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Characterization of summer mortalities of C. gigas oyster in France in relation to environmental parameters ArchiMer
Soletchnik, Patrick; Ropert, Michel; Bedier, Edouard; Costil, K. S.; Dubois, Brice; Degremont, Lionel; Bouget, Jean-francois; Martin, Jean-louis; Enriquez-diaz, M.; Faury, Nicole; Le Moine, Olivier; Renault, Tristan; Gagnaire, Beatrice; Huvet, Arnaud; Moal, Jeanne; Samain, Jean-francois.
Field characterization of summer mortality was performed in France in the frame of the Morest project. Natural and hatchery spat were compared between three oyster production areas in France. Regardless of the natural or hatchery origin, oysters died during the reproduction period after temperature reaches 19 degree C. Thus, in southern areas, temperature accelerated gametogenesis of small spat (10mm) as well as adults, and mortality appeared for the two age classes. In contrast, sexual maturation proceeded more slowly in northern where spat mortality was lower compared to 18 months old oysters. However, critical gametogenesis and temperature were not sufficient to induce mortalities, as observed in examples with stable environment. Alternatively sediment...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Seasonal variation; Oyster culture; Mortality causes; Hatcheries; Gametogenesis; Environmental factors; Crassostrea gigas; Oysters.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/acte-3348.pdf
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Gametogenesis, reproductive investment, and spawning behavior of the Pacific giant oyster Crassostrea gigas: evidence of an environment-dependent strategy ArchiMer
Enriquez-diaz, M.; Pouvreau, Stephane; Chavez-villalba, J.; Le Pennec, M..
The progress of gametogenesis was studied in oysters Crassostrea gigas having the same origin (Tremblade), but cultured during 1 year in two distinctive French marine areas, the Baie des Veys and Marennes-Ol,ron. We assessed seasonal changes in the reproduction cycle on the basis of stereological techniques to estimate reproductive investment and measurement of gonad evolution area by quantitative histology. From a qualitative point of view, both oyster groups presented typical reproductive stages, but showed differential timing, in particular during the sequence of spawning and duration of the re-absorption stage. Oysters in Baie des Veys had a single partial spawning in August and a re-absorption stage that extended until winter. Oysters in...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Stereology; Reproductive investment; Pacific oysters; Image analysis; Gametogenesis; Crassostrea gigas.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2009/publication-7300.pdf
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Genetic and reproduction strategy in Crassostrea gigas mortality ArchiMer
Moal, Jeanne; Bedier, Edouard; Fleury, Pierre-gildas; Langlade, Aime; Le Coguic, Yvette; Degremont, Lionel; Boudry, Pierre; Le Coz, Jean-rene; Pouvreau, Stephane; Enriquez-diaz, M.; Lambert, Christophe; Quere, Christele; Soudant, Philippe; Samain, Jean-francois.
Bi-parental families were produced in hatchery and tested in the field in 2001. Two sets of 5 families were constituted, selected on their high (R) and low (S) survival. These two sets were reared in Brittany from March to November 2002. Samplings were performed twice a month to obtain data on biometry, survival, reproductive cycle, biochemical composition, adenylate energy charge, hemolymph parameters (ions and defense system) and muscle strength. "R" and "S" oysters exhibited different reproductive effort and spawning strategy. "R" oysters allocated less energy in gonad than "S" ones and presented a complete spawning at the end of August contrary to the "S" which spawns partially. Mortality started in July when the seawater temperature reached 19 degree...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Summer; Reproduction; Oyster culture; Mortality; Genetic diversity; Commercial species; Breeding.
Ano: 2003 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/2003/acte-3345.pdf
Registros recuperados: 3
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