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Agricultural economics and transition: What was expected, what we observed, the lessons learned Proceedings (Volume I / II) AgEcon
Csaki, Csaba; Forgacs, Csaba; Koester, Ulrich; Liefert, William M.; Banse, Martin; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; McDonald, Scott; M'Barek, Robert; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Kim, Hanho; An, Donghwan; Hubbard, Lionel J.; Rieger, Laszlo; Szoke, Gyula; Cristoiu, Adriana; Udovc, Andrej; Kagan, Adam; Sassi, Maria; Takacs, Istvan; Takacs, Emese; Cimpoies, Dragos; Ertsey, Imre; Kovacs, Sandor; Przygodzka, Renata; Dziemianowicz, Ryta Iwona; Magda, Robert; Borodina, Elena; Borodina, Alexandra; Gavrilescu, Dinu; Pecze, Denes; Balogh, Peter; Cechura, Lukas; Sayin, Cengiz; Cengiz, M. Nisa; Osanami, Fumio; Szabo, Gabor G.; Karaman, Suleyman; Szekely, Geza; Szczepaniak, Iwona; Szczegolska, Monika; Serova, Eugenia; Pieniadz, Agata; Barmon, Basanta Kumar; Kondo, Takumi; Becvarova, Vera; Levkovych, Inna; Hockmann, Heinrich; Bezlepkina, Irina V.; Kupavych, Alexander; Konig, Gabor; Halmai, Peter; Vasary, Viktoria; Vincze, Maria-Magdolna; Lerman, Zvi; Kolcsey, Andrea; Bokusheva, Raushan; Turtoi, Crina Sinziana; Toma, Camelia; Gavrilescu, Camelia; Davidova, Sophia; Blaas, Gejza; Antonova, Maria; Zeller, Manfred; Deininger, Klaus W.; Savastano, Sara; Carletto, Calogero; Caceres-Clavero, Francisco; Lucena-Cobos, Blanca; Latruffe, Laure; Takacs-Gyorgy, Katalin; Bandlerova, Anna; Sadowski, Adam; Gomez y Paloma, Sergio; Luca, Lucian; Cristoiu, Adriana; Ciaian, Pavel; Pokrivcak, Jan; Drabik, Dusan; Voneki, Eva; Tonini, Axel; Burger, Anna; Szep, Katalin; Majewski, Edward; Raggi, Meri; Viaggi, Davide; Maccarini, Elisa Ricci; Monasterolo, Irene; Vandeplas, Anneleen; Jongeneel, Roelof A.; Novak, Petr; Brasili, Cristina; Meyer, William H.; Kuhne, Bianka; Fanfani, Roberto; Gellynck, Xavier; Molnar, Adrienn; Gagalyuk, Taras; Traikova, Diana; Mollers, Judith; Cochrane, Nancy J.; Kazlauskiene, Natalija; Fekete-Farkas, Maria; Molnar, Jozsef; Szucs, Istvan; Popp, Jozsef; Udovecz, Gabor; Florkowski, Wojciech J.; Fritzsch, Jana; Buchenrieder, Gertrud; Kasarjyan, Milada; Podruzsik, Szilard; Korff, Rudiger; Wilkin, Jerzy; van Leeuwen, Myrna; Bartova, Lubica; Erjavec, Emil; Katona-Kovacs, Judit; Baranyai, Zsolt; Hubbard, Carmen.
Over fifteen years have elapsed since the transition from the centrally planned economic system started in the early 1990’s. During this time agricultural and rural areas of Central and Eastern Europe have undergone profound structural changes with wide variations in the degree of transformation and in the rate of success in creating a competitive market and private ownership based food and agricultural system. By becoming member of the European Union the "transition" in its traditional interpretation has been concluded in ten of the Central East European countries. The transition to market based agriculture, however, is far from completion in Southern and Eastern Europe and especially in the CIS countries. International Association of Agricultural...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Agricultural Finance; Farm Management; Financial Economics; Industrial Organization; International Development; International Relations/Trade; Land Economics/Use; Production Economics.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92319
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ASSET OWNERSHIP AND WORKING CAPITAL CONSTRAINTS IN A POST-REFORM ENVIRONMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR SECOND GENERATION REFORMS IN ZAMBIA AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Olinto, Pedro.
