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Registros recuperados: 14
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A case for re-inventory of Australia’s plant pathogens Naturalis
Hyde, K.D.; Chomnunti, P.; Crous, P.W.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Damm, U.; Ko Ko, T.W.; Shivas, R.G.; Summerell, B.A.; Tan, Y.P..
Several filamentous oomycete species of the genus Halophytophthora have recently been described from marine environments, mostly from subtropical and tropical ecosystems. During a survey of oomycetes from leaf litter of Spartina alterniflora in salt marshes of southeastern Georgia, isolates of four taxa were recovered that bore similarity to some members of Halophytophthora but were highly divergent from isolates of Halophytophthora s.str. based on a combined sequence analysis of two nuclear loci. In phylogenetic analyses, these isolates were placed basal to a monophyletic group comprised of Pythium of the Pythiaceae and the Peronosporaceae. Sequence and morphology of these taxa diverged from the type species Halophytophthora vesicula, which was placed...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Internal transcribed spacer; Nuclear ribosomal large subunit (nrLSU); Peronosporales; Phylogeny; Pythiaceae.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532294
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A fissitunicate ascus mechanism in the Calosphaeriaceae, and novel species of Jattaea and Calosphaeria on Prunus wood Naturalis
Damm, U.; Crous, P.W.; Fourie, P.H..
During a survey of Prunus wood from South Africa, isolations were made of three presumably Calosphaerialean fungi that formed hyphomycetous, phialidic anamorphs in culture. In order to reveal the phylogenetic relationship of these fungi, they were characterised on a morphological and molecular (LSU and ITS rDNA) basis. Two isolates that formed a teleomorph in culture are newly described as Calosphaeria africana sp. nov. Although asci of Calosphaeria are characterised by having non-amyloid apical rings, two functional wall layers were observed in asci of C. africana, which has hitherto not been observed in any member of the Calosphaeriaceae. However, Calosphaeriaceae (Calosphaeriales, Sordariomycetes) are not closely related to other bitunicate fungi like...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Apical ring; Ascospore discharge; Ascus dehiscence; Beta-tubulin; Calosphaeria; Calosphaeriaceae; ITS; Jattaea; LSU; Phialophora; Prunus; SSU; Systematics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531626
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Coniochaeta (Lecythophora), Collophora gen. nov. And Phaeomoniella species associated with wood necroses of Prunus trees Naturalis
Damm, U.; Fourie, P.H.; Crous, P.W..
Species of the genus Coniochaeta (anamorph: Lecythophora) are known as pathogens of woody hosts, but can also cause opportunistic human infections. Several fungi with conidial stages resembling Lecythophora were isolated from necrotic wood samples of Prunus trees in South Africa. In order to reveal their phylogenetic relationships, these fungi were studied on a morphological and molecular (5.8S nrDNA, ITS-1, ITS-2, GAPDH, EF-1α, 28S nrDNA, 18S nrDNA) basis. Some of the isolates were identified as Coniochaeta (Sordariomycetes), including C. velutina and two new species, C. africana and C. prunicola. The majority of the isolates, however, formed pycnidial or pseudopycnidial synanamorphs and were not closely related to Coniochaeta. According to their 28S...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Collophora; Coniochaeta; EF-1α; GAPDH; ITS; Lecythophora; LSU; Pathogenicity; Phaeomoniella; Prunus; SSU; Systematics.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531834
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Finding the missing link: resolving the Coryneliomycetidae within Eurotiomycetes Naturalis
Wood, A.R.; Damm, U.; Linde, E.J. van der; Groenewald, J.Z.; Cheewangkoon, R.; Crou, P.W..
Species belonging to the Coryneliaceae and parasitizing Podocarpaceae hosts were collected from different locations in South Africa and studied morphologically by light microscopy and molecularly by obtaining partial nrDNA (ITS-1/5.8S/ITS-2, 18S and 28S) gene sequences. The position of the Coryneliaceae within the Eurotiomycetidae was not confirmed and a new subclass, Coryneliomycetidae, was introduced. While Eurotiomycetidae usually form cleistothecia/gymnothecia with evanescent, unitunicate asci, and Chaetothyriomycetidae mostly perithecia with bitunicate/fissitunicate to evanescent asci, Coryneliomycetidae form pseudothecial mazaedial ascomata, initially with double-walled asci with the outer layer deliquescing, resulting in passive ascospore release....
