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AFRICA'S CHANGING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L..
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16338
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AFRICA'S CHANGING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES: PAST AND PRESENT PARADIGMS AS A GUIDE TO THE FUTURE AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L..
This paper looks at the often conflicting changes, frequently shaped by foreign institutions, that have affected policies for agricultural development in most Sub-Saharan African countries since the 1960s. Reviewing past and present paradigms, Delgado contends that none of the strategies, including today's, has provided a "magic bullet" for solving Africa's development problems. He argues that a new resolve by Africans to solve their own problems and a new willingness of international entities to invest heavily in African institutions hold the greatest hope for future development planning.
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 1995 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16235
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Agricultural Growth Linkages in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Hopkins, Jane; Kelly, Valerie A.; Hazell, Peter B.R.; McKenna, Anna A.; Gruhn, Peter; Hojjati, Behjat; Sil, Jayashree; Courbois, Claude B..
The wide spread increase in rural purchasing power under the Green Revolution in Asia during the 1970s was key to increased rural employment and industrialization. Studies suggested that an extra dollar of agricultural income was typically associated with an additional $0.80 of nonagricultural income from local enterprises stimulated by the spending of farm house holds. Studies in Africa, where the Green Revolution was harder to discern, tended to be much more pessimistic. This report revisits these issues using especially detailed panel data sets on rural consumption and incomes, collected by IFPRI and collaborating national institutions for a variety of purposes during the mid to late 1980s in Burkina Faso, Niger, Senegal, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Results...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Agriculture; Economic aspects; Africa; Sub- Saharan; Agriculture and state; International Development.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/37908
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AGROINDUSTRIALIZATION THROUGH INSTITUTIONAL INNOVATION: TRANSACTIONS COSTS, COOPERATIVES AND MILK-MARKET DEVELOPMENT IN THE ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS AgEcon
Holloway, Garth J.; Nicholson, Charles F.; Delgado, Christopher L..
Some small-holders are able to generate reliable and substantial income flows through small-scale dairy production for the local market; for others, a set of unique transactions costs hinders participation. Cooperative selling institutions are potential catalysts for mitigating these costs, stimulating entry into the market, and precipitating growth in rural communities. Trends in cooperative organization in East-African dairy are evaluated. Empirical work focuses on alternative techniques for effecting participation among a representative sample of periurban milk producers in the Ethiopian highlands. The techniques considered are a modern production practice (cross-bred cow use), a traditional production practice (indigenous-cow use), three...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50169
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An Empirical Investigation of Short and Long-run Agricultural Wage Formation in Ghana AgEcon
Abdulai, Awudu; Delgado, Christopher L..
This paper investigates empirically the factors that influence real agricultural wage rates in Ghana, based on 1957 to 1991 data. The Johansen cointegration framework is used to examine long-run relationships among agricultural and urban wage rates, the domestic terms of trade between agriculture and nonagriculture, urban unemployment, capital stock in agriculture and the size of the rural population. An error correction model is then used to investigate short-run dynamic relationships among the variables. The results show that: (1) there is only one stable equilibrium relationship among agricultural wage rates and their determinants in the long-run; (2) a 1 percent change in the domestic terms of trade between agriculture and non-agriculture leads to a...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Income; Ghana; Agriculture; Economic Aspects; Labor and Human Capital.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/97382
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CHANGING FISH TRADE AND DEMAND PATTERNS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE FOR POLICY RESEARCH AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Courbois, Claude B..
Trends for major fisheries products are evaluated for the past two decades, using aggregate annual data. Major changes have been propelled by income growth, changes in preferences and health concerns about meat in developed countries, leading to increased consumption of high-valued fisheries items such as shell and filet fish. Developing countries, especially East Asia, are rapidly increasing consumption of lower valued fishery items, and fish-culture is becoming an increasingly important source of food and exports. Developed countries accounted for 85 percent of net world fish imports in 1994, mostly at the high end of the value spectrum, from about twenty countries. In the ten years preceding 1993, the net value of fisheries exports from developing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; International Relations/Trade; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1997 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91857
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DECISIONS ON LIVESTOCK KEEPING IN THE SEMI-ARID AREAS OF LIMPOPO PROVINCE AgEcon
Ngqangweni, Simphiwe; Delgado, Christopher L..
