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Acquisition de données complémentaires aux dénombrements, avec les techniques d’analyses pigmentaires et de diversité génétique. Etat d’avancement et premiers résultats. Action Indice Composition. Livrable n° AIV. Rapport final, 16 juillet 2014. ArchiMer
Delmas, Daniel; Siano, Raffaele.
Studies on phytoplankton community diversity cannot be limited microphytoplankton (cells>20 ìm), it is indeed necessary to take into account also the nano (3-20ìm) picophytoplankton (<3 ìm) components. In the frame of this work aimed at studying temporal phytoplankton community diversity two complementary methodologies of phytoplankton sample analysis, pigment and genetic (metarbarcoding) diversity, have been used as alternative to routine morphological analysis carried out at light microscopy. The REPHY station (047-P-016 Concarneau Large) off-shore the Concarneau Bay has been sampled during the annual highest phytoplankton production (March-July 2012) with a frequent sample interval strategy (twice per week). Results obtained by both pigment and...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phytoplancton; Structure de taille; Picophytoplancton; Nanophytoplancton; Microphytoplancton; Diversité génétique; Metabarcoding; Taxonomie pigmentaire; Façade atlantique; Baie de Concarneau; Phytoplankton; Size classes; Picophytoplankton; Nanophytoplankton; Microphytoplankton; Genetic diversity; Metabarcoding; Pigment taxonomy; Atlantic coasts; Concarneau Bay.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00361/47260/47225.pdf
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Addressing the measurement of particulate organic and inorganic phosphorus in estuarine and coastal waters ArchiMer
Labry, Claire; Youenou, Agnes; Delmas, Daniel; Michelon, Pascale.
The speciation of particulate phosphorus (TPP) into inorganic (PIP) and organic phosphorus (POP), has been scarcely investigated in suspended particulate matter (SPM), contrary to numerous sediment studies. This work evaluates the actual capacity of methods for TPP, POP and PIP determination in SPM to measure efficiently and specifically each pool. Methods were tested on a range of plankton-associated organic and inorganic P compounds, on microalgal cultures and estuarine samples. Then results are specifically discussed reviewing P speciation in phytoplankton. For TPP analysis, the method of Solorzano and Sharp (1980) is recommended compared with that of Aspila et al. (1976), originally dedicated to sediment, as there is one step less, the protocol is more...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Phosphorus; Speciation; Waters; Phytoplankton; HTC; CWO.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00149/26046/26385.pdf
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Conditions d'apparition de densités accrues de dinoflagellés Dinophysis dans le pertuis d'Antioche et les eaux adjacentes. Campagnes Dinopertuis 89 ArchiMer
Delmas, Daniel; Herbland, Alain; Maestrini, Serge; Mornet, Francoise; Morand, Philippe; Spano, Anna-maria; Burgeot, Thierry; Margat, Sylvie; Charpentier, Gabriel; Fillon, Alain; Leguay, Didier; Thomas, Gerard; Bacher, Cedric; Heral, Maurice; Prou, Jean.
Environmental and species features which lead to increases in cell density of the D.S.P. Dinoflagellate Dinophysis in inshore and offshore waters of the île de Ré - île d'Oléron area, France (cruises "Dinopertuis89"). Four weekly sampling series have been carried out, within 10 May – 31 May 1989, at 24 stations located from inshore to offshore waters of the "île de Ré" - "île d’Oléron" area, with the aim to investigate (i) whether Dinophysis increases in cell density occur first in offshore waters and then, eventually, are pushed to the coast, or develop simultaneously in the whole area, and (ii) whether there are some environmental conditions which are related to Dinophysis blooms. Depths of sampling have been stated on the bas is of STD profiles. All...
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Ano: 1990 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00174/28532/26916.pdf
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Définition d’un indice composition pour le phytoplancton en Manche- Atlantique, à partir des données du micro-phytoplancton du REPHY et des réseaux régionaux, et des mesures complémentaires de la flore phytoplanctonique acquises avec des techniques novatrices. Action 3 – Livrable 1. Propositions pour un indice de composition du phytoplancton, basé sur les résultats des méthodes microscopie, pigments et diversité génétique. Rapport final, février 2016 ArchiMer
Hernandez Farinas, Tania; Brun, Melanie; Siano, Raffaele; Delmas, Daniel.
