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Registros recuperados: 15
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A Multidimensional Homo Economicus: Cultural Dimensions of Economic Preferences in Four Countries AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Lusk, Jayson L.; Tyner, Wallace E..
Previous work in experimental economics reveals specific differences in economic behavior, especially reciprocity and free-riding behavior, across cultures. We expand the possible pallet of cross-cultural behavioral differences that may exist. We hypothesize that different kinds of strategic interaction and individual decision-making behaviors differ across locations. The variety of experiments we use allow us to report multidimensional rather than just single dimensional differences in behavior across locations. In order to build a broad Homo Economicus we conducted economic experiments in four dissimilar locations: Hangzhou, China; Niamey, Niger; Grenoble, France; Manhattan, Kansas; and West Lafayette, Indiana. Each subject completed an ultimatum...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Time preference; Risk preference; Voluntary contribution mechanism; Ultimatum bargaining game; Cultural; China; France; Niger; Kansas; Indiana; US; Institutional and Behavioral Economics.
Ano: 2005 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/19225
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Applying Experimental Economics to Obesity in the Family Household AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Warziniack, Travis; Schroeter, Christiane; Morgan, Kari.
The objective of this study is to identify experimental economic tools that can be employed to explain the role of economic behavior in overweight and obesity in the household. We identify three economic experiments that can be used to understand how parent-child economic relationships relate to obesity. Loss aversion experiments are discussed as a tool to understand challenges some individuals face in achieving a healthy diet. Finally, testbed experiments are introduced as a means to test and understand new policies and incentives for better health at the household level.
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Carrot stick; Child obesity; Discount rate; Generosity; Loss aversion; Parent-child; Punishment; Trust; Agribusiness; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Research Methods/ Statistical Methods; I19; Q18; D01; D63.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/47198
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Decoupled Programs, Payment Incidence, and Factor Markets: Evidence from Market Experiments AgEcon
Bastian, Christopher T.; Nagler, Amy M.; Menkhaus, Dale J.; Ehmke, Mariah D.; Whitaker, James B.; Young, C. Edwin.
We use laboratory market experiments to assess the impact of asymmetric knowledge of a per-unit subsidy and the effect of a decoupled annual income subsidy on factor market outcomes. Results indicate that when the subsidy is tied to the factor as a per-unit subsidy, regardless of full or asymmetric knowledge for market participants, subsidized factor buyers distribute nearly 22 percent of the subsidy to factor sellers. When the subsidy is fully decoupled from the factor, as is the case with the annual payment, payment incidence is mitigated and prices are not statistically different from the no-policy treatment.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Laboratory market experiments; Agricultural subsidies; Subsidy incidence; Land market; Ex ante policy analysis; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q18; D03; C92.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/104108
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FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT BY EUROPEAN FOOD RETAILING FIRMS INTO ASIA, EASTERN EUROPE, AND LATIN AMERICA AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D..
This research determines significant characteristics that can be used to identify developing countries which are likely to receive foreign direct investment into their food retailing industry. It also tests the likelihood that a real option value exists for the investment and that there is a first-mover advantage into new markets.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: International Development.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20071
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International Differences in Consumer Preferences for Food Country-of-Origin: A Meta-Analysis AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D..
Over the last ten years, a large number of country-of-origin studies have been conducted as a result of new country-of-origin legislation in the United States and European Union. Many literature reviews in recent studies make observation and predictions based on this literature. This meta-analysis uses 13 country-of-origin studies with 27 consumer willingness-to-pay estimates to determine significant trends in the country-of-origin literature. Findings indicate consumers’' value of country-of-origin depends on the number of other credence attributes included in product descriptions and the location of the consumer.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Consumer/Household Economics.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/21193
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Is Agricultural Policy Decoupling against Human Nature? Experimental Evidence of Fairness Expectations’ Contributions to Payment Incidence AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Nagler, Amy M.; Menkhaus, Dale J.; Bastian, Christopher T.; Young, C. Edwin.
The objective of this research is to measure individuals’ fairness expectations and relate them to their market behavior in a private-negotiation institution. By doing this, we may inform model parameterization of field data and increase understanding of payment incidence causation. We hypothesize agents will change both their market and UG behavior when the tenant/proposer receives a subsidy following a successful negotiation. We also hypothesize that agents’ market behavior does relate to their fairness expectations in the UG. Two economic experiments were developed to test our hypotheses, a market and an ultimatum bargaining game experiment. We recruited 106 undergraduate students and conducted the experiments in an experimental laboratory using a...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/61645
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Obesity Economics for the Western United States AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Willson, Tina M.; Schroeter, Christiane; Hart, Ann Marie; Coupal, Roger H..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92819
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REAL OPTIONS ANALYSIS FOR INVESTMENT IN ORGANIC WHEAT AND BARLEY PRODUCTION IN SOUTH CENTRAL NORTH DAKOTA USING PRECISION AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Golub, Alla A.; Harbor, Anetra L.; Boehlje, Michael.
Real options theory is employed to measure the value of investing in organic wheat production using precision agriculture technology. Results reveal that an option to wait until market uncertainty is resolved is valuable. Information obtained via precision agriculture technology is also valuable to producers seeking organic certification.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Organic wheat production; Real options theory; Precision agriculture technology; Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies.
Ano: 2004 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/20346
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Relating Behavioral Elements of Household Food Negotiation to Childhood Overweight and Obesity AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Schroeter, Christiane; Morgan, Kari; Larson-Meyer, Enette; Ballenger, Nicole.