Using a 5,000 household panel from Zambia, we find that asset ownership, but not access to fertilizer, has an extremely important impact on output and that investment in oxen would yield returns above the market rate. Policies should thus focus on asset ownership more than on short term working capital.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development; Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20994
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Complete the Incompleteness of Land Reform: Household Level Evidence from West Bengal AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Jin, Songqing; Yadav, Vandana.
Replaced with revised version of paper 06/22/11.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Labor and Human Capital; Land Economics/Use; Productivity Analysis.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103966
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Determinants and Consequences of Land Sales Market Participation: Panel Evidence from India AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Jin, Songqing; Nagarajan, Hari K..
Although opinions on impacts of land market transfers are sharply divided, few studies explore the welfare- and productivity impact of land markets on a larger scale. We use a large Indian panel spanning almost 20 years, together with a climatic shock (rainfall) indicator, to assess the productivity- and equity-impact of market-mediated land transfers (sale and purchase) as compared to non-market ones (inheritance). While frequent shocks increase land market activity, an effect that is mitigated by presence of safety nets and banks- land sales markets improved productivity and helped purchasers, many of them formerly landless, to accumulate non-land assets and significantly enhance their welfare.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9824
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Do new delivery systems improve extension access? Evidence from rural Uganda AgEcon
Faye, Issa; Deininger, Klaus W..
The literature has long identified lack of rural diversification and low intensity of input use as two key constraints to sustainable and pro-poor growth in Uganda. We use data from a large nationally representative survey to demonstrate that broader access to agricultural extension could increase diversification and input use and that a surprisingly high level of farmers (more than are actually reached) would be willing to pay for such services. Although willingness to pay increases with wealth, illustrative simulations suggest that, due to knowledge spillovers, policies to respond more effectively to the demand for extension services would also benefit the poor.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Teaching/Communication/Extension/Profession.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19405
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Does Land Fragmentation Reduce Efficiency: Micro Evidence from India AgEcon
Monchuk, Daniel C.; Deininger, Klaus W.; Nagarajan, Hari K..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61652
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Economic and Social Impacts of Self-Help Groups in India AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Liu, Yanyan.
We use a combination of pipeline comparison, propensity score matching, and double differences to evaluate economic and social impacts of a large community driven development program in India. While we find positive empowerment and nutritional effects for households in program areas, allowing heterogeneity of program impact yields additional insights. First, social and economic empowerment increased equally for participants and non-participants in program areas, pointing towards positive externalities. Second, nutritional benefits were more pronounced for new participants than for members of pre-existing self-help groups who joined the program. Third, evidence of higher consumption -but not income or asset formation- by new and converted participants...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6482
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EMPOWERING POOR RURAL WOMEN IN INDIA: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ANDHRA PRADESH AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Galab, Shaik; Olsen, Tore.
Even though overall growth in India has recently accelerated, it has largely bypassed rural areas and agriculture; in fact it is agreed that the ratio of rural to urban poverty has increased. As a consequence, some of the marginalized groups in a society that is already characterized by a high level of inequality in opportunities and segregation along lines of, gender, caste, and social status, are widely reckoned to not have benefited from overall growth. To enable women and backwards castes to expand their livelihood opportunities, a vast range of government programs have been initiated and large amounts of resources are being channeled to poor areas. An increasingly popular approach to do so relies on the concept of Community Driven Development (CDD)...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19123
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Equity and efficiency impacts of rural land rental restrictions: Evidence from India AgEcon
Jin, Songqing; Deininger, Klaus W.; Nagarajan, Hari K..