This deliverable is composed of two reports which propose indice of phytoplankton composition, based respectively on the results of pigment and genetic diversity methods, and the results of microscopy method. Proposals based on the results of pigment and genetic diversity methods. The present work is a continuation of several studies carried out in the past (Siano and Delmas, 2013, 2015) on investigating an indicator of phytoplankton diversity using two methods complementary to optical microscopy: the genetic diversity analyzed with metabarcoding (exhaustive analysis of the diversity and relative abundance of OTUs, i.e. groups of sequences identified by their genetic resemblance) and the pigmentary diversity (analysis of the diversity and abundance of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Metabarcoding; OTUs; Pigments; Picophytoplancton; Indice composition; Niche ecologique; Mamiellophyceae; Chlorophylle b; Rade de Brest; Bretagne sud; Panache de la Gironde; Denombrements du micro-phytoplancton; Abondance totale; Monotonicite; Linearite; Pressions; Facade Manche-Atlantique; Metabarcoding; OTUs; Pigments; Picophytoplankton; Composition indice; Ecological niche; Mamiellophyceae; Chlorophyll b; Brest Bay; Southern Britain; Gironde plume; Micro-phytoplankton counts; Total abundance; Monotonicity; Linearity; Pressure; Channel-Atlantic coast.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00363/47421/47426.pdf
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Determining how the pelagic ecosystem over the continental shelf of the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic) functions: An approach using mesozooplankton enzyme activities as descriptors ArchiMer
Bergeron, Jean-pierre; Delmas, Daniel; Koueta, Noussithe.
A fisheries research cruise conducted in 2000 offered a first opportunity to take simultaneous measurements of the activities of three enzymes in mesozooplankton samples collected at a regional scale over the continental shelf of the Bay of Biscay in the NE Atlantic, with the aim of characterizing main aspects of the functioning of the biotic environment of small pelagic fish populations. The activity of the digestive endopeptidase trypsin was selected to characterize the assimilation rate of proteins, whereas pyruvate kinase (PK) was chosen as an indicator of carbohydrate assimilation and aspartate transcarbamylase (ATC) provided an overall assessment of mesozooplankton productivity. The Bay of Biscay region is subject to various strong physical driving...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Trypsin; Pyruvate kinase; Metabolic descriptors; Mesozooplankton; Bay of Biscay; Aspartate transcarbamylase.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6359.pdf
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Do river discharge rates drive the overall functioning of the pelagic ecosystem over the continental shelf of the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic)? A comparison of two contrasting years with special reference to anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus L.) nutritional state ArchiMer
Bergeron, Jean-pierre; Delmas, Daniel; Koueta, Noussithe.
In the 2000 and 2001 springtime periods, mesozooplankton samples were systematically taken during research cruises devoted to the study of the distribution and abundance of small pelagic fishes in the French part of the Bay of Biscay, NE Atlantic, continental shelf. Simultaneous activities of three enzymes were measured in these mesozooplankton samples, to characterize the main features of ecosystem function at a regional scale. The aim was to assess assimilation rates of carbohydrates, through pyruvate kinase activity, and protein, through trypsin activity, by the mesozooplankton community and the resulting overall productivity, through aspartate transcarbamylase activity. The highest influence on the pelagic environment was the strong difference in the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Rivers discharge; Phytoplankton distribution; Anchovy; Nutritional state; RNA/DNA ratio; Mesozooplankton; Metabolic descriptors; North-East Atlantic; Bay of Biscay.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00012/12290/9089.pdf
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DYNAPSE - DYNamiques des efflorescences et de la toxicité des espèces phytoplanctoniques nuisibles du genre PSEudo nitzschia en région Loire Bretagne ArchiMer
Belin, Catherine; Chapelle, Annie; Delmas, Daniel; Nezan, Elisabeth; Siano, Raffaele.
Les efflorescences de la diatomée Pseudo-nitzschia sont largement répandues sur les côtes Manche-Atlantique depuis une trentaine d’années (source Rephy). Depuis les années 2000 elles y sont parfois associées des événements toxiques du type ASP (Amnesic Shellfish Poisonning) qui perturbent grandement les pêcheries de coquillages et notamment celles de coquilles Saint Jacques. Les efflorescences et toxicités liées aux Pseudo-nitzschia sont des phénomènes en augmentation sur les côtes françaises mais aussi mondialement. Le genre Pseudo-nitzschia comprend plusieurs espèces très difficiles à identifier en routine or certaines sont toxiques et d’autres pas. Les facteurs environnementaux abiotiques et biotiques contrôlent à la fois la croissance des microalgues...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Algues toxiques; Pseudo nitzschia; Toxicité des coquillages; Pêcheries; Facteurs environnementaux.
Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00189/30035/28521.pdf
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Environmental conditions which lead to increase in cell density of the toxic dinoflagellates Dinophysis spp. in nutrient-rich and nutrient-poor waters of the French Atlantic coast ArchiMer
Delmas, Daniel; Herbland, Alain; Maestrini, Serge.
