtes de bassins aux zones côtières et faire ainsi dialoguer le modèle du bassin de la Seine (Seneque/Riverstrahler) avec un modèle Estuaire/Baie de Seine (Mars 3D).2. Observer les effets, sur la basse Seine et l'estuaire en particulier, des nouveaux traitements dans les stations d'épuration du bassin.3. Quantifier les flux d'azote à la zone côtière par rapport à ceux du phosphore et de la silice.4. Synthétiser les données REPHY et RHLN pour valider l'indicateur ICEP développé au cours de la phase précédente de Seine-Aval, en cherchant à comprendre les déterminismes de la toxicité des blooms algaux.5. Construire des scénarios futurs permettant de tester, grâce au modèles,...
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Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00018/12884/9847.pdf
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