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Corynelia; DNA phylogeny; Lagenulopsis; Phytopathogenic fungi; Sordariomycetes; Systematics; Tripospora.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/611852
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Fishing effects in northeast Atlantic shelf seas: patterns in fishing effort, diversity and community structure. IV. Can comparisons of species diversity be used to assess human impacts on demersal fish faunas? OMA
Rogers, S.I.; Maxwell, D.; Rijnsdorp, A.D.; Damm, U.; Vanhee, W..
Patterns in the abundance of commercially important and non-target demersal fish species collected by beam trawl survey from the coastal waters of the northeast Atlantic are described. Catches were dominated by a small number of species, which occurred in large numbers and at high biomass. The most abundant species (plaice and dab) were typical of shallow, uniform sandy and muddy seabed which occurred extensively throughout the southern North Sea, and to a limited extent in UK western waters. Renyi's diversity index family was used to rank the diversity of coastal sectors throughout the region. The less species-rich North Sea fauna, partly a result of the uniform nature of the seabed was largely responsible for lower diversity of North Sea coastal faunas...
Tipo: Info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Ano: 1999 URL: http://www.vliz.be/nl/open-marien-archief?module=ref&refid=6409
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 154–213 Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Wingfield, M.J.; Guarro, J.; Cheewangkoon, R.; Bank, M. van der; Swart, W.J.; Stchigel, A.M.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; Roux, J.; Madrid, H.; Damm, U.; Wood, A.R.; Shuttleworth, L.A.; Hodges, C.S.; Munster, M.; Jesús Yáñez-Morales, M. de; Zúñiga-Estrada, L.; Cruywagen, E.M.; Hoog, G.S. de; Silvera, C.; Najafzadeh, J.; Davison, E.M.; Davison, P.J.N.; Barrett, M.D.; Barrett, R.L.; Manamgoda, D.S.; Minnis, A.M.; Kleczewski, N.M.; Flory, S.L.; Castlebury, L.A.; Clay, K.; Hyde, K.D.; Maússe-Sitoe, S.N.D.; Chen, Shuaifei; Lechat, C.; Hairaud, M.; Lesage-Meessen, L.; Pawłowska, J.; Wilk, M.; Śliwińska-Wyrzychowska, A.; Mętrak, M.; Wrzosek, M.; Pavlic-Zupanc, D.; Maleme, H.M.; Slippers, B.; Mac Cormack, W.P.; Archuby, D.I.; Grünwald, N.J.; Tellería, M.T.; Dueñas, M.; Martín, M.P.; Marincowitz, S.; Beer, Z.W. de; Perez, C.A.; Gené, J.; Marin-Felix, Y.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of microfungi described in the present study include the following from South Africa: Camarosporium aloes, Phaeococcomyces aloes and Phoma aloes from Aloe, C. psoraleae, Diaporthe psoraleae and D. psoraleae-pinnatae from Psoralea, Colletotrichum euphorbiae from Euphorbia, Coniothyrium prosopidis and Peyronellaea prosopidis from Prosopis, Diaporthe cassines from Cassine, D. diospyricola from Diospyros, Diaporthe maytenicola from Maytenus, Harknessia proteae from Protea, Neofusicoccum ursorum and N. cryptoaustrale from Eucalyptus, Ochrocladosporium adansoniae from Adansonia, Pilidium pseudoconcavum from Greyia radlkoferi, Stagonospora pseudopaludosa from Phragmites and Toxicocladosporium ficiniae from Ficinia. Several species were also...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531798
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 281–319 Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Wingfield, M.J.; Schumacher, R.K.; Summerell, B.A.; Giraldo, A.; Gené, J.; Guarro, J.; Wanasinghe, D.N.; Hyde, K.D.; Camporesi, E.; Gareth Jones, E.B.; Thambugala, K.M.; Malysheva, E.F.; Malysheva, V.F.; Acharya, K.; Álvarez, J.; Alvarado, P.; Assefa, A.; Barnes, C.W.; Bartlett, J.S.; Blanchette, R.A.; Burgess, T.I.; Carlavilla, J.R.; Coetzee, M.P.A.; Damm, U.; Decock, C.A.; Breeÿen, A. den; Vries, B. de; Dutta, A.K.; Holdom, D.G.; Rooney-Latham, S.; Manjón, J.L.; Marincowitz, S.; Mirabolfathy, M.; Moreno, G.; Nakashima, C.; Papizadeh, M.; Shahzadeh Fazeli, S.A.; Amoozegar, M.A.; Romberg, M.K.; Shivas, R.G.; Stalpers, J.A.; Stielow, B.; Stukely, M.J.C.; Swart, W.J.; Tan, Y.P.; Bank, M. van der; Wood, A.R.; Zhang, Y.; Groenewald, J.Z..
Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from South Africa: Alanphillipsia aloeicola from Aloe sp., Arxiella dolichandrae from Dolichandra unguiscati, Ganoderma austroafricanum from Jacaranda mimosifolia, Phacidiella podocarpi and Phaeosphaeria podocarpi from Podocarpus latifolius, Phyllosticta mimusopisicola from Mimusops zeyheri and Sphaerulina pelargonii from Pelargonium sp. Furthermore, Barssia maroccana is described from Cedrus atlantica (Morocco), Codinaea pini from Pinus patula (Uganda), Crucellisporiopsis marquesiae from Marquesia acuminata (Zambia), Dinemasporium ipomoeae from Ipomoea pes-caprae (Vietnam), Diaporthe phragmitis from Phragmites australis (China), Marasmius vladimirii from leaf litter (India),...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS DNA barcodes; LSU; Novel fungal species; Systematics.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532074
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Fungal Planet description sheets: 716–784 Naturalis
Crous, P.W.; Wingfield, M.J.; Burgess, T.I.; Hardy, G.E.St.J.; Gené, J.; Guarro, J.; Baseia, I.G.; García, D.; Gusmão, L.F.P.; Souza-Motta, C.M.; Rodríguez-Andrade, E.; Saba, M.; Schauflerová, A.; Shivas, R.G.; Simonini, G.; Siqueira, J.P.Z.; Sousa, J.O.; Stajsic, V.; Svetasheva, T.; Tan, Y.P.; Thangave, R.; Tkalčec, Z.; Ullah, S.; Valente, P.; Valenzuela-Lopez, N.; Abrinbana, M.; Viana Marques , D.A.; Wong, P.T.W.; Xavier de Lima, V.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Adamčík, S.; Barili, A.; Barnes, C.W.; Bezerra, J.D.P.; Bordallo, J.J.; Cano-Lira, J.F.; Oliveira, R.J.V. de; Ercole, E.; Hubka, V.; Iturrieta-González, I.; Kubátová, A.; Martín, M.P.; Moreau, P.-A.; Morte, A.; Ordoñez, M.E.; Rodríguez, A.; Stchige, A.M.; Vizzini, A.; Abdollahzadeh, J.; Abreu, V.P.; Adamčíková, K.; Albuquerque, G.M.R.; Alexandrova, A.V.; Álvarez Duarte, E.; Armstrong-Cho, C.; Banniza, S.; Barbosa , R.N.; Bellanger, J.-M.; Bezerra, J.L.; Cabral , T.S.; Caboň, M.; Caicedo , E.; Cantillo, T.; Carnegie, A.J.; Carmo, L.T.; Castañeda-Ruiz, R.F.; Clement, C.R.; Čmoková, A.; Conceição, L.B.; Cruz, R.H.S.F.; Damm, U.; Silva, B.D.B. da; Silva, G.A. da; Silva, R.M.F. da; Santiago, A.L.C.M. de A.; Oliveira, L.F. de; Souza , C.A.F. de; Déniel, F.; Dima , B.; Dong, G.; Edwards, J.; Félix, C.R.; Fournier, J.; Gibertoni, T.B.; Hosaka, K.; Iturriaga M. , T.; Jadan, M.; Jany, J.-L.; Jurjević, Z.; Kolařík, M.; Kušan, I.; Landell, M.F.; Leite Cordeiro, T.R.; Lima, D.X.; Loizides , M.; Luo, S.; Machado, A.R.; Madrid, H.; Magalhães, O.M.C.; Marinho, P.; Matočec, N.; Mešić, A.; Miller, A.N.; Morozova, O.V.; Neves , R.P.; Nonaka, K.; Nováková, A.; Oberlies, N.H.; Oliveira-Filho, J.R.C.; Oliveira, T.G.L.; Papp, V.; Pereira, O.L.; Perrone, G.; Peterson, S.W.; Pham, T.H.G.; Raja, H.A.; Raudabaugh, D.B.; Řehulka, J..