From 22 April to 19 June 1990, 7 stations located off La Rochelle, France, from near-shore ('bassin Marennes-Oleron') to offshore waters (50 m depth contour) were visited 8 times, with the aim of determining whether the toxic dinoflagellates Dinophysis spp. increase in cell density in nutrient-poor offshore water, in nutrient-rich inshore waters, or both, and to determine their vertical distribution in relation to stratification. Temperature stratification developed offshore, but not inshore. In April, few Dinophysis spp. were present offshore and none inshore. In late May, up to 15 X 10(3) cells l(-1) were recorded in the 10 to 15 m layer offshore, whereas inshore waters contained only a few cells l(-1). In late May, a short period of wind partly modified...
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Ano: 1992 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00190/30141/28772.pdf
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Etude chémotaxonomique de la campagne TIC-MOC (mars 2015) – Projet CALHIS ArchiMer
Lampert, Luis; Perrot, Laurie; Delmas, Daniel.
A partir des échantillons collectés lors de la campagne TIC-MOC (mars 2015) sur le plateau continental argentin, des analyses en pigments phytoplanctoniques permettent de quantifier la distribution des principales classes algales par la méthode CHEMTAX. Les Prochlorophycées et cyanobactéries sont essentiellement dominantes dans les eaux chaudes du courant du Brésil, tandis que dans les eaux plus froides du courant des Malouines et la zone de mélange (T°< 20°C), c’est les Haptophytes (Phaeocystis et Emiliania huxleyi) qui dominent la biomasse chlorophyllienne. Des dominances moyennes en dinoflagellés supérieures 30% sont observées dans les deux masses d’eau.
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Chémotaxonomie; Coccolithophoridés; HPLC; Pigments phytoplanctoniques; Patagonie; Plateau continental.
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00327/43784/43342.pdf
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Evolutions quantitatives et qualitatives du seston dans une claire à huîtres : relation avec la sédimentation et la biodéposition ArchiMer
Sornin, Jean-marc; Delmas, Daniel; Deslous-paoli, Jean-marc.
Dans un bassin aquacole fermé (claires à huîtres), l'évolution qualitative et quantitative des matières en suspension subit des variations saisonnières directement liées aux capacité de production planctonique. Ainsi, à la fin du printemps et en été, le réchauffement des eaux s'accompagne d'une augmentation de matière organique importante (jusqu'à 17 mg.1(-1). Pendant cette période, la sédimentation naturelle est supérieure à 350 g.m(-2).j(-1). La biodéposition (fèces + pseudofèces) suit l'évolution des capacités de rétention des huîtres. Dans ce type de bassin fermé, cette capacité est liée à la qualité des matières en suspension. En période estivale, les fortes teneurs en matière organique du seston (entre 5 et 17 mg.1(-1)) dispensent les mollusques...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Crassostrea gigas; Oysters; Biodeposition; Sedimentation; Suspension; Particulate organic matter; Crassostrea gigas; Huîtres; Biodéposition; Sédimentation; Suspension; Matière organique particulaire.
Ano: 1987 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1987/publication-7309.pdf
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Exoproteolytic activity determined by flow injection analysis: its potential importance for bacterial growth in coastal marine ponds ArchiMer
Delmas, Daniel; Legrand, Catherine; Bechemin, Christian; Collinot, Cecile.
The measurement of the fluorescent 4-methyl-7-coumarinylamine released from the hydrolysis of a non-fluorescent peptide model substrate by exoproteolytic enzymes has been adapted to flow injection analysis (FIA). FIA allows samples to be processed very quickly (less than 2 min. for triplicate determinations) with good sensitivity (< 0.1 muM) and reproducibility (relative standard deviation < 3 % at the 0.2 muM level). In a coastal marine pond, exoproteolytic activity was closely related to bacterioplankton biomass. The high activity measured in pond water (maximum velocity: V(M) almost-equal-to 1.46 to 2.54 muM.h-1) emphasizes the importance of dissolved protein hydrolysis for bacterial growth and for dissolved organic nitrogen cycling. The mean...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Activité exoprotéolytique; Protéine dissoute; Analyse en flux continu; Bactérioplancton; Marais maritime; Flow injection analysis; Exoproteolytic activity; Dissolved protein; Bacterioplankton; Coastal marine pond.
Ano: 1994 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00196/30756/29163.pdf
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Exoproteolytic activity in an Atlantic pond (France): estimates of in situ activity ArchiMer
Crottereau, C; Delmas, Daniel.