Recognition of the potentially deleterious implications of high inequality of opportunity due to a biased asset distribution has led to increased interest in land reforms. However, little attention has been devoted to the potential longer-term impacts of the measures used to implement such reforms, despite evidence that, the restrictions on land rental in rural areas they imply can have potentially far-reaching consequences. Use of state level data on rental restrictions, in conjunction with a nationally representative survey from India suggests that, contrary to their original intention, rental restrictions significantly reduce supply of land to the rental market, prevent land access by the landless, and by more productive producers. Ways to counter these...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21305
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Foodgrain Subsidies in India: Are they Reaching the Poor? AgEcon
Umali-Deininger, Dina; Sur, Mona; Deininger, Klaus W..
Concerns about the slow down in agricultural growth and the macroeconomic impact of rising fiscal deficits have refocused attention to public expenditures in the agricultural sector. Rising levels of agricultural subsidies have been blamed for crowding out much needed productivity-enhancing investments. This study examines the potential welfare impacts of subsidy reform by tracing the beneficiaries of the farmer and consumer foodgrain price subsidies, and by assessing the distribution and level of these subsidies across households at the state level. Using benefit incidence analysis, we find that producer price subsidies benefited only a few states, and larger farmers within these states. The shift to the targeted public distribution system contributed to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19486
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Fostering growth of the rural non-farm sector in Africa: The Case of Tanzania AgEcon
Sundaram-Stukel, Reka; Deininger, Klaus W.; Jin, Songqing.
We use a survey of small rural enterprises from Tanzania to demonstrate quantitatively the economic importance of this sector and to identify participants' characteristics and obstacles to the sector's expansion and productivity. In stark contrast to most of the findings for the formal sector where taxation and other regulatory constraints were identified as key constraints in most of the countries, infrastructure constraints (but not regulatory obstacles) pose a formidable barrier to rural households' participation in rural non-farm and to investment and increased productivity by existing ones. The fact that such constraints emerge as particularly harmful for small enterprises suggests that policies to improve delivery of the public services in question...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Community/Rural/Urban Development.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21165
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Gender, Low-cost Land Certification, and Land Rental Market Participation AgEcon
Holden, Stein T.; Deininger, Klaus W.; Ghebru, Hosaena H..
Land policy
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land certification; Land rental market participation; Female landlords; Land Economics/Use; Q15.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51575
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Going Digital: Computerized Land Registration and Credit Access in India AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Goyal, Aparajita.
Despite strong beliefs that property titling and registration will enhance credit access, empirical evidence in support of such effects remains scant. The gradual roll-out of computerization of land registry systems across Andhra Pradesh’s 387 sub-registry offices (SROs) allows us to combine quarterly administrative data on credit disbursed by all commercial banks for a 11 year period (1997-2007) aggregated to the SRO level with the date of shifting registration from manual to digital. Computerization had no credit effect in rural areas but led to increased credit-supply in urban ones. A marked increase of registered urban mortgages due to computerization supports the robustness of the result. At the same time, estimated impacts from reduction of stamp...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Registration; Credit; Transactions; Computerization; India; International Development; Land Economics/Use; G28; Q24; R51; R52.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61257
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How Important are Peer Effects in Group Lending? Estimating a Static Game of Incomplete Information AgEcon
Li, Shanjun; Liu, Yanyan; Deininger, Klaus W..
We quantify the importance of peer effects in group lending by estimating a static game of incomplete information. In our model, group members make their repayment decisions simultaneously based on their household and loan characteristics as well as their expectations on other members’ repayment decisions. Exploiting a rich data set of a microfinance program in India, our estimation results suggest that the likelihood of a member making a full repayment would be 15 percent higher on average if all the other follow members make full repayment compared to the case where none of the other members repay in full. We also find that large inconsistencies exist in the estimated effects of other variables in models that do not incorporate peer effects and control...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Peer effects; Group lending; Joint liability; Self-help groups in India; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49497
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How Important are Peer Effects in Group Lending? Estimating a Static Game of Incomplete Information AgEcon
Li, Shanjun; Liu, Yanyan; Deininger, Klaus W..
