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A dual symbiosis shared by two mussel species, Bathymodiolus azoricus and Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis (Bivalvia : Mytilidae), from hydrothermal vents along the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Bergin, C; Zielinski, F; Blazejak, A; Pernthaler, A; Mckiness, Z; Dechaine, E; Cavanaugh, C; Dubilier, Nicole.
Bathymodiolus azoricus and Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis are symbiont-bearing mussels that dominate hydrothermal vent sites along the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR). Both species live in symbiosis with two physiologically and phylogenetically distinct Gammaproteobacteria: a sulfur-oxidizing chemoautotroph and a methane-oxidizer. A detailed analysis of mussels collected from four MAR vent sites (Menez Gwen, Lucky Strike, Rainbow, and Logatchev) using comparative 16S rRNA sequence analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed that the two mussel species share highly similar to identical symbiont phylotypes. FISH observations of symbiont distribution and relative abundances showed no obvious differences between the two host species. In...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Bacteria; Phylogeny; Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); Methane oxidizer; Sulfur oxidizer; 16S rRNA; Endosymbiosis.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2006/publication-1864.pdf
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A microbiological and biogeochemical investigation of the cold seep tubeworm Escarpia southwardae (Annelida: Siboglinidae): Symbiosis and trace element composition of the tube ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Gaudron, Sylvie M.; Lemaitre, Nolwenn; Bayon, Germain.
Tubeworms within the annelid family Siboglinidae rely on sulfur-oxidizing autotrophic bacterial symbionts for their nutrition, and are among the dominant metazoans occurring at deep-sea hydrocarbon seeps. Contrary to their relatives from hydrothermal vents, sulfide uptake for symbionts occurs within the anoxic subsurface sediment, in the posterior ‘root’ region of the animal. This study reports on an integrated microbiological and geochemical investigation of the cold seep tubeworm Escarpia southwardae collected at the Regab pockmark (Gulf of Guinea). Our aim was to further constrain the links between the animal and its symbiotic bacteria, and their environment. We show that E. southwardae harbors abundant sulfur-oxidizing bacterial symbionts in its...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Sulfur-oxidizing bacteria; RTCA; Trace elements; RubisCO; Symbiosis.
Ano: 2014 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00191/30251/28683.pdf
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A Mussel's Life Around Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Gaudron, Sylvie M.; Laming, Sven.
Hydrothermal vents are places where seawater exits cracks in the sea floor, having been super-heated and enriched with metals and minerals deep in the underlying bedrock. They are an example of an ecosystem based on chemosynthesis, where life is sustained by energy from chemicals rather than energy from sunlight. The discovery of an abundance of life around deep-sea hydrothermal vents emitting hot and toxic fluids demonstrated that animals and other organisms could thrive in the dark, cold and high-pressure deep oceans. Mussels are among the most studied animals found near hydrothermal vents. Scientists discovered that mussels rely on a close, living relationship—a “symbiosis”—with bacteria for their nutrition. In this symbiosis, bacteria use chemicals...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61188/64718.pdf
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An overview of chemosynthetic symbioses in bivalves from the North Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Gaudron, Sylvie M.; Rodrigues, Clara; Cunha, Marina R.; Decker, Carole; Olu, Karine.
Deep-sea bivalves found at hydrothermal vents, cold seeps and organic falls are sustained by chemosynthetic bacteria which ensure part or all of their carbon nutrition. These symbioses are of prime importance for the functioning of the ecosystems. Similar symbioses occur in other bivalve species living in shallow and coastal reduced habitats worldwide. In recent years, several deep-sea species have been investigated from continental margins around Europe, West Africa, East America, the Gulf of Mexico, and from hydrothermal vents on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. In parallel, numerous more easily accessible shallow marine species were studied. We here provide a summary of the current knowledge available on chemosymbiotic bivalves in the area ranging west-to-east...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24417/22431.pdf
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Blow Your Nose, Shrimp! Unexpectedly Dense Bacterial Communities Occur on the Antennae and Antennules of Hydrothermal Vent Shrimp ArchiMer
Zbinden, Magali; Gallet, Alison; Szafranski, Kamil M.; Machon, Julia; Ravaux, Juliette; Leger, Nelly; Duperron, Sebastien.
