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Registros recuperados: 7
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Habitat suitability of the Atlantic bluefin tuna by size class: An ecological niche approach ArchiMer
Druon, Jean-noel; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Hanke, Alex R.; Arrizabalaga, Haritz; Damalas, Dimitrios; Ticina, Vjekoslav; Quilez-badia, Gemma; Ramirez, Karina; Arregui, Igor; Tserpes, George; Reglero, Patricia; Deflorio, Michele; Oray, Isik; Karakulak, F. Saadet; Megalbfonou, Persefoni; Ceyhan, Tevfik; Grubisic, Leon; Mackenzie, Brian R.; Lamkin, John; Afonso, Pedro; Addis, Piero.
An ecological niche modelling (ENM) approach was used to predict the potential feeding and spawning habitats of small (5-25kg, only feeding) and large (> 25kg) Atlantic bluefin tuna (ABFT), Thunnus thynnus, in the Mediterranean Sea, the North Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. The ENM was built bridging knowledge on ecological traits of ABFT (e.g. temperature tolerance, mobility, feeding and spawning strategy) with patterns of selected environmental variables (chlorophyll-a fronts and concentration, sea surface current and temperature, sea surface height anomaly) that were identified using an extensive set of precisely geo-located presence data. The results highlight a wider temperature tolerance for larger fish allowing them to feed in the northern –...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2016 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00308/41953/41803.pdf
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Modelling of European hake nurseries in the Mediterranean Sea: an ecological niche approach ArchiMer
Druon, Jean-noel; Fiorentino, Fabio; Murenu, Matteo; Knittweis, Leyla; Colloca, Francesco; Osio, Chato; Merigot, Bastien; Garofalo, Germana; Mannini, Alessandro; Jadaud, Angelique; Sbrana, Mario; Scarcella, Giuseppe; Tserpesi, George; Peristeraki, Panagiota; Carlucci, Roberto; Heikkonen, Jukka.
An ecological niche modelling (ENM) approach was developed to model the suitable habitat 36 for the 0-group European hake, Merluccius merluccius L., 1758, in the Mediterranean Sea. 37 The ENM was built combining knowledge on biological traits of hake recruits (e.g. growth, 38 settlement, mobility and feeding strategy) with patterns of selected ecological variables 39 (chlorophyll-a fronts and concentration, bottom depth, sea bottom current and temperature) 40 to highlight favourable nursery habitats. The results show that hake nurseries require stable 41 bottom temperature (11.8-15.0oC), low bottom currents (< 0.034 m.s-1) and a frequent 42 occurrence of productive fronts in low chlorophyll-a areas (0.1-0.9 mg.m-3) to support a 43 successful...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00228/33947/32262.pdf
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Potential feeding and spawning habitats of Atlantic bluefin tuna in the Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Druon, Jean-noel; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Aulanier, Florian; Heikkonen, Jukka.
Atlantic bluefin tuna Thunnus thynnus (ABFT) is a fish of high market value which has recently become strongly overexploited, notably in the Mediterranean Sea. This area is an essential habitat for ABFT reproduction and growth. We present here an approach for deriving the daily mapping of potential ABFT feeding and spawning habitats based on satellite-derived sea surface temperature (SST) and chl a concentration. The feeding habitat was mainly derived from the simultaneous occurrence of oceanic fronts of temperature and chl a content while the spawning habitat was mostly inferred from the heating of surface waters. Generally, higher chl a contents were found to be preferred for the feeding habitat and a minimum SST value was found for the spawning habitat....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Habitat mapping; Bluefin tuna; Thunnus thynnus; Feeding; Spawning; Mediterranean Sea; Remote sensing; Satellite data.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00049/16053/13549.pdf
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Satellite-based indicator of zooplankton distribution for global monitoring ArchiMer
Druon, Jean-noel; Helaouet, Pierre; Beaugrand, Grégory; Fromentin, Jean-marc; Palialekis, Andreas; Hoepffner, Nicolas.
This study investigates the association between an index of mesozooplankton biomass, derived from the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey and satellite-derived productivity fronts in the North Atlantic. While chlorophyll-a content (CHL) is commonly described as a proxy for phytoplankton biomass, the size of productivity fronts estimated from the horizontal gradient of CHL appears to be directly linked to mesozooplankton biomass. Our results suggest that the lifespan of productivity fronts, which ranges from weeks to months, meets the time requirement of mesozooplankton to develop. The proposed indicator describes the daily distribution of mesozooplankton’s suitable feeding habitat. It also provides a coherent interpretation of the productivity front...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00486/59744/62843.pdf
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Scaling of coastal phytoplankton features by optical remote sensors: comparison with a regional ecosystem model ArchiMer
Druon, Jean-noel; Loyer, S; Gohin, Francis.
Different scales of hydrological and biological patterns of the Bay of Biscay are assessed using space-borne and airborne optical remote sensing data, field measurements and a 3-dimensional biophysical model. If field measurements provide accurate values on the vertical dimension, ocean colour data offer frequent observations of surface biological patterns at various scales of major importance for the validation of ecosystem modelling. Although the hydrobiological model of the continental margin reproduces the main seasonal variability of surface biomass, the optical remote sensing data have helped to identify low grid resolution, input inaccuracies and neglect of swell-induced erosion mechanism as model limitations in shallow waters. Airborne remote...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bay of Biscay; Models; Scaling; Remote sensing; Satellite observation; Phytoplankton.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-953.pdf
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Simulating vertical mixing in a shelf-break region: addition of a shear instability model, accounting for the overall effect of internal tides, on top of a one-dimensional turbulence closure mixed layer model ArchiMer
Druon, Jean-noel; Langlois, G; Le Fevre, J.
A simple parameterization of eddy diffusivity is used to simulate the shear mixing from tidally induced internal waves generated in the continental slope region southwest of Brittany. Near the edge of the shelf, the seasonal thermocline oscillates under the forcing of the barotropic tide which propagates over the shelf break. A composite model is constructed to simulate the mixing of the upper ocean from both external (wind stress) and internal (internal waves) sources. A simple one-dimensional eddy kinetic energy model, which predicts the temperature profile from heat flux and wind stress inputs, is validated with respect to regional hydroelimatic conditions, then coupled with a two-layer model of non-linear internal waves, to simulate the mixing...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: 6 degrees W); Bay of Biscay (47 degrees N; ECWMF fluxes; Internal waves; Wind stress; Shelf break; Vertical mixing.
Ano: 2001 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2001/publication-5295.pdf
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Towards the implementation of an integrated ecosystem fleet-based management of European fisheries ArchiMer
Gascuel, Didier; Merino, G.; Doering, R.; Druon, Jean-noel; Goti, L.; Guenette, S.; Macher, Claire; Soma, K.; Travers-trolet, Morgane; Mackinson, Steve.
Using the Celtic Sea and the North Sea as case studies, the fleet-based approach is shown to be the pathway to implement an effective ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM) in European seas. First, a diagnostic on the health of each ecosystem is proposed based on the reconstruction of long time-series of catch, the analysis of mean indicators or stocks trajectories derived from ICES stock assessment results, and the analysis of ecosystem indicators. Then, a fleet-based synthesis is presented using indicators of both the ecological impact and the economic performances of the major fleets operating within each ecosystem. In particular, assessment diagrams show whether each fleet segment, on average, sustainably exploits the stocks. Although...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ecosystem approach; Economic performance; Fisheries management; Fleet; Indicator; Sustainable development.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00075/18601/16179.pdf
Registros recuperados: 7
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