We quantify the importance of peer effects in group lending by estimating a static game of incomplete information. In our model, group members make their repayment decisions simultaneously based on their household and loan characteristics as well as their expectations on other members' repayment decisions. Exploiting a rich data set of a microfinance program in India, our estimation results suggest that the probability of a member making a full repayment would be 15 percentage points higher if all the other fellow members make full repayment compared to the case where none of the other members repay in full. We also find that large inconsistencies exist in the estimated effects of other variables in models that do not incorporate peer effects and control...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Microfinance; Repayment; Strategic default; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/51699
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Impact of Land Reform on Productivity, Land Value and Human Capital Investment: Household Level Evidence from West Bengal AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Jin, Songqing; Yadav, Vandana.
While land reform has been the subject of considerable scholarly debate, most of the analyses have been at the aggregate level and focused on rather short-term effects. We use a listing of more than 90,000 households in some 200 villages in West Bengal to highlight the impact of the state's 1978 land reform program on human capital accumulation and current productivity of land use. While we ascertain a highly significant positive effect on long-term accumulation of human capital, our analysis also suggests that, partly because land that had been received through land reform is still operated under share tenancy arrangements, productivity on such land is significantly lower than the average. The combination of lower productivity of reform land relative to...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/6277
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Impact of Land Reforms on Human Capital Formation: Household Level Evidence from West Bengal AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Jin, Songqing; Yadav, Vandana.
Land reforms in India were aimed at securing access to land for poor rural households. We use data from West Bengal to highlight the impact of the state’s 1978 land reform program on human capital accumulation within the beneficiary households. The results from the study indicate that reform positively impacted the decision to invest in education. We ascertain a highly significant positive effect on long-term accumulation of human capital, and find that the size of benefit was modest in first generation and much larger for second generation beneficiaries. The second generation also does not have a gender bias, allowing women to catch up in their levels of education.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Human Capital; Impact Evaluation; Land Reforms; International Development.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/49969
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Land Market Development and Agricultural Production Efficiency in Albania AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Carletto, Calogero; Savastano, Sara.
We make use of data from the 2005 Albania Living Standard Measurement Survey to investigate the factors affecting household agriculture efficiency and land market development. To assess the functioning of land rental markets and explore efficiency- and equity impacts of land rental, we use a model of producers who differ in endowments and skills and who face imperfect labor markets and transaction costs. The empirical evidence, of a stochastic frontier estimate, shows that productivity is low and most farms are inefficiently utilized. The average level of agriculture efficiency among rural household is very less than 30% but household that rent in land are more efficient. However, results from a probit regression on rental market participation shows that...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Farm Management; Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/7817
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LAND MARKETS IN UGANDA: INCIDENCE, IMPACT AND EVOLUTION OVER TIME AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Mpuga, Paul.
Although there is broad agreement that well functioning land rental markets will play an important role to increase productivity and household welfare as agrarian economies develop, evidence from Africa on the actual performance and impact of such markets is limited. We use data from Uganda to test for differences in the performance of rental, as compared to sales markets and their evolution over time, based on a framework where markets are affected by differences in ability and imperfections in rural labor and capital markets. We find that land markets are very active, that land rental but not sales markets transfer land to more efficient and relatively poor producers thereby providing an opportunity for the landless to access land, and that rental...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25809
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Land Rental in Ethiopia: Marshallian Inefficiency or Factor Market Imperfections and Tenure Insecurity as Binding Constraints? AgEcon
Deininger, Klaus W.; Ali, Daniel Ayalew; Alemu, Tekie.
Although a large theoretical literature discusses the possible inefficiency of sharecropping contracts, empirical evidence on this phenomenon has been ambiguous at best. Household level fixed-effect estimates from about 8,500 plots operated by households who own and sharecrop land in the Ethiopian highlands provide support for the hypothesis of Marshallian inefficiency. At the same time, a factor adjustment model suggests that the extent to which rental markets allow households to attain their desired operational holding size is extremely limited. Our analysis points towards factor market imperfections (no rental for oxen), lack of alternative employment opportunities, and tenure insecurity as possible reasons underlying such behavior, suggesting that,...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Land Economics/Use.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9860
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