Researchers working in the fields of family studies and psychology show motherchild relationship dynamics affect the occurrence of childhood overweight and obesity. Many of the significant behaviors they identify relate to negotiation and generosity norms in the household. The primary objective of this study is to test the value of altruistic and collective models of household behavior using the dictator and ‘carrotstick’ laboratory experiments. We also test exploratory hypotheses relating mother’s generosity and child’s punitive behavior and mother-child weight and fitness outcomes using dictator and ‘carrot-stick’ games. The data were collected from 50 mother-child pairs in Laramie, Wyoming. The children were all eight to 10 years old. The mother’s...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123516
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Strategic Self-Ignorance AgEcon
Thunstrom, Linda; Nordstrom, Jonas; Shogren, Jason F.; Ehmke, Mariah D..
This paper analyzes if people use ignorance as an excuse to pursue immediate gratification, at the expense of future wellbeing, a behavior we label ‘strategic self-ignorance’. In a theoretical model we show that present-biased individuals benefit from choosing ignorance of the potentially negative impact of present consumption, and that ignorance leads to over consumption of harmful goods. In an experiment we empirically test for strategic self-ignorance. The experiment entails prepared meals, for which subjects may be familiar with the taste (immediate utility) but are uninformed of the calorie content (potential harm to future health). Subjects are offered costless information on the calorie content of the meal alternatives. A majority of subjects (58...
Tipo: Presentation Palavras-chave: Strategic ignorance; Harmful consumption; Experiment; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2012 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/123949
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Subsidy Incidence in Agricultural Land Markets: An Experimental Investigation AgEcon
Nagler, Amy M.; Menkhaus, Dale J.; Bastian, Christopher T.; Ehmke, Mariah D..
We use laboratory market experiments to control for market power and social norms in order to evaluate market outcomes associated with subsidy incidence. We estimate the incidence of a stylized agricultural subsidy in laboratory land rental negotiations and compare the market behavior of university students to agricultural professionals. In separate sessions with both subject groups, 21.5 percent of a per-unit subsidy paid to the buyer (tenant) was passed on to sellers (landlords). The consistent treatment effect between students and professionals is encouraging, particularly in the use of experimental laboratory methods for ex ante analyses of agricultural policy impacts.
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural subsidies; Ex ante policy analysis; Laboratory market experiments; Land market; Professional versus student subject pools; Subsidy incidence; Agricultural and Food Policy; Institutional and Behavioral Economics; Q1; Q18; C92.
Ano: 2011 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/103032
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The Evolving Agricultural Marketplace: Selected Results and Implications for the West from the Laboratory AgEcon
Menkhaus, Dale J.; Bastian, Christopher T.; Ehmke, Mariah D..
Tipo: Journal Article Palavras-chave: Marketing.
Ano: 2008 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/92852
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The Relative Importance of Preferences for Country-of-Origin in China, France, Niger and the United States AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Lusk, Jayson L.; Tyner, Wallace E..
Country-of-origin (COO) is an increasingly politicized credence attribute in the globalizing food system. While international policy development in this area is geographically far-reaching, the benefits of country-of-origin labels (COOL) to producers and consumers from countries in different locations and levels of economic development are not clear. Previous work investigates the importance of COO to consumers, but is typically limited in scope to consumers in one nation. In addition, little is known about the importance of COO information relative to other credence attributes, especially in non-meat food products. This study measures the benefits of COOL to an internationally diverse set of consumers (in developed and developing countries) and estimates...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Country-of-origin; Genetic modification; Organic; Conjoint; Onion; Information; Food policy; International Relations/Trade; Q13; Q18; Q17.
Ano: 2006 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/25408
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Using Experimental Economics to Measure the Role of Parental Generosity and Food Control in Childhood Obesity AgEcon
Ehmke, Mariah D.; Morgan, Kari; Schroeter, Christiane; Larson-Meyer, Enette; Ballenger, Nicole.
This research uses experimental economics to measure the effect of parental generosity and child response on childhood overweight and obesity. The 'Carrot-Stick' experiment, an adaptation of the standard dictator game in which the respondent (the child) can punish or reward the dictator (the parent) based on the dictator's generosity, served as basis of our examination. Two treatments are conducted, in which the child spends his or her earnings on non-food and food items. Our empirical analysis shows significant relationships between parental weight and their level of generosity regarding food items. We conclude that child response behavior, obesigenic factors in the household, and the child's tendency toward being overweight and obese are significantly...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Overweight; Obesity; Childhood; Family; Bargaining; ‘Carrot-Stick; ’ Dictator; Experimental Economics; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2007 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/9859
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YOUNG CONSUMERS’ DEMAND FOR NATURAL SWEETENERS AgEcon
Krutkramele, Katrina; Ehmke, Mariah D..
Health conscious consumers are increasingly concerned about the caloric content and glycemic index of sweeteners added to food. Currently, the average American consumes 22 teaspoons of added sugar in processed foods per day. Young people typically consume higher amounts of sweeteners via candy, sports drinks, and soda (Smed, Jensen et al. 2007). Recently, the American Heart Association issued a statement recommending no more than six teaspoons for women and nine teaspoons for men of added sugar in processed foods per day (Winslow and Wang 2009). Of particular concern is the glycemic index of sweeteners—or how quickly sweeteners raise one’s blood sugar level after consumption. While much of recent concern about added sugar focuses on high fructose corn...
Tipo: Conference Paper or Presentation Palavras-chave: Agricultural and Food Policy; Consumer/Household Economics; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://purl.umn.edu/116430
Registros recuperados: 15
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