One of the central questions facing South African agricultural and rural policy makers is whether poor rural households would take opportunities afforded to them through increased public expenditures in these areas. This study spotlights the rural livestock sub-sector in the poor semi-arid areas of the Limpopo province and investigates the factors behind the decision by households to keep livestock and also the rationale to keep given herd sizes. It tests the central hypothesis that poor households would invest in livestock when there are opportunities for them to do so in the form of infrastructure and other support services. The study finds that these poor households indeed do respond positively in cases where there are such opportunities by investing...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18033
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DECISIONS ON LIVESTOCK KEEPING IN THE SEMI-ARID AREAS OF LIMPOPO PROVINCE AgEcon
Ngqangweni, Simphiwe; Delgado, Christopher L..
One of the central questions facing South African agricultural and rural policy makers is whether poor rural households would take opportunities afforded to them through increased public expenditures in these areas. This study spotlights the rural livestock sub-sector in the poor semi-arid areas of Limpopo province and investigates the factors behind the decision by households to keep livestock and also the rationale to keep given herd sizes. It tests the central hypothesis that poor households would invest in livestock when there are opportunities for them to do so in the form of infrastructure and other support services. The study finds that these poor households indeed do respond positively in cases where there are such opportunities by investing in...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/18037
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Determinants and Implications of the Growing Scale of Livestock Farms in Four Fast-Growing Developing Countries AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Narrod, Clare A.; Tiongco, Marites M.; Barros, Geraldo Sant'Ana de Camargo; Catelo, Maria Angeles; Costales, Achilles; Mehta, Rajesh; Naranong, Viroj; Poapongsakorn, Nipon; Sharma, Vijay Paul; de Zen, Sergio.
he rapid growth in consumer demand for livestock offers an opportunity to reduce poverty among smallholder livestock farmers in the developing world. These farmers’ opportunity may be threatened, however, by competition from larger-scale farms. This report assesses the potential threat, examining various forms of livestock production in Brazil, India, the Philippines, and Thailand. Findings show that the competitiveness of smallholder farms depends on the opportunity cost of family labor and farmers’ ability to overcome barriers to the acquisition of production- and market-related information and assets. Pro-poor livestock development depends, therefore, on the strengthening of institutions that will help smallholders overcome the disproportionately high...
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Developing countries; Economic aspects; Industrialization; Profit efficiency; Environmental externalities; Smallholder competitiveness; Livestock productivity; Livestock Industrialization; Scaling up; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92804
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Economy-Wide Impacts of Technological Change in the Agro-food Production and Processing Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa AgEcon
Ehui, Simeon K.; Delgado, Christopher L..
Processing of meat and crops accounts for a large share of manufacturing in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The paper assesses empirically the impact of hypothesized productivity change in agro-food processing on growth, trade, employment, and input and output prices in SSA, using a 13 commodity, 7 region version of the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) applied general equilibrium model with a 1995 database. Results are compared to impacts of factor-neutral and biased technical change in primary agricultural production-- grains, non-grain crops, and livestock--overall and with respect to the agrofood sector itself. A given percentage increase in total factor productivity in primary agricultural production is shown by every criterion to have much greater...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Agribusiness; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/99868
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EVIDENCE AND IMPLICATIONS OF NON-TRADABILITY OF FOOD STAPLES IN TANZANIA 1983-1998 AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Minot, Nicholas; Tiongco, Marites M..
Economic reform programs assume that major goods are tradable, such that depreciation of the real exchange rate raises the value of output compared to factor costs in domestic currency. In Tanzania, major food staples that account for most real income are non-tradables in at least one-quarter of the country. This is demonstrated and implications assessed for the constraints imposed on macroeconomic-led adjustment strategies.
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Tradable goods; Non-tradable goods; Exchange rate pass-through; Tanzania; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60450
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EVIDENCE AND IMPLICATIONS OF NON-TRADABILITY OF FOOD STAPLES IN TANZANIA 1983-1998 AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Minot, Nicholas; Tiongco, Marites M..
Economic reform programs assume that major goods are tradable, such that depreciation of the real exchange rate raises the value of output compared to factor costs in domestic currency. In Tanzania, major food staples that account for most real income are non-tradables in at least one-quarter of the country. This is demonstrated and implications assessed for the constraints imposed on macroeconomic-led adjustment strategies
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/22102
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FISH AS FOOD: PROJECTIONS TO 2020 UNDER DIFFERENT SCENARIOS AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Wada, Nikolas; Meijer, Siet; Ahmed, Mahfuzuddin.