In crustaceans, as in other animals, perception of environmental cues is of key importance for a wide range of interactions with the environment and congeners. Chemoreception involves mainly the antennae and antennules, which carry sensilla that detect water-borne chemicals. The functional importance of these as exchange surfaces in the shrimp's sensory perception requires them to remain free of any microorganism and deposit that could impair the fixation of odorant molecules on sensory neurons. We report here the occurrence of an unexpected dense bacterial colonization on surface of the antennae and antennules of four hydrothermal vent shrimp species. Microscopic observation, qPCR and 16S rRNA barcoding reveal the abundance, diversity and taxonomic...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Hydrothermal; Shrimp; Alvinocarididae; Chemosensory perception; Antennules; Bacteria; Grooming.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59527/62507.pdf
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Diversity and distribution of methane-oxidizing microbial communities associated with different faunal assemblages in a giant pockmark of the Gabon continental margin ArchiMer
Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne; Nadalig, Thierry; Roussel, Erwan; Delage, Eloise; Duperron, Sebastien; Caprais, Jean-claude; Boetius, A.; Sibuet, Myriam.
A giant 800-m-diameter pockmark named REGAB was discovered on the Gabon continental margin actively emitting methane at a water depth of 3200 m. The microbial diversity in sediments from four different assemblages of chemosynthetic organisms, Mytilidae, Vesicomyidae, Sibogliniclae and a bacterial mat, was investigated using comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Aggregates of anaerobic methanotrophic archaea (ANME-2) and bacteria of the Desulfosarcina/Desulfococcus cluster were found in all four chemosynthetic habitats. Fluorescence in situ hybridization targeting the ANME-2/Desulfosarcina/Desulfococcus aggregates showed their presence few centimeters (3-5cm) below the surface of sediment. 16S rRNA gene sequences from all known marine ANME groups...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Microbial phylogeny; Faunal assemblage; Cold seep; Chemosynthetic ecosystems; AOM; REGAB.
Ano: 2009 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7298.pdf
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Diversity of symbioses between chemosynthetic bacteria and metazoans at the Guiness cold seep site (Gulf of Guinea, West Africa) ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Rodrigues, Clara F.; Leger, Nelly; Szafranski, Kamil; Decker, Carole; Olu, Karine; Gaudron, Sylvie M..
Fauna from deep-sea cold seeps worldwide is dominated by chemosymbiotic metazoans. Recently, investigation of new sites in the Gulf of Guinea yielded numerous new species for which symbiosis was strongly suspected. In this study, symbioses are characterized in five seep-specialist metazoans recently collected from the Guiness site located at ∼600 m depth. Four bivalve and one annelid species belonging to families previously documented to harbor chemosynthetic bacteria were investigated using bacterial marker gene sequencing, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and stable isotope analyses. Results support that all five species display chemosynthetic, sulfur-oxidizing γ-proteobacteria. Bacteria are abundant in the gills of bivalves, and in the trophosome of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Acharax; Calyptogena; Chemosynthesis; Cold seeps; Elenaconcha; Gulf of Guinea; Lamellibrachia; Symbiosis; Thyasira.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24418/22432.pdf
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Dual symbiosis in a Bathymodiolus sp mussel from a methane seep on the gabon continental margin (southeast Atlantic): 16S rRNA phylogeny and distribution of the symbionts in gills ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Nadalig, Thierry; Caprais, Jean-claude; Sibuet, Myriam; Fiala Medioni, Aline; Amann, Rudolf; Dubilier, Nicole.
Deep-sea mussels of the genus Bathymodiolus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) harbor symbiotic bacteria in their gills and are among the dominant invertebrate species at cold seeps and hydrothermal vents. An undescribed Bathymodiolus species was collected at a depth of 3,150 m in a newly discovered cold seep area on the southeast Atlantic margin, close to the Zaire channel. Transmission electron microscopy, comparative 16S rRNA analysis, and fluorescence in situ hybridization indicated that this Bathymodiolus sp. lives in a dual symbiosis with sulfide- and methane-oxidizing bacteria. A distinct distribution pattern of the symbiotic bacteria in the gill epithelium was observed, with the thiotrophic symbiont dominating the apical region and the methanotrophic symbiont...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Gabon; Southeast Atlantic; Methane seep; Hydrothermal vent; Deep sea; RRNA analysis; Methane concentration; Gill epithelium; Symbiosis; Bacteria; Mytilidae.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/publication-1266.pdf
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Estimating Symbiont Abundances and Gill Surface Areas in Specimens of the Hydrothermal Vent Mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis Maintained in Pressure Vessels ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Quiles, Adrien; Szafranski, Kamil M.; Leger, Nelly; Shillito, Bruce.
The hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus puteoserpentis hosts gill-associated sulfur- and methane-oxidizing bacteria which sustain host nutrition and allow it to reach high densities at various sites along the northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Previous studies have demonstrated that in similar dual symbioses, relative abundances of each bacterial type could change following variations in symbiont substrate availabilities. In this study, pressurized recovery and incubations in pressure vessels were used to test whether B. puteoserpentis symbionts displayed similar behavior in the presence of symbiont substrates. The relative abundances of both types of symbionts were analyzed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and group-specific gene copy numbers...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Symbiosis; In vivo experiments; Pressurized recovery; Bivalve; Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Ano: 2016 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59533/62525.pdf
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Evidence for chemoautotrophic symbiosis in a Mediterranean cold seep clam (Bivalvia : Lucinidae): comparative sequence analysis of bacterial 16S rRNA, APS reductase and RubisCO genes ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien; Fiala Medioni, Aline; Caprais, Jean-claude; Olu, Karine; Sibuet, Myriam.
Symbioses between lucinid clams (Bivalvia: Lucinidae) and autotrophic sulphide-oxidizing bacteria have mainly been studied in shallow coastal species, and information regarding deep-sea species is scarce. Here we study the symbiosis of a clam, resembling Lucinoma kazani, which was recently collected in sediment cores from new cold-seep sites in the vicinity of the Nile deep-sea fan, eastern Mediterranean, at depths ranging from 507 to 1691 m. A dominant bacterial phylotype, related to the sulphide-oxidizing symbiont of Lucinoma aequizonata, was identified in gill tissue by comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. A second phylotype, related to spirochete sequences, was identified twice in a library of 94 clones. Comparative analyses of gene sequences...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Eastern Mediterranean; Cold seeps; Lucinoma; Lucinidae; Sulphide oxidizing bacteria; Symbiosis.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2007/publication-2176.pdf
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Evolutionary history of Idas sp Med (Bivalvia: Mytilidae), a cold seep mussel bearing multiple symbionts ArchiMer
Lorion, Julien; Halary, Sebastien; Do Nasciment, Joana; Samadi, Sarah; Couloux, Arnaud; Duperron, Sebastien.
Small mytilids of the genus Ildas are related to the large mussels found worldwide at deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. They are therefore keys to a better understanding of the colonization of vents and seeps by symbiont-bearing organisms, but still little is known about their biology. For this study, specimens of a mytilid referred to the genus Idas were collected from various substrates in a cold seep area near the Nile deep sea fan. Based on molecular and morphological data, all specimens are confirmed to belong to a single species of the genus Idas, which was previously shown to host six distinct bacterial symbionts. Its larval shell characteristics indicate a long planktonic phase, which could explain its close relationship to a mussel...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Idas; Planktotrophy; Organic falls; Cold seeps; Symbiosis.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00133/24425/22436.pdf
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High rates of apoptosis visualized in the symbiont-bearing gills of deep-sea Bathymodiolus mussels ArchiMer
Piquet, Berenice; Shillito, Bruce; Lallier, Francois H.; Duperron, Sebastien; Andersen, Ann C..
Symbiosis between Bathymodiolus and Gammaproteobacteria allows these deep-sea mussels to live in toxic environments such as hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. The quantity of endosymbionts within the gill-bacteriocytes appears to vary according to the hosts environment; however, the mechanisms of endosymbiont population size regulation remain obscure. We investigated the possibility of a control of endosymbiont density by apoptosis, a programmed cell death, in three mussel species. Fluorometric TUNEL and active Caspase-3-targeting antibodies were used to visualize and quantify apoptotic cells in mussel gills. To control for potential artefacts due to depressurization upon specimen recovery from the deep-sea, the apoptotic rates between mussels recovered...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59526/62500.pdf
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Integrative study of a new cold-seep mussel (Mollusca: Bivalvia) associated with chemosynthetic symbionts in the Marmara Sea ArchiMer
Ritt, Benedicte; Duperron, Sebastien; Lorion, Julien; Lazar, Cassandre; Sarrazin, Jozee.
Recently, small Idas-like mussels have been discovered living on carbonate crusts associated with cold-seeps in the Marmara Sea. These mussels, here referred to as Idas-like nov. sp., differ morphologically and genetically from another species identified as Idas aff. modiolaeformis, living in the same type of ecosystem in the Nile Deep-Sea Fan (eastern Mediterranean Sea). A phylogenetic analysis confirms the distinction between the two species, which belong to highly divergent lineages. Carbon stable isotope values, as well as the detection of thiotroph-related bacteria in the gill tissue, support the presence of a symbiotic, thiotroph-derived nutrition. In contrast, Idas aff. modiolaeformis displays six different types of symbionts. Finally our...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mytilidae; Idas-like; Cold-seeps; Marmara Sea; Phylogeny; Symbiosis; Stable isotopes.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00098/20915/19672.pdf
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Lifecycle Ecology of Deep-Sea Chemosymbiotic Mussels: A Review ArchiMer
Laming, Sven; Gaudron, Sylvie M.; Duperron, Sebastien.