In order to estimate in situ bacterial exoproteolysis and its contribution to bacterial secondary production (BSP), we studied microbial activities (BSP and kinetics of exoproteolytic activity) in relation to dissolved combined amino acids (DCAA) during the survey of an Atlantic marine pond. In this pond, high concentrations of DCAA (mean = 4.27 mu M), probably generated by zooplankton grazing, allowed large bacterial biomass development and high production (max = 10(11) cells l(-1) and 18.8 x 10(9) cells l(-1) d(-1) respectively). Exoproteolytic enzyme activity (mean V-m = 55.9 mu M d(-1)) was tightly cou pled to bacterial production, suggesting that protein utilization was essential for bacterial growth. Calculation, according to the Michaelis-Menten...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacterioplankton; In situ exoproteolytic hydrolysis rate; Kinetic parameters; DCAA; Marine pond.
Ano: 1998 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00446/55803/62288.pdf
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Growth and phosphorus uptake by the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella (dinophyceae) in response to phosphate limitation ArchiMer
Jauzein, Cecile; Labry, Claire; Youenou, Agnes; Quere, Julien; Delmas, Daniel; Collos, Yves.
Alexandrium catenella (Whedon et Kof.) Balech has exhibited seasonal recurrent blooms in the Thau lagoon (South of France) since first reported in 1995. Its appearance followed a strong decrease (90%) in phosphate (PO(4)3-) concentrations in this environment over the 1970-1995 period. To determine if this dinoflagellate species has a competitive advantage in PO(4)3--limited conditions in terms of nutrient acquisition, semicontinuous cultures were carried out to characterize phosphorus (P) uptake by A. catenella cells along a P-limitation gradient using different dilution rates (DRs). Use of both inorganic and organic P was investigated from measurements of 33PO(4)3- uptake and alkaline phosphatase activity (APA), respectively. P status was estimated from...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Alexandrium catenella; Alkaline phosphatase; Limitation; Phosphorus; Semicontinuous cultures.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00015/12641/9570.pdf
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High alkaline phosphatase activity in phosphate replete waters: The case of two macrotidal estuaries ArchiMer
Labry, Claire; Delmas, Daniel; Youenou, Agnes; Quere, Julien; Leynaert, Aude; Fraisse, Stephane; Raimonet, Melanie; Ragueneau, Olivier.
The occurrence of alkaline phosphatase activity (APA) that hydrolyses organic phosphorus into phosphate (PO4) is commonly related to PO4 deficiency of oceanic, coastal and fresh waters. APA is almost never investigated in PO4-rich estuaries, since very low activities are expected to occur. As a consequence, microbial mineralization of organic phosphorus into PO4 has often been ignored in estuaries. In this study, we examined the importance of potential APA and the associated microbial dynamics in two estuaries, the Aulne and the Elorn (Northwestern France), presenting two different levels of PO4 concentrations. Unexpected high potential APA was observed in both estuaries. Values ranged from 50 to 506 nmol L−1 h−1, which range is usually found in very...
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Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00337/44840/44428.pdf
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Hydro-plankton characteristics and their relationship with sardine and anchovy distributions on the French shelf of the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Petitgas, Pierre; Masse, Jacques; Bourriau, Paul; Beillois, Pierre; Bergeron, Jean-pierre; Delmas, Daniel; Herbland, Alain; Koueta, Noussithe; Froidefond, Jean-marie; Santos, Maria.
The spatial pattern in hydro-plankton and fish distributions and their relationship were analysed based on the spring 2000 fisheries acoustic survey. The importance of this survey was that it was a multi-disciplinary platform which collected an extensive set of parameters in the hydro-plankton leading to a potentially finer description of hydro-plankton conditions and fish habitats. More than 50 variables were measured on a grid of stations, in four compartments of the ecosystem: hydrology, nutrients, primary producers and meso-zooplankton. First, a joint analysis of all hydro-plankton compartments was performed using multiple factor analysis (MFA). The method was used to estimate a compromise factorial space common to all compartments in which the...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fish environment relationship; Hydro plankton; Habitats; Multiple factor analysis; Spatial pattern.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-3961.pdf
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In situ structuring of virioplankton through bacterial exoenzymatic activity: interaction with phytoplankton ArchiMer
Ory, Pascaline; Palesse, S.; Delmas, Daniel; Montanie, Helene.
