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Registros recuperados: 8
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An ocean-ice coupled response during the last glacial: a view from a marine isotopic stage 3 record south of the Faeroe Shetland Gateway ArchiMer
Zumaque, J.; Eynaud, Frederique; Zaragosi, S.; Marret, F.; Matsuzaki, K. M.; Kissel, C.; Roche, D. M.; Malaize, B.; Michel, E.; Billy, I.; Richter, T.; Palis, E..
The rapid climatic variability characterising the Marine Isotopic Stage (MIS) 3 (similar to 60-30 cal ka BP) provides key issues to understand the atmosphere-ocean-cryosphere dynamics. Here we investigate the response of sea-surface paleoenvironments to the MIS3 climatic variability through the study of a high resolution oceanic sedimentological archive (core MD99-2281, 60 degrees 21' N; 09 degrees 27' W; 1197m water depth), retrieved during the MD114-IMAGES (International Marine Global Change Study) cruise from the southern part of the Faeroe Bank. This sector was under the proximal influence of European ice sheets (Fennoscandian Ice Sheet to the East, British Irish Ice Sheet to the South) during the last glacial and thus probably responded to the MIS3...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00139/25060/23168.pdf
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Human-induced river runoff overlapping natural climate variability over the last 150 years: Palynological evidence (Bay of Brest, NW France) ArchiMer
Lambert, Clement; Penaud, Aurelie; Vidal, Muriel; Klouch, Khadidja; Gregoire, Gwendoline; Ehrhold, Axel; Eynaud, Frederique; Schmidt, Sabine; Ragueneau, Olivier; Siano, Raffaele.
For the first time a very high resolution palynological study (mean resolution of 1 to 5 years) was carried out over the last 150 years in a French estuarine environment (Bay of Brest; NW France), allowing direct comparison between the evolution of landscapes, surface water, and human practices on Bay of Brest watersheds, through continental (especially pollen grains) and marine (phytoplanktonic microalgae: cysts of dinoflagellates or dinocysts) microfossils. Thanks to the small size of the watersheds and the close proximity of the depositional environment to the mainland, the Bay of Brest represents an ideal case study for palynological investigations. Palynological data were then compared to published palaeo-genetic analyses conducted on the same core...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Pollen grains; Dinoflagellate cysts; Estuarine dynamics; River runoff; Climate variability.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00410/52110/52813.pdf
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Millennial-scale fluctuations of the European Ice Sheet at the end of the last glacial, and their potential impact on global climate ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Soulet, Guillaume; Freslon, Nicolas; Jacinto, Ricardo Silva; Dennielou, Bernard; Zaragosi, Sebastien; Eynaud, Frederique; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Bayon, Germain.
Reconstructing Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet oscillations and meltwater routing to the ocean is important to better understand the mechanisms behind abrupt climate changes. To date, research efforts have mainly focused on the North American (Laurentide) ice-sheets (LIS), leaving the potential role of the European Ice Sheet (EIS), and of the Scandinavian ice-sheet (SIS) in particular, largely unexplored. Using neodymium isotopes in detrital sediments deposited off the Channel River, we provide a continuous and well-dated record for the evolution of the EIS southern margin through the end of the last glacial period and during the deglaciation. Our results reveal that the evolution of EIS margins was accompanied with substantial ice recession (especially of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: European ice-sheet; Channel River; Meltwater; Deglaciation; Neodymium; Termination.
Ano: 2015 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00272/38346/36675.pdf
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Monsoonal Forcing of European Ice-Sheet Dynamics During the Late Quaternary ArchiMer
Kaboth-bahr, Stefanie; Bahr, Andre; Zeeden, Christian; Toucanne, Samuel; Eynaud, Frederique; Jimenez-espejo, Francisco; Rohl, Ursula; Friedrich, Oliver; Pross, Joerg; Lowemark, Ludvig; Lourens, Lucas J..
The dynamics of Northern Hemisphere ice sheets during Late Quaternary glacials have yet been dominantly examined from a Laurentide Ice Sheet perspective, which helped shaping the idea of moisture-starved glacials and small-scale ice volume variability. However, the waxing and waning of the European Ice Sheet (EIS) casts doubt on this perception. Understanding EIS dynamics under glacial boundary conditions is crucial because its meltwater pulses influence global climate by weakening deepwater formation in the North Atlantic Ocean. Here we show that the advection of subtropical water toward the continental margin of western Europe lead to enhanced moisture availability on the continent and fueled the growth of EIS lobes during glacials. This warm-water...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Mediterranean Outflow variability; European Ice Sheet dynamics; Marine‐terrestrial feedback in the Euro‐Mediterranean realm; Glacial climate variability; Low‐latitude forcing of high‐latitude glaciations.