Mussels within the subfamily Bathymodiolinae, in particular the larger Bathymodiolus species (sensu lato) thriving at cold seeps and hydrothermal vents, are among the most iconic fauna to colonize deep-sea reducing habitats globally. Fuelled by energy derived from chemosynthetic symbioses, their contribution to ecosystem productivity is conspicuous, with many bathymodioline species forming dense, extensive aggregates. Chemosymbiotic mussels play crucial roles as ecosystem engineers, both through the formation of spatially heterogeneous biogenic reefs and in redistributing reduced-fluid emissions. The notable absence of Bathymodiolinae outside of reducing ecosystems affirms their dependency on these ephemeral habitats, placing spatiotemporal constraints on...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Ontogeny; Bathymodiolinae; Nutrition; Development; Larvae; Symbiosis; Reducing habitats.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00477/58915/61478.pdf
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Low-diversity bacterial microbiota in Southern Ocean representatives of lanternfish genera Electrona, Protomyctophum and Gymnoscopelus (family Myctophidae) ArchiMer
Gallet, Alison; Koubbi, Philippe; Léger, Nelly; Scheifler, Mathilde; Ruiz-rodriguez, Magdalena; Suzuki, Marcelino T.; Desdevises, Yves; Duperron, Sebastien.
Myctophids are among the most abundant mesopelagic teleost fishes worldwide. They are dominant in the Southern Ocean, an extreme environment where they are important both as consumers of zooplankton as well as food items for larger predators. Various studies have investigated myctophids diet, but no data is yet available regarding their associated microbiota, despite that the significance of bacterial communities to fish health and adaptation is increasingly acknowledged. In order to document microbiota in key fish groups from the Southern Ocean, the bacterial communities associated with the gut, fin, gills and light organs of members of six species within the three myctophid genera Electrona, Protomyctophum and Gymnoscopelus were characterized using a 16S...
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Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00598/70973/69202.pdf
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Microbial diversity associated with the hydrothermal shrimp Rimicaris exoculata gut and occurrence of a resident microbial community ArchiMer
Durand, Lucile; Zbinden, Magali; Cueff-gauchard, Valerie; Duperron, Sebastien; Roussel, Erwan; Shillito, Bruce; Cambon-bonavita, Marie-anne.
Rimicaris exoculata dominates the megafauna of several Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal sites. Its gut is full of sulphides and iron-oxide particles and harbours microbial communities. Although a trophic symbiosis has been suggested, their role remains unclear. In vivo starvation experiments in pressurized vessels were performed on shrimps from Rainbow and Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse sites in order to expel the transient gut contents. Microbial communities associated with the gut of starved and reference shrimps were compared using 16S rRNA gene libraries and microscopic observations (light, transmission and scanning electron microscopy and FISH analyses). We show that the gut microbiota of shrimps from both sites included mainly Deferribacteres, Mollicutes,...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Deferribacteres; Midgut epibiosis; Mollicutes; Proteobacteria; Rimicaris exoculata; Starvation experiment.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00000/11142/7919.pdf
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Multi-disciplinary investigation of fluid seepage on an unstable margin: The case of the Central Nile deep sea fan ArchiMer
Bayon, Germain; Loncke, L.; Dupre, Stephanie; Caprais, Jean-claude; Ducassou, E.; Duperron, Sebastien; Etoubleau, Joel; Foucher, Jean-paul; Fouquet, Yves; Gontharet, S.; Henderson, G. M.; Huguen, Caroline; Klaucke, I.; Mascle, J.; Migeon, S.; Olu-le-roy, Karine; Ondreas, Helene; Pierre, C.; Sibuet, Myriam; Stadnitskaia, A.; Woodside, J..
We report on a multidisciplinary study of cold seeps explored in the Central Nile deep-sea fan of the Egyptian margin. Our approach combines in situ seafloor observation, geophysics, sedimentological data, measurement of bottom-water methane anomalies, pore-water and sediment geochemistry, and Th-230/U dating of authigenic carbonates. Two areas were investigated, which correspond to different sedimentary provinces. The lower slope, at similar to 2100 m water depth, indicates deformation of sediments by gravitational processes, exhibiting slope-parallel elongated ridges and seafloor depressions. In contrast, the middle slope, at similar to 1650 m water depth, exhibits a series of debris-flow deposits not remobilized by post-depositional gravity processes....
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Authigenic carbonate; U Th; Cold seep; Continental margin; Nile.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-6586.pdf
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Physical Proximity May Promote Lateral Acquisition of Bacterial Symbionts in Vesicomyid Clams ArchiMer
Decker, Carole; Olu, Karine; Arnaud-haond, Sophie; Duperron, Sebastien.