The abundance and composition of microbial communities were investigated during 2007 in Marennes Oleron Bay (France) in order to characterize the biological relationships governing the planktonic food web. Compared to the results of previous years, there was a lower abundance and a lower magnitude of variations in autotrophic and heterotrophic microbial entities in 2007. Using a Spearman rank correlation analysis, a significant link for biological abundance was only noted between bacteria and ciliates. However, an interesting relationship was highlighted between chlorophyll a and bacterial aminopeptidase and beta-glucosidase exoenzymatic activities. Two characteristic periods of virus-bacteria uncoupling were observed in spring and autumn 2007. Using...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Virus; Bacteria; Phytoplankton; Diversity; Aminopeptidase.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00050/16099/13571.pdf
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Initiation of winter phytoplankton blooms within the Gironde plume waters in the Bay of Biscay ArchiMer
Labry, Claire; Herbland, Alain; Delmas, Daniel; Laborde, P; Lazure, Pascal; Froidefond, J; Jegou, Anne-marie; Sautour, B.
Thermostratification and seasonal Light increase are generally considered the first causes of phytoplankton spring blooms in temperate waters. The objective of this study is to confirm the existence of winter phytoplankton blooms, responsible for the early exhaustion of phosphate, within the Gironde plume waters (southeast Bay of Biscay), and to understand what may initiate them so early. Two cruises, BIOMET 2 and BIOMET 3, were carried out respectively in early (8 to 21 January) and late winter 1998 (25 February to 11 March). An increase of phytoplankton biomass (chl a) between the 2 cruises and non-conservative nutrients observed in late winter confirm an early phytoplankton growth both in the Gironde plume and adjacent oceanic waters. Among factors that...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Vertical attenuation coefficient; Halostratification; Light availability; Winter blooms.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-810.pdf
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La biodéposition dans les aires ostréicoles. Son rôle dans la concentration de la matière organique et de contaminants potentiels. Son impact sur le sédiment. ArchiMer
Martin, Jean-louis; Sornin, Jean-marc; Delmas, Daniel; El Sayed, Mohamed A.; Berthet, Brigitte.
Au cours de cette étude, nous avons étudié l'impact de la biodéposition sur les bassins conchylicoles. La biodéposition constitue un "concentrateur" de particules fines au niveau du sédiment. Cet impact est particulièrement évident sur les sédiments sableux et concerne la granulométrie, les taux de matière organique, la concentration des métaux et des hydrocarbures. Une étude comparée est faite entre estran sableux et bassin de type "claire" à sédiment argileux. L'impact de la biodéposition sur les sédiments sableux n'est pas irréversible. Le bassin fermé avec un sédiment argileux agit comme un concentrateur-rétenteur de particules et des contaminants potentiels. Ceci souligne le rôle "tampon" des marais maritimes entre milieu continental et milieu marin.
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Ano: 1989 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00076/18757/16327.pdf
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Les glucides et l'évolution de la matière organique dans les sédiments marins ArchiMer
Delmas, Daniel.
Carbohydrates have been analysed in arder to establish the state of organic matter in sediment. Samples were collected bath in neritic and oceanic (Orgon croises) areas. Reported data demonstrate that the insoluble-carbohydratesfsoluble-carbohydrates ratio (1/S) is a good indicator of organic matter evolution. In sediments, 1/S values ranging from 6 to 8 are associated with slightly-degraded organic matter, whereas values higher than 10 and eyen up to 30 relate to highly-degraded material. Furthermore, 1/S and CjN ratios generally show the same profile in sediments. The balance betweeh soluble (S) and insoluble (1) carbohydrates depends on the early stages of organic matter evolution, the soluble fraction being more easily degraded; such factors as...
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Ano: 1983 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00120/23143/20988.pdf
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Lower trophic levels and detrital biomass control the Bay of Biscay continental shelf food web: Implications for ecosystem management ArchiMer
Lassalle, G.; Lobry, J.; Le Loc'H, F.; Bustamante, Paco; Certain, Gregoire; Delmas, Daniel; Dupuy, C.; Hily, Christian; Labry, Claire; Le Pape, O.; Marquis, Elise; Petitgas, Pierre; Pusineri, Claire; Ridoux, Vincent; Spitz, J.; Niquil, Nathalie.
The Bay of Biscay (North-East Atlantic) has long been subjected to intense direct and indirect human activities that lead to the excessive degradation and sometimes overexploitation of natural resources. Fisheries management is gradually moving away from single-species assessments to more holistic, multi-species approaches that better respond to the reality of ecosystem processes. Quantitative modelling methods such as Ecopath with Ecosim can be useful tools for planning, implementing and evaluating ecosystem-based fisheries management strategies. The aim of this study was therefore to model the energy fluxes within the food web of this highly pressured ecosystem and to extract practical information required in the diagnosis of ecosystem state/health. A...
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Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00057/16851/14329.pdf
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