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A Response to Scientific and Societal Needs for Marine Biological Observations ArchiMer
Bax, Nicholas J.; Miloslavich, Patricia; Muller-karger, Frank Edgar; Allain, Valerie; Appeltans, Ward; Batten, Sonia Dawn; Benedetti-cecchi, Lisandro; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Chiba, Sanae; Costa, Daniel Paul; Duffy, J. Emmett; Dunn, Daniel C.; Johnson, Craig Richard; Kudela, Raphael M.; Obura, David; Rebelo, Lisa-maria; Shin, Yunne-jai; Simmons, Samantha Elisabeth; Tyack, Peter Lloyd.
Development of global ocean observing capacity for the biological EOVs is on the cusp of a step-change. Current capacity to automate data collection and processing and to integrate the resulting data streams with complementary data, openly available as FAIR data, is certain to dramatically increase the amount and quality of information and knowledge available to scientists and decision makers into the future. There is little doubt that scientists will continue to expand their understanding of what lives in the ocean, where it lives and how it is changing. However, whether this expanding information stream will inform policy and management or be incorporated into indicators for national reporting is more uncertain. Coordinated data collection including open...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: GOOS; Capacity development; EOV; Ocean observing; Essential ocean variable; UN Decade; Sustainable Development Goals.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00509/62023/66141.pdf
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Balanced harvest in the real world. Scientific, policy and operational issues in an ecosystem approach to fisheries ArchiMer
Garcia, Serge M.; Bianchi, Gabriella; Charles, Anthony; Kolding, Jeppe; Rice, Jake; Rochet, Marie-joelle; Zhou, Shijie; Delius, Gustav; Reid, David; Van Zwieten, Paul A. M.; Atcheson, Megan; Bartley, Devin; Borges, Lisa; Bundy, Alida; Dagorn, Laurent; Dunn, Daniel C.; Hall, Martin; Heino, Mikko; Jacobsen, Brigitte; Jacobsen, Nis S.; Law, Richard; Makino, Mitsutaku; Martin, Felix; Skern-mauritzen, Mette; Suuronen, Petri; Symons, Despina.
The concept of the Ecosystem Approach has entered the fishery harvesting discussions both from fishery perspectives (Reykjavik Declaration; FAO 2003 Annex to the Code of Conduct and from the principles of the Ecosystem Approach adopted by the CBD in 1995. Both perspectives establish the need to maintain ecosystem structure and functioning, whether for sustainable use of biodiversity (CBD) or simply to keep exploited ecosystems healthy and productive (fisheries). In response, the “Balanced Harvest” (BH) concept was suggested by a group of scientists brought together by the IUCN Fisheries Experts Group during the CBD CoP 10 in 2010. The meeting and the BH concept as consolidated there highlighted some of the collateral ecological effects of current fishing...
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Ano: 2015 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00255/36575/35113.pdf
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Essential ocean variables for global sustained observations of biodiversity and ecosystem changes ArchiMer
Miloslavich, Patricia; Bax, Nicholas J.; Simmons, Samantha E.; Klein, Eduardo; Appeltans, Ward; Aburto-oropeza, Octavio; Garcia, Melissa Andersen; Batten, Sonia D.; Benedetti-cecchi, Lisandro; Checkley, David M., Jr.; Chiba, Sanae; Duffy, J. Emmett; Dunn, Daniel C.; Fischer, Albert; Gunn, John; Kudela, Raphael; Marsac, Francis; Muller-karger, Frank E.; Obura, David; Shin, Yunne-jai.
Sustained observations of marine biodiversity and ecosystems focused on specific conservation and management problems are needed around the world to effectively mitigate or manage changes resulting from anthropogenic pressures. These observations, while complex and expensive, are required by the international scientific, governance and policy communities to provide baselines against which the effects of human pressures and climate change may be measured and reported, and resources allocated to implement solutions. To identify biological and ecological essential ocean variables (EOVs) for implementation within a global ocean observing system that is relevant for science, informs society, and technologically feasible, we used a...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Driver-pressure-state-impact-response; Essential ocean variables; Framework for ocean observing; Global ocean observing system; Marine biodiversity changes; Marine Biodiversity Observation Network; Ocean change.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00611/72300/71178.pdf
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