This paper reports results of incorporating fish into IMPACT, a global model of food supply and demand that estimates market-clearing prices to 2020 for 32 commodities in 36 regions. It summarizes results for production, consumption, net exports and real price changes for 10 economic categories of fisheries items, disaggregated into 15 geographic regions of the world. Under the medium-variant scenario for the uncertain capture fisheries sectors, global production of food fish is projected to rise by 1.5% annually through 2020, with two-thirds of this from aquaculture, whose share in total food fish production rises to 41%. Global per capita fish consumption is projected to be 17.1 kg in 2020, with sensitivity analysis indicating a margin of 2 kg/capita...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2002 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16229
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FOOD SAFETY POLICY ISSUES FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AgEcon
Unnevehr, Laurian J.; Haddad, Lawrence James; Delgado, Christopher L..
Tipo: Report Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; International Development.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16544
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GLOBAL FOOD DEMAND AND THE CONTRIBUTION OF LIVESTOCK AS WE ENTER THE NEW MILLENNIUM AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Courbois, Claude B.; Rosegrant, Mark W..
People in developed countries currently consume about 3 to 4 times as much meat and fish, and 5 to 6 times as much milk products per capita as in developing Asia and Africa. Meat, milk, and fish consumption per capita has barely grown in the developed countries as a whole over the past 20 years. Yet poor people everywhere clearly desire to eat more animal protein products as their incomes rise above poverty level and as they become urbanized. Growth in per capita consumption and production has in fact occurred in regions such as developing Asia, and most particularly China. Per capita consumption of animal proteins and use of cereals as feed in Asia have both grown in the 3 to 5 percent per annum range over the past 20 years. By 2020, according to IFPRI’s...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1998 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/91850
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Is Increased Global Price Volatility Here to Stay? Implications for the World's Poorest (PowerPoint) AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L..
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; International Relations/Trade.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/50605
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LIVESTOCK INTENSIFICATION AND SMALLHOLDERS: A RAPID RECONNAISSANCE OF THE PHILIPPINES HOG AND POULTRY SECTORS AgEcon
Rola, Agnes; Rola, Walfredo; Tiongco, Marites M.; Delgado, Christopher L..
This essay describes the views of Philippines livestock sector stakeholders concerning the events and issues associated with the rapid rise in hog and poultry production, based on rapid reconnaissance interviews and gray literature from studies in Southern Luzon, Iloilo and Northern Mindanao, and the impressions of the authors. Changing demographic patterns, decentralized eco-governance, trade liberalization, and health and environmental policies have major impacts on further livestock intensification and on increasing scale of operations. Six factors appear to affect small farmers' decisions to intensify or raise livestock, or remain in the livestock industry. These are 1) access to financial capital; 2) technical knowledge about livestock production and...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/16138
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Livestock to 2020: The Next Food Revolution AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Steinfeld, Henning; Ehui, Simeon K.; Courbois, Claude B..
The combined per capita consumption of meat, eggs, and milk in developing countries grew by about 50 per cent from the early 1970s to the early 1990s. As incomes rise and cities swell, people in the developing world are diversifying their diets to include a variety of meats, eggs, and dairy products. This trend toward diversified eating habits is likely to continue for some time to come and it has led to considerable controversy about the risks and opportunities involved. Some observers fear that greatly increased demand for feed grains will raise the price of cereals to the poor. Others are concerned that higher concentration of livestock production near cities adds to pollution. Still others worry about the public health effects of increased consumption...
Tipo: Working or Discussion Paper Palavras-chave: Food Security and Poverty; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 1999 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/42276
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LIVESTOCK TO 2020: THE REVOLUTION CONTINUES AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Meijer, Siet.
This paper was presented at the INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS SYMPOSIUM in Auckland, New Zealand, January 18-19, 2001. The Symposium was sponsored by: the International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium, the Venture Trust, Massey University, New Zealand, and the Centre for Applied Economics and Policy Studies, Massey University. Dietary changes, especially in developing countries, are driving a massive increase in demand for livestock products. The objective of this symposium was to examine the consequences of this phenomenon, which some have even called a "revolution." How are dietary patterns changing, and can increased demands for livestock products be satisfied from domestic resources? If so, at what cost? What will be the flow-on...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Production Economics.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/14560
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Meating and Milking Global Demand: Stakes for Small-Scale Farmers in Developing Countries AgEcon
Delgado, Christopher L.; Rosegrant, Mark W.; Wada, Nikolas.
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Demand and Price Analysis; Livestock Production/Industries.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/124009
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