Novel species of fungi described in this study include those from various countries as follows: Australia, Chaetopsina eucalypti on Eucalyptus leaf litter, Colletotrichum cobbittiense from Cordyline stricta × C. australis hybrid, Cyanodermella banksiae on Banksia ericifolia subsp. macrantha, Discosia macrozamiae on Macrozamia miquelii, Elsinoë banksiigena on Banksia marginata, Elsinoë elaeocarpi on Elaeocarpus sp., Elsinoë leucopogonis on Leucopogon sp., Helminthosporium livistonae on Livistona australis, Idriellomyces eucalypti (incl. Idriellomyces gen. nov.) on Eucalyptus obliqua, Lareunionomyces eucalypti on Eucalyptus sp., Myrotheciomyces corymbiae (incl. Myrotheciomyces gen. nov., Myrotheciomycetaceae fam. nov.), Neolauriomyces eucalypti (incl....
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: ITS nrDNA barcodes; LSU; New taxa; Systematics.
Ano: 2018 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/655759
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Fungal trunk pathogens associated with wood decay of almond trees on Mallorca (Spain) Naturalis
Gramaje, D.; Agustí-Brisach, C.; Pérez-Sierra, A.; Moralejo, E.; Olmo, D.; Mostert, L.; Damm, U.; Armengol, J..
Severe decline of almond trees has recently been observed in several orchards on the island of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean Sea). However, the identity of the causal agents has not yet been investigated. Between August 2008 and June 2010, wood samples from branches of almond trees showing internal necroses and brown to black vascular streaking were collected in the Llevant region on the island of Mallorca. Several fungal species were subsequently isolated from the margin between healthy and symptomatic tissue. Five species of Botryosphaeriaceae (namely Botryosphaeria dothidea, Diplodia olivarum, D. seriata, Neofusicoccum australe and N. parvum), Eutypa lata, Phaeoacremonium iranianum and Phomopsis amygdali were identified based on...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Almond dieback; Botryosphaeriaceae; Collophora; Eutypa lata; Phaeoacremonium; Phomopsis amygdali; Prunus dulcis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532415
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Novel Paraconiothyrium species on stone fruit trees and other woody hosts Naturalis
Damm, U.; Verkley, G.J.M.; Crous, P.W.; Fourie, P.H.; Haegi, A.; Riccioni, L..
Coniothyrium-like fungi are common wood and soil inhabitants and hyperparasites on other fungi. They belong to different fungal genera within the Pleosporales. Several isolates were obtained on wood of different Prunus species (plum, peach and nectarine) from South Africa, on Actinidia species from Italy and on Laurus nobilis from Turkey. Morphological and cultural characteristics as well as DNA sequence data (5.8S nrDNA, ITS1, ITS2, partial SSU nrDNA) were used to characterise them. The isolates belonged to three species of the recently established genus Paraconiothyrium. This is the first report of Paraconiothyrium brasiliense on Prunus spp. from South Africa. Two new species are described, namely Paraconiothyrium variabile sp. nov. on Prunus persica and...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Coniothyrium; Microdiplodia; Paraphaeospaeria; Phylogeny; Pleosporales; Systematics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532398
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Novel Phaeoacremonium species associated with necrotic wood of Prunus trees Naturalis
Damm, U.; Mostert, L.; Crous, P.W.; Fourie, P.H..
