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Bonga shad ( Ethmalosa fimbriata ) spawning tactics in an upwelling environment ArchiMer
Baldé, Bocar Sabaly; Döring, Julian; Ekau, Werner; Diouf, Malick; Brehmer, Patrice.
Successful recruitment in small pelagic fish populations inhabiting upwelling zones is subject to variation in fecundity and is driven by spatial and temporal fluctuations in environmental conditions, that is, mainly sea surface temperature, salinity and food availability. These fluctuations in abiotic factors have stimulated small pelagic fish populations to exhibit specifically adapted spawning tactics. To better understand to what extent a short‐lived exploited fish species such as bonga shad Ethmalosa fimbriata has adapted to an upwelling environment, we have investigated the interrelationship between upwelling intensity as a proxy for productivity and population fecundity by means of a virtual population analysis. We found that females of intermediate...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Climate change; Clupeid; Data-poor fisheries; Fecundity; Optimal environmental window; Reproductive adaptation; Small pelagic fish.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00516/62765/67164.pdf
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Spawning energetics and otolith microchemistry provide insights into the stock structure of bonga shad Ethmalosa fimbriata ArchiMer
Doering, Julian; Wagner, Carola; Tiedemann, Maik; Brehmer, Patrice; Ekau, Werner.
The gross energy content of spawning batches and the microchemistry of sagittal otoliths in individual female bonga shad Ethmalosa fimbriata were compared between contrasting sampling sites at the Senegalese southern coast and inside the hypersaline Sine Saloum Estuary. Results show that females spawning in the estuary's middle reaches invested almost three times more energy into reproduction (115 +/- 65 J g(-1) body mass) than their neritic counterparts (39 +/- 34 J g(-1) body mass). Also, female otolith levels of Ba:Ca, Sr:Ca and Zn:Ca either differed significantly between study sites or could be linked to heterogeneous environmental variables. A quadratic discriminant function analysis provided evidence of segregated spawning populations of E. fimbriata...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Clupeidae; Inverse estuary; Oocyte; Reproductive investment; Senegal; Stock discrimination; Spawning components.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00484/59567/62545.pdf
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Variability of key biological parameters of round sardinella Sardinella aurita and the effects of environmental changes ArchiMer
Balde, Bocar Sabaly; Sow, Fambaye N.; Ba, Kamarel; Ekau, Werner; Brehmer, Patrice; Kantoussan, Justin; Fall, Massal; Diouf, Malick.
We examined growth rates and reproductive characteristics of Sardinella aurita off Senegal and other coastal areas over a 20 year period (1995-2014) to determine how they relate to variations in environmental characteristics of coastal waters. Based on fish length-frequency data and a coastal upwelling index, we found that S. aurita recruitment tends to occur during the periods of most intensive upwelling (March-April off Senegal). Peak reproduction corresponds to periods of low sea-surface temperature (in February or March). The sex ratio was remarkably consistent during the 30 year study period and so was not affected by environmental changes. We hypothesise that S. aurita takes advantage of the higher zooplankton productivity that occurs in coastal...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Data poor fisheries; Environmental variability; Size structure; Small pelagic; Spawning period; West Africa.
Ano: 2019 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00491/60229/67183.pdf
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