Vesicomyid clams harbor intracellular sulfur-oxidizing bacteria that are predominantly maternally inherited and co-speciate with their hosts. Genome recombination and the occurrence of non-parental strains were recently demonstrated in symbionts. However, mechanisms favoring such events remain to be identified. In this study, we investigated symbionts in two phylogenetically distant vesicomyid species, Christineconcha regab and Laubiericoncha chuni, which sometimes co-occur at a cold-seep site in the Gulf of Guinea. We showed that each of the two species harbored a single dominant bacterial symbiont strain. However, for both vesicomyid species, the symbiont from the other species was occasionally detected in the gills using fluorescence in situ...
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Ano: 2013 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00153/26427/24527.pdf
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sFDvent: A global trait database for deep‐sea hydrothermal‐vent fauna ArchiMer
Chapman, Abbie S. A.; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Colaço, Ana; Gebruk, Andrey V.; Hilario, Ana; Kihara, Terue C.; Ramirez‐llodra, Eva; Sarrazin, Jozee; Tunnicliffe, Verena; Amon, Diva J.; Baker, Maria C.; Boschen‐rose, Rachel E.; Chen, Chong; Cooper, Isabelle J.; Copley, Jonathan T.; Corbari, Laure; Cordes, Erik E.; Cuvelier, Daphne; Duperron, Sebastien; Du Preez, Cherisse; Gollner, Sabine; Horton, Tammy; Hourdez, Stéphane; Krylova, Elena M.; Linse, Katrin; Lokabharathi, P. A.; Marsh, Leigh; Matabos, Marjolaine; Mills, Susan Wier; Mullineaux, Lauren S.; Rapp, Hans Tore; Reid, William D. K.; Rybakova (goroslavskaya), Elena; A. Thomas, Tresa Remya; Southgate, Samuel James; Stöhr, Sabine; Turner, Phillip J.; Watanabe, Hiromi Kayama; Yasuhara, Moriaki; Bates, Amanda E.; Padolfi, John.
Motivation Traits are increasingly being used to quantify global biodiversity patterns, with trait databases growing in size and number, across diverse taxa. Despite growing interest in a trait-based approach to the biodiversity of the deep sea, where the impacts of human activities (including seabed mining) accelerate, there is no single repository for species traits for deep-sea chemosynthesis-based ecosystems, including hydrothermal vents. Using an international, collaborative approach, we have compiled the first global-scale trait database for deep-sea hydrothermal-vent fauna - sFDvent (sDiv-funded trait database for the Functional Diversity of vents). We formed a funded working group to select traits appropriate to: (a) capture the performance of vent...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Biodiversity; Collaboration; Conservation; Cross-ecosystem; Database; Deep sea; Functional trait; Global-scale; Hydrothermal vent; SFDvent.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00509/62033/66160.pdf
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Symbioses bactériennes de bivalves mytilidés associés aux sources de fluides en domaine océanique profond : diversité, rôle nutritionnel et influence de l'environnement ArchiMer
Duperron, Sebastien.
Symbiotic associations between chemosynthetic bacteria and invertebrates are one of the major sources of primary production in deep-sea chemosynthesis-based ecosystems. Mussels of the genus Bathymodiolus (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) occur worldwide and can dominate the animal community at methane-rich cold seeps and sulfide-rich hydrothermal vents. Some species are associated with both sulfide-oxidizing and methanotrophic bacteria. These mussels are thus a good model for studying the diversity, role and ecology of multiple symbiotic associations, which are still poorly understood. For the present study, several species of mytilids were collected from seep and vent sites situated at depths from 850 to 3300 meters using submersibles. Symbiotic bacteria associated...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mid Atlantic Ridge Eastern Mediterranean Gulf of Guinea Gulf of Mexico Chemosynthesis Hydrothermal vents Cold seeps Lipid analysis Stable isotopes CFB; 16S rRNA; APS; RubisCO; PmoA Methylotrophic bacteria Methanotrophic bacteria Sulfide oxidizing bacteria Idas Bathymodiolus Symbiosis Chimiosynthèse Sources hydrothermales Sources de fluides froids Analyse lipidique Isotopes stables Ride Médio Atlantique Méditerranée orientale Golfe de Guinée Golfe du Mexique CFB; ARNr 16S; APS; RubisCO; PmoA Bactéries méthylotrophes Bactéries méthanotrophes Bactéries sulfoxydantes Idas Bathymodiolus Symbiose.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2005/these-2082.pdf
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