The genus Phaeoacremonium is associated with opportunistic human infections, as well as stunted growth and die-back of various woody hosts, especially grapevines. In this study, Phaeoacremonium species were isolated from necrotic woody tissue of Prunus spp. (plum, peach, nectarine and apricot) from different stone fruit growing areas in South Africa. Morphological and cultural characteristics as well as DNA sequence data (5.8S rDNA, ITS1, ITS2, â-tubulin, actin and 18S rDNA) were used to identify known, and describe novel species. From the total number of wood samples collected (257), 42 Phaeoacremonium isolates were obtained, from which 14 species were identified. Phaeoacremonium scolyti was most frequently isolated, and present on all Prunus species...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Diaporthales; Molecular systematics; Pathogenicity; Togninia; Togniniaceae.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/531916
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One fungus, which genes? Development and assessment of universal primers for potential secondary fungal DNA barcodes Naturalis
Stielow, J.B.; Lévesque, C.A.; Seifert, K.A.; Meyer, W.; Irinyi, L.; Smits, D.; Renfurm, R.; Verkley, G.J.M.; Groenewald, M.; Chaduli, D.; Lomascolo, A.; Welti, S.; Lesage-Meessen, L.; Favel, A.; Al-Hatmi, A.M.S.; Damm, U.; Yilmaz, N.; Houbraken, J.; Lombard, L.; Quaedvlieg, W.; Binder, M.; Vaas, L.A.I.; Vu, D.; Yurkov, A.; Begerow, D.; Roehl, O.; Guerreiro, M.; Fonseca, A.; Samerpitak, K.; Diepeningen, A.D. van; Dolatabadi, S.; Moreno, L.F.; Casaregola, S.; Mallet, S.; Jacques, N.; Roscini, L.; Egidi, E.; Bizet, C.; Garcia-Hermoso, D.; Martin, M.P.; Deng, S.; Groenewald, J.Z.; Boekhout, T.; Beer, Z.W. de; Barnes, I.; Duong, T.A.; Wingfield, M.J.; Hoog, G.S. de; Crous, P.W.; Lewis, C.T.; Hambleton, S.; Moussa, T.A.A.; Al-Zahrani, H.S.; Almaghrabi, O.A.; Louis-Seize, G.; Assabgui, R.; McCormick, W.; Omer, G.; Dukik, K.; Cardinali, G.; Eberhardt, U.; Vries, M. de; Robert, V..
The aim of this study was to assess potential candidate gene regions and corresponding universal primer pairs as secondary DNA barcodes for the fungal kingdom, additional to ITS rDNA as primary barcode. Amplification efficiencies of 14 (partially) universal primer pairs targeting eight genetic markers were tested across > 1 500 species (1 931 strains or specimens) and the outcomes of almost twenty thousand (19 577) polymerase chain reactions were evaluated. We tested several well-known primer pairs that amplify: i) sections of the nuclear ribosomal RNA gene large subunit (D1–D2 domains of 26/28S); ii) the complete internal transcribed spacer region (ITS1/2); iii) partial β-tubulin II (TUB2); iv) γ-actin (ACT); v) translation elongation factor 1-α (TEF1α);...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: DNA barcoding; ITS supplement; Molecular taxonomy; Phylogeny; Species identification; Universal primers.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/588731
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The Colletotrichum gigasporum species complex Naturalis
Liu, F.; Cai, L.; Crous, P.W.; Damm, U..
In a preliminary analysis, 21 Colletotrichum strains with large conidia preserved in the CBS culture collection clustered with a recently described species, C. gigasporum, forming a clade distinct from other currently known Colletotrichum species complexes. Multi-locus phylogenetic analyses (ITS, ACT, TUB2, CHS-1, GAPDH) as well as each of the single-locus analyses resolved seven distinct species, one of them being C. gigasporum. Colletotrichum gigasporum and its close allies thus constitute a previously unknown species complex with shared morphological features. Five of the seven species accepted in the C. gigasporum species complex are described here as novel species, namely C. arxii, C. magnisporum, C. pseudomajus, C. radicis and C. vietnamense. A...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Ascomycota; Morphology; Phylogeny; Systematics.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/532358
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Unravelling Colletotrichum species associated with Camellia: employing ApMat and GS loci to resolve species in the C. gloeosporioides complex Naturalis
Liu, F.; Weir, B.S.; Damm, U.; Crous, P.W.; Wang, Y.; Liu, B.; Wang, M.; Zhang, M.; Cai, L..
"We investigated the phylogenetic diversity of 144 Colletotrichum isolates associated with symptomatic and asymptomatic tissues of Camellia sinensis and other Camellia spp. from seven provinces in China (Fujian, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), and seven isolates obtained from other countries, including Indonesia, UK, and the USA. Based on multi-locus (ACT, ApMat, CAL, GAPDH, GS, ITS, TUB2) phylogenetic analyses and phenotypic characters, 11 species were distinguished, including nine well-characterised species (C. alienum, C. boninense, C. camelliae, C. cliviae, C. fioriniae, C. fructicola, C. gloeosporioides, C. karstii, C. siamense), and two novel species (C. henanense and C. jiangxiense). Of these, C. camelliae proved to be the...
Tipo: Article / Letter to the editor Palavras-chave: Camellia; Colletotrichum; Morphology; Phylogeny; Tea plants.
Ano: 2015 URL: http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/record/588701
Registros recuperados: 14
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