Ano: 2018 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00457/56831/58657.pdf
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New constraints on European glacial freshwater releases to the North Atlantic Ocean ArchiMer
Eynaud, Frederique; Malaize, Bruno; Zaragosi, Sebastien; De Vernal, Anne; Scourse, James; Pujol, Claude; Cortijo, Elsa; Grousset, Francis E.; Penaud, Aurelie; Toucanne, Samuel; Turon, Jean-louis; Auffret, Gerard.
During the late Quaternary, both external and internal forcings have driven major climatic shifts from glacial to interglacial conditions. Nonlinear climatic steps characterized the transitions leading to these extrema, with intermediate excursions particularly well expressed in the dynamics of the Northern Hemisphere cryosphere. Here we document the impact of these dynamics on the north-eastern North Atlantic Ocean, focussing on the 35-10 ka interval. Sea-surface salinities have been reconstructed quantitatively based on two independent methods from core MD95-2002, recovered from the northern Bay of Biscay adjacent to the axis of the Manche paleoriver outlet and thus in connection with proximal European ice sheets and glaciers. Quantitative...
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Ano: 2012 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00086/19762/20100.pdf
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Northward advection of Atlantic water in the eastern Nordic Seas over the last 3000 yr ArchiMer
Dylmer, C. V.; Giraudeau, J.; Eynaud, Frederique; Husum, K.; De Vernal, A..
Three marine sediment cores distributed along the Norwegian (MD95-2011), Barents Sea (JM09-KA11-GC), and Svalbard (HH11-134-BC) continental margins have been investigated in order to reconstruct changes in the poleward flow of Atlantic waters (AW) and in the nature of upper surface water masses within the eastern Nordic Seas over the last 3000 yr. These reconstructions are based on a limited set of coccolith proxies: the abundance ratio between Emiliania huxleyi and Coccolithus pelagicus, an index of Atlantic vs. Polar/Arctic surface water masses; and Gephyrocapsa muellerae, a drifted coccolith species from the temperate North Atlantic, whose abundance changes are related to variations in the strength of the North Atlantic Current. The entire investigated...
Tipo: Text
Ano: 2013 URL: https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00181/29239/27636.pdf
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The first estimation of Fleuve Manche palaeoriver discharge during the last deglaciation: Evidence for Fennoscandian ice sheet meltwater flow in the English Channel ca 20-18 ka ago ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, Sebastien; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Marieu, Vincent; Cremer, Michel; Kageyama, Masa; Van Vliet-lanoe, Brigitte; Eynaud, Frederique; Turon, Jean-louis; Gibbard, Philip L..
The Fleuve Manche (English Channel) palaeoriver represents the largest river system that drained the European continent during Pleistocene lowstands, particularly during the Elsterian (Marine Isotope Stage 12) and Saalian Drenthe (MIS 6) glaciations when extensive ice advances into the North Sea area forced the central European rivers to flow southwards to the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic). Numerous long piston cores and high-resolution acoustic data from the northern Bay of Biscay have been correlated using a well-constrained chronostratigraphical framework, and for the first time allow the estimation of the discharge of the Fleuve Manche palaeoriver at the end of the last glacial period (i.e. Weichselian). Our results, discussed in the light of...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Fleuve Manche palaeoriver; English Channel; Sediment and meltwater discharge; European ice sheet; Deglaciation; Termination 1; North Sea area; European drainage network.
Ano: 2010 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00002/11310/7858.pdf
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Timing of massive ‘Fleuve Manche’ discharges over the last 350 kyr: insights into the European ice-sheet oscillations and the European drainage network from MIS 10 to 2 ArchiMer
Toucanne, Samuel; Zaragosi, S.; Bourillet, Jean-francois; Cremer, M.; Eynaud, Frederique; Van Vliet-lanoe, B.; Penaud, A.; Fontanier, C.; Turon, J. L.; Cortijo, E.; Gibbard, P. L..
Continuous high-resolution mass accumulation rates (MAR) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) measurements from marine sediment records in the Bay of Biscay (NE Atlantic) have allowed the determination of the timing and the amplitude of the ‘Fleuve Manche’ (Channel River) discharges during glacial stages MIS 10, MIS 8, MIS 6 and MIS 4–2. These results have yielded detailed insight into the Middle and Late Pleistocene glaciations in Europe and the drainage network of the western and central European rivers over the last 350 kyr. This study provides clear evidence that the ‘Fleuve Manche’ connected the southern North Sea basin with the Bay of Biscay during each glacial period and reveals that ‘Fleuve Manche’ activity during the glaciations MIS 10 and MIS 8 was...
Tipo: Text Palavras-chave: Northern north sea; Late weichselian glaciation; Western iberian margin; Abrupt climate change; C 14 YR BP; Deep sea; Heinrich events; Norwegian margin; Millennial scale; English channel.
Ano: 2009 URL: http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00011/12261/9037.pdf
Registros recuperados: 8
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